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List of online encyclopedias
This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items with reliable sources.
This article's lead section may be too short to adequately summarize the key points. Please consider expanding the lead to provide an accessible overview of all important aspects of the article. (August 2019)
This is a list of online encyclopedias—i.e., encyclopedias accessible on the Internet or formerly accessible on the Internet.
The largest online encyclopedias are general reference works, though there are also many specialized ones. Some online encyclopedia are an online edition of a print encyclopedia, whereas others are a separate enterprise entirely, such as Wikipedia.
General reference
SiteLanguageDescriptionAccess
WikipediaVarious (see list here)General interest, wikiFree, copyleft
NupediaEnglishCombined with GNUpediaDefunct
InterpediaEnglishGeneral interest, the first site to propose a free encyclopedia written by usersDefunct
EveripediaEnglish[1]The site lets editors create any page on any topic[1] and anyone can edit a page by creating a free account.[2]Free[2]
CitizendiumEnglishGeneral interest, wikiFree, copyleft
Conservapedia[3][4]EnglishAmerican conservative and Christian interestsFree
ScholarpediaEnglishArticles are written by scholars and peer-reviewed for accuracyFree
Encyclopædia BritannicaEnglishGeneral interestLimited free access and features, subscription for full access
Baidu BaikeChineseCollaborative online encyclopedia hosted by the major Chinese search engine BaiduFree
Enciklopedio KalblandaEsperantoGeneral interest. The first online encyclopedia on the EsperantoDefunct (merged into Esperanto Wikipedia)
EcuRedSpanishGeneral interest. CubanFree
Encyclopedia.comEnglishGeneral interestFree
Baike.comChineseGeneral interest. China's largest wikiFree
Columbia EncyclopediaEnglishGeneral interestFree[5]
Crnogorska EnciklopedijaMontenegrinGeneral interest (hopes to encourage a Montenegrin language Wikipedia)Defunct
Croatian EncyclopediaCroatianGeneral and national encyclopediaFree
Den Store Danske EncyklopædiDanishGeneral interestFree
Digital UniverseEnglishCollection of articles on educational, cultural, and scientific topicsFree
Doosan EncyclopediaKoreanGeneral interestFree
Ekşi SözlükTurkishGeneral interestFree
Encarta (1993–2009)EnglishGeneral interestDefunct
EnciclonetSpanishGeneral interestLimited free access and features, subscription for full access
Encyclopædia Britannica 11th Edition (1910–11)EnglishGeneral interestPublic domain: completely free access from several online sources
Encyclopedia of ChinaChineseGeneral interestSubscription
Encyclopedic Dictionary of VietnamVietnameseGeneral interest. State-sponsored encyclopedia.Free
Encyklopedia InternauticaPolishGeneral interestFree
Enciclopedia Libre Universal en EspañolSpanishFork of the Spanish Wikipedia, using wiki software, released under the GFDLFree, copyleft
Encyclopædia UniversalisFrenchGeneral interest encyclopedia published by Encyclopædia BritannicaSubscription
Everything2EnglishGeneral interest, users can submit articles on the topic of essentially anythingFree
The Free DictionaryEnglish, Spanish, German, French, Italian, Chinese, Portuguese, Dutch, Norwegian, Greek, Arabic, Polish, Turkish, RussianTheFreeDictionary's Encyclopedia draws from various sources, including The Columbia Encyclopedia.Free
GNEEnglishGeneral interest articles are released under a GNU license. Formerly GNUpedia.Defunct
Gran Enciclopèdia CatalanaCatalanGeneral interestFree
Grand Larousse encyclopédiqueFrenchGeneral interestFree
Great Norwegian EncyclopediaNorwegian (Bokmål)General interestFree
Great Russian EncyclopediaRussianGeneral interestFree
Great Soviet EncyclopediaRussian, EnglishGeneral interest, often from the former official Soviet viewpoint.Free
HamichlolHebrew, EnglishGeneral interest, designed for HaredimFree. Copyleft: mirror of Wikipedia content; copyright: original content.
