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List of awards and honors received by Lech Wałęsa
Main article: Lech Wałęsa
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The following is a list of awards and honors conferred on Polish politician, trade-union organizer, and human-rights activist Lech Wałęsa.
Honors
Apart from his 1983 Nobel Peace Prize,[1] Wałęsa has received many other international distinctions and awards.[2] He has been named "Man of the Year" by Time Magazine (1981), The Financial Times (1980) and The Observer (1980).[2] He was the first recipient of the Liberty Medal, on 4 July 1989 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania,[3] and that same year received the Presidential Medal of Freedom.[4] He is the third foreigner and the first non-head-of-state to have addressed a joint session of the United States Congress (15 November 1989).[2]
On 8 February 2002, Wałęsa represented Europe, carrying the Olympic flag at the opening ceremonies of the XIX Olympic Winter Games in Salt Lake City, in company with Archbishop Desmond Tutu (Africa), John Glenn (the Americas), Kazuyoshi Funaki (Asia), Cathy Freeman (Oceania), Jean-Michel Cousteau (Environment), Jean-Claude Killy (Sport), and Steven Spielberg (Culture).[5][6] Two years later, on 10 May 2004, Gdańsk International Airport was officially renamed Gdańsk Lech Wałęsa Airport to commemorate a famous Gdańsk citizen, and his signature was incorporated into the airport's logo.[7]
A month later, in June 2004, Wałęsa represented Poland at the state funeral of Ronald Reagan.[8] On 11 October 2006, Wałęsa was keynote speaker at the launch of "International Human Solidarity Day," proclaimed in 2005 by the United Nations General Assembly.[9] In January 2007 Wałęsa spoke at a Taiwan event, "Towards a Global Forum on New Democracies," in support of peace and democracy, along with other prominent world leaders and Taiwan's President Chen Shui-bian.[10]
On 25 April 2007, Wałęsa represented the Polish government at the funeral of Boris Yeltsin, former President of the Russian Federation.[11] On 23 October 2009, he spoke at a conference in Gdansk of presidents of all European senates, commemorating the 20th anniversary of the first free parliamentary elections in a former communist country – the 1989 elections to the Polish Senate.
On 6 September 2011, Wałęsa rejected Lithuania's Order of Vytautas the Great as a result of constant discrimination on the part of the Lithuanian government towards its Polish minority.[12]
Decorations
This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items with reliable sources.
A partial list of Wałęsa's honors and awards.
State decorations
Ribbon barAward or decorationCountryDatePlaceNoteRef
Grand Cordon of Order of Leopold with Sash
 Belgium
1991One of the three Belgian national honorary Knight Orders. Highest Order of Belgium.[2]
National Order of the Southern Cross
 Brazil
March 21, 1995Brazil's highest order of merit.[2][13]
Order of the Merit of Chile 1st class
 Chile
[when?]Chilean order of merit.[2]
Grand Cross of the Order of the White Lion
 Czech Republic
1999The highest order of Czechoslovakia.[2]
Knight of the Danish Order of the Elephant
 Denmark
July 5, 1993The highest order of Denmark.[2][14]
Grand Cross with Gold Breast Star of Order of Christopher Columbus
 Dominican Republic
May 9, 2001Order of the Dominican Republic, established in 1937.[2][15]
Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana 1st Class
 Estonia
February 23, 2006KadriorgInstituted in 1995 to honour the independence of the Estonian state.[2][16]
Commander Grand Cross of the Order of the White Rose of Finland Finland1993One of three highest state orders of Finland, established in 1919 by Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim.[2]
Grand Cross of Legion of Honour
 France
1991Highest decoration of France.[2]
Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany Germany2009BerlinHighest honour of West Germany (and modern Germany).[2]
Order of Merit of the Italian Republic 1st Class
 Italy
February 6, 1991RomeThe highest ranking honour of the Italian Republic.[2][17]
Order of Diplomatic Service Merit (Huân chương của Hàn quốc)
 South Korea
[when?][citation needed][2]
Star of Lithuania's Millennium LithuaniaSeptember 4, 2008In recognition for his merits Lithuania. This order was founded in 2007 on the occasion of the thousandth anniversary of the first known written remark about Lithuania.[18]
Order of the Netherlands Lion 1st Class
 Netherlands
