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List of active rebel groups
This article's factual accuracy may be compromised due to out-of-date information. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (March 2018)
This is a list of active rebel groups around the world whose domains may be subnational, transnational, or international. A "rebel group" is defined here as a polity that uses armed conflict in opposition to established government (or governments) for reasons such as to seek political change or to establish, maintain, or to gain independence.
Rebel groups by state
Rebel groups are listed by the states within which they operate.
Within stateRebel groupSubgroups / AffiliatesConflictYear EstablishedLeaderReferences
Multinational:
 Democratic Republic of the Congo
 Uganda
Allied Democratic Forces (ADF)
None1996Musa Baluku[1]
Multinational:
 Algeria
 Bangladesh
 Burkina Faso
 Chad
 Egypt
 Indonesia
 Iraq
 Israel
 Kenya
 Lebanon
 Libya
 Malaysia
 Mali
 Mauritania
 Morocco
 Myanmar
 Niger
 Nigeria
 Pakistan
 Russia
 Somalia
 Syria
 Tunisia
 Yemen
Al-Qaeda1988Ayman al-Zawahiri[2][3][4]
Multinational:
 Afghanistan
 Algeria
 Bangladesh
 Burkina Faso
 Cameroon
 Chad
 Democratic Republic of the Congo
 Egypt
 Indonesia
 India
 Iraq
 Iran
 Jordan
 Lebanon
 Libya
 Malaysia
 Maldives
 Mali
 Niger
 Nigeria
 Pakistan
 Philippines
 Russia
 Saudi Arabia
 Somalia
 Syria
 Thailand
 Tunisia
 Turkey
 Uzbekistan
 Yemen
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
1999Abu Ibrahim al-Hashimi al-Qurashi[5][6][7][8][9]
Multinational:
 Afghanistan
 China
 Germany
 Iran
 Pakistan
 Syria
 Tajikistan
 Uzbekistan
Jama'at al-Jihad al-IslamiNone2002
Multinational:
 Indonesia
 Malaysia
 Philippines
 Singapore
 Thailand
Jemaah IslamiyahNone1993Abu Bakar Baasyir
Multinational:
 Iraq
 Iran
 Syria
 Turkey
Kurdistan Workers' Party
1978Abdullah Öcalan
Multinational:
 Central African Republic
 Chad
 Democratic Republic of the Congo
 South Sudan
 Sudan
 Uganda
Lord's Resistance Army
None1987Joseph Kony[10]
Multinational:
 Afghanistan
 Pakistan
Taliban
Mullah Dadullah Front1994Hibatullah Akhundzada
 Afghanistan
Hezb-e-Islami GulbuddinNoneWar in Afghanistan1975Gulbuddin Hekmatyar[11][12]
Fidai MahazNone2013Mullah Najibullah
Haqqani network
None1980sSirajuddin Haqqani
 Angola
Republic of Cabinda
FLECCabinda War1975António Bento Bembe
 Burkina Faso
Ansar ul IslamNoneInsurgency in the Maghreb2016Abdoul Salam Dicko
 Cameroon
 Ambazonia
List of Ambazonian militant groupsAnglophone Crisis2017Samuel Ikome Sako
 Central African Republic
Coalition of Patriots for Change
Central African Republic Civil War2020François Bozizé (alleged)
Movement of Central African Liberators for JusticeNone2008Toumou Deya Gilbert
Revolution and JusticeNone
 Chile
Coordinadora Arauco-Malleco
NoneMapuche conflict1998Héctor Llaitul
 China
East Turkestan Islamic MovementNoneXinjiang conflict1988Abdullah Mansour
 Colombia
The Black EaglesNoneColombian conflict2006Vicente Castaño
Autodefensas Gaitanistas de ColombiaNone2001Dario Antonio Úsuga
Indigenous Revolutionary Armed Forces of the PacificNone
National Liberation Army (ELN)
None1964[13]
Popular Liberation Army (EPL)
None1967
Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC)
None1964Iván Márquez[14]
FARC dissidents
None2016Gentil "Cabuyo" Duarte
 Democratic Republic of the Congo
Bundu dia Kongo (BDK)None1986Ne Muanda Nsemi
CODECONone1970s
Coordination for a Referendum on Self-determination for Katanga (CORAK)
None
Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR)None2000
Forces for RenewalNone2003Antipas Mbusa