Internetowa encyklopedia PWNPolishGeneral interestFree
Krugosvet (Rus. Кругосвет)RussianGeneral interest.Free
Marathi VishwakoshMarathiGeneral InterestFree
MarefaArabicGeneral interestFree
Mawdoo3ArabicGeneral interestFree
MetapediaHungarian, German, English, Spanish, Swedish, Romanian, Estonian, French, Slovenian, Czech, Portuguese, Norwegian, Danish, Greek, DutchFar right-wing, white nationalist and neo nazi encyclopedia​[6]​[7]​[8]​[9]​[10]​[11]Free
Meyers Konversations-Lexikon 4. ed. 1888 - 1892GermanGeneral interestFree
NationalencyklopedinSwedishGeneral interest, comprehensiveSubscription
New World EncyclopediaEnglishProject of the Unification movementFree. Wikipedia fork.
Open SiteEnglishCategorized community-built encyclopedia, inspired by the Open Directory ProjectDefunct
Oxford Bibliographies OnlineEnglishFree
Probert EncyclopaediaEnglishGeneral interestDefunct
Proleksis EncyclopediaCroatianGeneral and national encyclopediaFree with registration
SarvavijnanakosamMalayalamGeneral interestFree
SuperpediaBahasa Indonesia, Sundanese, JavaneseGeneral interestFree
Susning.nu (2001–09)SwedishA Swedish language wikiDefunct
Tamil EncyclopediaTamilGeneral InterestFree
TreccaniItalianGeneral interestFree
VeropediaEnglish, Dutch, SpanishMirrors stable versions of selected English Wikipedia articlesDefunct
WIEM EncyklopediaPolishGeneral interestFree
Winkler PrinsDutchGeneral interest, three different age levelsSubscription
World Book EncyclopediaEnglishGeneral interestSubscription

Biography
SiteLanguageDescriptionAccess
Australian Dictionary of BiographyEnglishEntries on notable Australians who have diedFree
Croatian Biographical LexiconCroatianMulti-volume biographical reference work on notable figures from Croatian historyFree
Deutsche BiographieGermanBiographies on notable German speaking peopleFree
American National BiographyEnglishBiographies of notable AmericansSubscription
Dictionary of Canadian BiographyEnglish, FrenchEntries on notable CanadiansFree
Dictionary of Irish ArchitectsEnglishBiographical information on Irish architects from 1720 to 1940Free
Kdo byl kdoCzechBiographies on notable Czech and Slovak peopleFree
Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815–1950GermanBiographies on notable AustriansFree
Oxford Dictionary of National BiographyEnglishComprehensive 66-volume reference work on notable figures from British historySubscription
Dictionary of New Zealand BiographyEnglish, MāoriEntries on notable New Zealanders who have diedFree
Dizionario Biografico degli ItalianiItalianBiographical Dictionary of Italian People, published by the Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana TreccaniFree
Antiquities, arts, and literature
SiteLanguageDescriptionAccess
Dictionary of Art HistoriansEnglishCovers topics relating to art historians, art critics, and their dictionariesFree
Dictionary of Greek and Roman AntiquitiesEnglishIncorporates text from the 19th century encyclopedia of the same name. Focuses on topics of cultural and historical Greek and Roman significance.Free
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and MythologyEnglishFocuses on topics dealing with Greek and Roman mythology and peopleFree
Dictionary of Greek and Roman GeographyEnglishFocuses on topic relating to Greek and Roman geographyFree
Enciclopedia DantescaItalianDevoted to Dante Alighieri and his time, by the Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana TreccaniFree
The Encyclopedia of FantasyEnglish[12]Free
Encyclopedia MythicaEnglishCovers folklore, mythology, and religion.[13]Free
Harper's Dictionary of Classical Literature and AntiquitiesEnglishCovers subjects of classical antiquity; text from 1898Free
The History of Nordic Women's LiteratureEnglish, Danish, SwedishSearchable online English-language version including many biographiesFree
The Literary EncyclopediaEnglishLiterature related articlesSubscription
Oxford Art OnlineEnglishVisual art; formerly Grove Art Online and The Dictionary of Art. Originally published in 1996 as a 34-volume printed encyclopedia; offered online since 1998.Subscription[14]
SIKARTEnglish, German, French, ItalianBiographical dictionary and database of Swiss visual artFree
Regional interest
SiteLanguageDescriptionAccess
AgropediaCovers topics related to agriculture in India.
