List of legislatures by country
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This is a list of legislatures by country. A "legislature" is the generic name for the national parliaments and congresses that act as a plenary general assembly of representatives and that have the power to legislate. All entities included in the list of sovereign states are included in this list.
Names of legislatures
The legislatures are listed with their names in English and the name in the (most-used) native language of the country (or the official name in the second-most used native language in cases where English is the majority "native" language)
List of legislatures
Supranational legislatures
See also: Inter-parliamentary institution and International parliament
OrganisationName of house(s)House levelTerm
Voting systemSeatsPopulation
per seat
GDP per seat
(USD millions)
 European Union
European Parliament[1]Lower5Open and closed listproportional representation
Single transferable vote (in the Republic of Ireland and Malta)
Council of the European Union[2][note 1] (informally known as the Council of Ministers)UpperN/AIndirect (members of national governments)27~~
 African Union
Pan-African ParliamentUnicameral5Indirect (appointed by 47 of 53 national legislatures)2653,974,09814,180
Central American Integration System
Central American ParliamentUnicameralVaries by
Direct, proportional120426,2742,651
Mercosur ParliamentUnicameral5Direct, indirect (varies by country) proportional1221,588,88916,228
Community of Latin American and Caribbean States
Latin American ParliamentUnicameral5Direct276~~
 Arab League
Arab ParliamentUnicameral68~~
Legislatures of sovereign states (Member and observer states of the United Nations)
See also: List of sovereign states, Member states of the United Nations, and United Nations General Assembly observers
UN member or observer stateOverall name of legislatureName of house(s)House levelTerm (years)Electoral systemSeatsPopulation per seat
National Assembly (ملی شورا Mili Shura / شورای ملی Shura-e Milli)House of the People (ولسي جرګه Wolesi Jirga)Lower5Single non-transferable vote[3]249122,168
House of Elders (مشرانوجرګه Meshrano Jirga)Upper3, 4 and 5Elected by district and provincial councils, and appointed by the president102298,234
Parliament (Kuvendi i Shqipërisë)Unicameral4Closed listproportional representation with the D'Hondt method by county with a 3% threshold14020,226
Parliament (البرلمان, Parlement)People's National Assembly (المجلس الشعبي الوطني al-Majlis al-Sha'abi al-Watani, Assemblée populaire nationale)Lower5Open listproportional representation with the largest remainder method by province46280,303
Council of the Nation (مجلس الأمة Majlis al-Umma, Conseil de la nation)Upper6Elected by popular wilaya assemblies and communal people's assemblies, and appointed by the President144257,638
General Council (Consell General)Unicameral4Parallel voting: Closed listproportional representation with the largest remainder method nationwide and block vote by parish282,789
National Assembly (Assembleia Nacional)Unicameral4Closed listproportional representation with the D'Hondt method nationwide and by province22084,081
 Antigua and Barbuda
Parliament[note 2]House of RepresentativesLower5First-past-the-post174,305
SenateUpper5Appointed by the Governor-General on the advice of the Prime Minister and Leader of the Opposition194,811
 ArgentinaNational Congress of Argentina (Congreso de la Nación Argentina)Chamber of Deputies of the Nation (Cámara de Diputados de la Nación)Lower4Closed listproportional representation with the D'Hondt method by province with a 3% threshold257156,097
Senate of the Nation (Senado de la Nación)Upper6Partial block voting by province72557,181
 ArmeniaNational Assembly (Ազգային Ժողով Azgayin Zhoghov)Unicameral5Parallel voting: Closed listproportional representation in a nationwide constituency with a 5% threshold, and first-past-the-post10524,902
 AustraliaParliament of Australia[note 2]House of RepresentativesLower3Instant-runoff voting151162,914
SenateUpper6Single transferable vote by state/territory76323,684
Austrian ParliamentNational Council (Nationalrat)Lower5Open listproportional representation with the D'Hondt method in constituencies with a 4% threshold18343,895
Federal Council (Bundesrat)Upper5 and 6Elected by state legislatures61129,563
 AzerbaijanNational Assembly (Milli Məclis)Unicameral5First-past-the-post12573,320
Bahamas, TheParliamentHouse of AssemblyLower5First-past-the-post399,326
SenateUpper5Appointed by the Governor-General on the advice of the Prime Minister and Leader of the Opposition1622,103
 BahrainNational Assembly (المجلس الوطني‎)Council of Representatives (مجلس النوابMajlis an-nuwab)Lower4Two-round system4030,864
Consultative Council (مجلس الشورىMajlis al-shura)Upper4Appointed by the king4030,864
 BangladeshNational Parliament (জাতীয় সংসদ Jatiya Sangsad)Unicameral5First-past-the-post350466,909
ParliamentHouse of AssemblyLower5First-past-the-post309,486
SenateUpper5Appointed by the Governor-General on the advice of the Prime Minister and Leader of the Opposition2113,551
 BelarusNational Assembly (Нацыянальны сходNacyjanaĺny schod / Национальное собрание)House of Representatives (Палата прадстаўнікоўPalata pradstaŭnikoŭ / Палата представителей)Lower4Two-round system11085,997
Council of the Republic (Савет Рэспублікі Saviet Respubliki / Совет Республики)Upper4Elected by regional councils, and appointed by the President64147,773
Federal Parliament (Federaal Parlement / Parlement fédéral / Föderales Parlament)Chamber of Representatives
