List of strikes
This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by adding missing items with reliable sources.
The following is a list of specific strikes (workers refusing to work in an attempt to change their conditions in a particular industry or an individual workplace, or in solidarity with those in another particular workplace) and general strikes (widespread refusal of workers to work in an organized political campaign on a broader national or international level).
Agitated workers face the factory owner in The Strike, painted by Robert Koehler in 1886
Chronological list of strikes
Seventeenth century
1619Polish craftsmen strikeJamestownThirteen Colonies
1661Indentured Servants' PlotVirginia colonyThirteen Colonies
Eighteenth century
1766Silver Miners' StrikeMineral del MonteMexico
1787Weavers StrikeCalton, GlasgowScotland
Nineteenth century
1835General StrikePhiladelphiaUnited States
1835Textile StrikePaterson, New JerseyUnited States
Frick's letter describing the plans and munitions that will be on the barges when the Pinkerton guards and County Sheriffs arrive to confront the strikers in the 1892 Homestead.
1864Collar Laundry Union strike[1]Troy, New YorkUnited States
1865Upper Peninsula miners' strikeMarquette, MichiganUnited States
1873Coal miners' strike of 1873northeastern Ohio, northwestern PennsylvaniaUnited States
1874Tompkins Square RiotNew York CityUnited States
1877Great Railroad StrikenationwideUnited States [2]
18811881 Atlanta washerwomen strikeAtlantaUnited States
1886Great Southwest Railroad StrikenationwideUnited States
1886Haymarket AffairChicago, IllinoisUnited States
1886Bay View TragedyMilwaukee, WisconsinUnited States
1887Sugar Cane Workers StrikeLafourche Parish, LouisianaUnited States
1888Burlington Railroad StrikeChicago, Burlington and Quincy RailroadUnited States
1888London matchgirls strike of 1888LondonUnited Kingdom
1889London Dock StrikeLondon, EnglandUnited Kingdom
1890Southampton Dock StrikeSouthampton, EnglandUnited Kingdom
1891Cotton pickers strike of 1891Lee County, ArkansasUnited States
1891Coal Creek Miners' StrikeAnderson County, TennesseeUnited States
1892Homestead StrikeHomestead, PennsylvaniaUnited States
1892Buffalo switchmen's strikeBuffalo, New YorkUnited States
1892Coeur d'Alene labor strikeCoeur d'Alene, IdahoUnited States
1892New Orleans general strikeNew Orleans, LouisianaUnited States
1894Pullman StrikePullman, ChicagoUnited States
1894Great Northern Railway StrikenationwideUnited States
1894Bituminous Coal Miners' StrikenationwideUnited States
1895Yaroslavl Great Manufacture strikeYaroslavl, Yaroslavl GovernorateRussian Empire
1896Leadville Miners' StrikeLeadville, ColoradoUnited States
1897Lattimer Massacre StrikeLattimer, PennsylvaniaUnited States
1898South Wales Coal strikeWalesUnited Kingdom
1899Coeur d'Alene labor confrontationCoeur d'Alene, IdahoUnited States
1899Newsboys StrikeNew York CityUnited States
1899Russian student strikeSt. Petersburg UniversityRussian Empire
Twentieth century
1900St. Louis Streetcar Strike of 1900St. Louis, MissouriUnited States
1900Anthracite Coal StrikeEastern PennsylvaniaUnited States
1901U.S. Steel Recognition Strike of 1901Homestead, PennsylvaniaUnited States
1902Anthracite Coal StrikeIllinois, Mississippi and TexasUnited States
1903Oxnard Strike of 1903Oxnard, CaliforniaUnited States
1903Utah Coal StrikeCarbon County, UtahUnited States
1903–1904Colorado Labor Wars, Western Federation of MinersColoradoUnited States
1906Cananea StrikeSonora, MexicoMexico
1907Music Hall Strike of 1907[3]LondonUnited Kingdom
1907Belfast Dock StrikeBelfastIreland
1907Río Blanco strikeOrizaba, VeracruzMexico
1907San Francisco Streetcar Strike of 1907San Francisco, CaliforniaUnited States
