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List of presidents of Tunisia
  (Redirected from List of Presidents of Tunisia)
The President of Tunisia is the head of state of Tunisia, directly elected to a five-year term by the people. The officeholder leads the executive branch of the Tunisian government along with the Prime Minister and is the commander-in-chief of the Tunisian Armed Forces.
Since the office was established in 1957, 7 men have served as president. The 7th and current president is Kais Saied since 23 October 2019. There are currently three living former presidents. The most recent former president to die was Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, on 19 September 2019.
The presidency of Mohamed Ennaceur, who assumed the office as acting president following the death of incumbent president Beji Caid Essebsi, was the shortest in Tunisian history (90 days). Habib Bourguiba, the inaugural holder, served the longest, over thirty years (1957–87), before he was removed from office by his prime minister Ben Ali, on 7 November 1987. Since the ratification of the Tunisian Constitution in 2014, no person may be elected president more than twice.
Of those who have served as the nation's president, only one died in office of natural causes (Beji Caid Essebsi), two were removed from office (Habib Bourguiba and Zine El Abidine Ben Ali) and two assumed the office as acting presidents (Fouad Mebazaa and Mohamed Ennaceur).
Background
Tunisia has had seven presidents since the proclamation of the republic on 25 July 1957:
Presidents
  Neo Destour/SDP/DCR (2)  Congress for the Republic (1)  Nidaa Tounes (1)
No.PortraitPresidentTime in officePartyTerm
1
Habib Bourguiba
3 August 1903 – 6 April 2000
(aged 96)

President of the Republic
25 July 1957

7 November 1987
Neo-DestourI[a]25 July 1957 – 8 November 1959
1
(1959)
8 November 1959 – 8 November 1964
SDP2
(1964)
8 November 1964 – 2 November 1969
3
(1969)
2 November 1969 – 3 November 1974
4
(1974)[b]
3 November 1974 – 7 November 1987
2
Zine El Abidine Ben Ali
3 September 1936 – 19 September 2019 (aged 83)

President of the Republic
7 November 1987

14 January 2011
SDP
(1986)[c]
7 November 1987 – 2 April 1989
DCR1
(1989)
2 April 1989 – 20 March 1994
2
(1994)
20 March 1994 – 24 October 1999
3
(1999)
24 October 1999 – 24 October 2004
4
(2004)
24 October 2004 – 12 November 2009
5
(2009)[d]
12 November 2009[1] – 14 January 2011
3
Fouad Mebazaa
Born: 15 June 1933 (age 87)

Acting president of the Republic
15 January 2011

13 December 2011
DCR[e]I[f]15 January 2011 – 13 December 2011
Non-partisan
4
Moncef Marzouki
Born: 7 July 1945 (age 75)

President of the Republic
13 December 2011

31 December 2014
Congress for the Republic1
(2011)[g]
13 December 2011 – 31 December 2014
5
Beji Caid Essebsi
29 November 1926 – 25 July 2019
(aged 92)

President of the Republic
31 December 2014

25 July 2019 †
(Died in office; term would have expired on 31 December 2019)
Nidaa Tounes1
(2014)
31 December 2014 – 25 July 2019
6
Mohamed Ennaceur
Born: 21 March 1934 (age 87)

Acting president of the Republic
25 July 2019

23 October 2019
Nidaa TounesI[h]25 July 2019 – 23 October 2019
7[i]
Kais Saied
Born: 22 February 1958 (age 63)

President of the Republic
23 October 2019

Incumbent
Non-partisan1
(2019)
23 October 2019 – present
(Term expires on 23 October 2024)
  1. ^ On 25 July the National Constituent assembly proclaimed the Republic. The parliament designated Prime Minister Bourguiba as President of the Republic until the next presidential election, after drafting the constitution.
  2. ^ During this term, Bourguiba proclaimed himself president for life and served in that capacity until he was deposed in the 1987 coup d'état.
  3. ^ Following the 1987 coup d'état, Prime Minister Ben Ali took office as President of Tunisia until the next general election.
  4. ^ During this term, Ben Ali was deposed in the Tunisian Revolution.
  5. ^ Mebazaa left the party leadership on January 18 and the DCR was dissolved on 9 March 2011.
  6. ^ Fouad Mebazaa was appointed the 3rd President of Tunisia in an acting capacity on 15 January 2011. Under Article 57 of the Constitution, an election should have taken place between 45 and 60 days following Mebazaa's appointment. But on 3 March 2011, he announced the repeal of the 1959 Constitution and the election of a constituent assembly charged with drafting a new constitution. His term lasted nearly a year until the newly formed Constituent Assembly elected a new president.
  7. ^ Marzouki was elected by the National Constituent Assembly as President of Tunisia until the drafting of a new constitution and the election of a new president.
  8. ^ Mohamed Ennaceur, as Speaker of the Assembly of the Representatives of the People, became interim president of the Republic following the death of President Beji Caid Essebsi on 25 July 2019. He remained in office until an early election took place on 23 October 2019.
  9. ^ The official website of the President of Tunisia considers Saied to be the seventh to hold the office. There are no distinctions between elected and interim presidents.[2]
Rank by time in office

Habib Bourguiba
Longest presidency:
30 years, 105 days
1957–1987

Mohamed Ennaceur
Shortest presidency:
90 days
2019–2019
RankPresidentTime in office
1Habib Bourguiba30 years, 105 days
2Zine El Abidine Ben Ali23 years, 68 days
3Fouad Mebazaa
(Acting President)
332 days
4Moncef Marzouki3 years, 18 days
5Beji Caid Essebsi4 years, 206 days
6Mohamed Ennaceur
(Acting President)
90 days
7Kais Saied1 year, 200 days
Living former presidents
There are three living former Tunisian presidents:
Timeline
References
  1. ^ "Tunisie : Ben Ali prête serment et annonce des mesures historiques" [Tunisia: Ben Ali sworn in, announces historical measures]. Business News (in French). 13 November 2009. Retrieved 27 January 2021.
  2. ^ رئيس الجمهورية قيس سعيد [President of the Republic Kais Saied]. Carthage.tn (in Arabic). Archived from the original on 25 November 2020. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
See also
External links
World Statesmen - Tunisia
Last edited on 11 May 2021, at 13:28
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