(Kamer van Volksvertegenwoordigers / Chambre des Représentants / Abgeordnetenkammer​)
Lower5Open listproportional representation with the D'Hondt method by province with a 5% threshold15074,000
Senate (Senaat / Sénat / Senat)Upper5Elected by community and regional parliaments60185,000
 BelizeNational AssemblyHouse of RepresentativesLower5First-past-the-post3110,748
SenateUpper5Appointed by the Governor-General on the advice of the Prime Minister and Leader of the Opposition1227,766
National Assembly (Assemblée nationale)Unicameral4Proportional representation with the largest remainder method in constituencies83115,648
Parliament of Bhutan[note 3]National Assembly (​རྒྱལ་ཡོངས་ཚོགས་འདུ། Gyelyong Tshogdu)Lower5First-past-the-post4715,072
National Council (​རྒྱལ་ཡོངས་ཚོགས་སྡེ།​Gyelyong Tshogde)Upper4First-past-the-post, and appointed by the king2528,337
Plurinational Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa Plurinacional)Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados)Lower5Closed listmixed-member proportional representation: Proportional representation with the D'Hondt method by department and first-past-the-post13083,905
Chamber of Senators (Cámara de Senadores)Upper5Closed listproportional representation with the D'Hondt method by department36302,993
 Bosnia and HerzegovinaParliamentary Assembly (Parlamentarna skupština / Парламентарна скупштина)House of Representatives (Predstavnički dom / Zastupnički dom / Представнички дом)Lower4Open listproportional representation with the largest remainder method in constituencies4291,422
House of Peoples (Dom naroda / Дом народa)Upper4Serbs elected by the National Assembly of Republika Srpska, and Bosniaks and Croats elected by the House of Peoples of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina15255,982
Parliament of Botswana (Palamente)National Assembly (Khudutlhamaga ya Botswana)Unicameral5First-past-the-post, and appointed by the President6332,211
National Congress (Congresso Nacional)Chamber of Deputies (Câmara dos Deputados)Lower4Open listproportional representation with the D'Hondt method by state513371,798
Federal Senate (Senado Federal)Upper8Partial block voting by state812,354,724
 BruneiLegislative Council (Majlis Mesyuarat Negara)Unicameralno timeframeAppointed by the Sultan3611,355
 BulgariaNational Assembly (Народно събрание Narodno sabranie)Unicameral4Closed listproportional representation with the largest remainder method by constituency with a 4% threshold24030,685
 Burkina Faso
National Assembly (Assemblée nationale)Unicameral5Proportional representation with the D'Hondt method nationwide and in constituencies127126,281
 BurundiParliament (Parlement)National Assembly (Assemblée nationale)Lower5Closed listproportional representation with the D'Hondt method in constituencies with a 2% threshold12174,570
Senate (Sénat)Upper5Elected by the communal councils43179,577
(សភាតំណាងរាស្ត្រ ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា)
National Assembly (រដ្ឋសភាជាតិ; Rotsaphea)Lower5Closed listproportional representation with the D'Hondt method by province123108,852
Senate (ព្រឹទ្ធសភា; Protsaphea)Upper6[4]Appointed by the monarch, elected by the National Assembly and commune councils61219,490
Parliament (Parlement)National Assembly (Assemblée nationale)Lower5First-past-the-post and Block vote: If no list obtains an absolute majority, the one with the highest number of votes is allocated half of the seats; the remainder is allocated to the other best-placed lists through proportional representation18097,021
Senate (Sénat)Upper5Elected by municipal councils, and appointed by the president100174,638
 CanadaParliament / ParlementHouse of Commons / Chambre des communes)Lower4 years, unless elections are called earlierFirst-past-the-post voting338104,571
Senate / SénatUpperUntil age 75, or resigns.Appointed by the governor general on the advice of the Prime Minister105318,825
 Cape VerdeNational Assembly (Asembleia Nacional)Unicameral5Closed listproportional representation with the D'Hondt method in constituencies724,990
 Central African Republic
National Assembly (Assemblée nationale)Unicameral5Two-round system13138,951
National Assembly (Assemblée nationale / الجمعية الوطنية)Unicameral4Block voting: If no list obtains an absolute majority, the seats are allocated through proportional representation18866,640
National Congress (Congreso Nacional)Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados)Lower4Binomial voting system (To become open listproportional representation with the D'Hondt method in constituencies by the next election)155145,021
Senate of the Republic (Senado de la República)Upper8Binomial voting system38457,963
National People's Congress (​全国人民代表大会​Quánguó Rénmín Dàibiǎo Dàhuì)[note 4]Unicameral5Elected by municipal, regional and provincial congresses, and People's Liberation Army2,980448,518
Congress (Congreso)Chamber of Representatives (Cámara de Representantes)Lower4Open or closed list proportional representation (depending on the political party) with the D'Hondt method by state166279,556
Senate (Senado)Upper4Open or closed list proportional representation (depending on the political party) with the D'Hondt method nationwide with a 3% threshold102454,964
 ComorosAssembly of the Union (Assemblée de l'Union)Unicameral5Two-round system, and elected by the local assemblies3324,181
Congo, Democratic Republic of the
Parliament (Parlement)National Assembly (Assemblée nationale)Lower5Parallel voting: Open listproportional representation with the largest remainder method in constituencies and first-past-the-post voting500143,425