1907Revolt of the Languedoc winegrowersLanguedoc, Pyrénées-OrientalesFrance
1908Pensacola streetcar operators' strikePensacola, FloridaUnited States
1909Georgia Railroad strikeGeorgiaUnited States
1909New York shirtwaist strike of 1909 "Uprising of the 20,000"Manhattan, New YorkUnited States
1909Pressed Steel Car Strike of 1909McKees Rocks, PennsylvaniaUnited States
Bodies immediately after the Lena massacre of striking goldfield workers in 1912
1910–11Westmoreland County coal strike of 1910–11Westmoreland County, PennsylvaniaUnited States
1910Philadelphia general strike (1910)Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaUnited States
1910–11Westmoreland County coal strike of 1910–11Westmoreland County, PennsylvaniaUnited States
19111911 Liverpool general transport strikeLiverpool, MerseysideUnited Kingdom
1911Illinois Central shopmen's strike of 1911Illinois, Mississippi and TexasUnited States
19121912 Lawrence textile strike, a.k.a. the Bread and Roses StrikeLawrence, MassachusettsUnited States
1912Waihi miners' strikeWaihiNew Zealand
1912Louisiana-Texas Lumber War of 1911-1912Eastern LouisianaUnited States
1912Paint Creek–Cabin Creek strike of 1912Kanawha County, West VirginiaUnited States
1913Dublin strike and lockoutDublinIreland
1913Ludlow Massacre StrikeLudlow, ColoradoUnited States
1913Paterson silk strikePaterson, New JerseyUnited States
19131913 Great StrikenationwideNew Zealand
1913Indianapolis streetcar strike of 1913Indianapolis, IndianaUnited States
1913–14Copper Country strike of 1913–14Upper MichiganUnited States
1914–1939Burston Strike SchoolBurston, NorfolkEngland
1915–16Bayonne refinery strikesBayonne, New JerseyUnited States
19161916 Atlanta streetcar strikeAtlantaUnited States
1917–191917–1919 Brazil strike movementnationwideBrazil
1918BLE strike in New York CityNew York CityUnited States
1918–19British police strikes in 1918 and 1919,nationwideUnited Kingdom
1919Coal strikenationwideUnited States
1919Boston Police StrikeBoston, MassachusettsUnited States
19191919 Actors' Equity Association strikenationwideUnited States
1919Battle of George SquareGlasgowScotland
1919La Canadiense strikeCataloniaSpain
1919Florida Pebble StrikeMulberry, FloridaUnited States
1919Steel strike of 1919Homestead, PennsylvaniaUnited States
1920Battle of MatewanMatewan, West VirginiaUnited States
1920Denver streetcar strike of 1920Denver, ColoradoUnited States
19201920 Alabama coal strikeAlabamaUnited States
1920Oahu Sugar Strike of 1920Oahu, HawaiiTerritory of Hawaii
1921Kronstadt RebellionKronstadtRussian SFSR
1921Battle of Blair MountainLogan County, West VirginiaUnited States
1921Black Friday (1921)nationwideUnited Kingdom
1922Herrin massacreHerrin, IllinoisUnited States
1922Railroad Shopmen's StrikenationwideUnited States
1922Great Railroad Strike of 1922nationwideUnited States
1922Guayaquil general strikeGuayaquilEcuador
19231923 Victorian Police strikeMelbourne, VictoriaAustralia
1924Hanapepe massacreKauai, HawaiiUnited States
1925Ammanford Anthracite StrikeAmmanford, CarmarthenshireWales
19261926 Passaic Textile StrikePassaic, New JerseyUnited States
19261926 United Kingdom general strikenationwideUnited Kingdom
1927Columbine Mine MassacreSerene, ColoradoUnited States
19281928 New Bedford textile strikeNew Bedford, MassachusettsUnited States
1928Banana massacrenationwideColombia
19291929 Timber Workers strikenationwideAustralia
1929Lupeni Strike of 1929Lupeni, HarghitaRomania
1929Rothbury RiotNorth Rothbury, New South WalesAustralia
1929Loray Mill StrikeGastonia, North CarolinaUnited States
1931Tampa cigar makers' strike of 1931Tampa, FloridaUnited States
1931Santa Clara Cannery StrikeSanta Clara, CaliforniaUnited States
1931Ådalen shootingsÅdalenSweden
