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List of house types
Further information: House
This article is about house types by form or structure. For house types by decoration or appearance, see List of house styles.
For broader coverage of this topic, see List of building types.
This is a list of house types. Houses can be built in a large variety of configurations. A basic division is between free-standing or single-family detached homes and various types of attached or multi-family residential dwellings. Both may vary greatly in scale and the amount of accommodation provided.
A wooden house in Tartu, Estonia
By layout
Single-pile house layouts are one room deep, but may be more than one room wide[1]
Single pen, single cell, or Hall house: a one-room house[2]
Wealden hall house: a type of vernacular medieval timber-framed yeoman's hall house traditional in the south east of England
Double pen or double cell: a two-room house[3]
Saddlebag: a two-room house with a central chimney and one or two front doors[4]
Hall and parlor house: a two-room house, with one room (the hall) larger than the other (the parlor)[5]
Central-passage or central hallway\corridor: a three-room house, with a central hallway or passage running front-to-back between two rooms on either side of the house[6]
Dogtrot house: divided house with an open, roofed breezeway between the two sections[7]
Double-pile house layouts are two rooms deep, and also may be more than one room wide[8]
Shotgun house: a house that is one room wide and two rooms deep, without a corridor[9]
Side-hall or side passage: a house with a hallway that runs from front to back along one side[10]
Hut
A Hut is a dwelling of relatively simple construction, usually one room and one story in height. The design and materials of huts vary widely around the world.
Bungalow
Bungalow is a common term applied to a low one-story house with a shallow-pitched roof (in some locations, dormered varieties are referred to as 1.5-story, such as the chalet bungalow in the United Kingdom).[11]
Cottage
A Cottage is a small house, usually one story in height, although the term is sometimes applied to larger structures.
Ranch
Brick ranch-style house
A Ranch-style house or Rambler is one-story, low to the ground, with a low-pitched roof, usually rectangular, L- or U-shaped with deep overhanging eaves[12] Ranch styles include:
I-house
Southern I-House style home
An I-house is a two-story house that is one room deep with a double-pen, hall-parlor, central-hall or saddlebag layout.[14]
Gablefront
A-frame gable-style house, Portugal
A Gablefront house or Gablefront cottage has a gable roof that faces its street or avenue, as in the novel The House of Seven Gables.
Split-level
Split-level house
Split-level house is a design of house that was commonly built during the 1950s and 1960s. It has two nearly equal sections that are located on two different levels, with a short stairway in the corridor connecting them.
Tower
Vao tower house in Estonia, built in 15th century
A Tower house is a compact two or more story house, often fortified.
Longhouse
reconstructed Viking longhouse
A Longhouse is historical house type typically for family groups.
Geestharden house: one of the three basic house types in Schleswig-Holstein region of Germany
Uthland-Frisian house: a sub type of Geestharden house of northwest Germany and Denmark
Housebarn
Frutighaus, housebarn
A Housebarn is a combined house and barn.
Other house types
By construction method or materials
Multi-storied attached adobe houses at Taos Pueblo
Single-family attached
Movable dwellings
Chattel house: a small wooden house occupied by working-class people on Barbados. Originally relocatable; personal chattel (property) rather than fixed real property.
Mobile home
Mobile home, park home, or trailer home: a prefabricated house that is manufactured off-site and moved by trailer to its final location (but not intended to be towed regularly by a vehicle)
Travel trailer or camper
See also
Housing portal
Notes
  1. ^ Harris 2006, p. 892, Single-pile house: A house that is only one room deep"
  2. ^ Cloues 2005, Single Pen: "A one-room house, usually gable-roofed with an end chimney"; Harris 2006, p. 490, Hall: "4. A small, relatively primitive dwelling having a one-room plan."
  3. ^ Cloues 2005, Double Pen: "A two-room house with two front doors, usually gable-roofed with end chimneys"
  4. ^ Cloues 2005, Saddlebag: "A two-room house with a central chimney and one or two front doors, usually gable-roofed"
  5. ^ Cloues 2005, Hall-Parlor: "A two-room house with unequal-sized rooms and one front door, usually gable-roofed"
  6. ^ Cloues 2005, Central Hallway: "A two-room house with a central hall and centered front door, usually gable-roofed with end chimneys"
  7. ^ Cloues 2005, Dogtrot: "A two-room house with an open center passage"
  8. ^ Harris 2006, p. 328, Double-pile house: A house that is two rooms deep"
  9. ^ Cloues 2005, Shotgun: "A one-room wide house, two or more rooms deep, without a hallway; gable- or hip-roofed"
  10. ^ Harris 2006, pp. 887–888, Side-hall plan, side passage plan: "A floor plan of a house having a corridor that runs from the front to the back of the house along one exterior wall; all rooms are located on the same side of the corridor."
  11. ^ Cloues 2005, Bungalow: "A house relatively long and low in proportion, rectangular in plan, with an irregular interior floor plan, featuring integral porches and low-pitched roofs"
  12. ^ Cloues, Ranch House: "A house with long, low proportions and extended rectangular plan, sometimes with L- or T-shaped extensions at one or both ends, rooms clustered with family living spaces at one end and bedrooms at the other end, often with integral carport or garage; low gabled or hipped roof"; Poore 2018; Salant 2006.
  13. ^ a b c Poore 2018; Salant 2006.
  14. ^ Cloues 2005, I-House: "A one-room-deep house with a distinctive tall, narrow profile; floor plans include central hallway, hall-parlor, double-pen, and saddlebag; often with rear shed or porch"
  15. ^ a b c Nostrand 2018, pp. 102–104.
  16. ^ a b McAlester 2013, pp. 613–614.
References
External links
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Houses by type.
Last edited on 3 April 2021, at 09:11
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