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List of conflicts in North America
This is a list of conflicts in North America. This list includes all countries starting northward from Northern America (Canada, Greenland, and the United States of America), southward to Mesoamerica (Mexico) and the Caribbean (Cuba, Haiti, Jamaica, Grenada, Saint Martin, the Dominican Republic, and the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago) and further south to Central America (Panama, Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua). Conflicts are ordered by geographic regions of North America ranging from north to south, and then arranged chronologically from the Pre-Columbian era (specifically: the classic and postclassic periods of Mesoamerica) to the postcolonial period. This list includes (but is not limited to) the following: wars of independence, liberation wars, colonial wars, undeclared wars, proxy wars, territorial disputes, and world wars. Also listed might be any battle that was itself only part of an operation of a campaign of a theater of a war. There may also be periods of violent civil unrest listed, such as: riots, shootouts, spree killings, massacres, terrorist attacks, and civil wars. The list might also contain episodes of: human sacrifice, mass suicide, and genocides.
Ongoing armed conflicts in 2018; updated May 2021.
  Major wars, 10,000 or more deaths in current or past year
  Wars, 1,000–9,999 deaths in current or past year
  Minor conflicts, 100–999 deaths in current or past year
  Skirmishes and clashes, fewer than 100 deaths in current or past year
Northern America
Territorial evolution of North America of non-native nation states from 1750 to 2008.
Bermuda
As a British Colony Bermuda served as a staging point for Great Britain during the American Revolution and War of 1812. During the Battle of the Atlantic the island served as an allied airbase for Anti-submarine warfare submarine hunters. NATO also used Bermuda as a base during the Cold War.
Canada
Main articles: Terrorism in Canada List of conflicts in Canada and Military history of Canada
11th century
1000s Norse colonization of the Americas
16th century
17th century
18th century
1702–1713 Queen Anne's War
1722–1725 Father Rale's War
1744–1748 King George's War
1749–1755 Father Le Loutre's War
1754–1763 Seven Years' War
1763–1766 Pontiac's War
1763 Battle of Point Pelee
1775–1776 American Revolutionary War
The Battle of Quebec where the early United States attempted to convince Quebec to join the American Revolution for independence from the British. The British victory assured that British Canada would not join the United States.
The Death of General Montgomery in the Attack on Quebec, December 31, 1775 by John Trumbull
1796 Newfoundland expedition
19th century
1816 Pemmican War
1837–1838 Upper Canada Rebellion
1870 Wolseley Expedition
20th century
21st century
Greenland
United States
This includes all conflicts that have taken place within the modern territory of the United States.
See also
Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico is geographically located within the Caribbean; however, because Puerto Rico territory of the United States the island's conflicts are listed here.
Precolonial
This includes all known conflicts that occurred within the territory of the United States of America prior to European exploration.
American Indian Wars
This list covers all wars regarding Native Americans and First Nations within the 49 contiental states of the United States (does not include territories) and the 10 provinces and 3 territories of Canada. This includes conflicts fought between American Indian and First Nation tribes and wars against encroachment from European Colonial Powers or the United States and Canada. Generally American Indian Wars classifies all conflicts for Native Americans and First Nations between 1540 and 1924 however this list also includes 20th century incidents on Indian Reservations.
Hernando De Soto's expedition through the Southeast United States was the first major conflict between Europeans and Native Americans in the U.S. Thousands of natives were killed by the expedition, and the majority of the expedition including De Soto did not survive the journey.
February 1692 Mohawk Valley raid
1610–1646 Anglo-Powhatan Wars
1811 Battle of Tippecanoe
Geronimo's War 1881-1886
The Battle of Little Bighorn near the Little Bighorn river in the state a Montana. A confederation of Lakatoa and allied tribes defeated the U.S. 7th Cavalry Regiment. Part of the Great Sioux War which was an ultimately a victory of the U.S Government. Painting is The Custer Fight by Charles Marion Russell.
Sioux Wars 1854–1891
December 29, 1890 Wounded Knee Massacre
17th century
The Burning of Jamestown, Virginia by Bacon's Rebellion. Common Indentured Servants and African Slaves fought together against the government of Colonial Virginia. The Rebellion's failure caused a hardening of racial lines in Colonial English America.
