en.m.wikipedia.org
List of countries by GDP (PPP)
For countries by nominal GDP, see List of countries by GDP (nominal).
This article needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (April 2021)
Largest economies by PPP GDP in 2020
according to International Monetary Fund estimates[1]
GDP (PPP) means gross domestic product based on purchasing power parity. This article includes a list of countries by their forecast estimated GDP (PPP).[2] Countries are sorted by GDP (PPP) forecast estimates from financial and statistical institutions that calculate using market or government official exchange rates. The data given on this page are based on the international dollar, a standardized unit used by economists. Certain regions that are not widely considered countries such as the European Union and Hong Kong also show up in the list if they are distinct jurisdiction areas or economic entities.
Countries by GDP (PPP) in 2020.[n 1]
  > $20 trillion
  > $10 trillion
  > $5 trillion
  > $2 trillion
  > $1 trillion
  > $500 billion
  > $250 billion
  > $100 billion
  > $50 billion
  > $25 billion
  > $5 billion
  $5 billion or less
GDP comparisons using PPP are arguably more useful than those using nominal GDP when assessing a nation's domestic market because PPP takes into account the relative cost of local goods, services and inflation rates of the country, rather than using international market exchange rates, which may distort the real differences in per capita income.[3] It is however limited when measuring financial flows between countries and when comparing the quality of same goods among countries.[4] PPP is often used to gauge global poverty thresholds and is used by the United Nations in constructing the human development index.[3] These surveys such as the International Comparison Program include both tradable and non-tradable goods in an attempt to estimate a representative basket of all goods.[3]
The first table includes estimates for the year 2020 made for each economy of the 194 countries and areas (including Hong Kong and Taiwan) covered by the International Monetary Fund (IMF)'s International Financial Statistics (IFS) database. The data is in millions of international dollars and was calculated and published by the IMF in April 2020. The second table includes data, mostly for the year 2018, for 180 of the 193 current United Nations member states as well as Hong Kong and Macau (the two Chinese Special Administrative Regions). Data are in millions of international dollars; they were compiled by the World Bank. The third table is a tabulation of the CIA World Factbook GDP (PPP) data update of 2017. The data for GDP at purchasing power parity has also been rebased using the new International Comparison Program price surveys and extrapolated to 2007. Non-sovereign entities (the world, continents, and some dependent territories) and states with limited recognition (such as Kosovo, Palestine and Taiwan) are included in the list in cases in which they appear in the sources. These economies are not ranked in the charts here, but are listed in sequence by GDP for comparison. In addition, non-sovereign entities are marked in italics.
The European Union – and its European Single Market, which seeks to guarantee the free movement of goods, capital, services, and labour (the "four freedoms") within its 27 member states, also involved in international trade negotiations – might also appear in some lists.
Lists