2008Second-highest order of the Netherlands, founded by the first King of the Netherlands, William I.[2]
Grand Cross of the Order of St. Olav
 Norway
1995Highest Norwegian order of chivalry.[citation needed]
Grand Cordon of the Royal and Hashemite Order of the Pearl PhilippinesFebruary 2, 2013Dynastic order of the Royal house of Sulu instituted by Sultan Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram and awarded at the 41st International Polonaise Ball.[19]
Grand Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta PolandDecember 23, 1992(ex officio) One of Poland's highest orders.[2][20]
Knight of Order of the White Eagle PolandDecember 23, 1992(ex officio) Poland's highest decoration awarded to both civilians and the military for their merits.[2][20]
Grand Collar of Order of Liberty
 Portugal
August 18, 1993A Portuguese honorific civil order that distinguishes relevant services to the cause of democracy and freedom, in the defense of the values of civilization and human dignification.[2][21]
Grand Collar of Order of Prince Henry
 Portugal
March 3, 1995Portuguese National Order of Knighthood.[2][22]
Grand Cross of the Royal Order of Saint Michael of the Wing
 Portugal
January 30, 2010MiamiThe oldest Portugueseorder of knighthood, awarded by Prince Dom Miguel Duke of Viseu at the 38th International Polonaise Ball 2010.[23]
Order of Saint James of the Sword
 Portugal
[when?]Portuguese order of chivalry, founded in 1171.[2]
Grand Cross of Order of Merit of the Hungarian RepublicRepublic Hungary1994Hungarian national order.[2]
Order of Francisco de Miranda 1st Class
Republic of Venezuela
1989Conferred by the Republic of Venezuela in memory of Francisco de Miranda.[2]
Knight of the Royal Order of the Seraphim SwedenSeptember 16, 1993Swedish Royal order of chivalry, established by King Frederick I on 23 February 1748. Wałęsa received also his own Coat of arms.[2]
First Class of the Order of the State of Republic of Turkey
 Turkey
July 14, 1994The highest national order awarded by President of Turkey.[24]
Knight Grand Cross of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath United Kingdom1991British order of chivalry.[2][25]
Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise 2nd Class
 Ukraine
August 31, 2005[26]
Presidential Medal of Freedom United StatesNovember 13, 1989WashingtonThe highest civilian award in the U.S.[2][27]
Medal of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay
 Uruguay
February 23, 1995MontevideoMedal awarded by the Uruguayan authorities to foreign personalities[28][2]
Knight with the Collar of the Order of Pius IX
  Vatican City
1991A Papal Order of Knighthood founded on 17 June 1847 by Pope Pius IX.[29][30]
Medal of Pope Pius XII[clarification needed]
  Vatican City
2008[2]
Orders and awards
Award or decorationCountryDatePlaceNoteRef
European Human Rights Prize
 France
11 May 1989StrasbourgCouncil of Europe's award in recognition of outstanding contributions to the cause of human rights as enshrined in the European Convention on Human Rights.[2][31]
Eisenhower Medallion Germany28 September 2007BerlinThe highest award bestowed by People to People International.
Ernst Reuter plaque Germany9 June 2009BerlinBerlin's highest honour.[32]
European Ulrich of Augsburg Price Germany24 June 2011Dillingen[33]
Freedom Award Germany8 November 2009Berlinhonoured on behalf of the people of Poland at the Atlantic Council Freedom's Challenge[34][35]
Golden Hen Germany19 September 2012Berlin[36]
International Democracy Award GermanyNovember 1982BerlinDemocracy Medal of International Association of Political Consultants. Wałęsa was its first recipient.[2][37]
World Tolerance Award Germany23 October 2003HamburgInternational award for individuals for their achievements in a variety of areas.[38]
Medal of 65th Anniversary of End of World War II
 Israel
22 December 2010WarsawAwarded by Izraelski Związek Inwalidów i Uczestników Walki Zbrojnej z Nazizmem.[39][40]
Medal of 65th Anniversary of Warsaw Ghetto Uprising during World War II
 Israel
22 December 2010WarsawAwarded by Izraelski Związek Inwalidów i Uczestników Walki Zbrojnej z Nazizmem.[39]
Premio Galileo 2000
 Italy
3 July 2007Florence[41]
Legion of Liberty Mexico3 March 2009Award of the Agora Institute of Strategic Thinking (IPEA).[42]
Award of Free World
 Norway
1982[30]
Nobel Peace Prize
 Norway
5 October 1983Oslo
One of the five Nobel Prizes bequeathed by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. Wałęsa wasn't present; his acceptance was read by Mrs Danuta Wałęsa on December 10, 1983, in Oslo.
