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List of heads of state of Panama
This article lists the heads of state of Panama since the short-lived first independence from the Republic of New Granada in 1840 and the final separation from Colombia in 1903.
President of the Republic of Panama
Presidente de la República de Panamá

Presidential Standard

Coat of Arms of Panama
Incumbent
Laurentino Cortizo
since 1 July 2019
ResidencePalacio de las Garzas, Panama City
Term lengthFive years
not eligible for re-election immediately
Inaugural holderManuel Amador Guerrero
Formation20 February 1904
DeputyVice President of Panama
Salary7,000 USD per month[1]
WebsitePresidencia de la República
Free State of the Isthmus (1840–1841)
Republic of Panama (1903–present)
President of the Municipal Council of Panama and de facto President (1903)
Name
(Birth–Death)
PortraitTerm of office
Demetrio H. Brid
(1859–1917)
3 November 19034 November 1903
Members of the Provisional Government Junta (1903–1904)
Name
(Birth–Death)
PortraitTerm of office
José Agustín Arango
(1841–1909)
4 November 190320 February 1904
Tomás Arias
(1856–1932)
Federico Boyd
(1851–1924)
Manuel Espinosa Batista
(1857–1919)
9 November 19037 December 1903
Presidents of Panama (1904–present)
No.President
(Birth–Death)
PortraitTerm of officePolitical AffiliationElectionNotes
1Manuel Amador Guerrero
(1833–1909)
20 February 190423 June 1907[2]Conservative Party1904
2José Domingo de Obaldía
(1845–1910)
24 June 1907[2]27 December 1907[2]National Liberal Party
(1)Manuel Amador Guerrero
(1833–1909)
29 December 1907[2]1 October 1908Conservative Party
(2)José Domingo de Obaldía
(1845–1910)
1 October 19081 March 1910National Liberal Party1908Died in office.
Carlos Antonio Mendoza
(1856–1916)
1 March 19101 October 1910National Liberal PartyActing President.
Federico Boyd
(1851–1924)
1 October 19105 October 1910National Liberal PartyActing President.
Pablo Arosemena
(1836–1920)
5 October 19101 October 1912National Liberal PartyActing President.
3Belisario Porras Barahona
(1856–1942)
1 October 19121 October 1916National Liberal Party1912First tenure.
4Ramón Maximiliano Valdés
(1867–1918)
1 October 19163 June 1918National Liberal Party1916Died in office.
Ciro Luis Urriola
(1863–1922)
3 June 19181 October 1918National Liberal PartyActing President.
Pedro Antonio Díaz
(1852–1919)
1 October 191812 October 1918Conservative PartyActing President.
(3)Belisario Porras Barahona
(1856–1942)
12 October 191830 January 1920National Liberal Party1918Second tenure.
Ernesto Tisdel Lefevre
(1876–1922)
30 January 19201 October 1920National Liberal PartyActing President.
(3)Belisario Porras Barahona
(1856–1942)
1 October 19201 October 1924National Liberal Party1920Third tenure.
5Rodolfo Chiari
(1869–1937)
1 October 19241 October 1928National Liberal Party1924
6Florencio Harmodio Arosemena
(1872–1945)
1 October 19283 January 1931National Liberal Party1928Deposed in a coup d'état.
Harmodio Arias Madrid
(1886–1963)
3 January 193116 January 1931IndependentActing President.
7Ricardo Joaquín Alfaro Jované
(1882–1971)
16 January 19315 June 1932National Liberal Party
8Harmodio Arias Madrid
(1886–1963)
5 June 19321 October 1936National Revolutionary Party1932
9Juan Demóstenes Arosemena
(1879–1939)
1 October 193616 December 1939National Liberal Party1936Died in office.
Ezequiel Fernández
(1886–1946)
16 December 193918 December 1939National Revolutionary PartyActing President.
Augusto Samuel Boyd
(1879–1957)
18 December 19391 October 1940National Revolutionary PartyActing President.
10Arnulfo Arias
(1901–1988)
1 October 19409 October 1941National Revolutionary Party1940First tenure.
Deposed in a coup d'état.
11Ricardo Adolfo de la Guardia Arango
(1899–1969)
9 October 194115 June 1945Independent
Enrique Adolfo Jiménez
(1888–1970)
15 June 19457 August 1948National Liberal Party1945Provisional President.
12Domingo Díaz Arosemena
(1875–1949)
7 August 194828 July 1949National Liberal Party1948Resigned after a heart attack, and died less than a month later.
13Daniel Chanis Pinzón
(1892–1961)
28 July 194920 November 1949National Liberal Party
14Roberto Francisco Chiari Remón
(1905–1981)
20 November 194924 November 1949National Liberal PartyFirst tenure.
(10)Arnulfo Arias
(1901–1988)