This section possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. (April 2021) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
List by the IMF (2021 estimates)[5]
List by the World Bank (2019)[6]
List by the CIA (2019)[7]

RankCountry/TerritoryGDP
(millions of current Int$)
 World141,756,290
1
 China
26,656,766
2 United States22,675,271
 European Union[n 2][9]
20,918,062
3
 India
10,207,290
4
 Japan
5,585,786
5 Germany4,743,673
6
 Russia
4,328,122
7
 Indonesia
3,507,239
8
 Brazil
3,328,459
9
 France
3,231,927
10 United Kingdom3,174,921
11
 Turkey
2,749,570
12 Mexico2,613,797
13
 Italy
2,610,563
14
 South Korea
2,436,872
15 Canada1,978,816
16
 Spain
1,959,037
17
 Saudi Arabia
1,705,519
18 Australia1,415,564
19
 Taiwan
1,403,663
20 Poland1,363,766
21
 Egypt
1,346,225
22
 Thailand
1,329,324
23 Iran1,148,580
24
 Vietnam
1,148,054
25 Nigeria1,116,255
26
 Pakistan
1,110,075
27
 Netherlands
1,055,502
28 Argentina1,015,008
29 Philippines1,000,617
30 Malaysia978,781
31 Bangladesh966,485
32
 Colombia
780,262
33
 South Africa
753,113
34 United Arab Emirates683,182
35
  Switzerland
660,862
36
 Romania
636,481
37
 Belgium
623,720
38
 Singapore
600,063
39 Sweden589,751
40
 Ukraine
576,106
41 Kazakhstan526,746
42
 Austria
517,860
43
 Algeria
514,748
44 Ireland500,270
45
 Chile
491,535
46
 Hong Kong
472,395
47
 Czech Republic
460,933
48
 Peru
439,262
49
 Iraq
413,316
50
 Israel
399,488
51
 Norway
374,994
52
 Portugal
370,497
53
 Denmark
359,048
54 Hungary342,708
55
 Greece
325,304
56 Sri Lanka306,997
57 Ethiopia293,485
58
 Morocco
291,495
59 Finland286,858
60 Qatar273,040
61 Uzbekistan270,013
62
 Kenya
262,669
63
 Myanmar
258,677
64 New Zealand226,566
65
 Angola
219,841
66
 Dominican Republic
208,957
67 Kuwait208,323
68
 Ecuador
201,194
69 Belarus192,626
70
 Slovakia
190,277
71
 Ghana
186,682
72 Sudan185,742
73 Bulgaria174,998
74
 Tanzania
171,006
75 Guatemala158,570
76
 Ivory Coast
156,038
77 Azerbaijan151,866
78
 Venezuela (2020)
144,737
79
 Serbia
141,927
80 Oman138,998
81
 Syria (2010)
136,344
82
 Panama
131,807
83
 Tunisia
127,325
84
   Nepal
122,629
85 Croatia119,532
86
 Uganda
114,896
87 Lithuania114,035
88
 Puerto Rico
112,273
89 Jordan109,296
90 Costa Rica107,095
91
 Democratic Republic of the Congo
106,138
92
 Bolivia
105,063
93
 Turkmenistan
104,539
94
 Cameroon
101,950
95 Paraguay98,929
96 Libya92,083
97 Slovenia85,889
98
 Afghanistan
83,370
99
 Uruguay
83,170
100
 Lebanon (2020)
78,931
101 Luxembourg78,309
102
 Cambodia
78,065
103 Bahrain77,624
104
 Zambia
64,638
105
 Yemen
64,042
106 Latvia63,539
107
 Laos
62,797
108
 Senegal
62,412
109
 Macau
61,623
110
 Georgia
58,226
111 El Salvador57,952
112 Honduras57,649
113
 Estonia
52,813
114 Bosnia and Herzegovina51,996
115
 Burkina Faso
50,225
116
 Mali
49,987
117
 Madagascar
46,350
118
 Benin
44,616
119
 Albania
43,553
120
 Botswana
43,389
121
 Mozambique
42,460
122 Mongolia42,412
123 Zimbabwe41,794
124 Armenia40,500
125
 Guinea
39,093
126
 Cyprus
37,271
127 Tajikistan37,235
128 Nicaragua36,964
129 North Macedonia36,673
130 Trinidad and Tobago36,413
131 Moldova35,906
132
 Papua New Guinea
35,464
133 Kyrgyzstan35,419
134
 Gabon
34,676
135 Haiti34,189
136
 Niger
33,162
137
 Rwanda
31,848
138 Brunei29,731
139 Palestine29,582
140 Jamaica28,209
141
 Mauritius
27,909
142
 Chad
27,421
143
 Equatorial Guinea
26,485
144
 Mauritania
25,409
145
 Namibia
24,843
146
 Malta
23,501
147
 Kosovo
21,680
148
 Malawi
21,576
149
 Iceland
21,520
150
 Republic of the Congo
20,005
151 Togo19,199
152 Guyana18,357
153
 Somalia
14,574
154
 Sierra Leone
14,449