[43][44][45]
Chair of Two Decades Poland26 February 2009WarsawAward of The Warsaw Voice (Wałęsa shared it with Leszek Balcerowicz)[46]
Combatant Commemorative Cross "for the Victors" Poland22 December 2010Warsaw
Awarded by Polish Society of War Veterans.
[39][40]
Diamond of Freedom Poland25 September 2010Świdnica[47]
Diploma of the Minister of Foreign Affairs Poland25 June 2004Warsaw[48]
Euro-Atlantic Medal Poland27 April 2011Warsaw[49]
Friend of Homeless People Poland17 July 1996Decoration established by Marek Kotański.[50]
Haller Ring Poland10 February 1995PuckThe highest award of the Maritime and Colonial League.[51]
Jan Karski Eagle Award Poland22 June 2011Granted also to Mikhail Gorbachev, for changing Europe and the world. The award was established in April 2000 by Jan Karski to recognize humanitarian service to others, with a special connection to Poland.[52]
Jan Karski Freedom Award Poland23 January 2007WarsawThe award recognizes a Pole who has worked for the promotion of democracy and freedom. Wałęsa was its first recipient.[53]
Kisiel Prize Poland5 December 2005WarsawAwarded for those whose actions most closely portray the spirit and beliefs of the Polish publicist and politician, Stefan Kisielewski.[54]
Komandoria Missio Reconciliationis Poland[when?]
Awarded by Ogólnopolskie Społeczne Stowarzyszenie "Misja Pojednania".
[citation needed]
Medal of Merit for NSZZ "Solidarnosc" Poland14 December 2005Gdańskfirst recipient[55]
Medal of the President of the Association of Polish Electrical Engineers Poland8 April 2011Gdańsk[56]
Person of Merit for Warmia and Masuria Poland23 August 2008[30]
Pigeon statuette Poland12 May 2008GdańskFunded on the 60th anniversary of adopting the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by the UNGA. Received on account of his contributions to human rights issues from Jerzy Buzek. Passed to Stanisław Szuszkiewicz on May 12, 2008.[57][58]
Princess Łyna statuette Poland25 June 2010Olsztynek[59]
Pro Fide et Patria Medal Poland1985Jasna Góra[2]
Super Wektor 2006 Poland12 March 2007WarsawAward granted by Employers of Poland.[60]
Victoria International Humanitarian Award Poland11 May 2003Świdnica[61]
One of 15 Champions of World Democracy Slovenia19 January 2008LjubljanaAward granted by the Europe-based magazine A Different View.[62]
Let Live Award Sweden17 May 1981Malmö[63]
1978 Orbis Guaraniticus Medal
 UNESCO
[2]
Democracy Service Medal United StatesApril 1999WashingtonLech Wałęsa and Lane Kirkland were its first recipients.[2][64]
Distinction in International Law and Affairs Award United States1991New York State Bar Association's award to honor outstanding efforts in the area of international law and affairs.[65]
Dole Leadership Prize United States22 September 2005LawrenceAwarded to an individual or group whose public service inspires others.[66]
George Meany Human Rights Award United States14 November 1989WashingtonAward was first intended for Solidarnosc in 1981, but Wałęsa wasn't allowed by Polish authorities to claim that prize.[2][67][68]
George Washington Honor Medal United States1983The highest civilian honor of Freedoms Foundation at Valley Forge.[2][69]
Gold Medal of The American Institute of Polish Culture United States1991MiamiAwarded to Wałęsa "for launching an avalanche of freedom".[70]
Integrity Award United States24 October 1986Los AngelesTransparency International's humanitarian award. Polish authorities refused to give Lech Wałęsa a passport for a trip to the United States, where he was to receive it.[2][71]
International Freedom Award United States1999Memphis[2][72]
Lincoln Leadership Prize United States9 February 2012SpringfieldDistinction of Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library conferred on people whose "lives and actions exemplify Lincoln's legacy of leadership".[73]
Medal of Merit United States1981Medal of Polish American Congress.[2]
