Emir of Qatar - Wikipedia
Emir of Qatar
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The Emir of the State of Qatar (Arabic: أمیر دولة قطر‎‎) is the monarch and head of state of Qatar, as well as the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces and guarantor of the Constitution. It is the most powerful position in the country, and has a prominent role in foreign relations.
Emir of the State of Qatar
أمیر دولة قطر
Amir Dawlat Qatar

Arms of His Highness the Emir of the State of Qatar
Incumbent
Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani
since 25 June 2013
Details
StyleHis Highness
Heir presumptiveAbdullah bin Hamad Al Thani
First monarchMohammed bin Thani
Formation1847
The Emirs of Qatar are members of the House of Al Thani, which originate from the Banu Tamim, one of the largest tribes in the Arabian Peninsula.
The reigning Emir is Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, since 25 June 2013.[1]
List of rulers
Hakims of Qatar (1847–1971)
NameLifespanReign startReign endNotesFamilyImage
Sheikh
Mohammed bin Thani
محمد بن ثاني
c. 1788 – 18 December 1878
(aged 90)
184718 December 1878Son of Thani bin MohammedAl Thani
Sheikh
Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani
  • The Founder[2]
  • جاسم بن محمد آل ثاني
c. 1825 – 17 July 1913
(aged 87–88)
18 December 18781898
(abdicated)
Son of Mohammed bin ThaniAl Thani
Sheikh
Ahmed bin Muhammed Al Thani[3][4]
أحمد بن محمد بن ثاني
1853–1905
(aged 51–52)
18981905Son of Mohammed bin ThaniAl Thani
Sheikh
Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani
  • The Founder[2]
  • جاسم بن محمد آل ثاني
c. 1825 – 17 July 1913
(aged 87–88)
190517 July 1913Son of Mohammed bin ThaniAl Thani
Sheikh
Abdullah bin Jassim Al Thani
عبد الله بن جاسم آل ثاني
1880 – 25 April 1957
(aged 76–77)
17 July 191320 August 1949
(abdicated)
Son of Jassim bin Mohammed Al ThaniAl Thani
Sheikh
Ali bin Abdullah Al Thani
علي بن عبد الله آل ثاني
5 June 1895 – 31 August 1974 (aged 79)20 August 194924 October 1960
(abdicated)
Son of Abdullah bin Jassim Al Thani and Mariam bint Abdullah Al AttiyahAl Thani
Sheikh
Ahmad bin Ali Al Thani
أحمد بن علي آل ثاني
1922 – 25 November 1977
(aged 54–55)
24 October 19603 September 1971
(title changed)
Son of Ali bin Abdullah Al ThaniAl Thani
Emirs of Qatar (1971–present)
NameLifespanReign startReign endNotesFamilyImage
Sheikh
Ahmad bin Ali Al Thani
أحمد بن علي آل ثاني
1922 – 25 November 1977
(aged 54–55)
3 September 197122 February 1972
(deposed)[5]
Son of Ali bin Abdullah Al ThaniAl Thani
Sheikh
Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani
خليفة بن حمد آل ثاني
17 September 1932 – 23 October 2016 (aged 84)22 February 197227 June 1995
(deposed)[6]
Son of Hamad bin Abdullah Al Thani and Aisha bint Khalifa Al SuwaidiAl Thani
Sheikh
Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani
  • The Father Emir[7]
  • حمد بن خليفة آل ثاني
1 January 1952 (age 69)27 June 199525 June 2013
(abdicated)[1]
Son of Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani and Aisha bint Hamad Al AttiyahAl Thani
Sheikh
Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani
تميم بن حمد آل ثاني
3 June 1980 (age 40)25 June 2013[1]IncumbentSon of Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani and Moza bint NasserAl Thani
Succession
The permanent constitution of the state of Qatar published in 2005 dictates that the rule is hereditary and in the descendants of Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani.[8] The order of succession in Qatar is determined by appointments within the House of Al Thani.
The former Emir of Qatar, Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani (Arabic: الشيخ حمد بن خليفة آل ثاني‎‎), appointed his fourth son, Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani (Arabic: الشيخ تميم بن حمد آل ثاني‎‎), as heir apparent on 5 August 2003, after his older son Sheikh Jassim bin Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani (who held the position between 1996 and 2003) renounced his rights to the throne in favour of Sheikh Tamim.[9]
See also
References
  1. ^ a b c "Qatari emir Hamad hands power to son Tamim". BBC. 25 June 2013. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Qatar National Day: Our History". ndqatar.com. Archived from the original on 10 January 2012. Retrieved 5 August 2012.
  3. ^ "File 160/1903 'Persian Gulf: El Katr; appointment of Turkish Mudirs; question of Protectorate Treaty with El Katr' [170v] (345/860)". Qatar Digital Library. 2015-08-20. Retrieved 2020-03-06.
  4. ^ "Ahmed bin Muhammed Al Thani", Wikipedia, 2020-03-06, retrieved 2020-03-06
  5. ^ "Qatar PM seizes power from cousin". Ottawa Citizen. Beirut. AP. 23 February 1972. Retrieved 27 June 2013.
  6. ^ "Prince deposes father in Qatar". Deseret News. 27 June 1995. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
  7. ^ "Qatar's Father Emir flown to Switzerland to treat broken leg". Doha News. 29 December 2015. Retrieved 6 April 2016.
  8. ^ "AlMeezan".
  9. ^ "New Qatar crown prince named". BBC. 5 August 2003. Retrieved 17 March 2021.
External links
"Qatar's Rulers". www.diwan.gov.qa.
Last edited on 10 April 2021, at 05:06
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