Austria-ForumGerman, EnglishOnline database of Austrian cultureFree
BanglapediaBengali, EnglishBangladesh-related topicsFree
The Canadian EncyclopediaEnglish, FrenchGeneral interest regarding Canada and Canadiana (original content of the hard copy Canadian Encyclopedia)Free
Chalo ChatuEnglishCollaborative online encyclopedia hosted by Chalo Chatu Foundation featuring comprehensive articles on Zambian culture and history, etc.Free
Culinary Heritage of SwitzerlandGerman, French, Italian, RomanshOnline encyclopedia of traditional Swiss cuisine and produce.[15]Free
DEDIEnglish, SloveneOnline encyclopedia of the natural and cultural heritage of Slovenia, operated by the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts Scientific Research Center.[16]Free
Dictionary of SydneyEnglishArticles on the history and culture of Sydney, AustraliaFree
Encyclopaedia of Islam, 3rd editionEnglishAbout the Islamic world, not a Muslim encyclopaediaSubscription
Encyclopædia IranicaEnglish, plans for a future Persian versionTopics on Iranology and the influence of the Iranian peoples throughout historyFree
The Encyclopaedia of Korea[17]EnglishKorea-related topics[18]Free
Encyclopedia of Korean CultureKoreanKorea-related topicsFree
Encyclopedia SindhianaSindhiGeneral interest regarding SindhLimited free access and features
Internet Encyclopedia of UkraineEnglishUkraine, its history, people, geography, society, economy, and cultural heritage, based on the five-volume print Encyclopedia of UkraineFree
Gazetteer for ScotlandEnglishArticles on the geography and locations of ScotlandFree
Historical Dictionary of SwitzerlandFrench, German and ItalianArticles on the history of Switzerland.Free (without illustrations)
Kodansha Encyclopedia of JapanEnglishComprehensive articles on Japanese arts, culture, history, and politics, etc.Subscription
Oslo byleksikonBokmål (Norwegian)Online encyclopedia of Oslo, operated by the Society for Oslo Byes Vel, with an emphasis on places, buildings and historical events.[19]Free
PanyathaiThai, limited EnglishGeneral interest. Designed to honor the Thai king Bhumibol AdulyadejFree
SahapediaEnglishOpen encyclopedic resource on the arts, cultures and histories of India.[20]Free
Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New ZealandEnglish, MāoriSite operated by the New Zealand government regarding information about the countryFree
Vienna History WikiGermanArticles on the history of the city of Vienna, Austria. Includes 31,000 entries from the 2nd edition of Historisches Lexikon Wien.Free
US-American specific
See also: List of online state encyclopedias
SiteLanguageDescriptionAccess
64 ParishesEnglishOnline encyclopedia of Louisiana, run by the Louisiana Endowment for the Humanities.[21]Free
Encyclopedia of AlabamaEnglishEncyclopedia covering the state of Alabama, sponsored by the Alabama Humanities Foundation.Free
Encyclopedia of AppalachiaEnglishDedicated to the region, people, culture, history, and geography of Appalachia.Defunct
Encyclopedia of ArkansasEnglishProject of the Central Arkansas Library System and is the only U.S. state encyclopedia sponsored by a public libraryFree
Encyclopedia of ChicagoEnglishFree
Encyclopedia VirginiaEnglishEncyclopedia funded by the Virginia Foundation for the Humanities and Library of Virginia, covering topics on VirginiaFree
Handbook of TexasEnglishArticles on the U.S. State of TexasFree
HistoryLinkEnglishArticles pertaining to Washington state historyFree
MNopediaEnglishOnline encyclopedia about Minnesota, published by the Minnesota Historical Society.[22]Free
NCPediaEnglishEncyclopedia coordinated and managed by the North Carolina Government and State Library of North Carolina, covering a broad spectrum of topics and resources about North Carolina.[23]Free