Senate (Sénat)Upper5Elected by the provincial assemblies108664,008
Congo, Republic of the
Parliament (Parlement)National Assembly (Assemblée nationale)Lower5Two-round system15328,537
Senate (Sénat)Upper5Elected by district, local, and regional councils5283,966
 Costa RicaLegislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa)Unicameral4Closed listproportional representation with the largest remainder method by province5775,468
 CroatiaCroatian Assembly[note 3] (Hrvatski sabor)Unicameral4Open listproportional representation with the D'Hondt method in constituencies with a 5% threshold15128,414
 CubaNational Assembly of People's Power (Asamblea Nacional del Poder Popular)Unicameral5Popular vote and approval by special candidacy commissions61218,308
House of Representatives (Βουλή των Αντιπροσώπων Vouli Antiprosópon / Temsilciler Meclisi)Unicameral5Open listproportional representation with the largest remainder method by constituency5918,632
 Czech Republic
Parliament of the Czech Republic (Parlament České republiky)Chamber of Deputies (Poslanecká sněmovna)Lower4Open listproportional representation with the D'Hondt method by region with a 5% threshold20052,811
Senate (Senát)Upper6Two-round system (staggered elections)81130,397
People's Assembly[note 3] (Folketinget)Unicameral4Open listproportional representation with the D'Hondt method in constituencies with a 2% threshold including the Faroe Islands and Greenland seats17930,969
National Assembly (Assemblée nationale / الجمعية الوطنية)Unicameral5Block vote and closed listproportional representation by constituencies: The list obtaining an absolute or relative majority of votes is allocated 80% of the seats; the remainder is allocated to the other best-placed lists which obtained at least 10% of the valid votes through proportional representation; if no other list obtains 10% of the valid votes, the remaining seats will be allocated to the party which won the majority or relative majority of the valid votes6512,587
 DominicaHouse of AssemblyUnicameral5First-past-the-post voting, and appointed by the President213,394
 Dominican Republic
National Congress (Congreso Nacional)Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados)Lower4Open listproportional representation with the D'Hondt method by province and nationwide with a 1% threshold for the nationwide seats18351,520
Senate (Senado)Upper4First-past-the-post voting32293,088
 East TimorNational Parliament (Parlamentu Nasionál / Parlamento Nacional)Unicameral5Closed listproportional representation with the D'Hondt method nationwide with a 3% threshold6516,408
National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional)Unicameral4Parallel voting: Closed listproportional representation in a nationwide constituency and first-past-the-post voting137116,802
Parliament (برلمان)House of Representatives (مجلس النواب ‎Majilis Al-Nuwab)Unicameral5Parallel voting: First-past-the-post voting, block vote, and appointed by the President596150,983
 El SalvadorLegislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa)Unicameral3Open listproportional representation with the largest remainder method by department and nationwide8468,382
 Equatorial Guinea
Parliament (Parlamento / Parlement / Parlamento)Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de los Diputados / Chambre des députés / Câmara dos Deputados)Lower5Closed listproportional representation in constituencies with a 10% threshold10016,220
Senate (Senado / Sénat / Senado)UpperClosed listproportional representation with a 10% threshold, and appointed by the President7023,171
 EritreaNational Assembly (Hagerawi Baito)Unicameral5Popular vote10450,878
State Assembly[note 3] (Riigikogu)Unicameral4Open listproportional representation with the D'Hondt method in constituencies with a 5% threshold10112,814
Parliament (Liblanda)House of Assembly[note 5]Lower5majority5522,181
Senate (Indlu yeTimphunga)Upperappointed by the King3040,666
 EthiopiaParliament[note 5]House of Peoples' Representatives (የሕዝብ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት Yehizbtewekayoch Mekir Bet)Lower5First-past-the-post voting547135,134
House of Federation (የሕዝብ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት Yefedereshn Mekir Bet)Upper5Elected by State Councils112659,986
 Federated States of MicronesiaCongressUnicameral4First-past-the-post voting147,642
 FijiParliamentUnicameral4Open listproportional representation with the D'Hondt method nationwide with a 5% threshold5016,745
 FinlandParliament (Eduskunta / Riksdagen)Unicameral4Open listproportional representation with the D'Hondt method in constituencies, and first-past-the-post for Åland's lone seat20025,900
Parliament (Parlement)National Assembly (Assemblée nationale)Lower5Two-round system577113,258
Senate (Sénat)Upper6Elected indirectly by officials including regional councilors, department councilors, mayors, city councilors, and members of the National Assembly348187,787
Parliament (Parlement)National Assembly (Assemblée nationale)Lower5First-past-the-post voting, and appointed by the President12112,190
Senate (Sénat)Upper6Indirectly elected by local and départemental councillors10214,460
National AssemblyUnicameral5First-past-the-post voting, and appointed by the President5825,673
Parliament of Georgia (საქართველოს პარლამენტი Sak'art'velos Parlamenti)Unicameral4Parallel voting: Closed listproportional representation in a nationwide constituency with a 5% threshold, and first-past-the-post15029,794
 GermanyFederal Diet[note 3] (Bundestag)N/A (unofficially Lower house)4Closed listmixed-member proportional representation with the Sainte-Laguë method by state with a 5% threshold, and first-past-the-post709128,500