155 Montenegro13,313
156 Bahamas13,254
157 South Sudan11,693
158 Fiji11,126
159
 Eswatini
10,424
160 Burundi9,446
161
 Suriname
8,992
162
 Bhutan
8,977
163
 Maldives
8,972
164 Liberia7,706
165 Eritrea6,706
166
 Djibouti
6,040
167
 Gambia
5,942
168
 Lesotho
5,904
169
 Central African Republic
4,985
170 Guinea-Bissau4,469
171 Timor-Leste4,192
172
 Barbados
4,136
173 Cape Verde3,852
174
 Aruba
3,499
175 Comoros2,785
176 Belize2,626
177 Seychelles2,561
178 Saint Lucia2,539
179
 San Marino
2,086
180
 Antigua and Barbuda
1,804
181 Grenada1,747
182 Solomon Islands1,662
183
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
1,418
184
 Saint Kitts and Nevis
1,196
185 Samoa1,077
186 São Tomé and Príncipe875
187 Dominica841
188 Vanuatu816
189 Tonga616
190 Federated States of Micronesia354
191 Kiribati270
192 Palau229
193 Marshall Islands210
194 Nauru132
195 Tuvalu52
RankCountry/TerritoryGDP
(millions of current Int$)
 World136,713,677
1
 China
23,523,358
2 United States21,433,226
3
 India
9,560,220
4
 Japan
5,504,331
5 Germany4,782,655
6
 Russia
4,433,093
7
 France
3,419,582
8
 Indonesia
3,338,144
9 United Kingdom3,337,149
10
 Brazil
3,229,055
11
 Italy
2,756,952
12 Mexico2,671,946
13
 Turkey
2,347,133
14
 South Korea
2,275,781
15
 Spain
2,047,649
16 Canada1,942,196
17
 Saudi Arabia
1,680,540
18 Australia1,353,983
19
 Thailand
1,342,165
20 Poland1,335,254
21
 Egypt
1,233,148
22 Nigeria1,077,719
23 Iran1,072,697
24
 Netherlands
1,062,244
25
 Pakistan
1,060,748
26 Argentina1,035,401
27 Philippines1,005,742
28 Malaysia946,342
29
 Vietnam
809,994
30 Bangladesh809,376
31
 Colombia
806,058
32
 South Africa
763,258
33 United Arab Emirates684,810
34
 Belgium
647,109
35
 Romania
645,346
36
  Switzerland
620,612
37 Sweden582,487
38
 Singapore
579,763
39
 Ukraine
562,213
40
 Austria
536,335
41
 Algeria
517,495
42
 Chile
511,748
43 Kazakhstan509,458
44
 Czech Republic
472,625
45
 Hong Kong
469,182
46
 Iraq
446,665
47 Ireland443,167
48
 Peru
436,174
49
 Portugal
389,400
50
 Israel
388,367
51
 Norway
374,384
52
 Denmark
361,273
53
 Greece
348,349
54 Hungary341,619
55 Sri Lanka297,760
56 Finland293,524
57
 Morocco
291,655
58
 Myanmar
290,208
59 Qatar266,295
60 Ethiopia259,990
61 Uzbekistan245,421
62
 Kenya
237,712
63 New Zealand223,144
64
 Angola
221,679
65 Kuwait219,020
66
 Dominican Republic
206,486
67
 Ecuador
206,377
68 Belarus189,309
69
 Slovak Republic
182,798
70 Bulgaria176,571
71 Sudan175,727
72
 Ghana
171,926
73
 Tanzania
156,414
74 Azerbaijan150,763
75 Guatemala149,763
76 Oman141,824
77
 Côte d'Ivoire
139,981
78
 Panama
139,499
79
 Serbia
135,393
80
 Tunisia
131,350
81 Croatia126,625
82
Puerto Rico
115,117
83 Lithuania111,519
84 Costa Rica109,722
85 Libya107,393
86 Jordan106,240
87
 Bolivia
104,891
88
 Lebanon
104,176
89
   Nepal
102,076
90
 Uganda
101,124
91
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the
99,508
92
 Cameroon
98,420
93 Paraguay93,317
94
 Turkmenistan
88,975
95 Slovenia88,594
96
 Macau
82,906
97
 Afghanistan
82,034
98
 Uruguay
77,942
99 Luxembourg77,233
100 Bahrain77,139
101
 Cambodia
75,558
102
 Zambia
64,729
103 Latvia63,162
104 El Salvador59,143
105
 Laos
58,594
106 Honduras58,296
107
 Georgia
58,245
108
 Senegal
57,772
109 Bosnia and Herzegovina53,769
110
 Estonia
53,045
111
 Mali
47,658
112
 Madagascar
46,385
113
 Burkina Faso
46,225
114 Zimbabwe43,372
115
 Botswana
42,740
116 Armenia42,171
117
 Albania
41,809
118 Mongolia41,482
119
 Mozambique
40,633
120
 Benin
40,511
121
 Papua New Guinea
39,910
122 Trinidad and Tobago38,130