New Georgia EncyclopediaEnglishArticles on the U.S. state GeorgiaFree
The Oregon EncyclopediaEnglishArticles pertaining to OregonFree
Tennessee EncyclopediaEnglishCovers the state of TennesseeFree
Pop culture and fiction
SiteLanguageDescriptionAccess
Don Markstein's ToonopediaEnglishFocuses on articles pertaining to print and animated cartoonsFree
Encyclopedia DramaticaEnglishContains humorous articles, especially those related or relevant to contemporary Internet culture.Free
The Encyclopedia of Science FictionEnglishAuthors, books, films of sci-fi.Free
EmojipediaEnglishEmojiFree
FringepediaEnglishContains articles pertaining to the American television drama Fringe.Free
h2g2EnglishCollection of sometimes humorous encyclopedia articles, based on Douglas Adams's The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy.Free
Heroes WikiEnglish, Dutch, French, German, Hebrew, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, TurkishContains articles pertaining to the American television drama Heroes.Free
Know Your MemeEnglishA website and video series which uses wiki software to document various Internet memes and other online phenomena, such as viral videos, image macros, catchphrases, and internet celebrities.[24][25]Free
LostpediaEnglish, German, Spanish, French, Italian, Japanese, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, ChineseContains articles pertaining to the hit drama LostFree
Memory AlphaEnglish, Bulgarian, Chinese, Czech, Dutch, Esperanto, French, German, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, SwedishArticles about Star TrekFree
LyricWiki (2006–20)MultilingualWiki-based lyrics database and encyclopediaDefunct
The Rocklopedia FakebandicaEnglishArticles on fake bands from popular entertainmentFree
Supernatural WikiEnglishContains articles pertaining to the American television drama Supernatural.Free
TV TropesEnglish, German, Esperanto, Spanish, French, Norwegian, Finnish, Swedish, Al Bhed, QuenyaArticles related to the devices and conventions that a fiction writer can reasonably rely on as being present in the audience members' minds and expectationsFree
UncyclopediaMultilingualHumour encyclopediaFree
Fallout WikiEnglish, German, Spanish, Bulgarian, Finnish, French, Georgian, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Lithuanian, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Swedish, Turkish, ChineseFallout-related articlesFree
WookieepediaEnglish, German, Spanish, Bulgarian, Danish, Finnish, French, Croatian, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, ChineseStar Wars-related articlesFree
WoWWiki / WowpediaEnglish, German, Spanish, French, Czech, Danish, Greek, Persian, Finnish, Hebrew, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Dutch, Nynorsk, Bokmål, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Russian, Slovak, Korean, Japanese, ChineseWorld of Warcraft-related articlesFree
Mathematics
SiteLanguageDescriptionAccess
Encyclopedia of MathematicsEnglishEncompasses articles on the topic of mathematicsFree
Encyclopedia of Triangle CentersEnglishInformation about ten thousands of triangle centers, including coordinates, operations, incidence, equations, etc.Free
EqWorldEnglish, RussianArticles on mathematical equationsFree
MathWorldEnglishArticles on a wide variety of mathematics related topicsFree
On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer SequencesEnglishInformation about hundred thousands of integersequences, including formulas, related sequences, programs, etc.Free/CC BY-NC 3.0
PlanetMathEnglishMathematics related topics and articlesFree/GNU
nLabEnglishCategory theory and related topicsFree
Media
SiteLanguageDescriptionAccess
Bulgarian Rock ArchivesBulgarianArchives of Bulgarian rock bands.