Federal Council[note 3] (Bundesrat)N/A (unofficially Upper house)dependent on individual state electionsDelegated from state governments691,185,501
ParliamentUnicameral4First-past-the-post voting228106,286
Hellenic Parliament[note 3] (Βουλή των ΕλλήνωνVouli ton Ellinon)Unicameral4Open listreinforced proportional representation with the D'Hondt method in constituencies with a 3% threshold30035,958
 GrenadaParliamentHouse of RepresentativesLower5First-past-the-post voting157,333
SenateUpper5appointed by the government and by the leader of opposition138,461
 GuatemalaCongress of the Republic (Congreso de la República)Unicameral4proportionalclosed list15880,557
National Assembly (Assemblée nationale)Unicameral5proportionalclosed list11488,227
 Guinea-BissauNational People's Assembly (Assembleia Nacional Popular)Unicameral4proportionalclosed list10013,454
 GuyanaNational AssemblyUnicameral5popular vote and appointed by the President6511,583
 HaitiHaitian Parliament (Parlement Haïtien / Palman Ayisyen)Chamber of Deputies (Chambre des députés / Chanm Depite)Lower4proportional11998,181
Senate (Sénat / Sena)Upper630323,997
 HondurasNational Congress (Congreso Nacional)Unicameral4proportional open list12858,823
 HungaryNational Assembly (Országgyűlés)Unicameral4proportional open list
and Scorporo
Assembly of All[note 3] (Alþingi)Unicameral4proportional635,080
Parliament (संसद Sansad)House of the People[note 3] (लोक सभा Lok Sabha)Lower5First-past-the-post5432,192,379
Council of States[note 3] (राज्य सभा Rajya Sabha)Upper6Single transferable vote (233 members are elected by the legislative assemblies of the States/Union territories, 12 members are nominated by the President)2454,847,900
People's Consultative Assembly (Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat)People's Representative Council (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat)Lower5proportional open list575467,101
Regional Representative Council (Dewan Perwakilan Daerah)Upper5Single non-transferable vote1361,974,875
 IranIslamic Consultative Assembly[note 3] (مجلس شورای اسلامی Majles-e Showrā-ye Eslāmī)Unicameral4popular vote290259,136
Council of Representatives of Iraq[note 3] (مجلس النواب العراقي Majlis Al-Niwab Al-Iraqi / ئه‌نجومه‌نی نوێنه‌ران Enjumen-e Nûnerên)Unicameral4proportional open list32995,782
IrelandParliament[note 3] (Oireachtas)President of IrelandPresident-in-Parliament7Instant-runoff votingN/AN/A
House of Representatives of Ireland (Dáil Éireann)[note 3]Lower5Proportional Representation Single Transferable Vote15827,640
Senate of Ireland[note 3] (Seanad Éireann)Upper5appointed by the prime minister and elected by universities6076,470
Assembly[note 3] (כנסת Knesset)Unicameral4proportionalclosed list12061,768
Parliament (Parlamento)Chamber of Deputies (Camera dei Deputati)Lower5parallel voting: proportional representation (398 seats) and first past the post (232 seats)63094,556
Senate of the Republic (Senato della Repubblica)Upper5parallel voting (199 seats by proportional representation and 116 seats by first past the post) and 5 members appointed by the President315189,112
 Ivory Coast
Parliament (Parlement)National Assembly (Assemblée nationale)Lower5majority255294,529
Senate (Sénat)Upper5Elected by district and provincial councils, and appointed by the President120197,837
 JamaicaParliamentHouse of RepresentativesLower5First-past-the-post voting6345,860
SenateUpper5Appointed by the Governor General21137,580
Diet (国会 Kokkai)House of Representatives (衆議院 Shūgiin)Lower4proportional and First-past-the-post voting465270,817
House of Councillors (参議院 Sangiin)Upper6proportional and Single non-transferable vote245514,000
 JordanParliament (مجلس الأمة Majlis al-Umma)Assembly of Deputies (مجلس النواب Majlis al-Nuwaab)Lower4Single non-transferable vote15046,760
Senate (مجلس الأعيان Majlis al-Aayan)Upper6appointed by the monarch7593,520
 KazakhstanParliament (Парламенті Parlamenti)Assembly[note 3] (Мәжіліс Májilis)Lower5107207,854
Senate (Сенаты Senaty)Upper6appointed by the President and elected by local assemblies47340,527
Parliament (Bunge)National Assembly (Bunge la Taifa)Lower5parallel349126,182
Senate (Seneti)Upper5popular vote and appointed by the President67657,278
 KiribatiHouse of Assembly (Maneaba ni Maungatabu)Unicameral4popular vote and appointed by Rabi Council of Leaders462,239
Korea, NorthSupreme People's Assembly (최고인민회의 / 最高人民會議 Ch'oe-go In-min Hoe-ŭi)Unicameral5popular vote68736,390
Korea, South
National Assembly (국회 / 國會 Gukhoe)Unicameral4majority and proportional300166,691
 KuwaitNational Assembly (مجلس الأمة Majlis al-Umma)Unicameral4popular vote and appointed by the prime minister5071,328
 KyrgyzstanSupreme Council (Жогорку Кеңеш Joğorku Keñeş)Unicameral5popular vote12044,690
National Assembly (ສະພາແຫ່ງຊາດ Sapha Heng Xat)Unicameral5one-party stateclosed list11548,148
 LatviaParliament[note 3] (Saeima)Unicameral4proportionalclosed list10020,703
Chamber of Deputies (مجلس النواب Majlis an-Nuwwab)[note 6]Unicameral4proportional/party list12833,000
Parliament (Palamente)National AssemblyLower5popular vote and proportional12016,927
SenateUpper5appointed by principal chiefs and by the ruling party3361,556
 LiberiaLegislatureHouse of RepresentativesLower6majority7347,624
 LibyaHouse of Representatives ( مجلس النواب Majlis an-Nuwwab)UnicameralParallel voting: First-past-the-post, single non-transferable vote, and proportional representation20028,353
 LiechtensteinDiet[note 3] (Landtag)Unicameral4proportionalclosed list251,451
 LithuaniaParliament[note 3] (Seimas)Unicameral4proportional14121,658