Pacem in Terris Award United States2001DavenportCreated in 1964 by the Davenport Catholic Interracial Council, to honor a person for their achievements in peace and justice in the world.[74]
Philadelphia Liberty Medal United States4 July 1989National Constitution Center's award to recognize leadership in the pursuit of freedom. Wałęsa was first recipient, accepted by Danuta Wałęsa on his behalf.[2][75][76]
Ronald Reagan Freedom Award United States24 May 2011WashingtonThe highest civilian honor bestowed by the private Ronald Reagan Presidential Foundation.[77]
Sam Houston Humanitarian Award United States15 October 1996HuntsvilleCreated in 1993 in honor of the 200th anniversary of the birth of American statesman and Texas hero Sam Houston, awarded "for his outstanding achievements against incredible odds".[78][79]
Social Justice Award United States26 May 1983One of the highest honors of the United Auto Workers.[2][80]
Spirit of Humanity Award United States3 May 2006WashingtonAward for Individual Achievement[81]
The Path to Peace Award United States1996New York CityBestowed on individuals whose life and work have dramatically affected the world community for the better[2][82]
Humanitarian Public Service Medal1984[2]
Love International Award1981[30]
Man of the Year prizes
This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items with reliable sources.
Man of the YearByLocationDateNotesRef
1980The Financial Times United Kingdom[83]
1980The Observer United Kingdom[83][84]
1980Die WeltGermany[30][84]
1981Die ZeitGermany[30][84]
1981L'Express
 France
[30][84]
1981Le Soir
Brussels, Belgium
[30][84]
1981TIME Magazine United States4 January 1982Time Person of the Year[85]
1981Le Point
 France
[30]
1989Polish Radio and Television Poland[83]
1989Saudi Gazette
 Saudi Arabia
[83]
1989The Warsaw Voice Poland[46]
1989El Periodico
Barcelona, Spain
[citation needed]
1995WprostWarsaw, Poland3 January 1996[86]
2001Federacja Regionalnych Związków Gmin i Powiatów RP Poland[87]
2004XV Economic Forum in KrynicaKrynica-Zdrój, Poland7 September 2005[88]
2012TłuchowoTłuchowo, Poland20 January 2013[89]
Honorary
Honorary doctorates
This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items with reliable sources.
Lech Wałęsa (left) receives honorary doctorate from Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, November 2005
Wałęsa has been awarded over 100 honorary doctorates[90] by universities around the world.[2][91][92]
InstitutionDegreeLocationDateNotesRef
Universidad de MendozaMendoza, Argentina1997
Universidad del SalvadorBuenos Aires, Argentina1997
Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Leuven, Belgium
1981
McMaster UniversityLL.D.Hamilton, Ontario, CanadaNovember 1989[93]
Simon Fraser UniversityBurnaby, Canada1989
Université du Québec à Trois-RivièresTrois-Rivières, Quebec, Canada28 November 2005"za wyjątkową drogę życia, zaangażowanie i uczestnictwo w rozwoju demokracji"[94]
University of Chile
Santiago, Chile
1995[95]
Pontificia Universidad Católica Madre y Maestra
Santiago de los Caballeros, Dominican Republic
2001[96]
London Metropolitan UniversityDoctor of PhilosophyLondon, England8 December 2009"in recognition of his outstanding contribution to international relations in Europe and the wider world"[97]
Alliance College
Paris, France
1981in absentia[98]
St. Senis University
Paris, France
1982
University of Paris
Paris, France
1983
University of Hawaii at ManoaHonolulu, Hawaii1999
Meiji University
Tokyo, Japan
1997
Universidad Anáhuac del SurMexico City, Mexico1996
University of Lima
Lima, Peru
21 June 2007[99]
Nicolaus Copernicus University in ToruńToruń, Poland1 October 1990[100]
Opole UniversityOpole, Poland10 March 2011[101]
University of GdańskGdańsk, Poland20 March 1990"in recognition of his undying achievements in developing and propagating the ideas of freedom and democracy, the rebirth of humanist values, the dignity and rights of man, and the community and the nation"[102]
Korea Universityhon. prof.