1931Harlan County WarHarlan County, KentuckyUnited States
1931Invergordon MutinyInvergordonScotland
1932Century Airlines pilots' strikeChicago, IllinoisUnited States
1932Ford Hunger MarchDetroit, MichiganUnited States
1932Griviţa Strike of 1933BucharestRomania
1933Briggs Manufacturing Company StrikeDetroit, MichiganUnited States
1933California Farmworkers' StrikeCaliforniaUnited States
1934Kohler StrikeSheboygan, WisconsinUnited States
19341934 New York Hotel StrikeNew York CityUnited States
1934Auto-Lite StrikeToledo, OhioUnited States
1934Minneapolis Teamsters Strike of 1934Minneapolis, MinnesotaUnited States
19341934 West Coast Longshore StrikeU.S. West CoastUnited States
1934United Fruit Banana Strike|nationwideCosta Rica
1934Textile workers Strike (1934)New England, Mid-Atlantic region and U.S. southern statesUnited States
1934Asturian miners' strike of 1934AsturiaSpain
1935Battle of Ballantyne PierVancouver, British ColumbiaCanada
1935Copperbelt strike (1935)Copperbelt ProvinceZambia
1935Pacific Northwest Lumber StrikeU.S. Pacific NorthwestUnited States
1935On-to-Ottawa TrekVancouver, British ColumbiaCanada
19351935 Gulf Coast longshoremen's strikeU.S. Gulf CoastUnited States
19361936 Syrian general strikenationwideSyria
1936Arab general strike (Mandatory Palestine)Mandatory PalestinePalestine
1936Flint Sit-Down StrikeFlint, MichiganUnited States
1936Gulf Coast maritime workers' strikeU.S. Gulf CoastUnited States
1936S.S. California strikeSan Pedro, CaliforniaUnited States
1936–37Remington Rand strike of 1936–1937New York CityUnited States
1936–37Flint Sit-Down Strike General MotorsFlint, MichiganUnited States
1937Little Steel Strike including Memorial Day massacre of 1937nationwideUnited States
1937Lewiston-Auburn Shoe StrikeLewiston, Maine and Auburn, MaineUnited States
19381938 San Antonio pecan shellers strikeSan AntonioUnited States
1938Hilo MassacreHilo, HawaiiTerritory of Hawaii
1939Tool and Die Strike of 1939Detroit, MichiganUnited States
1939Disney animators' strikeKansas City, MissouriUnited States
1941February StrikenationwideNetherlands
19421942 Betteshanger miners' strikeBetteshanger, KentUnited Kingdom
1942Quit India movementnationwideIndia
1942–431942-43 musicians' strikenationwideUnited States
19431943 Rolls-Royce strikeHillington, ScotlandUnited Kingdom
1944Philadelphia Transit StrikePhiladelphia, PennsylvaniaUnited States
1944Port Chicago mutinyChicago, IllinoisUnited States
1945Hollywood Black FridayHollywood, CaliforniaUnited States
1945–46Strike wave of 1946nationwideUnited States
1946African Mine Workers' StrikenationwideSouth Africa
19461946 Montreal Cotton StrikeMontreal, QuebecCanada
19461946 Pilbara strikePilbaraWestern Australia
1946The Great Hawaiian Sugar Strike of 1946Hawaii nationwideTerritory of Hawaii
1947Telephone StrikenationwideUnited States
1948Boeing Strike of 1948Seattle, WashingtonUnited States
19481948 Queensland Railway strikeQueenslandAustralia
1949Asbestos StrikeAsbestos, QuebecCanada
19491949 Australian coal strikenationwideAustralia
1950Atlanta transit strike of 1950Atlanta, GeorgiaUnited States
1950General strike against Leopold III of BelgiumBrusselsBelgium
1951New Zealand waterfront strikenationwideNew Zealand
19521952 steel strikenationwideUnited States
1953The Hartal of 1953nationwideSri Lanka
1955Hock Lee bus riotsSingaporeRepublic of Singapore
1959Steel strike of 1959nationwideUnited States
19601960 Writers Guild of America strikeHollywood, CaliforniaUnited States
1960–611960–1961 Winter General StrikeWalloniaBelgium
19621962 New York City newspaper strikeNew York CityUnited States
1963Reesor Siding Strike of 1963Reesor, OntarioCanada
19641964 Mount Isa Mines StrikeMount Isa, QueenslandAustralia