Canadian Pop Music EncyclopediaEnglishFree[26]
Encyclopaedia MetallumEnglishArchives of heavy metal bandsFree
Grove Music OnlineEnglishMostly on historic and classical music worldwide. It is the online version of The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, which has 20 printed volumes and was first published in 1980.Subscription[14]
IMDbEnglish, German, French, Hungarian, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Turkish, and SpanishInformation related to world films, television programs, home videos, video games, and internet streamsFree
MusicBrainzEnglish, German, French, Italian, DutchAn open music encyclopedia that collects music metadata.[27]Free
MOOMAHebrewArticles on Israeli music and musical artistsFree
PCGamingWikiEnglishCovers PC gamingFree
Rock in ChinaEnglishDocuments and archives contemporary Chinese music, ranging from rock music to punk, metal, electro, jazz and hip-hopFree
Philosophy
SiteLanguageDescriptionAccess
Internet Encyclopedia of PhilosophyEnglishPhilosophy related articlesFree
Marxists Internet ArchiveMultilingualTopics related to the study of MarxismFree
RationalWiki[28]EnglishSkeptical interests[29]Free
Routledge Encyclopedia of PhilosophyEnglishPhilosophy articlesSubscription
Stanford Encyclopedia of PhilosophyEnglishPhilosophy subjectsFree
Politics, law, and history
SiteLanguageDescriptionAccess
Ancient History EncyclopediaEnglishHistorical encyclopedia targeted at students and the general public. Reviewed by editorial team, not a Wiki.Free
BallotpediaEnglishAmerican politics, elections, and public policyFree
The Concise Encyclopedia of EconomicsEnglishEconomics – part of the Library of Economics and Liberty. Edited by David R. HendersonFree
Cyclopaedia of Political Science, Political Economy, and the Political History of the United StatesEnglishArticles pertaining to science, economics, and American authors. The 1899 edition is available onlineFree
DiplopediaEnglishUS State Department internal encyclopedic wiki, available for diplomats and overseas US agents to useAccess only through the State Department
dKosopediaEnglishPolitical encyclopedia written from a progressive/liberal Democratic point of viewFree
Encyclopedia TitanicaEnglishEncyclopedia related to the building and sinking of the RMS TitanicFree
Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human PotentialEnglishPresents articles on perceived human problemsFree
GapminderEnglishHistorical global trends in health, poverty, and demographicsFree
glbtq.comEnglishGay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, and queer culture.Free
HistoryLinkEnglishArticles on the history of Washington stateFree
Holocaust EncyclopediaEnglish, Arabic, Persian, French, SpanishHolocaust-related articles, published by the United States Holocaust Memorial MuseumFree
JurisPediaArabic, English, Chinese, French, German, Spanish, DutchAn academic encyclopedia on the concepts of lawFree
Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International LawEnglishEncyclopedia on public International LawFree
Online Encyclopedia of Mass ViolenceFrenchElectronic database focusing on massacres and genocides of the 20th century.[30]Free
Our World in DataEnglishGlobal trends on economic growth, poverty, health, war, violence, education, and demographicsFree
Spartacus EducationalEnglishFree
World History EncyclopediaEnglishThe world's most-read history encyclopedia, covering world history from all time periods.[31]Free
Religion and theology
SiteLanguageDescriptionAccess
Boston Collaborative Encyclopedia of Western TheologyEnglishArticles on Western Christian theologyFree, public domain
Catholic EncyclopediaEnglishTopics relating to Catholicism, text from 1913 and 1922Free, public domain
Christian CyclopediaEnglishCollection of historical and theological informationFree
Easton's Bible DictionaryEnglishArticles on Christianity and theologyFree, public domain
Encyclopaedia BiblicaEnglishContains articles pertaining to "the Literary, Political and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible"Free