 LuxembourgChamber of Deputies (D'Chamber / Chambre des députés / Abgeordnetenkammer)Unicameral5Open listproportional representation, allocated by the D'Hondt method in four constituencies608,484
Parliament (Palemanta / Parlement)National Assembly (Antenimieram-Pirenena / Assemblée nationale)Lower5160137,078
Senate (Antenimierandoholona / Sénat)Upper533664,430
National AssemblyUnicameral5First-past-the-post voting19376,809
 MalaysiaParliament (Parlimen)House of Representatives[note 7] (Dewan Rakyat)Lower5First-past-the-post voting222127,631
Senate[note 8] (Dewan Negara)Upper326 appointed by the State Legislative Assemblies, 2 for each state and 44 appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, of which 4 are for the Federal Territories.70404,773
People's Assembly[note 3] (ރައްޔިތުންގެ މަޖިލިސް Rayyithunge Majilis)Unicameral5First-past-the-post voting854,266
National Assembly (Assemblée nationale)Unicameral4147 elected in single or multi-member constituencies, using a runoff system. 13 elected by overseas Malians.16090,732
Parliament (Il-Parlament)President of MaltaPresident-in-Parliament5Appointed by the House of RepresentativesN/AN/A
House of Representatives (Kamra tad-Deputati)Unicameral5Single transferable vote695,950
 Marshall IslandsLegislature (Nitijeļā)Unicameral4Single and multi-member constituencies332,060
Parliament (البرلمان Barlamene)National Assembly (الجمعية الوطنية Al Jamiya al-Wataniyah)Unicameral5Runoff election14637,888
National Assembly (Assemblée nationale)Unicameral56517,614
 MexicoCongress of the Union (Congreso de la Unión)Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados)Lower3Parallel voting: Largest remainder method (Hare quota) (200 seats) / FPTP (300 seats)500227,821
Chamber of Senators (Cámara de Senadores)Upper6Parallel voting: Largest remainder method (Hare quota)128889,926
 MoldovaParliament (Parlamentul)Unicameral410133,498
National Council (Conseil National)Unicameral5Panachage under party-list proportional representation (16), party-list proportional representation (8)241,473
 MongoliaState Great Assembly[note 9] (Улсын Их Хурал Ulsyn Ikh Khural)Unicameral4Plurality-at-large voting7636,245
 MontenegroAssembly (Skupština / Скупштина)Unicameral4Closed listproportional representation using the D'Hondt method in a single nationwide constituency with a 3% electoral threshold with lower thresholds for minority groups under certain circumstances817,719
Parliament (البرلمان المغربي / ⴰⴱⵕⵍⴰⵎⴰⵏ ⴰⵎⵖⵔⵉⴱⵉ / Parlement)House of Representatives (مجلس النواب Majlis al-Nuwab / ⴰⴳⵔⴰⵡ ⵉⵎⴰⵔⴰⵢⴻⵏ, Chambre des représentants)Lower5Mixed member majoritarian: Single non-transferable vote for 305 seats, 60 seats reserved for women and 30 seats reserved for young people under 40 by proportional representation395100,444
House of Councillors (مجلس المستشارين Majlis al-Mustasharin, Chambre des conseillers)Upper6Indirect election: 72 members are elected at the Kingdom's regional level, 20 in each region by a single electoral college made up of all those in the relevant region that have been elected to specific professional associations, 8 in each region by an electoral college made up of those elected from the most representative employers' professional organizations, 20 by a nationwide electoral college made up of employees270120,905
Assembly of the Republic (Assembleia da República)Unicameral5proportional party list25085,588
 Myanmar (Burma)
Assembly of the Union (ပြည်ထောင်စုလွှတ်တော် Pyidaungsu Hluttaw)House of Representatives (ပြည်သူ့လွှတ်တော် Pyithu Hluttaw)Lower5popular vote and appointed by the military440137,000
House of Nationalities (အမျိုးသားလွှတ်တော် Amyotha Hluttaw)Upper5popular vote and appointed by the military224269,107
ParliamentNational AssemblyLower5Closed listproportional representation and appointments by the President10426,923
National CouncilUpper6Indirect election by Regional Councils2680,769
 NauruParliamentUnicameral3Dowdall system19521
Federal Parliament (संघीय संसद Sanghiya Sansad)House of Representatives (प्रतिनिधि सभा; Pratinidi Sabha)Lower5Mixed member majoritarian (165 members elected through First-past-the-post voting and 110 elected through proportional representation voting method)275105,392
National Assembly (राष्ट्रिय सभा; Rastriya Sabha)Upper6Indirect single transferable vote59491,233
States General (Staten-Generaal)House of Representatives (Tweede Kamer, Second Chamber)Lower4Party-list proportional representation150111,533
Senate (Eerste Kamer, First Chamber)Upper4Indirect party-list proportional (by members of the states-provincial and the CaribbeanElectoral colleges for the Senate)75223,066
 New ZealandParliament (Pāremata)House of Representatives (Whare o ngā Māngai)Unicameral3mixed-member proportional representation12033,566
 NicaraguaNational Assembly (Asamblea Nacional)Unicameral59264,034
National Assembly (Assemblée nationale)Unicameral5171139,210
 NigeriaNational AssemblyHouse of RepresentativesLower4360388,898
 North MacedoniaAssembly (Собрание Sobranie)Unicameral412016,736
Great Assembly[note 3] (Stortinget / Stuorradiggi)Unicameral4proportionalmixed16929,785
 OmanCouncil of Oman (مجلس عُـمان)Consultative Assembly (مجلس الشورى Majlis al-Shura)Lower48433,017
Council of State (مجلس الدولة Majlis al-Dawla)[5]Upper48532,628
Parliament of Pakistan (پارلیمنٹ)National Assembly (ایوان زیریں پاکستان)Lower5342537,023
Senate (ایوانِ بالا / ایوانِ بالا)Upper61041,735,000
 PalauNational Congress (Olbiil era Kelulau)House of Delegates[note 5]Lower4majority161,309
Senate[note 5]Upper4majority132,328