123 North Macedonia37,727
124
 Cyprus
37,706
125 Nicaragua36,959
126 Moldova36,216
127 Kyrgyzstan35,420
128 Haiti34,172
129
 Guinea
34,169
130
 Gabon
33,918
131 Tajikistan32,897
132 West Bank and Gaza30,432
133
 Mauritius
30,228
134 Jamaica30,053
135
 Niger
29,807
136
 Rwanda
29,363
137 Brunei28,098
138
 Chad
26,305
139
 Equatorial Guinea
26,278
140
 Namibia
25,104
141
 Mauritania
24,561
142
 Malta
23,915
143
 Iceland
21,727
144
 Kosovo
21,299
145
 Congo, Republic of the
20,638
146
 Malawi
20,615
147 Bahamas, The15,090
148 Montenegro14,954
149
 Sierra Leone
14,019
150 Togo13,476
151 Fiji12,717
152
 Maldives
10,829
153 Guyana10,694
154
 Eswatini
10,337
155
 Suriname
10,032
156
 Bhutan
9,429
157 Burundi9,051
158 Liberia7,362
159
 Lesotho
6,002
160
 Djibouti
5,627
161
 Gambia, The
5,450
162 Timor-Leste4,797
163Cayman Islands4,703
164
 Barbados
4,687
165
 Central African Republic
4,682
166 Cape Verde4,119
167
Aruba
4,051
168Curaçao4,027
169 Guinea-Bissau3,991
170 Seychelles2,979
171 Saint Lucia2,949
172 Belize2,855
173 Comoros2,718
174
 Antigua and Barbuda
2,222
175
 San Marino
2,057
176 Grenada1,993
177 Solomon Islands1,863
178Sint Maarten (Dutch part)1,472
179
 Saint Kitts and Nevis
1,459
180
 St. Vincent and the Grenadines
1,442
181 Samoa1,339
182Turks and Caicos Islands1,167
183 Vanuatu987
184 Dominica894
185 Sao Tome and Principe891
186 Tonga697
187 Micronesia, Federated States of400
188 Palau331
189 Kiribati279
190 Marshall Islands233
191 Nauru152
192 Tuvalu52
RankCountry/TerritoryGDP
(billions of current Int$)
Year
 World127,0002017 est.
1
 China
22,5262019 est.
2 United States20,5242019 est.
 European Union[n 3]
19,8852019 est.
3
 India
9,1552019 est.
4
 Japan
5,2312019 est.
5 Germany4,4822019 est.
6
 Russia
3,9682019 est.
7
 Indonesia
3,1962019 est.
8 United Kingdom3,1182019 est.
9
 France
3,0972019 est.
10
 Brazil
3,0922019 est.
11
 Italy
2,5622019 est.
12 Mexico2,5252019 est.
13
 Turkey
2,3712019 est.
14
 South Korea
2,2112019 est.
15
 Spain
1,9252019 est.
16 Canada1,8432019 est.
17
 Saudi Arabia
1,6092019 est.
18
 Thailand
1,2852019 est.
19 Australia1,2642019 est.
20 Poland1,2612019 est.
21
 Egypt
1,1802019 est.
 Taiwan
1,1432019 est.
22 Nigeria1,0322019 est.
23 Iran1,0272019 est.
24
 Pakistan
1,0152019 est.
25 Argentina991.52019 est.
26
 Netherlands
986.82019 est.
27 Philippines963.12019 est.
28 Malaysia906.22019 est.
29
 Vietnam
775.62019 est.
30 Bangladesh775.02019 est.
31
 Colombia
741.02019 est.
32
 South Africa
730.92019 est.
33 United Arab Emirates655.72019 est.
34
 Belgium
596.42019 est.
35
  Switzerland
588.42019 est.
36
 Romania
579.52019 est.
37
 Singapore
555.12019 est.
38 Sweden547.52019 est.
39
 Ukraine
538.32019 est.
40
 Austria
498.72019 est.
41
 Algeria
495.52019 est.
42 Kazakhstan487.82019 est.
43
 Chile
459.12019 est.
 Hong Kong
449.22019 est.
44
 Czech Republic
435.92019 est.
45 Ireland428.82019 est.
46
 Iraq
427.72019 est.
47
 Peru
417.62019 est.
48
 Israel
363.42019 est.
49
 Portugal
358.32019 est.
50
 Norway
340.32019 est.
51
 Denmark
336.32019 est.
52 Hungary321.82019 est.
53
 Greece
319.32019 est.
54 Sri Lanka285.12019 est.
55
 Morocco
279.22019 est.
56
 Myanmar
277.92019 est.
57
 Venezuela
269.02019 est.
58 Finland268.62019 est.
59 Qatar255.02019 est.
60 Ethiopia248.92019 est.
61 Uzbekistan235.02019 est.
62
 Kenya
227.62019 est.
63
 Angola
212.22019 est.
64 New Zealand210.82019 est.
65 Kuwait209.72019 est.
66
 Dominican Republic
197.72019 est.
67
 Ecuador
197.62019 est.
68 Belarus181.22019 est.
69
 Slovakia
178.52019 est.