Encyclopedia of MormonismEnglishArticles by Mormon academics on history and doctrine of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church).Free
Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia OnlineEnglishTopics relating to Anabaptism and MennonitesFree
İslâm AnsiklopedisiTurkishArticles on topics concerning Islamic studies.Free
The Jewish EncyclopediaEnglishTopics relating to JudaismFree
Jewish Virtual LibraryEnglishPortals to essential Jewish topicsFree
Encyclopedia MythicaEnglishCovers folklore, mythology, and religion.[13]Free
PunjabipediaPunjabiEntries on SikhismSubscription
Schaff–Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious KnowledgeEnglishChristian, published 1908–1914Free, public domain
HindumediawikiHindi[[1]] and English[[2]]Hinduism and Sanatan Dharmafree
Science and technology
SiteLanguageDescriptionAccess
Encyclopedia AstronauticaEnglishContains articles on the subject of space exploration and astronomyFree
Encyclopedia of EarthEnglishArticles on the Earth and its ecosystemsFree
Encyclopedia of ScienceEnglishA-to-Z of science (and technology, mathematics, philosophy, etc.) maintained and updated daily by astronomer and author David DarlingFree
Engineering and Technology History WikiEnglishThe history of technology, a partnership between the United Engineering Foundation, and the AIChE, AIME, ASCE, ASME, IEEE, SPE, and SWEFree
Free On-line Dictionary of ComputingEnglishComputing and related subjectsFree
GlottopediaEnglishLinguisticsFree
JavapediaEnglishCoverage of all topics related to the Java platformFree
OmniglotEnglishCovers languages and writing systems.Free
ProteopediaEnglishWiki-based 3D encyclopedia of proteins and other molecules.Free
RP Photonics EncyclopediaEnglishLaser technology, photonics, and related areas such as optical fibers and ultrashort pulses.Free
ScienceWorldEnglishCovers astronomy, scientific biography, chemistry, and physics. Like MathWorld, it is edited by Eric Weisstein.Free
Life sciences
SiteLanguageDescriptionAccess
Animal Diversity WebEnglishStudent wiki-type database at the University of Michigan of animal natural history, distribution, classification, and conservation biology.Free
APpediaChineseContains articles on the subject of general animal protectionFree
ARKiveEnglishVisual and audio recordings of the world's speciesDefunct
Encyclopedia of LifeEnglish, FrenchSeeks to categorize all 1.8 million known species on the planetFree
Encyclopedia of Life SciencesEnglishBiology related articlesSubscription
Encyclopedia of Life Support SystemsEnglishArticles about the natural and social sciencesSubscription
ErowidEnglishInformation about psychoactive substancesFree
FishBaseEnglish, Spanish, Portuguese, French, German, Italian, Dutch,
Chinese (Simplified Han), Chinese (Traditional Han), Greek, Swedish, Russian, Persian, Vietnamese, Thai, Lao, Hindi, Bengali
Articles on fish speciesFree
Flora EuropaeaEnglishCovers different plant speciesFree
King Abdullah Bin Abdulaziz Arabic Health EncyclopediaArabic, EnglishHealth encyclopediaFree
PalaeosEnglishCovers palaeontologyFree
World Flora OnlineEnglishCovers the world's plant speciesFree
WikispeciesEnglishSeeks to create a catalogue of all living thingsFree
ZipcodeZooEnglishEncyclopedia of all living thingsFree
Medical
SiteLanguageDescriptionAccess
GanfydEnglishOnline medical wikiDefunct
RadiopaediaEnglishArticles on medical imaging used in radiology and radiographyFree
WikEMEnglishThe world's "largest and most popular emergency medicine open-access reference resource."[32]Free
See also
References
  1. ^ a b James, Andrea (12 June 2017). "Can Everipedia remake collaborative encyclopedias to be inclusive and enjoyable?". Boing Boing.
  2. ^ a b Lee, Elaine (22 March 2016). "Wharton dropout creates Wikipedia alternative alongside Rap Genius co-founder". The Daily Pennsylvanian.
  3. ^ Anderson, Nate (2007-03-05). "Conservapedia hopes to "fix" Wikipedia's "liberal bias"". Retrieved 2019-04-05.
  4. ^ Stöcker, Christian (2007-03-06). "The Lord's Encyclopedia". Retrieved 2019-06-08.