1965–70Delano grape strikeDelano, CaliforniaUnited States
19661966 New York City transit strikeNew York CityUnited States
1966Gurindji strikeKalkarindji, Northern TerritoryAustralia
1966Texas farm workers' strikeTexasUnited States
1966–67St. John's University strike of 1966–67New York CityUnited States
1967Hong Kong 1967 Leftist RiotscitywideHong Kong
1968May 1968 in FrancenationwideFrance
1968Memphis sanitation strikeMemphis, TennesseeUnited States
1968Chrysler wildcat strikeDetroit, MichiganUnited States
1968New York City Teacher's Strike of 1968New York CityUnited States
1968Florida statewide teachers' strike of 1968FloridaUnited States
19681968 NFL strike/lockoutFloridaUnited States
1969Unofficial strike by mineworkers over pay of surface workers[4]nationwideUnited Kingdom
1970U.S. Postal Service strike of 1970nationwideUnited States
1970-71Colour StrikenationwideUnited Kingdom
1970–71Salad Bowl strikenationwideUnited States
19711971 NYPD Work StoppageNew York CityUnited States
1971Longshore Strike (1971, U.S.)U.S. West CoastHawaii and British ColumbiaUnited States and Canada
19711971 United Kingdom postal workers strikenationwideUnited Kingdom
19721972 Major League Baseball strikenationwideUnited States
1972UK building workers' strike (1972)Shrewsbury, ShropshireUnited Kingdom
1972UK miners' strike (1972)nationwideUnited Kingdom
19741974 railway strike in India by 17 million workers of Indian Railways[5][6][7][8]nationwideIndia
1974Bituminous Coal Strike of 1974nationwideUnited States
1974Ulster Workers' Council StrikenationwideNorthern Ireland
1974UK miners' strike (1974)nationwideUnited Kingdom
19741974 NFL strikenationwideUnited States
1976–77Grunwick DisputeLondonEngland
19771977 Atlanta sanitation strikeAtlantaUnited States
1977–78Bituminous Coal Strike of 1977–1978nationwideUnited States
1978Sudbury Strike of 1978Sudbury, OntarioCanada
1978–79Winter of DiscontentnationwideUnited Kingdom
1980Gdańsk Shipyard StrikeGdańskPoland
1981Air traffic controllers' strike/Professional Air Traffic Controllers OrganizationnationwideUnited States
1981Bydgoszcz eventsBydgoszczPoland
19811981 Writers Guild of America strikeHollywood, CaliforniaUnited States
19811981 Major League Baseball strikenationwideUnited States
19821982 NFL strikenationwideUnited States
19821982 garment workers' strike[9]New York CityUnited States
1983Arizona Copper Mine Strike of 1983Greenlee County, ArizonaUnited States
1984Battle of OrgreaveOrgreave, South YorkshireEngland
1984Cammell Laird Shipyard OccupationnationwideUnited Kingdom
1984–85UK miners' strike (1984–1985)nationwideUnited Kingdom
1984–85UK miners' strike (1984–1985)nationwideUnited Kingdom
1985–861985–86 Hormel strikeAustin, MinnesotaUnited States
1985Mudginberri disputeNorthern TerritoryAustralia
19851985 Major League Baseball strikenationwideUnited States and Canada
1986Dollar Sweets disputeState of VictoriaAustralia
1986Guilford Transportation Industries railroad workers' strikeNorth Billerica, MassachusettsUnited States
1986Major Indoor Soccer League lockoutnationwideUnited States
1986Wapping disputeLondonEngland
1987International Paper strikeCorinth, New YorkUnited States
19871987 NFL strikenationwideUnited States
1987Metro Toronto Elementary Teacher's StrikeToronto, OntarioCanada
19881988 United Kingdom postal workers strikenationwideUnited States
19881988 Writers Guild of America strikeHollywood, CaliforniaUnited States
19891989 Australian pilots' strikenationwideAustralia
1989–90Pittston Coal strikePittston, PennsylvaniaUnited States
1989–901989–90 British ambulance strikeNationwideUnited Kingdom
19901990 Major League Baseball lockoutnationwideUnited States
1990Mandal Commission protests of 1990 (India, 1990)MandalIndia