70 Sudan168.22019 est.
71
 Ghana
164.62019 est.
72 Bulgaria161.62019 est.
73
 Tanzania
149.72019 est.
74 Azerbaijan144.32019 est.
75 Guatemala143.42019 est.
76 Cuba137.02017 est.
77 Oman135.82019 est.
78
 Cote d'Ivoire
134.02019 est.
79
 Panama
133.52019 est.
80
 Serbia
126.62019 est.
81
 Tunisia
125.72019 est.
82 Croatia116.32019 est.
 Puerto Rico
110.22019 est.
83 Lithuania103.72019 est.
84 Libya102.82019 est.
85 Jordan101.72019 est.
86
 Bolivia
100.42019 est.
87
 Lebanon
99.72019 est.
88 Costa Rica99.12019 est.
89
   Nepal
97.72019 est.
90
 Uganda
96.82019 est.
91
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the
95.22019 est.
92
 Cameroon
94.22019 est.
93 Paraguay89.32019 est.
94
 Turkmenistan
86.82018 est.
95 Slovenia81.62019 est.
 Macau
79.32019 est.
96
 Afghanistan
78.52019 est.
97
 Uruguay
74.62019 est.
98 Bahrain73.82019 est.
99
 Yemen
73.62017 est.
100
 Cambodia
72.32019 est.
101 Luxembourg70.92019 est.
102
 Zambia
61.92019 est.
103 Latvia59.12019 est.
104 El Salvador56.62019 est.
105
 Laos
56.12019 est.
106 Honduras55.82019 est.
107
 Georgia
55.72019 est.
108
 Senegal
55.32019 est.
109
 Syria
50.22019 est.
110 Bosnia and Herzegovina49.22019 est.
111
 Estonia
48.92019 est.
112
 Mali
45.62019 est.
113
 Madagascar
44.42019 est.
114
 Burkina Faso
44.22019 est.
115 Zimbabwe41.52019 est.
116
 Botswana
40.92019 est.
117 Armenia40.32019 est.
118 Korea, North40.02015 est.
119
 Albania
39.82019 est.
120 Mongolia39.72019 est.
121
 Mozambique
38.92019 est.
122
 Benin
38.72019 est.
123
 Papua New Guinea
38.22019 est.
124 Trinidad and Tobago36.52019 est.
125 Nicaragua35.32019 est.
126
 Cyprus
35.32019 est.
127 Moldova34.62019 est.
128 North Macedonia34.32019 est.
129 Kyrgyzstan33.92019 est.
130 Haiti32.72019 est.
131
 Guinea
32.72019 est.
132
 Gabon
32.42019 est.
133 Tajikistan31.52019 est.
134
 Mauritius
28.92019 est.
135 Jamaica28.72019 est.
136
 Niger
28.52019 est.
137
 Rwanda
28.12019 est.
138 Brunei26.92019 est.
139
 Chad
25.12019 est.
140
 Equatorial Guinea
25.12019 est.
141
 Namibia
24.02019 est.
142
 Mauritania
23.52019 est.
143
 Malta
22.12019 est.
 West Bank (includes Gaza Strip
[11])
21.22014 est.
144
 Somalia
20.42017 est.
 Kosovo
20.32019 est.
145
 Iceland
20.12019 est.
146 South Sudan20.02017 est.
147
 Congo, Republic of the
19.72019 est.
148
 Malawi
19.72019 est.
149 Bahamas, The14.42019 est.
150
 Sierra Leone
13.42019 est.
151 Montenegro13.32019 est.
152 Togo12.92019 est.
153 Fiji12.12019 est.
 New Caledonia11.12017 est.
154
 Maldives
10.32019 est.
155 Guyana10.22019 est.
156
 Eswatini
9.82019 est.
157 Eritrea9.7022019 est.
158
 Suriname
9.6062019 est.
159
 Bhutan
9.0292019 est.
160 Burundi8.6672019 est.
161 Monaco7.6722015 est.
162 Liberia7.0492019 est.
 Isle of Man6.7922015 est.
 Guam5.7932016 est.
163
 Lesotho
5.7472019 est.
 Jersey5.5692016 est.
 French Polynesia5.4902017 est.
164
 Djibouti
5.3882019 est.
 Bermuda5.2282019 est.
165
 Gambia, The
5.2182019 est.
166 Liechtenstein4.9782014 est.
167 Timor-Leste4.5932019 est.
 Cayman Islands4.5912018 est.
168
 Barbados
4.4882019 est.