24 November 19499 May 1951Panameñista PartySecond tenure.
15Alcibíades Arosemena
(1883–1958)
9 May 19511 October 1952Authentic Revolutionary Party
16José Antonio Remón Cantera
(1908–1955)
1 October 19522 January 1955National Patriotic Coalition1952Assassinated.
17José Ramón Guizado
(1899–1964)
2 January 195529 March 1955National Patriotic Coalition
18Ricardo Arias
(1912–1993)
29 March 19551 October 1956National Patriotic Coalition
19Ernesto de la Guardia
(1904–1983)
1 October 19561 October 1960National Patriotic Coalition1956
(14)Roberto Francisco Chiari Remón
(1905–1981)
1 October 19601 October 1964National Liberal Party1960Second tenure.
20Marco Aurelio Robles
(1908–1990)
1 October 19641 October 1968National Liberal Party1964
(10)Arnulfo Arias
(1901–1988)
1 October 196811 October 1968Panameñista Party1968Third tenure.
Deposed in a coup d'état.
José María Pinilla Fábrega
(1919–1979)
12 October 196818 December 1969National GuardChairman of the Provisional Junta.
21Colonel
Bolívar Urrutia Parrilla
(1918–2005)
President.
22Demetrio B. Lakas
(1925–1999)
19 December 196911 October 1978Independent1972Chairman of the Provisional Junta to 11 October 1972.
23Aristides Royo
(born 1940)
11 October 197831 July 1982Democratic Revolutionary Party1978
24Ricardo de la Espriella
(born 1934)
31 July 198213 February 1984Democratic Revolutionary Party
25Jorge Illueca
(1918–2012)
13 February 198411 October 1984Independent
26Nicolás Ardito Barletta Vallarino
(born 1938)
11 October 198428 September 1985Democratic Revolutionary Party1984
Eric Arturo Delvalle
(1937–2015)
28 September 198526 February 1988Republican PartyActing President.
Manuel Solís Palma
(1917–2009)
26 February 19881 September 1989Democratic Revolutionary PartyActing President.
Francisco Rodríguez
(born 1938)
1 September 198920 December 1989Democratic Revolutionary PartyProvisional President.
Deposed in the US invasion.
27Guillermo Endara
(1936–2009)
20 December 19891 September 1994Panameñista Party1989
28Ernesto Pérez Balladares
(born 1946)
1 September 19941 September 1999Democratic Revolutionary Party1994
29Mireya Moscoso
(born 1946)
1 September 19991 September 2004Panameñista Party1999Widow of Arnulfo Arias.
30Martín Torrijos
(born 1963)
1 September 20041 July 2009Democratic Revolutionary Party2004Son of Omar Torrijos.
31Ricardo Martinelli
(born 1951)
1 July 20091 July 2014Democratic Change2009
32Juan Carlos Varela
(born 1963)
1 July 20141 July 2019Panameñista Party2014
33Laurentino Cortizo
(born 1953)
1 July 2019Incumbent
(Term ends on 1 July 2024)
Democratic Revolutionary Party2019
Military (de facto) leaders of Panama (1968–1989)
Panama was from 1968 to 1989 de facto controlled by a military junta which appointed the nominal president, who himself had little power, while the junta and its leaders, while not official heads of state, exerted actual control over the country.
Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of officeMilitary AffiliationNotes
Brigadier-General
Omar Torrijos
(1929–1981)
11 October 196831 July 1981National GuardStyled as Maximum Leader of the Panamanian Revolution from 11 October 1968.
Killed in an air crash.
Colonel
Rubén Darío Paredes
(1933–)
3 March 198212 August 1983National Guard
General
Manuel Noriega
(1934–2017)
12 August 198320 December 1989National Guard
(until 29 September 1983.)
Styled as Maximum Leader of the National Liberation from 15 December 1989.
Deposed in the US invasion.
Panama Defense Forces
Living former presidents
There are nine living former presidents. The most recent former president to die was Eric Arturo Delvalle (1985–1988), on 2 October 2015.
Timeline
Latest election
Main article: 2019 Panamanian general election
CandidatePartyVotes%
Laurentino CortizoDemocratic Revolutionary Party655,42833.35
Rómulo RouxDemocratic Change609,22331.00
Ricardo LombanaIndependent369,30318.79
José BlandónPanameñista Party212,81210.83
Ana Matilde GómezIndependent93,6084.76
Saúl MéndezBroad Front for Democracy13,5820.69
Marco AmeglioIndependent11,3210.58
Invalid/blank votes48,782
Total2,014,059100
Registered voters/turnout2,757,82373.03
Source: Election Tribunal
See also
References
  1. ^ "Shocking Gap Between Latin America's Presidential Salaries And Workers Minimum Wage". Latin Post. 22 June 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d ".:: SomosPanama.com ::". 2 April 2016. Archived from the original on 2 April 2016. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
Last edited on 6 May 2021, at 14:46
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