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List of prime ministers of Tunisia
The prime minister of Tunisia is the head of government of Tunisia since the creation of the office in 1800 till its abolition in 1957 with the proclamation of the Republic. The position was revived in 1969 under the Republican system. There have been 15 prime ministers of Tunisia since the office came into existence in 1969. The position existed before independence as the King of Tunisia appointed a grand vizier to be the head of government. However, it was abolished when the Republic was proclaimed in 1957. The 1959 Constitution of Tunisia established a presidential system where the president was both the chief of state and the chief of government. On November 1969, President Habib Bourguiba brought back the position by appointing Bahi Ladgham to be the first Prime Minister under the Republican system.
Before the 2011 revolution the role of the prime minister was limited to assisting the president. With the adoption of the new constitution in 2014, the constitutional powers expanded, making the Prime minister responsible of major domestic policies.
The youngest person to become prime minister was Youssef Chahed at 40 years of age while the oldest was Beji Caid Essebsi at 85 years of age. Two prime ministers —Mohamed Ghannouchi and Youssef Chahed— served under more than one president.
Two prime ministers became presidents afterwards: Zine El Abidine Ben Ali (1987–2011) and Beji Caid Essebsi (2014–2019).
There are currently seven living former prime ministers. The most recent former prime minister to die is Hamed Karoui on 27 March 2020.
List of prime ministers
Monarchy
No.PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
Term of OfficePartyHead of State
(Reign / Term)
Grand Viziers of the Beylik of Tunis
1
Rejeb Khaznadar
رجب خزندار
( 17??–1800)
17591782Independent
2
Moustapha Khodja
أبو النخبة مصطفى خوجة
( 17??–1800)
17821800Independent
3
Youssef Saheb Ettabaa
يوسف صاحب الطابع
(c. 1765–1815)
180023 January 1815Independent
4
Mohamed Arbi Zarrouk Khaznadar
محمد العربي زروق خزندار
(1760–1822)
18151822Independent
5
Hussein Khodja
حسين خوجة
(?–1857)
18221829Independent
6
Rashid al-Shakir Sahib al-Taba'a
شاكير صاحب الطابع
(c. 1790–1837)
18291837Independent
7
Mustapha Khaznadar
مصطفى خزندار
(1817–1878)
183722 October 1873Independent
8
Hayreddin Pasha
خير الدين باشا التونسي
(1822–1890)
22 October 187321 July 1877Independent
9
Mohammed Khaznadar
محمد خزندار
(c. 1810–1889)
21 July 187724 August 1878Independent
10
Mustapha Ben Ismail
أبو النخبة مصطفى بن اسماعيل
(c. 1850–1887)
24 August 187812 September 1881Independent
(9)
Mohammed Khaznadar
محمد خزندار
(c. 1810–1889)
12 September 1881October 1882Independent
11
Mohammed Aziz Bouattour
محمد العزيز بوعتور
(1825–1907)
October 18824 February 1907Independent
12
M'hamed Djellouli
امحمّد جلولي
(1834–1908)
18 February 1907June 1908[1]Independent
13
Youssef Djaït
يوسف جعيط
(1830–1915)
June 1908June 1915Independent
14
Taïeb Djellouli
الطيب جلولي
(1857–1944)
October 1915May 1922Independent
Prime Ministers of the Beylik of Tunis
1
Mustapha Dinguizli
مصطفى الدنقزلي
(1865–1926)
May 192220 October 1926[1]Independent
2
Khelil Bouhageb
خليل بوحاجب
(1863–1942)
3 November 19262 March 1932Independent
3
Hédi Lakhoua
الهادي الأخوة
(1872–1949)
2 March 193231 December 1942Independent
4
Mohamed Chenik
محمد شنيق
(1889–1976)
11 January 194315 May 1943Independent
5
Slaheddine Baccouche
صلاح الدين البكوش
(1883–1959)
115 May 194321 July 1947IndependentMuhammad VIII al-Amin
محمد الثامن الأمين

(1943–1956)
6
Mustapha Kaak
مصطفى الكعاك
(1893–1984)
21 July 194717 August 1950Independent
(4)
Mohamed Chenik
محمد شنيق
(1889–1976)
217 August 195026 March 1952Independent
(5)
Slaheddine Baccouche
صلاح الدين البكوش
(1883–1959)
212 April 19522 March 1954Independent
7
Mohamed Salah Mzali
محمد الصالح مزالي
(1896–1984)
2 March 19546 July 1954Independent
Georges Dupoizat
(1909–1975)
Acting Prime Minister
6 July 19547 August 1954Independent
8
Tahar Ben Ammar
الطاهر بن عمار
(1889–1985)
7 August 195420 March 1956Destour
Prime Ministers of the Kingdom of Tunisia
(8)
Tahar Ben Ammar
الطاهر بن عمار
(1889–1985)
20 March 195611 April 1956DestourMuhammad VIII al-Amin
محمد الثامن الأمين