19921992 NHL strikenationwideCanada and United States
1993Timex strikeDundeeScotland
1994–951994-95 Major League Baseball strikenationwideCanada and United States
1994–951994–95 NHL lockoutnationwideCanada and United States
1995–97Detroit Newspaper StrikeDetroit, MichiganUnited States
19951995 strikes in FrancenationwideFrance
19951995 NBA lockoutnationwideCanada and United States
1995–98Liverpool dockers' strike (1995–98)Liverpool, MerseysideEngland
19961996 NBA lockoutnationwideCanada and United States
1996–971996–1997 strikes in South KoreanationwideSouth Korea
1996–971996 NBA lockoutnationwideCanada and United States
19971997 UPS Strike (U.S.)nationwideUnited States
19971997 Ontario teachers strikeOntarioCanada
19981998 Australian waterfront disputeMelbourne, Brisbane, Fremantle and SydneyAustralia
1998–991998–99 NBA lockoutnationwideCanada and United States
19991999 UNAM strikeMexico CityMexico
Twenty-first century
2000Verizon StrikeNew York CityUnited States
2001Jeffboat wildcat strikeJeffersonville, IndianaUnited States
2001National Gallery of CanadaOttawa, OntarioCanada
2001-2003Friction Dynamics - T&G UnionCaernarfon, Wales, UKUnited Kingdom
2002UK Firefighter strike 2002nationwideUnited Kingdom
2003Scottish Nursery Nurses StrikenationwideScotland
20032003 Broadway Musicians StrikeNew York CityUnited States
20032003 June 15 Hospitality workers at the Congress Plaza Hotel.[10]Chicago, IllinoisUnited States
2003–04Southern California supermarket strike of 2003–04Southern CaliforniaUnited States
2004–052004–05 NHL lockoutnationwideUnited States and Canada
2005Bolivian Gas WarnationwideBolivia
20052005 New York City transit strikeNew York CityUnited States
2006Dhaka strikesDhakaBangladesh
20062006 labor protests in FrancenationwideFrance
20062006 Oaxaca protestsOaxacaMexico
20062006 Progressive Enterprises disputeAuckland, Palmerston North and ChristchurchNew Zealand
2006South Korean railroad strike of 2006nationwideSouth Korea
20062006 Toronto Transit Commission wildcat strikeToronto, OntarioCanada
2006University of Miami 2006 custodial workers' strikeMiami, FloridaUnited States
20072007 Freightliner wildcat strikePortland, OregonUnited States
20072007 South African public servants' strikenationwideSouth Africa
20072007 Orange County transit strikeOrange, CaliforniaUnited States
2007Hayward teachers strikeHayward, CaliforniaUnited States
20072007 General Motors strikeDetroit, MichiganUnited States
20072007 UK postal strikesnationwideUnited Kingdom
20072007 Broadway Stagehand StrikeNew York CityUnited States
2007November 2007 strikes in FrancenationwideFrance
2007German national rail strike of 2007nationwideGermany
20072007 South Africa miners' strikenationwideSouth Africa
2007–082007–08 CBS News writers strikeNew York CityUnited States
2007–082007–2008 Cork players strikeCounty CorkIreland
2007–082007–2008 Writers Guild of America strikeHollywood, CaliforniaUnited States
2007–082007–2008 Berlitz Japan Strike[11]Aoyama, TokyoJapan
20082008 British teacher's strikenationwideEngland
20082008 Toronto Transit Commission strikeToronto, OntarioCanada
20082008 VIVA bus operators strikenationwideCanada
2008Boeing Machinists Strike of 2008[12]Seattle, WashingtonUnited States
2008–092008–09 York University StrikeYork, OntarioCanada
20092009 Lindsey Oil Refinery strikesNorth Killingholme, LincolnshireEngland
20092009 City of Toronto inside and outside workers strike[13]Toronto, OntarioCanada
20092009 Leeds refuse workers strikeCity of LeedsWest YorkshireEngland
20092009 UK postal strikesnationwideUnited Kingdom
Arizona teachers' strike, 26 April 2018
General strike in Catalonia, 21 February 2019
20102010 University of Puerto Rico StrikeSan JuanPuerto Rico