169
 Central African Republic
4.4832019 est.
 Aruba
4.1582017 est.
170 Cape Verde3.9442019 est.
 U.S. Virgin Islands3.8722016 est.
 Curaçao3.8562019 est.
171 Guinea-Bissau3.8212019 est.
 Guernsey3.4652015 est.
172 Andorra3.3272015 est.
173 Seychelles2.8522019 est.
174 Saint Lucia2.8232019 est.
175 Belize2.7342019 est.
176 Comoros2.6032019 est.
 Greenland2.4132015 est.
177
 Antigua and Barbuda
2.1272019 est.
 Gibraltar2.0442014 est.
178
 San Marino
2.0082018 est.
 Faroe Islands2.0012014 est.
179 Grenada1.9082019 est.
180 Solomon Islands1.7832019 est.
 Sint Maarten1.4362018 est.
181
 Saint Kitts and Nevis
1.3962019 est.
182
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
1.3802019 est.
183 Samoa1.2852019 est.
 Northern Mariana Islands1.2422016 est.
 Turks and Caicos Islands1.1172019 est.
184 Vanuatu0.9452019 est.
185 Dominica0.8552019 est.
186 Sao Tome and Principe0.8532019 est.
187 Tonga0.6672019 est.
 American Samoa0.6582016 est.
Saint Martin0.56152005 est.
 British Virgin Islands0.5002017 est.
188 Micronesia, Federated States of0.3902018 est.
189 Palau0.3162019 est.
 Cook Islands0.2992016 est.
190 Kiribati0.2672019 est.
Saint Pierre and Miquelon0.2612015 est.
191 Marshall Islands0.2272018 est.
 Falkland Islands0.2062018 est.
 Anguilla0.17542009 est.
192 Nauru0.1452019 est.
 Wallis and Futuna
0.0602004 est.
193 Tuvalu0.04902019 est.
Saint Helena0.03112009 est.
 Niue0.01012003 est.
 Tokelau0.00772017 est.

See also
Notes
  1. ^ Based on IMF data. If no data is available for a country from the IMF, then data from the CIA World Factbook is used.
  2. ^ The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union of 27 member states that are located primarily in Europe. The EU is included as a separate entity in The World Factbook of CIA because it has many attributes of independent nations, being much more than a free-trade association such as ASEAN, USMCA, or Mercosur.[8]
  3. ^ The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union of 27 member states that are located primarily in Europe. The EU is included as a separate entity in The World Factbook of CIA because it has many attributes of independent nations, being much more than a free-trade association such as ASEAN, USMCA, or Mercosur.[10]
References
  1. ^ "Report for Selected Country Groups and Subjects (PPP valuation of country GDP)". IMF. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  2. ^ "What is GDP and why is it so important?". Investopedia. IAC/InterActiveCorp. 26 February 2009. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
  3. ^ a b c "Part 4. Applications and Limitations of ICP Data" (PDF). Retrieved 20 May 2014.
  4. ^ PPP Versus the Market: Which Weight Matters?, imf.org, March 2007, Volume 44, Number 1
  5. ^ "World Economic Outlook Database, April 2021". IMF.org. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 7 April 2021.
  6. ^ "World Bank, International Comparison Program database: GDP, PPP (current international $)"(PDF). Retrieved 3 March 2021.
  7. ^ "Real GDP (purchasing power parity)". CIA. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  8. ^ CIA (2014). "The World Factbook". Retrieved 15 March 2015. Although the EU is not a federation in the strict sense, it is far more than a free-trade association such as ASEAN, NAFTA, or Mercosur, and it has certain attributes associated with independent nations: its own flag, currency (for some members), and law-making abilities, as well as diplomatic representation and a common foreign and security policy in its dealings with external partners. Thus, inclusion of basic intelligence on the EU has been deemed appropriate as a new, separate entity in The World Factbook.
  9. ^ "World Economic Outlook Database, April 2021". IMF.org. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 7 April 2021.
  10. ^ CIA (2014). "The World Factbook". Retrieved 15 March 2015. Although the EU is not a federation in the strict sense, it is far more than a free-trade association such as ASEAN, NAFTA, or Mercosur, and it has certain attributes associated with independent nations: its own flag, currency (for some members), and law-making abilities, as well as diplomatic representation and a common foreign and security policy in its dealings with external partners. Thus, inclusion of basic intelligence on the EU has been deemed appropriate as a new, separate entity in The World Factbook.
  11. ^ [1]
Last edited on 10 May 2021, at 07:47
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