Kamwina Nsapu militiaNone
Mai-MaiNone1960s
Mai Mai Kata Katanga
None2011
Mai Mai Gédéon
None
Mai Mai ShekaNone
Mai-Mai SimbaNone
Mai Mai YakutumbaNone
March 27 Movement (M27)None
National Coalition of the People for the Sovereignty of CongoNone2017William Yakutumba
National Forces of LiberationNone1980Jacques Bigirimana
Nationalist and Integrationist Front (FNI)None2005Peter Karim Udaga
NyaturaNone
Patriotic Resistance Front of Ituri (FRPI)None2002Cobra Matata
Popular Front for Justice in the Congo (FPJC)None2008David Mbadu
Progressive Katanga Congress (CPK)
None
Raia MutombokiNone2005Isaac Chirambiza
RUD-UrunanaNone
Union of Congolese Patriots (UPC)None2001Bosco Ntaganda
 Egypt
Al Furqan BrigadesNone2013
Ansar al-ShariaNone2012Ahmed Ashush
Egyptian Islamic JihadNone1979Sayyed Imam Al-Sharif
Hasm MovementNone2015
Soldiers of EgyptNone2013
 EritreaDemocratic Front for Eritrean UnityNoneSecond Afar insurgency2017
Democratic Movement for the Liberation of the Eritrean KunamaNone2017
Red Sea Afar Democratic Organisation
None1999
Saho People's Democratic Movement (SPDM)None2017
 Ethiopia
Afar Revolutionary Democratic Unity Front
None1993
Ethiopian People's Patriotic FrontNone1998
Islamic Front for the Liberation of Oromia
None1985Syed Samir Jiisa
Ogaden National Liberation Front
NoneInsurgency in Ogaden1984
Oromo Liberation Front
None1973Dawud Ibsa Ayana
Sidama Liberation FrontNone1999
Tigray People's Liberation Front
NoneTigray War1975Debretsion Gebremichael
 France
Comité Régional d'Action Viticole (CRAV)None1907
National Liberation Front of CorsicaNone1976
 Greece
Black StarNone
Conspiracy of Fire NucleiNone2008
Popular Fighters GroupNone2013
Revolutionary StruggleNone2003
Sect of RevolutionariesNone2009
 India
Hizbul MujahideenNoneInsurgency in Jammu and Kashmir1989Sayeed Salahudeen[15][16]
Jaish-e-Mohammed
None2000Masood Azhar[17]
Lashkar-e-Taiba
None1986Hafiz Muhammad Saeed[18]
United Jihad CouncilNone1994
National Socialist Council of Nagaland
NoneInsurgency in Northeast India1980Thuingaleng Muivah
United Liberation Front of AsomNone1979[19]
Communist Party of India (Maoist)
NoneNaxalite–Maoist insurgency2004Nambala Keshava Rao[20]
Maoist Communist Party of Manipur
None2011
International Sikh Youth FederationNone1987Lakhbir Singh Rode[21]
Indian MujahideenNone2007Abdul Subhan Qureshi
Khalistan Commando ForceNone1985Paramjit Singh Panjwar[22]
Khalistan Zindabad ForceNone1988Ranjit Singh Neeta[13]
Students' Islamic Movement of IndiaNone1977[23]
 Indonesia
East Indonesia Mujahideen (MIT)
None2010Ali Kalora
Free Aceh Movement
NoneInsurgency in Aceh1976
Free Papua Movement
NonePapua conflict1963Mathias Wenda
Jamaah Ansharusy Syariah (JAS)None
Jamaah Ansharut Daulah (JAD)None
Jamaah Ansharut Tauhid (JAT)None2008Abu Bakar Ba'asyir
Jemaah Islamiyah (JI)None1993[24]
South Moluccas
None1950
 Iran
Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan
NoneWestern Iran clashes1945Mustafa Hijri
Komala Party of Iranian Kurdistan
None2000Abdullah Mohtadi
Kurdistan Freedom Party
None1991Hussein Yazdanpanah
Kurdistan Free Life Party
None2004Abdul Rahman Haji Ahmadi
Jaish ul-AdlNoneInsurgency in Balochistan2012Salahuddin Farooqui
JundallahNone2003Muhammad Dhahir Baluch
Arab Struggle Movement for the Liberation of Ahvaz
NoneKhuzestan conflict2005Habib Jabor / Saddam Hattem
Communist Party of Iran (Marxist–Leninist–Maoist)None2001
People's Mujahedin of Iran
None1965Maryam Rajavi
 Iraq
Army of the Men of the Naqshbandi OrderNoneInsurgency in Iraq2006Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri
