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List of modern conflicts in North Africa
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Note:
  Northern Africa (UN subregion)
  geographic, including above
List of conflicts
DateConflictLocationCasualties
1919Egyptian Revolution of 1919Egypt800[1]-3,000[2]
1920–1926Rif War[3]
 Republic of the Rif
40,000–46,400
1939–1945Mediterranean, Middle East and African theatres of World War II[a][verification needed]
Algeria,
 Egypt,
Libya,
Morocco,
Tunisia
1,000,000
19451945 Tripoli pogromBritish Tripolitania140
1946Egyptian Student Riots [4][verification needed][5]
 Egypt
100–300
1952Egyptian Revolution of 1952
Egypt
1,000
1952–1954Tunisian War of Independence [6]
 Tunisia
2,500
1955–1972First Sudanese Civil War Sudan500,000
1954–1962Algerian War of Independence [7]
 Algeria
179,000–300,000
1957–1958Ifni War
 Morocco,
Spanish West Africa
8,400
1961Bizerte crisis
 Tunisia
654
1961–1964First Tuareg rebellion
 Mali
 Niger
1963–1964Sand War
 Morocco,
 Algeria
339
1963–1965Socialist Forces Front rebellion in Algeria
 Algeria
400[8]
1965–1979Civil war in Chad
 Chad
500+
1970–Western Sahara conflict[b]
 Mauritania,
 MoroccoSahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
14,000–21,000
1977Libyan–Egyptian War [9]
 EgyptLibya
500
1978–1987Chadian–Libyan conflict Libya,
 Chad
8,500
1979–1982Civil conflict in Chad [10][11]
 Chad
1982–2002Chadian Civil War[citation needed]
 Chad
37,500
1983–2005Second Sudanese Civil War [12][13] Sudan600,000–2,500,000
1983–1984Tunisian bread riots [14]
 Tunisia
150[15]
1986Bombing of Libya (1986) Libya100
19861986 Egyptian Conscription Riot [16]
 Egypt
107
1987Executions by Abu Nidal's organization[17] Libya150–160
1990–1995Tuareg Rebellion (1990–1995)[c]
 Mali
 Niger
650-1,500
1992–2000Terrorism in Egypt [18][unreliable source?]
 Egypt
1,300–2,000
1992–2002Algerian Civil War[citation needed]
 Algeria
100,000–200,000
2001–2002Black Spring (Kabylie) [19]
 Algeria
123
2002–Insurgency in the Maghreb
 Morocco,
 Algeria,
 Mauritania,
 Niger,
 Mali
6000
2003–War in Darfur Sudan100,000–330,000
2005–2010Civil war in Chad (2005–2010)
 Chad Sudan
1,140
2007–2009Tuareg Rebellion (2007–2009)
 Mali
 Niger
350-1,330
2009–Sudanese nomadic conflicts Sudan South Sudan3,000–3,500
2010–2011Tunisian Revolution
 Tunisia
338
2011–Sudan–SPLM-N conflict Sudan1,500
2011–2014Egyptian Crisis
 Egypt
4,686–4,687[d]
2011–presentLibyan Crisis (2011–present) Libya40,000+[e]
2011–20132011–2013 Sudanese protests Sudan200+
2012–presentNorthern Mali conflict
 Mali
2000+
Casualties breakdown
[a].^ North African Campaign (WWII) – combined figure ~430,000 killed:
Western Desert Campaign – 50,000 casualties
Battle of Cape Bon – 900+ casualties
Raid on Alexandria (1941) – 8 casualties
Action off Cape Bougaroun – 27 killed
Mers al-Kbir – 1,299 killed
Operation Torch – 1,825 killed
Tunisia campaign – ~376,000 killed
[b].^ Polisario Front dispute for independence (combined casualty figure 14,020–14,038):
Western Sahara War – 7,000 Moroccan, Mauritianian and French soldiers killed; 4,000 Polisario killed; 3,000 civilians killed
Independence Intifada (Western Sahara) – 1 killed
Gdeim Izik protest camp – 18–36 killed
2011 Sahrawi protests – 1 killed
[c].^ Tuareg rebellion (1990–1995) combined casualties at least 650-1,500:
Tchin-Tabaradene massacre – 650-1,500 civilians killed
[d].^ Egyptian Crisis combined casualty figure 4,686–4,687:
2011 Egyptian Revolution – 846 killed
Aftermath of the Egyptian Revolution – 300 killed
Timeline of the Egyptian Crisis under Mohamed Morsi 127–128 killed
Post-coup unrest in Egypt (2013–2014) 3143 killed
Insurgency in Egypt (2013–present) 570 killed
[e].^ Libyan Crisis combined casualty figure 40,000+:
2011 Libyan civil war – 25,000–30,000 killed
Post-civil war violence in Libya – over 1000 killed
Libyan Civil War (2014–present) – thousands killed
See also
References
  1. ^ "800 NATIVES DEAD IN EGYPT'S RISING - 1,600 WOUNDED - Harmsworth Tells the Commons of Casualties in the Recent Outbreak. DEATH SENTENCES FOR 39 More Than 2,000 Imprisoned- British, Army Sustained Loss of 143. ALLENBY'S CONTROL FIRM Disorders Ended in April-Mahomed Said Pasha Co-operating as Premier. - Front Page - NYTimes.com". Select.nytimes.com. 10 June 2012. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
  2. ^ Schulze, Reinhard (March 2002). A Modern History of the Islamic World. NYU Press. ISBN 978-0-8147-9819-5.
  3. ^ Timeline for the Third Rif War (1920–25)Archived 20 December 2011 at the Wayback Machine Steven Thomas
  4. ^ "Egypt: Police Crack Down on Student Demonstration". Ikhwanweb. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
  5. ^ Ahmed Abdalla, The Student Movement and National Politics in Egypt 1923–1973. 2008: pp. 64–77 (1946: The Climax)
  6. ^ "French Tunisia (1881–1956)". University of Central Arkansas.
  7. ^ World Peace Foundation (August 2015). "Algeria: War of independence". Tufts University.
  8. ^ Le Saout, Didier; Rollinde, Marguerite (1999). Émeutes et Mouvements sociaux au Maghreb. Karthala. p. 46. ISBN 978-2-865-37998-9.
  9. ^ Pollack, Kenneth M. (21 January 2016). Arabs at War: Military Effectiveness, 1948–1991. Bison Books. p. 365. ISBN 978-0-8032-8783-9.
  10. ^ Sy, A. D. (June 1993). "Conflict and the women of Chad". Focus on Gender. 1 (2): 10–2. doi​:​10.1080/09682869308519962​. PMID 12345211.
  11. ^ Sesay, Amadu. "The Limits of Peace-Keeping by a Regional Organization: The OAU Peace-Keeping Force in Chad". Centre for Digital Scholarship Journals.
  12. ^ "South Sudan profile – Timeline". BBC. August 2018.
  13. ^ World Peace Foundation (August 2015). "Sudan: 1985 – 2005". Tufts University.
  14. ^ WOODSON, WYATT (March 2018). "Tunisian (In)dependence and (Re)volution". anth461spring2018.web.unc.edu/​.
  15. ^ Entelis 1997, p. 98.
  16. ^ Europa Publications Limited, The Middle East & North Africa, Volume 50: p.303
  17. ^ The New York Times. 1990. "Last October, the Fatah Revolutionary Council split after Abu Nidal's top aide, Atef Abu Baker, defected to P.L.O. headquarters in Tunis and set up his own faction, which he called the Fatah Revolutionary Council Emergency Leadership. Abu Baker said he had acted after Abu Nidal killed 150 of his men at his head office in the Libyan capital, Tripoli."[1]
  18. ^ "Armed Conflicts Report – Egypt". Ploughshares.ca. Retrieved 1 February 2011.
  19. ^ "Algeria : Unrest and Impasse in Kabylia : 10 June 2013" (PDF). Crisisgroup.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 July 2013. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
Last edited on 1 March 2021, at 08:17
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