A narrative technique
(known for literary fictional narratives
as a literary technique
, literary device
, or fictional device
) is any of several specific methods the creator of a narrative uses to convey what he or she wants
—in other words, a strategy used in the making of a narrative to relay information to the audience and particularly to develop the narrative, usually in order to make it more complete, complex, or interesting. Literary techniques are distinguished from literary elements
, which exist inherently in works of writing.