Supreme Command for Jihad and Liberation
None2007
General Military Council for Iraqi RevolutionariesNone2014
Islamic Army in Iraq
None2003Ishmael Jubouri
 IrelandContinuity Irish Republican Army (CIRA)NoneDissident Irish republican campaign1994Continuity Army Council
Real Irish Republican Army (RIRA)None1997Army Council
 Italy
Informal Anarchist FederationNone2003
 Lebanon
Hezbollah
None1985Hassan Nasrallah
 LibyaBrigade 93NoneSecond Libyan Civil War2012Salem al-Aawar
Green ResistanceNone2014
Rafallah al-Sahati BrigadeNone
Shura Council of Benghazi Revolutionaries2014Mustafa al-Sharksi
Toubou Front for the Salvation of Libya
None2007Issa Abdel Majid Mansur
Zintan BrigadesNone2011Kalifah Shahub
 Mali
Ansar al-ShariaNoneMali War2012
Ansar DineNone2012Iyad Ag Ghaly
Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West AfricaNone2011Hamada Ould Mohamed Kheirou
National Movement for the Liberation of AzawadNone2011Bilal Ag Acherif[25]
 MexicoPopular Revolutionary ArmyNone1996Edmundo Reyes[26]
Zapatista Army of National Liberation
NoneChiapas conflict1983[27]
 Mozambique
Ansar al-SunnaNoneInsurgency in Cabo Delgado2015
 Myanmar
All Burma Students' Democratic Front (ABSDF)NoneInternal conflict in Myanmar1988Than Khae
DKBA-5
None2010Saw Mo Shay[28]
Shan State Army - South (SSA-S)None1996Yawd Serk[29]
United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC)2011Nai Hong Sar[30][31]
United Wa State ArmyNone1989Bao Youxiang
 NigeriaAdaka Biafra Marine CommandosNoneConflict in the Niger Delta[32]
Asawana Deadly Force of Niger Delta (ADFND)None[33]
Biafra AvengersNone[34]
Joint Niger Delta Liberation ForceNone[35]
Joint Revolutionary Council of the Joint Niger Delta Liberation Force (JNDLF)None[36]
Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta
None2004Henry Okah
Niger Delta AvengersNone2016[37]
Niger Delta Liberation Front
None2005
Niger Delta People's Volunteer Force
None2004
Niger Delta Red SquadNone[38]
Niger Delta Vigilante
None2003Ateke Tom
Red Egbesu Water LionsNone[39]
Red ScorpionNone[40]
Utorogun Liberation Movement (ULM)None[41]
Ultimate Warriors of Niger DeltaNone[42]
AnsaruNoneIslamist insurgency in Nigeria2012
Fulani herdsmenNoneHerder–farmer conflicts in Nigeria1999[43]
 Pakistan
Baloch Republican ArmyNoneInsurgency in Balochistan2007Brahumdagh Bugti[44]
Balochistan Liberation ArmyNone2000Hyrbyair Marri
Lashkar-e-IslamNoneInsurgency in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa2004Mangal Bagh[45]
Tehrik-i-Taliban
2007Noor Wali Mehsud[46][47][48]
Lashkar-e-Jhangvi
None1996
Lashkar-e-OmarNone2002Qari Abdul Hai[49]
Sipah-e-SahabaNone1985Muhammad Ahmed Ludhianvi
 PalestineAbu Nidal OrganizationNoneIsraeli–Palestinian conflict1974Abu Nidal
Army of IslamNone2006Mumtaz Dughmush
HamasIzz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades1987Ismail Haniyeh
Islamic Jihad Movement in Palestine
Al-Quds Squads1987Ziyad al-Nakhalah / Abd Al Aziz Awda
Popular Resistance CommitteesAbu Samhadana clan2000Ayman al-Shashniya
 Paraguay
Armed Peasant Association (ACA)
NoneInsurgency in Paraguay2014
Army of Marshal López (Ejército del Mariscal López, EML)
None
Paraguayan People's Army (EPP)None2006Osvaldo Villalba
 Peru
Shining Path
NoneInternal conflict in Peru1960sAbimael Guzmán
 PhilippinesBangsamoro Islamic Freedom FightersNoneCivil conflict in the Philippines2008Ustadz Karialan
Communist Party of the Philippines
New People's Army
1968Benito Tiamzon[50]
Moro Islamic Liberation Front
None1977Murad Ebrahim[51]
Moro National Liberation FrontNone1968Nur Misuari
Rajah Sulaiman MovementNone1991Ahmed Santos[52][53]