20102010 Scottish football referee strikenationwideScotland
20102010 Spanish air traffic controllers strikenationwideSpain
20102010 Major League Soccer lockout/strikenationwideUnited States
20102010 Georgia prison strikeGeorgiaUnited States
2010–112010-11 Hanjin Heavy Industries strikenationwideSouth Korea and the Philippines
20112011 NBA LockoutnationwideUnited States and Canada
20112011 NFL lockoutnationwideUnited States
20122012 NFL referee lockoutnationwideUnited States
2012–132012–13 NHL lockoutnationwideUnited States and Canada
20122012 Ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach strikeLos Angeles and Long Beach, CaliforniaUnited States
20132013 Hong Kong dock strikecitywideHong Kong
2014Chinese Golf Factory Workers Strike for Essential RightsShenzhenChina
20152015 United Steel Workers Oil Refinery Strike[14]California, Indiana, Kentucky, Ohio, Texas and WashingtonUnited States
20152015 Kohler Strike[15]Kohler, WisconsinUnited States
20162016 Verizon workers' strike[16]New York CityUnited States
20162016 video game voice actor strike[17]Los Angeles, CaliforniaUnited States
20172017 Philippine jeepney drivers' strikenationwidePhilippines
20172017 Brazilian general strikenationwideBrazil
20173rd October Catalan independentists General StrikenationwideCatalonia
20182018 teachers' strikes in the United StatesnationwideUnited States
20182018 York University strike: Teaching Assistants, Graduate Assistant, Research Assistant, and Contract Faculty StrikeYork, OntarioCanada
20182018 Taylorsville Georgia-Pacific strikeTaylorsville, MississippiUnited States
2018Brazil truck drivers' strikenationwideBrazil
2018Marriott Hotels strike[18][19]Bethesda, MarylandUnited States
20182018–19 education workers' strikes in the United StatesnationwideUnited States
20182018 Alabama Coca-Cola strikeAlabama and MississippiUnited States
20182018 Atlanta sanitation strikeAtlantaUnited States
2018School strike for climateworldwideglobal
20182018–2020 UK higher education strikesnationwideUnited Kingdom
2019Wright State University 2019 faculty strikeDayton, OhioUnited States
20192019 Alaska ferry workers strikeAlaskaUnited States
20192019 AT&T strikeSouthern United StatesUnited States
Michigan graduate students strike, 11 September 2020
20202020 Santa Cruz graduate students' strikeSanta Cruz, CaliforniaUnited States
20202020 United States essential workers general strikenationwideUnited States
20202020 New Orleans sanitation strikeNew OrleansUnited States
20202020 Bath shipbuilders strikeBath, MaineUnited States
2020Strike for Black LivesnationwideUnited States
20202020 Michigan graduate students strikeAnn Arbor, MichiganUnited States
20202020 University of Illinois Hospital strikesChicagoUnited States
20202020 Indian general strikenationwideIndia
2020–212020–21 Alabama aluminum plant strikeMuscle Shoals, AlabamaUnited States
20212021 Hunts Point Produce Market strikeNew York CityUnited States
20212021 St. Paul Park refinery strikeSt. Paul Park, MinnesotaUnited States
20212021 St. Charles Bend strikeBend, OregonUnited States
20212021 Saint Vincent Hospital strikeWorcester, MassachusettsUnited States
20212021 Columbia University strikeNew York CityUnited States
Chronological list of general strikes
1820Radical WarCentral Belt, Scotland United KingdomInfluenced by Radical demands for reform, especially among Scottish weavers
1835Philadelphia general strike of 1835Philadelphia, Pennsylvania United StatesSuccessful strike for a ten-hour work day and better wages
1842General Strike of 1842England and Wales United KingdomChartist general strike against low wages originating from coal miners in Staffordshire before spreading to multiple industries in the Midlands as well as coal mines across the country.