(1956–1957)
9
Habib Bourguiba
حبيب بورقيبة
(1903–2000)
11 April 195625 July 1957[2]Neo Destour
Republic
  SDP/DCR (8)  Ennahda (2)  Nidaa Tounes (1)  Tahya Tounes (1)  Ettakatol[3] (1)
Premiership
Portrait
Prime Minister
Prior public office
Party
Election
President[4]

1
7 November 1969

2 November 1970
Bahi Ladgham
10 January 1913 – 13 April 1998
(Lived 85 years)
Minister of Defence
(1968)
 
SDP
1969
Habib Bourguiba

2
2 November 1970

23 April 1980
Hedi Nouira
5 April 1911 – 25 January 1993
(Lived 81 years)
Minister of Finance
(1955–1958)
 
SDP
1974
1979
3
23 April 1980

8 July 1986
Mohammed Mzali
23 December 1925 – 23 June 2010
(Lived 84 years)
Minister of Education
(1976–1980)
 
SDP
1981
4
8 July 1986

2 October 1987
Rachid Sfar
11 September 1933 (age 87)
Minister of Finance
(1986)
 
SDP
1986
5
2 October 1987

7 November 1987
Zine El Abidine Ben Ali
3 September 1936 – 19 September 2019
(Lived 83 years)
Minister of Interior
(1986–1987)
 
SDP

6
7 November 1987

27 September 1989
Hedi Baccouche
15 January 1930 – 21 January 2020
(Lived 90 years)
Minister of Social affairs
(1987)
 
SDP
Zine El Abidine Ben Ali

DCR
1989

7
27 September 1989

17 November 1999
Hamed Karoui
30 December 1927 – 27 March 2020
(Lived 92 years)
Minister of Justice
(1987)
 
DCR
1994

8
17 November 1999

27 February 2011
Mohamed Ghannouchi
18 August 1941 (age 79)
Minister of Finance
(1991–1992)
 
DCR
1999
2004
2009
Independent
Tunisian parliament dissolved
Fouad Mebazaa

9
27 February 2011

24 December 2011
Beji Caid Essebsi
29 November 1926 – 25 July 2019
(Lived 92 years)
6th Speaker of the Chamber of deputies
(1990–1991)
Independent

10
24 December 2011

14 March 2013
Hamadi Jebali
12 January 1949 (age 72)
No prior public office held
 
Ennahda
2011
Moncef Marzouki

11
14 March 2013

29 January 2014
Ali Laarayedh
15 August 1955 (age 65)
Minister of the Interior
(2011–2013)
 
Ennahda

12
29 January 2014

6 February 2015
Mehdi Jomaa
21 March 1962 (age 59)
Minister of Industry
(2013–2014)
Independent

13
6 February 2015

27 August 2016
Habib Essid
1 June 1949 (age 72)
Minister of the Interior
(2011)
Independent
2014
Beji Caid Essebsi

14
27 August 2016

27 February 2020
Youssef Chahed
18 September 1975 (age 45)
Minister of Local Affairs
(2016)
 
Nidaa Tounes

 
Tahya Tounes

15
27 February 2020

2 September 2020
Elyes Fakhfakh
1972
Minister of Finance
(2013–2014)
Minister of Tourism
(2011–2013)
 
Ettakatol
2019
Kais Saied

16
1 September 2020

25 July 2021
Hichem Mechichi
1974
Minister of the Interior
(2020)
 
Independent
Timeline
Rank by time in office

Mohamed Ghannouchi
Longest premiership:
11 years, 102 days
1999–2011

Zine El Abidine Ben Ali
Shortest premiership:
36 days
1987
RankPrime MinisterTime in office
1Mohamed Ghannouchi11 years, 102 days
2Hamed Karoui10 years, 51 days
3Hedi Nouira9 years, 173 days
4Mohamed Mzali6 years, 76 days
5Youssef Chahed3 years, 184 days
6Hedi Baccouche1 year, 324 days
7Habib Essid1 year, 203 days
8Rachid Sfar1 year, 86 days
9Hamadi Jebali1 year, 80 days
10Mehdi Jomaa1 year, 8 days
11Bahi Ladgham360 days
12Ali Laarayedh321 days
13Beji Caid Essebsi300 days
14Hichem Mechichi331 days
15Elyes Fakhfakh188 days
16Zine El Abidine Ben Ali36 days
Notes
  1. ^ a b Died in office.
  2. ^ Deposed Muhammad VIII al-Amin and became President.
  3. ^​https://www.jeuneafrique.com/mag/893439/politique/tunisie-la-garde-rapprochee-delyes-fakhfakh-charge-de-former-le-prochain-gouvernement/
  4. ^ Name of the president who appointed the Prime minister
Last edited on 26 July 2021, at 15:46
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