This covers all conflicts in the 1600s that occurred between rival European Colonial Powers, or between Colonists and their Colonial Administration. This section does not include conflicts regarding Native Americans.
18th century
This covers all conflicts in the 1700s that occurred between rival European Colonial Powers, or between the early United States against European Colonial Powers. Many of the wars in this period were extensions of wars from continental Europe. This section does not include conflicts regarding Native Americans.
1701–1714 Queen Anne's War
Slave Revolts in Colonial English America
December 16, 1740 – October 18, 1748 King George's War
*1754–1763 The French and Indian War
Battle of Fort Oswego fought in Oswego, New York part of the French an Indian War. An alliance of French and Native American tribes defeated a British assault. New France enjoyed strong relations with Natives in the Great Lakes Region. Despite early French victories British supremacy on the sea assured victory in the overall war. Drawing by J.Walker
Was fought within both Canada and the United States
1764–1771 War of the Regulation
1775–1783 American Revolutionary War
The first of four engravings of the Battle of Lexington and Concord by Amos Doolittle from 1775. Doolittle visited the battle sites and interviewed soldiers and witnesses. Contains controversial elements, possibly inaccuracies. Fire from the militia may have occurred but is not depicted.
Siege of Yorktown in Yorktown, Virginia was the deciding battle of the American Revolutionary War and among the largest North American Battles of the 18th century. America's independence was recognized in 1783. Painting by Eugene Lami
19th century
This covers all conflicts in the 1800s that occurred between the governments of North America that took place within the modern territory of the United States of America and conflicts between North American and European states. This does not include conflicts regarding Native Americans.
*1812–1814 War of 1812
*1835–1836 Texas Revolution
*1846–1848 Mexican–American War
August 13 – September 30, 1846 Siege of Los Angeles
*1861–1865 American Civil War
20th Century
This covers all conflicts and terrorist attacks in the 1900s that occurred within the modern territory of the United States of America. This also includes attacks upon the United States from Eurasian powers.
The Navy radio station at Dutch Harbor burning after the Japanese Attack, 4 June 1942 According to Japanese intelligence, the nearest field for land-based American aircraft was at Fort Morrow AAF on Kodiak, more than 600 miles (970 km) away, and Dutch Harbor was a sitting duck for the strong Japanese fleet, carrying out a coordinated operation with a fleet that was to capture Midway Island. The Dutch Harbor attack was part of the Aleutian Islands Campaign.
21st century
This includes domestic conflicts and terrorist attacks that took place within the United States. Note that actions of terrorism and domestic conflict are distinguished from one another.
2001–present War on Terrorism
Middle America
Mexico
Pre-Columbian
Map depicting the Maya area within the larger Mesoamerican region. View full size for details.
16th century
1502–1520 Through warfare Moctezuma II expanded the territory of the Aztec Empire as far south as Xoconosco in Chiapas and the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, and incorporated the Zapotec and Yopi people into the empire
The maximal extent of the Aztec Empire, according to María del Carmen Solanes Carraro and Enrique Vela Ramírez.