1877St. Louis general strike of 1877St. Louis, Missouri United StatesOrganized by the Knights of Labor and the Workingmen's Party during the Great Railroad Strike of 1877 for a child labor ban and an eight-hour day; ended with a suppression by the municipal government and the National Guard
1877Scranton general strikeScranton, Pennsylvania United StatesOrganized during the Great Railroad Strike; ended with riots, the imposition of martial law by the Pennsylvania Militia, and the strikers returning to work without concessions.
1886Walloon jacquerie of 1886Wallonia
1892New Orleans general strike of 1892New Orleans, Louisiana United StatesSuccessful strike for a 10-hour day and overtime pay; notable for the participation of both white and black strikers
1893Belgian general strike of 1893Mons
Strike by the Belgian Labour Party to pressure Prime Minister Auguste Beernaert's Catholic Party government to introduce universal male suffrage
1909Swedish General Strikenationwide SwedenUnsuccessful general strike called by the Swedish Trade Union Confederation
1910Philadelphia general strike of 1910Philadelphia, Pennsylvania United StatesAmalgamated Transit Union strike of Philadelphia Transportation Company trolley workers which expanded into a citywide American Federation of Labor general strike, eventually leading to wage increases
1912Brisbane general strike of 1912Brisbane, Queensland AustraliaCaused when Australian Tramway Employees Union members were dismissed for wearing union badges; ended with Queensland Police Service attacks on labor marchers in Market Square leading to a public outcry and the strengthening of the Australian labour movement
19171917–1919 Brazil strike movementRio de Janeiro, São Paulo and Rio Grande do Sul
Series of general strikes leading to an attempted anarchist uprising against the First Brazilian Republic.
1918Vancouver general strikeVancouver, British Columbia CanadaGeneral strike caused by the arrest of Albert "Ginger" Goodwin, discontent over high living costs and low wages during World War I, and the October Revolution; ended with police attacks on union offices
1919Seattle General StrikeSeattle, Washington United StatesIndustrial Workers of the World strike caused when the Emergency Fleet Corporation denied shipbuilders' demands for higher wages and intended to start a socialist revolution; contributed to the First Red Scare
1919Winnipeg general strikeWinnipeg, Manitoba CanadaGeneral strike ending with repression by the North-West Mounted Police but leading to the growth of the Canadian democratic socialist and labor movements.
1920Berlin general strikeBerlin
General strike encouraged by the government to resist an attempted overthrow of the Weimar Republic
1920Ruhr uprisingRuhr
General strike in support of the Social Democratic government before expanding into a mass labor uprising to establish a "dictatorship of the proletariat"; suppressed by the Freikorps and the Reichswehr
1920Italian anti-Fascist general strikeRome
Unsuccessful general strike intended to prevent a seizure of power by Benito Mussolini's National Fascist Party
1926United Kingdom general strike of 1926nationwide United Kingdom10-day general strike by the General Council of the Trades Union Congress to prevent wage reductions and worsened conditions for coal miners; ended without concessions or violence.
1934San Francisco general strike of 1934San Francisco, California United States83-day general strike in support of the International Longshoremen's Association during the Great Depression; the success of the strike contributed to the growth of industrial unionism under the Congress of Industrial Organizations.
1936Palestinian general strikenationwide Mandatory PalestineGeneral strike coordinated by the Arab Higher Committee against Jewish settlement in Palestine; eventually led to the 1936–1939 Arab revolt in Palestine.
1942Luxembourgish general strike of 1942nationwide LuxembourgCampaign of passive resistance against the Nazi occupation during World War II.
1946Oakland general strike of 1946Oakland, California United StatesPart of the 1945-46 strike wave in the United States during the U.S. demobilization after World War II and the abolition of National War Labor Board restrictions, which contributed to the passage of the Taft–Hartley Act restricting union activities and strike actions.