State of PalestineLegislative Council (المجلس التشريعي Al-Majlis al-Tashrī'iyy)Unicameral13232,277
National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional)Unicameral57147,969
 Papua New Guinea
National ParliamentUnicameral510956,766
 ParaguayCongress (Congreso)Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados)Lower58080,681
Chamber of Senators (Cámara de Senadores)Upper545143,434
Congress of the Republic (Congreso de la República / Rimana Wasin)Unicameral5130217,082
 PhilippinesCongress (Kongreso)House of Representatives (Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan / Mababang Kapulungan / Cámara de Representantes)Lower3Parallel voting: Largest remainder method via closed lists with a three-seat cap (20% of seats), and first-past-the-post voting (80% of seats)304341,364
Senate (Senado / Mataas na Kapulungan)Upper6bloc voting. Voter is allocated 12 votes. 1/2 of the seats are contested every 3 years with the 12 elected senators having the largest portion of the National Popular Vote244,323,958
 PolandParliament of Poland
National Assembly (Zgromadzenie Narodowe[note 10])
Sejm[note 3] (Sejm)Lower4proportional open list46083,697
Senate (Senat)Upper4majority100385,010
Assembly of the Republic (Assembleia da República)Unicameral4proportional party list23045,920
 QatarConsultative Assembly[note 11] (مجلس الشورى Majlis ash-Shura)Unicameral3552,958
Parliament (Parlamentul)Chamber of Deputies (Camera Deputaților)Lower432958,416
Senate (Senat)Upper4137139,005
Federal Assembly (Федеральное Собрание Federalnoye Sobraniye)State Duma[note 3] (Государственная Дума Gosudarstvennaya Duma)Lower5parallel (First-past-the-post voting for 225 members and proportional party list for 225 members)450318,000
Federation Council (Совет Федерации Sovet Federatsii)Upperdependent on individual elections in the federal subjects (4 or 5)senators are delegated from the executive and legislative bodies of the federal subjects170862,048
Parliament (Inteko Ishinga Amategeko / Parlement)Chamber of Deputies (Umutwe w'Abadepite / Chambre des députés)Lower580146,121
Senate (Umutwe wa Sena / Sénat)Upper826449,603
 Saint Kitts and Nevis
National AssemblyUnicameral5153,686
 Saint LuciaParliamentHouse of AssemblyLower51710,221
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
House of AssemblyUnicameral5215,714
 SamoaLegislative Assembly[note 3] (Fono Aoao Faitulafono)Unicameral5493,965
 San Marino
Grand and General Council (Consiglio Grande e Generale)Unicameral560536
 São Tomé and PríncipeNational Assembly (Assembleia Nacional)Unicameral4553,330
 Saudi Arabia
Consultative Assembly (مجلس الشورى Majlis Ash-Shura)[note 12]non-parliamentary4Appointed by the King150220,000
ParliamentNational Assembly (Assemblée nationale)Unicameral515085,701
National Assembly (Народна скупштина / Narodna skupština)Unicameral425028,482
 SeychellesNational Assembly (Assemblée nationale / Lasanble Nasyonal)Unicameral5312,709
 Sierra Leone
Parliament (Parlimen / 国家议会 Guójiā yìhuì / நாடாளுமன்றம் Nāṭāḷumaṉṟam)Unicameral5First-past-the-post voting (MP) (in single member constituencies), Party block voting (in group representation constituencies), and appointed by the President (NMP)9952,360
National Council (Národná rada)Unicameral415035,980
 SloveniaParliament (Državni zbor Republike Slovenije)National Assembly (Državni zbor)Lower4Open list proportional representation with a 4% election threshold9022,779
National Council (Državni svet)[6]Upper5First-past-the-post indirect elections held within 'functional' interest organisations and 'local' interest communities by electoral bodies (electors).4051,254
 Solomon IslandsNational ParliamentUnicameral45010,460
Federal Parliament (Baarlamaanka Federaalka / لبرلمان الاتحادي)House of the People[note 5]Lower4Appointed by president27536,675
Senate[note 5]Upper4majority54180,100
 South Africa
ParliamentNational AssemblyLower5400126,466
National Council of ProvincesUpper90562,075
 South SudanNational LegislatureNational Legislature AssemblyLower17048,591
Council of StatesUpperAppointed by President50165,210
General Courts[note 3] (Cortes Generales)Congress of Deputies (Congreso de los Diputados)Lower4, unless elections are called earlier.proportionalclosed list350131,894
Senate (Senado)Upper4, unless elections are called earlier.212 are appointed through general election and 58 when regional legislatures are renewed, which not always happens at the same date266173,545
 Sri LankaParliament
(ශ්‍රී ලංකා පාර්ලිමේන්තුව / இலங்கை பாராளுமன்றம்)
 SudanNational LegislatureNational Assembly (Majlis Watani)Lower642668,653
Council of States (Majlis Welayat)Upper650617,880
National Assembly (Nationale Assemblée)Unicameral55110,470
 SwedenParliament (Riksdagen)Unicameral4proportional34927,286
People's Assembly (مجلس الشعب Majlis al-Sha'ab)Unicameral425086,964
Federal Assembly (Bundesversammlung, Assemblée fédérale, Assemblea federale, Assamblea federala)National Council (Nationalrat, Conseil national, Consiglio nazionale, Cussegl naziunal)Lower420040,000
Council of States (Ständerat, Conseil des États, Consiglio degli Stati, Cussegl dals chantuns)Upper446173,913
 TajikistanSupreme Assembly (Маҷлиси Олии Majlisi Oli)Assembly of Representatives (Маҷлиси намояндагон Majlisi namoyandagon)Lower563123,809
National Assembly (Маҷлиси миллии Majlisi Millii)Upper533236,363
National Assembly (Bunge)Unicameral5384120,974
National Assembly (รัฐสภา Ratthasapha)House of Representatives (สภาผู้แทนราษฎร Sapha Phuthaen Ratsadon)Lower4mixed-member proportional representation, 350 are first-past-the-post and 150 is party-list500140,997
Senate (วุฒิสภา Wutthisapha)Upper5elected by coup d'état government250-