17th century
18th century
19th century

Development of Spanish American Independence
  Government under traditional Spanish law
  Loyal to Supreme Central Junta or Cortes
  American junta or insurrection movement
  Independent state declared or established
  Height of French control of the Peninsula
1861–1867 French intervention in Mexico
20th century
21st century
1992–present War on Drugs
December 11, 2006–present Mexican Drug War
August 28, 2011 – October 31, 2011 Operación Escorpión
Central America
Guatemala
DateEventModern department
February – March 1524Spanish defeat the K'iche'Retalhuleu, Suchitepéquez, Quetzaltenango, Totonicapán and El Quiché
8 February 1524Battle of Zapotitlán, Spanish victory over the K'iche'Suchitepéquez
12 February 1524First battle of Quetzaltenango results in the death of the K'iche' lord Tecun UmanQuetzaltenango
18 February 1524Second battle of QuetzaltenangoQuetzaltenango
March 1524Spanish under Pedro de Alvarado raze Q'umarkaj, capital of the K'iche'El Quiché
14 April 1524Spanish enter Iximche and ally themselves with the KaqchikelChimaltenango
18 April 1524Spanish defeat the Tz'utujil in battle on the shores of Lake AtitlánSololá
9 May 1524Pedro de Alvarado defeats the Pipil of Panacal or Panacaltepeque near IzcuintepequeEscuintla
26 May 1524Pedro de Alvarado defeats the Xinca of AtiquipaqueSanta Rosa
27 July 1524Iximche declared first colonial capital of GuatemalaChimaltenango
28 August 1524Kaqchikel abandon Iximche and break allianceChimaltenango
7 September 1524Spanish declare war on the KaqchikelChimaltenango
1525The Poqomam capital falls to Pedro de AlvaradoGuatemala
13 March 1525Hernán Cortés arrives at Lake Petén ItzáPetén
October 1525Zaculeu, capital of the Mam, surrenders to Gonzalo de Alvarado y Contreras after a lengthy siegeHuehuetenango
1526Chajoma rebel against the SpanishGuatemala
1526Acasaguastlán given in encomienda to Diego SalvatierraEl Progreso
1526Spanish captains sent by Alvarado conquer ChiquimulaChiquimula
9 February 1526Spanish deserters burn IximcheChimaltenango
1527Spanish abandon their capital at Tecpán GuatemalaChimaltenango
1529San Mateo Ixtatán given in encomienda to Gonzalo de OvalleHuehuetenango
September 1529Spanish routed at UspantánEl Quiché
April 1530Rebellion in Chiquimula put downChiquimula
9 May 1530Kaqchikel surrender to the SpanishSacatepéquez
December 1530Ixil and Uspantek surrender to the SpanishEl Quiché
April 1533Juan de León y Cardona founds San Marcos and San Pedro SacatepéquezSan Marcos
1543Foundation of CobánAlta Verapaz
1549First reductions of the Chuj and Q'anjob'alHuehuetenango
1551Corregimiento of San Cristóbal Acasaguastlán establishedEl Progreso, Zacapa and Baja Verapaz
1555Lowland Maya kill Francisco de VicoAlta Verapaz
1560Reduction of Topiltepeque and Lakandon Ch'olAlta Verapaz
1618Franciscan missionaries arrive at Nojpetén, capital of the ItzáPetén
1619Further missionary expeditions to NojpeténPetén
1684Reduction of San Mateo Ixtatán and Santa EulaliaHuehuetenango
29 January 1686Melchor Rodríguez Mazariegos leaves Huehuetenango, leading an expedition against the LacandónHuehuetenango
1695Franciscan friar Andrés de Avendaño attempts to convert the ItzáPetén
28 February 1695Spanish expeditions leave simultaneously from Cobán, San Mateo Ixtatán and Ocosingo against the LacandónAlta Verapaz, Huehuetenango and Chiapas
1696Andrés de Avendaño forced to flee NojpeténPetén
13 March 1697Nojpetén falls to the Spanish after a fierce battlePetén
Nicaragua
Costa Rica
March 12 – April 24, 1948 Costa Rican Civil War
El Salvador
Honduras
Panama
1960 — 1996 Central American crisis
1989 — 1990 United States invasion of Panama
Belize
Caribbean
All conflicts which occurred on the islands in the Caribbean Sea are listed here. US Territories such as Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands are exceptions to this rule as they included in the United States' Section.
Dominican Republic
Cuba
Saint Martin
1568–1648 Eighty Years' War
Tobago
1672–1678 Franco-Dutch War
March 1677 Action of March 1677
Haiti
April 20, 1792 – March 25, 1802 French Revolutionary Wars
1791–1804 Haitian Revolution
Political evolution of Central America and the Caribbean
July 28, 1915 – August 1, 1934 United States occupation of Haiti
Jamaica
Grenada
1973–1983 New Jewel Movement
1983 Invasion of Grenada
See also
References
  1. ^ Working people By Desmond Morton, page 72
  2. ^ Knowledge "Vancouver Island War" (3 minute video summary)
Last edited on 3 March 2021, at 13:21
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