  5. ^ See word search
  6. ^ Perrine Signoret (27 June 2017). "Infogalactic, Metapedia, Conservapedia: l'extrême droite aussi a ses "Wikipédia"". LExpansion.com (in French). Retrieved 13 November 2019.
  7. ^ Adam G. Klein (June 2010). A Space for Hate: The White Power Movement's Adaptation Into Cyberspace. pp. 93, 104–105. ISBN 978-1-936117-07-9.
  8. ^ Haines, Lester (2007-07-23). "Conservapedia too pinko? Try Metapedia - Aryans battle 'Cultural Marxism'". Theregister.co.uk. Situation Publishing. Archived from the original on 9 March 2011. Retrieved 9 March 2011.
  9. ^ Schweyer, Cléo (2009-07-15). "L'extrême droite s'offre une seconde jeunesse sur le web". cafebabel.fr (in French). Babel International. Archived from the original on 9 March 2011. Retrieved 9 March 2011.
  10. ^ "Metapedia" als nationales Pendant zu "Wikipedia" Archived 15 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine (i.e "Metapedia" as a nationalist counterpart to "Wikipedia") from: "Report by the NRW Office for the Protection of the Constitution for the year 2008" by the Ministry of Interior of North Rhine-Westphalia. pp. 59f. (in German)
  11. ^ Sobel Fitts, Alexis. "Welcome to the Wikipedia of the Alt-Right | Backchannel". Wired. ISSN 1059-1028. Retrieved 2021-04-13.
  12. ^ http://sf-encyclopedia.uk/fe.php?id=0&nm=introduction_to_the_online_text
  13. ^ a b "About | Encyclopedia Mythica". pantheon.org. Retrieved 2021-03-01.
  14. ^ a b In UK, can normally be accessed free via a local library
  15. ^ "A propos Patrimoine culinaire". www.patrimoineculinaire.ch​. Retrieved 2021-03-01.
  16. ^ "dedi.si". www.dedi.si. Retrieved 2021-03-01.
  17. ^ https://openresearch-repository.anu.edu.au/handle/1885/10445
  18. ^ "Asian Library Resources of Australia (ALRA) (formerly EALRGA)". alra.org.au. Retrieved 2021-03-01.
  19. ^ "Oslo Byleksikon – Oslo Byleksikon". www.oslobyleksikon.no. Retrieved 2021-03-01.
  20. ^ "About Us." Sahapedia. Retrieved March 1, 2021.
  21. ^ "About Us". 64 Parishes. Retrieved 2021-03-01.
  22. ^ "About MNopedia | MNopedia". www.mnopedia.org. Retrieved 2021-03-01.
  23. ^ "About NCpedia | NCpedia". ncpedia.org. Retrieved 2021-03-01.
  24. ^ Bruenig, Elizabeth (11 August 2017). "Why is millennial humor so weird?". Washington Post.
  25. ^ Manning, Allee (31 December 2016). "The Darkest, Dankest Year In Memes". Vocativ.
  26. ^ "The Canadian Pop Music Encyclopedia". The Canadian Pop Music Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2021-03-01.
  27. ^ "MusicBrainz - The Open Music Encyclopedia". musicbrainz.org. Retrieved 2021-03-01.
  28. ^ Charles Davis (May 30, 2018). "Sloppy Sourcing Plagues". The Newsweek Daily Beast Company. Retrieved June 24, 2019.
  29. ^ Keeler, Mary; Johnson, Josh; Majumdar, Arun. "Crowdsourced Knowledge: Peril and Promise for Complex Knowledge Systems" (PDF). p. 4. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 13, 2015. Retrieved January 17, 2015.
  30. ^ The Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence. Retrieved March 1, 2021. Archived. ISSN 1961-9898
  31. ^ "About Us". World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2021-03-01.
  32. ^ "WikEM". www.wikem.org. Retrieved 2021-03-01.
External links
"Encyclopedic Knowledge, Then vs. Now", The New York Times, May 3, 2009
Last edited on 13 May 2021, at 14:56
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