 TogoNational Assembly (Assemblée nationale)Unicameral58176,434
 TongaLegislative Assembly (Fale Alea)Unicameral263,962
 Trinidad and TobagoParliamentHouse of RepresentativesLower54132,139
Assembly of the Representatives of the People (مجلس نواب الشعب Majless Noweb al Shaab)Unicameral521749,188
Grand National Assembly of Turkey
(Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi)
National Council (Milli Geňeş)Assembly (Mejlis)Lower5majority voting in single member constituencies.12541,360
People's Council (Halk Maslahaty)Upper5indirect election of 48 seats by members of provincial and capital city People's Councils, presidential appointment of 8 seats.5692,321
 TuvaluParliament (Palamene)Unicameral415666
Parliament (Bunge)Unicameral542687,839
Supreme Council (Верховна Рада Verkhovna Rada)Unicameral5450101,248
 United Arab EmiratesFederal National Assembly (المجلس الوطني الإتحادي Majlis Watani Ittihad)Unicameral440206,601
 United KingdomParliamentHouse of CommonsLower5First-past-the-post voting in single member constituencies.65095,787
House of LordsUpperLifeLife peers appointed by the Sovereign on advice of Prime Minister[note 13]. 92 elected by and from hereditary peers using preferential voting. 26 Lords Spiritual are bishops of the Church of England.77381,388
 United StatesCongressHouse of RepresentativesLower2Depends on the state, mainly First-past-the-post voting, in single-member constituencies.435722,636
SenateUpper6Depends on the state, mainly First-past-the-post voting. 1/3 of Senate goes up for election every two years. Each state has two Senators.1003,143,467
General Assembly (Asamblea General)Chamber of Representatives (Cámara de Representantes)Lower59933,195
Chamber of Senators (Cámara de Senadores)Upper530109,543
 UzbekistanSupreme Assembly (Oliy Majlis / Олий Мажлис)Legislative Chamber (Qonunchilik palatasi / Қонунчилик палатаси)Lower5150194,156
Senate (Senati / Сенати)Upper5100291,234
 VanuatuParliament (Parlement)Unicameral4524319
  Vatican City
Pontifical Commission (Pontificia Commissione / Pontificia Commissio)Unicameral57114
 VenezuelaNational Assembly (Asamblea Nacional)Unicameral5167175,430
 VietnamNational Assembly (Quốc hội)Unicameral5498176,385
 YemenParliamentHouse of Representatives (مجلس النواب Majlis al-Nuwaab)Lower630181,485
Shura Council (Majlis al-Shura)[7]UpperLife111220,963
 ZambiaNational AssemblyUnicameral516687,284
 ZimbabweParliamentHouse of AssemblyLower521061,971
Legislatures of autonomous regions, dependencies and other territories
Region or territoryOverall name of legislatureName of houseHouse levelTerm (years)Voting systemSeatsPopulation per seat
 AdjaraSupreme Council of the Autonomous Republic of Adjara[note 3] (აჭარის ავტონომიური რესპუბლიკის უმაღლესი საბჭო)Unicameral42116,619
 Åland IslandsLegislative Assembly[note 3] (Lagtinget)Unicameral430945
 AlderneyStates (États)Unicameral410240
 American SamoaLegislative Assembly[note 3] (Fono)House of RepresentativesLower2212,643
 AnguillaHouse of AssemblyUnicameral5111,222
 Aosta ValleyRegional Council
(Consiglio regionale/Conseil)
 ArubaEstates (Staten)Unicameral4214,832
 AzoresLegislative Assembly (Assembleia Legislativa)Unicameral4574,311
BangsamoroParliamentUnicameral3Parallel voting8053,414
 Basque CountryParliamentUnicameral4Closed party lists in three 25-seat constituencies, with seats allocated using the D'Hondt method7529,194
 BermudaParliamentHouse of AssemblyLower5361,784
 British Virgin IslandsHouse of AssemblyUnicameral4151,969
 Canary IslandsParliament (Parlamento de Canarias)Unicameral47035,000
 CataloniaParliament (Parlament de Catalunya)Unicameral413555,723
 Cayman IslandsLegislative AssemblyUnicameral4183,080
 Cook IslandsParliamentUnicameral424875
 CorsicaCorsican Assembly (Assemblea di Corsica / Assemblée de Corse)Unicameral6635,238
CrimeaState Council (Верховна Рада / Верховный Совет / Yuqarı Radası)Unicameral10022,840
 CuraçaoEstates (Staten)Unicameral4217,571
 Falkland IslandsLegislative AssemblyUnicameral411272
 Faroe IslandsLaw Assembly[note 3] (Løgtingið)Unicameral4331,467
 French PolynesiaAssembly (Assemblée de la Polynésie française)Unicameral5574,859
 GaliciaParliament (Parlamento da Galiza/Galicia)Unicameral47536,649
 GreenlandParliament (Inatsisartut)[note 14]Unicameral4311,830
 GuamLegislature (Liheslaturan Guåhan)Unicameral41510,623
 GuernseyStates (États)Unicameral4451,387
 Hong KongLegislative Council (立法會)Unicameral4Proportional representation using the Hare quota and the largest remainder method for the geographical constituencies and functional constituencies elected by their respective electorates70101,481
 Isle of ManTynwald (Tinvaal)House of Keys (Kiare as Feed)Lower5Plurality (2 members from each constituency)243,520
Legislative Council (Yn Choonceil Slattyssagh)Upper5Most members indirectly elected by the House of Keys117,681
 JerseyStates (États)Unicameral4392,509
 Kurdistan RegionParliament (پەرلەمانی)Unicameral511153,109
 MacauLegislative Assembly (立法會, Assembleia Legislativa)Unicameral4Proportional representation, functional constituencies and appointed by the Chief Executive2919,610
 MadeiraLegislative Assembly (Assembleia Legislativa)Unicameral4475,698
 MontserratLegislative AssemblyUnicameral59546
 Nakhchivan Autonomous RepublicSupreme Assembly (Ali Məclisi)Unicameral54510,063
 New CaledoniaCongress (Congrès Territorial)Unicameral5544,547
 Northern IrelandNorthern Ireland Assembly (Tionól Thuaisceart Éireann)Unicameral5Single transferable vote90[8]16,767
 Northern Mariana IslandsCommonwealth LegislatureHouse of RepresentativesLower2202,694
 Pitcairn IslandsIsland CouncilUnicameral3106
