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List of conflicts in Central America
Costa Rica
Guatemala
1524 — 1697 Spanish conquest of Guatemala
DateEventModern department (or Mexican state)
February – March 1524Spanish defeat the K'iche'Retalhuleu, Suchitepéquez, Quetzaltenango, Totonicapán and El Quiché
8 February 1524Battle of Zapotitlán, Spanish victory over the K'iche'Suchitepéquez
12 February 1524First battle of Quetzaltenango results in the death of the K'iche' lord Tecun UmanQuetzaltenango
18 February 1524Second battle of QuetzaltenangoQuetzaltenango
March 1524Spanish under Pedro de Alvarado raze Q'umarkaj, capital of the K'iche'El Quiché
14 April 1524Spanish enter Iximche and ally themselves with the KaqchikelChimaltenango
18 April 1524Spanish defeat the Tz'utujil in battle on the shores of Lake AtitlánSololá
9 May 1524Pedro de Alvarado defeats the Pipil of Panacal or Panacaltepeque near IzcuintepequeEscuintla
26 May 1524Pedro de Alvarado defeats the Xinca of AtiquipaqueSanta Rosa
27 July 1524Iximche declared first colonial capital of GuatemalaChimaltenango
28 August 1524Kaqchikel abandon Iximche and break allianceChimaltenango
7 September 1524Spanish declare war on the KaqchikelChimaltenango
1525The Poqomam capital falls to Pedro de AlvaradoGuatemala
13 March 1525Hernán Cortés arrives at Lake Petén ItzáPetén
October 1525Zaculeu, capital of the Mam, surrenders to Gonzalo de Alvarado y Contreras after a lengthy siegeHuehuetenango
1526Chajoma rebel against the SpanishGuatemala
1526Acasaguastlán given in encomienda to Diego SalvatierraEl Progreso
1526Spanish captains sent by Alvarado conquer ChiquimulaChiquimula
9 February 1526Spanish deserters burn IximcheChimaltenango
1527Spanish abandon their capital at Tecpán GuatemalaChimaltenango
1529San Mateo Ixtatán given in encomienda to Gonzalo de OvalleHuehuetenango
September 1529Spanish routed at UspantánEl Quiché
April 1530Rebellion in Chiquimula put downChiquimula
9 May 1530Kaqchikel surrender to the SpanishSacatepéquez
December 1530Ixil and Uspantek surrender to the SpanishEl Quiché
April 1533Juan de León y Cardona founds San Marcos and San Pedro SacatepéquezSan Marcos
1543Foundation of CobánAlta Verapaz
1549First reductions of the Chuj and Q'anjob'alHuehuetenango
1551Corregimiento of San Cristóbal Acasaguastlán establishedEl Progreso, Zacapa and Baja Verapaz
1555Lowland Maya kill Francisco de VicoAlta Verapaz
1560Reduction of Topiltepeque and Lakandon Ch'olAlta Verapaz
1618Franciscan missionaries arrive at Nojpetén, capital of the ItzáPetén
1619Further missionary expeditions to NojpeténPetén
1684Reduction of San Mateo Ixtatán and Santa EulaliaHuehuetenango
29 January 1686Melchor Rodríguez Mazariegos leaves Huehuetenango, leading an expedition against the LacandónHuehuetenango
1695Franciscan friar Andrés de Avendaño attempts to convert the ItzáPetén
28 February 1695Spanish expeditions leave simultaneously from Cobán, San Mateo Ixtatán and Ocosingo against the LacandónAlta Verapaz, Huehuetenango and Chiapas
1696Andrés de Avendaño forced to flee NojpeténPetén
13 March 1697Nojpetén falls to the Spanish after a fierce battlePetén
Nicaragua
El Salvador
Honduras
1960 — 1996 Central American crisis
1982 — 1986 Battalion 3-16 was responsible for the kidnapping, torture, disappearance and murder of at least 184 Honduran students, professors, journalists, human rights activists and others
Panama
Belize
1981 Heads of Agreement Crisis
See also
Last edited on 13 March 2021, at 02:05
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