 Russia
Caucasus EmirateInsurgency in the North Caucasus2007
 Senegal
Movement of Democratic Forces of Casamance
NoneCasamance conflict1982
 South SudanNuer White ArmyNoneEthnic violence in South Sudan1991Bordoang Leah
South Sudan Democratic MovementNone2010John Uliny
South Sudan Liberation Movement
None1999Peter Gadet
Sudan People's Liberation Movement-in-Opposition
None2013Riek Machar
 SudanAlliance of Revolutionary Forces of West SudanNoneWar in Darfur2006
Liberation and Justice MovementNone2010Tijani Sese
National Movement for Reform and DevelopmentNone2004Khalil Abdallah
National Redemption FrontNone2006Ahmed Diraige
Sudanese Awakening Revolutionary CouncilNone2014Musa Hilal
Sudan Revolutionary Front
2011Abdelaziz al-Hilu / Abdul Wahid al Nur / Gibril Ibrahim / Minni Minnawi
Eastern Front
None2004Musa Mohamed Ahmed
Rashaida Free LionsNone1999Mabrouk Mubarak Salim
 Syria
Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria
Syrian civil war2013Îlham Ehmed / Mansur Selum
Revolutionary Commando Army
None2016Muthanna Tala
Syrian Interim Government
2013Anas al-Abdah
Syrian Salvation Government
2017Ali Keda[54]
 Thailand
Barisan Revolusi NasionalNoneSouth Thailand insurgency1963
Gerakan Mujahidin Islam PataniNone1995Nasoree Saesang
Islamic Liberation Front of PataniNone1947Tengku Mahmud Mahyiddin / Tengku Abdul Jalal
Patani United Liberation OrganisationNone1968
Runda Kumpulan KecilNone2000Rorhing Ahsong
 Tunisia
Ansar al-ShariaNoneInsurgency in the Maghreb2011
Okba Ibn Nafaa BrigadeNone
 Turkey
Civil Protection UnitsNoneKurdish–Turkish conflict2015
Islamic Party of KurdistanNone1979Muhammad Salih Mustafa
Kurdistan Communities Union
None2005Abdullah Öcalan
Kurdistan Freedom Hawks
None2004
Turkish HezbollahNone1983İsa Altsoy
Communist Party of Turkey/Marxist–Leninist (Maoist Party Centre)NoneMaoist insurgency in Turkey1987
Great Eastern Islamic Raiders' Front
None1970
Peoples' United Revolutionary Movement
2016
Revolutionary People's Liberation Party/Front
None1994
Turkish Islamic JihadNone
 Ukraine
Donetsk People's Republic
NoneWar in Donbass2014Denis Pushilin[55][56][57]
Luhansk People's Republic
None2014Leonid Pasechnik
 United KingdomContinuity Irish Republican Army (CIRA)NoneDissident Irish republican campaign1994Continuity Army Council
Irish Republican Liberation ArmyNone2008
Orange VolunteersNone1998
Red Hand DefendersNone1998
Real Irish Republican Army (RIRA)None1997Army Council
Real Ulster Freedom FightersNone2007
 Yemen
Houthi movementSupreme Political Council1994Abdul-Malik Badreddin al-Houthi
Southern Movement
Southern Transitional Council2007Aidarus al-Zoubaidi
Groups that control territory
Main article: List of rebel groups that control territory
Groups that "control territory" are defined as any group that hold any populated or inhabited town, city, village, or defined area that is under the direct administration or military control of the group. Such control may be contested and might be temporary or fluctuating, especially under the circumstance of conflict. It does not include the governments of stable breakaway states or other states with limited recognition.
See also
References
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  6. ^ "Islamic State 'has 50,000 fighters in Syria'". al-Jazeera. 20 August 2014. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
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  30. ^ Administrator. "UNFC".
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Last edited on 21 April 2021, at 23:53
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