 Puerto RicoLegislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa)House of Representatives (Cámara de Representantes)Lower4First-past-the-post voting5193,145
Senate (Senado)Upper4Majority27465,427
 Saint Barthélemy
Territorial CouncilUnicameral519488
 Saint HelenaLegislative CouncilUnicameral4211,266
 Saint Martin
Territorial Council [fr] (conseil territorial)Unicameral231,578
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon
Territorial CouncilUnicameral619320
 SardiniaRegional Council
(Consiglio regionale)
 SarkChief PleasUnicameral1250
 ScotlandScottish Parliament (Pàrlamaid na h-Alba, Scots Pairliament)Unicameral5Additional member system12940,734
 SicilyRegional Assembly
(Assemblea Regionale)
 Sint MaartenEstates (Staten)Unicameral4152,495
 South TyrolLandtagUnicameral53514,621
 Turks and Caicos IslandsHouse of AssemblyUnicameral4211,498
 U.S. Virgin IslandsLegislatureUnicameral2157,093
 VojvodinaAssembly (Скупштина / Skupština / Képviselőháza / Adunarea / Zhromaždenie)Unicameral4Proportional representation in a single constituency with a 5% threshold and seats being allocated using d'Hondt method12016,098
 WalesWelsh Parliament (Senedd Cymru)Unicameral5Additional member system6051,066
 Wallis and Futuna
Territorial Assembly (Assemblée Territoriale)Unicameral520650
Legislatures of non-UN states (including unrecognized and disputed territories)
non-UN stateOverall name of legislatureName of houseHouse levelTerm (years)Voting systemSeatsPopulation per seat
 AbkhaziaPeople's Assembly (Жәлар Реизара, Zhelar Reizara)Unicameral5356,877
 Republic of ArtsakhNational Assembly (Azgayin Zhoghov)Unicameral5334,284
Donetsk People's RepublicPeople's CouncilUnicameral4Proportional representation100
Lugansk People's RepublicPeople's CouncilUnicameral4Proportional representation50
 TaiwanLegislative Yuan (立法院 Lìfǎ Yùan)Unicameral4First-past-the-post voting, Closed party-list proportional representation and indigenous seats with single non-transferable vote113208,754
 KosovoAssembly of Kosovo (Albanian: Kuvendi i Kosovës, Serbian Cyrillic: Скупштина Косова)Unicameral412015,493
 Northern CyprusAssembly of the Republic (Cumhuriyet Meclisi)Unicameral5505,898
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic RepublicSahrawi National Council (المجلس الوطني الصحراوي Al-Majlis al-Watani al-Sahrawi)Unicameral253
 SomalilandParliament (Baarlamaanka)House of Representatives (Golaha Wakiilada)Lower58242,682
House of Elders (Golaha Guurtida)Upper8242,682
 South OssetiaParliamentUnicameral5342,117
Central Tibetan Administration (in exile)Parliament of the Central Tibetan Administration (​གྲོས་ཚོགས་ཐོག་གསུང་བཤད།​)Unicameral5First-past-the-post voting4373,953[note 15]
 TransnistriaSupreme Council[9] (Верховный Совет, Verhkovny Sovet)Unicameral54312,062
See also
  1. ^ Not to be confused with the European Council nor with the Council of Europe. See https://www.coe.int/en/web/about-us/do-not-get-confused
  2. ^ a b The head of state is a constituent part of the parliament too.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab acad The native name is also used in English.
  4. ^ The PRC has also a Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (​中国人民政治协商会议​Zhōngguó Rénmín Zhèngzhì Xiéshāng Huìyì), which is a political advisory body but not a legislature.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Native name not available
  6. ^ Also: National Assembly (Assemblée nationale)
  7. ^ Literally, "People's Hall"
  8. ^ Literally, "Nation's Hall"
  9. ^ In English State Great Khural is used too.
  10. ^ Name used only on those rare occasions when both houses sit together
  11. ^ The Consultative Assembly has only consultative task.
  12. ^ The Consultative Assembly has only formal advisory role.
  13. ^ Actual amount of life peers varies
  14. ^ Also: Landsting
  15. ^ Figures for Tibet Autonomous Region in the PRC
  1. ^ Article 9 A Treaty of Lisbon : « 1. The European Parliament shall, jointly with the Council, exercise legislative and budgetary functions. It shall exercise functions of political control and consultation as laid down in the Treaties. It shall elect the President of the Commission. »
  2. ^ Article 9 C Treaty of Lisbon : « 1. The Council shall, jointly with the European Parliament, exercise legislative and budgetary functions. It shall carry out policy-making and coordinating functions as laid down in the Treaties. »
  3. ^ "IPU PARLINE database on national parliaments: Search". www.ipu.org.
  4. ^ http://www.senate.gov.kh/home/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=67&Itemid=88&lang=km
  5. ^ "Majles Addawla (State Council)". Inter-Parliamentary Union. 12 September 2018. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  6. ^ Lakota, Igor (2006). Sistem nepopolne dvodomnosti v slovenskem parlamentu (diplomska naloga) [The system of incomplete bicameralism in the Slovenian Parliament (diploma thesis)] (PDF) (in Slovenian). Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana. p. 62. Retrieved 16 December 2010. Opinions differ, however the majority of domestic experts agree that the National Council may be regarded as the upper house, but the bicameralism is distinctively incomplete.
  7. ^ "YEMEN. Majlis Alshoora (Consultative Council)". Inter-Parliamentary Union. 25 July 2018. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  8. ^ Assembly Members (Reduction of Numbers) Act (Northern Ireland) 2016
  9. ^ "Официальный сайт Верховного Совета Приднестровской Молдавской Республики". www.vspmr.org.
Last edited on 7 May 2021, at 14:11
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