Seoul, South Korea
1997
European University of Madrid
Madrid, Spain
28 January 2011"in recognition of his defense of independent unionism and for becoming Poland's first democratic president after the fall of communism"[103]
University of DundeeDoctor of LawsDundee, Scotland, UK13 July 1984[104]
Central Connecticut State UniversityDoctor of Humane LettersHartford, Connecticut, United States10 April 1996Commencement at CCSU[105]
Columbia UniversityNew York City, USA1981
Fordham UniversityDoctor of LawsNew York City, USA20 May 1984in absentia[106]
Gannon UniversityErie, Pennsylvania1999
Harvard UniversityCambridge, Massachusetts, United States14 April 1983Never actually received[107][108][109][110][111]
Lawrence UniversityDoctor of LawsAppleton, Wisconsin, United States15 October 2001"in recognition of his democratic efforts both in his homeland and worldwide"[112]
Lewis & Clark CollegePortland, Oregon, United States2000
Lewis & Clark CollegeDoctorate of Humane LettersPortland, Oregon, United States6 May 2001[113][114]
Lynn UniversityFlorida, USA11 December 1998[115]
MacMurray CollegeJacksonville, Illinois, United States1982
Marquette UniversityDoctor of LawsMilwaukee, Wisconsin, United States2 March 2004[116]
Middlebury CollegeDoctor of LettersMiddlebury, Vermont, United States21 May 2000[117]
Nasson CollegeDoctor of LawsSpringvale, Maine, United States7 June 1982in absentia[118][119]
Providence CollegeProvidence, Rhode Island, United States1981
Ramapo CollegeMahwah, New Jersey, United States3 October 2001presented a public lecture: Democracy: The Never Ending Battle.[120][121]
Saint Ambrose UniversityDoctor of HumanitiesDavenport, Iowa, United States14 May 2001[122]
Seton Hall UniversityDoctor of LawsSouth Orange, New Jersey, United States1982received on December 2, 2005, from Kurt Borowsky[123][124][125]
Springfield CollegeDoctor of HumanicsSpringfield, Massachusetts, United States1982[126]
University of North Carolina at CharlotteDoctor of LawsCharlotte, North Carolina, United States14 December 2002[127]
University of Notre DameNotre Dame, United StatesMay 1982in absentia[128]
University of OregonEugene, Oregon, United States2001
University of West FloridaDoctor of Public ServicePensacola, Florida, U.S.31 March 2006[129]
University of Santo TomasHonorary ProfessorManila, Philippines26 November 2012"Whereas, you were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1983 for your struggles and ideals, as a trade union leader and organizer, advocating non-violent human right activism against a communist regime [...] You are man of the people, who regarded the Catholic faith as a source of strength and inspiration, and the courage and moral vision of a hero of Polish independence."
Gave a lecture entitled "The Role of Faith on the Struggle for Freedom and Democracy"
[130]
Westminster CollegeFulton, Missouri, United States1998
Honorary citizenship
This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items with reliable sources.
City / RegionCountryDateNotesRef
Turin
 Italy
1982received on October 22, 2000[131]
Reggio nell'Emilia
 Italy
1984conferred on July 5, 1984[citation needed]
Osaka
 Japan
[when?][132]
Białystok Poland1990[133]
Borne Sulinowo Poland[when?][134]
Brzeg Dolny Poland23 June 2005[135]
Będzin Poland[when?][134]
Darłowo Poland3 March 2010[136]
Elbląg Poland27 October 2011[137]
Gdańsk Poland24 April 1997[138]
Gdynia Poland20 December 1995[139]
Kościerzyna Poland6 June 2005[140]
Kraków Poland24 August 1990[141]
Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship Poland19 October 2010received in Toruń[142]
Łęczyca PolandJune 2004[143]
Łuków Poland10 November 1995[144]
Mielec Poland31 October 1990[145]
Mława Poland16 November 2009[146]
Opole Poland2009received on 11 October 2010[147]
Poznań Poland18 November 2009[148]
Puławy Poland3 June 2009accepted by Henryk Wujec from Workers' Defence Committee (KOR) on Wałęsa's behalf[149]
Radom Poland1990[150]
Sopot Poland21 December 1995[151]
Szczecin Poland8 September 2008received on 20 April 2009[134]
Terespol Poland22 August 2009[152]
Ustrzyki Dolne Poland10 July 2010[153]
Warsaw Poland24 May 2007received on 31 July 2007[154]
Wrocław Poland24 June 2005[155]
Zamość Poland19 November 1990[156]
Zielona Góra PolandAugust 2008received on 10 September 2010[157]
London United Kingdom1991[2]
Buffalo United States[when?][132]
Other
Honor / awardLocationDateNotesRef
Honorary fellowship of Liverpool John Moores UniversityLiverpool, United Kingdom16 May 2006[158]
Honorary Brovarnia Beer Mug of Hotel GdanskGdańsk, PolandDecember 2008[159]
Friend of Scouting in Europe (FOSE) of European Scout FoundationChelmsford, United Kingdom3 August 2007[160]
Honorary ITKF Black BeltStara Wieś, Poland10 October 2009[161]
Places named after Lech Wałęsa
Gdańsk Lech Wałęsa Airport (2009)
Lech Walesa Drive in Mississauga (2004)
Buildings
PlaceLocationDateNoteRef
Gdańsk Lech Wałęsa AirportGdańsk, Poland10 May 2004[162]
Conference Centre – Niepołomice CastleNiepołomice, Poland10 April 2008[163]
Lech Walesa Hall at Northeastern Illinois UniversityChicago, United States29 May 2009[164]
Schools
SchoolLocationDateNoteRef
All Saints Catholic SchoolToronto, Canada[when?][citation needed]
Publiczne Gimnazjum w ChalinieChalin, Poland31 August 2006[165]
Zespół Szkół w Kowalewie PomorskimKowalewo Pomorskie, Poland14 October 2008[166]
Gimnazjum Nr 1Reda, Poland11 October 2008[167]
Szkoła Podstawowa Nr 3Stryszawa, Poland26 October 1996[168]
Streets
SchoolLocationDateNoteRef
Lech Walesa DriveMississauga, Canada[when?][citation needed]
Rue Lech Walesa
Arras, France
2007[citation needed]
Rue Lech Walesa
Lognes, France
[when?][citation needed]
Boulevard Lech Walesa
Nice, France
[when?][citation needed]
Avenue Lech Walesa
Rosny-sous-Bois, France
[when?][169]
Ulica Lecha WałęsyZgorzałe, Poland21 December 2009[170]
Lech Walesas GataKalmar, Sweden[when?][citation needed]
Lech Walesa StreetSan Francisco, United States[when?][171]
See also
Lech Wałęsa
References
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  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab acad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar A History of Foreign Leaders and Dignitaries Who Have Addressed the U.S. Congress, The Office of the Clerk Archived June 10, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "1989 Recipient Lech Walesa – Liberty Medal – National Constitution Center". Constitutioncenter.org. 1989-07-04. Retrieved 2009-04-21.
  4. ^ Maureen Dowd, Bush Gives Walesa Medal of Freedom, New York Times, November 14, 1989, p. A21.
  5. ^ Carter B. Horsley, Opening Ceremony of the Winter Olympic Games: The Greatest Television Program Ever?
  6. ^ Jean-Michel Cousteau (biography)[permanent dead link], Winter Park Institute, Rollins College
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  8. ^ Fast Facts: Who's Who at Reagan Funeral, Fox News, Friday, June 11, 2004
  9. ^ Lech Walesa Welcomes Launch of International Human Solidarity Day at UN, News Blaze, November 11, 2006
  10. ^ "Press Release". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Tiwan. Retrieved 2007-08-19.
  11. ^ FACTBOX: Dignitaries attending funeral of Boris Yeltsin, Reuters, Tue Apr 24, 2007
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  28. ^ "Resolución N° 208/995". www.impo.com.uy. Retrieved 2020-11-26.
  29. ^ "The Pontifical Order of Pius IX". Association of Papal Orders in Great Britain of Pius IX, Saint Gregory and Saint Sylvester. Archived from the original on 2012-02-06. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
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  34. ^ "Freedom Award for NATO Troops". 2009-11-09. Retrieved 2011-05-18.
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  37. ^ "Democracy Award". International Association of Political Consultants. Retrieved 2011-05-17.
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External links
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lech Wałęsa.
List of international trips made by Lech Wałęsa (in Polish)
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