1950General strike against Leopold III of Belgiumnationwide
Originated over opposition to King Leopold III of Belgium being returned to throne after his refusal to leave Belgium with the government-in-exile during the Nazi occupation; ended with his agreement to abdicate and allow his son Baudouin to take the throne
1953Uprising of 1953nationwide East GermanyOriginated as strike by East Berlin construction workers against Sovietizationwork quotas before expanding to a broad revolt against the Soviet-sponsored Socialist Unity Party's rule; repressed by the Soviet Army and the Kasernierte Volkspolizei
1956General strike of 1956nationwide FinlandSuccessful Central Organisation of Finnish Trade Unions general strike for higher wages
1960–61Belgian general strike of 1960–61Wallonia
General Labour Federation of Belgium general strike against Prime Minister Gaston Eyskens's austerity policies, especially the Unitary Law; contributed to the growth of the Walloon Movement
1968French general strike of May 1968nationwide
Student protests which escalated into a nationwide general strike which halted the French economy and continued with wildcat strikes after the Grenelle agreements granted higher wages, leading to fears of a revolution against Charles de Gaulle; ended with Gaullist counter-demonstrations and a vote of confidence from the National Assembly.
1973Uruguay general strike of 1973nationwide
Unsuccessful general strike against the 1973 Uruguayan coup d'état, leading the civic-military dictatorship to ban trade unions.
1974Ulster Workers' Council strikeNorthern Ireland United KingdomSuccessful Ulster loyalist general strike against the Sunningdale Agreement between Great Britain and Ireland, which would have attempted to resolve the Northern Ireland conflict by establishing a power-sharing Northern Ireland Executive and revived Council of Ireland
1988Spanish general strike of 1988nationwide
Workers' Commissions and Unión General de Trabajadores strike against the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party's policies under Prime Minister Felipe González
1992April 1992 general strike in Nepalnationwide
19981998 Puerto Rican general strikenationwide United States (
 Puerto Rico)
41-day general strike against the privatization of the Puerto Rico Telephone Company, accompanied by some violence and sabotage.
2002–03Venezuelan general strike of 2002–03nationwide
General strike against President Hugo Chávez including a large contingent of PDVSA workers.
20062006 democracy movement in Nepalnationwide
20072007 Guinea general strikenationwide
Successful general strike forcing President Lansana Conté to resign.
20082008 Egyptian general strikenationwide
General strike including large contingent of textile workers during the 2007–2008 world food price crisis
20112011 Oakland general strikeOakland, California United StatesPart of the Occupy Oakland demonstrations
2016Indian general strike of 2016nationwide
24-hour general strike against Prime Minister Narendra Modi's economic policies
20172017 Brazilian general strikenationwide
General strike against President Michel Temer's labor reform policies during the Brazilian economic crisis.
20172017 Catalan general strikeCatalonia
General strike in support of the Catalan independence movement, accompanied by police repression by the Spanish government.
20182018 Jordanian general strikenationwide JordanAnti-austerity general strike
2018–19School strike for climateAmerica, Europe, Australia, and others.VariousInternational movement of students skipping classes to support renewable energy and climate change mitigation
20202020 United States essential workers general strikenationwide United StatesGeneral strike involving essential workers during the COVID-19 pandemic
2020Strike for Black Livesnationwide United StatesMass walkout in support of the George Floyd protests
20202020 Indian general strikenationwide
Preceded the 2020–2021 Indian farmers' protest
See also
Organized labour portal
Labor conflict in the United States, An encyclopedia. edited by Ronald Filippelli, assisted by Carol Reilly – Garland Publishing New York & London 1990 (ISBN 0-8240-7968-X)
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  11. ^ "The Japan Times – News on Japan, Business News, Opinion, Sports, Entertainment and More". The Japan Times.
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  13. ^ Lu, Vanessa; Vincent, Donovan (22 June 2009). "Keep your trash, citizens told". The Star. Toronto. Retrieved 8 May 2010.
  14. ^ "Welcome to The Oil Strike Newsletter". United Steelworkers. Archived from the original on 2018-01-20. Retrieved 2015-03-03.
  15. ^ "Kohler workers reject offer, OK first union strike at company since 1983". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. November 15, 2015. Retrieved 16 November 2015.
  16. ^ 40,000 Verizon Workers Go On Strike url=​http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/verizon-strike_us_570df081e4b03d8b7b9ed710
  17. ^ McNary, Dave (2016-10-24). "More Than 100 SAG-AFTRA Videogame Strike Supporters Rally at Electronic Arts". Variety. Retrieved 2016-10-25.
  18. ^ Philip, Drew (October 26, 2018). "'One job should be enough': Marriott hotel workers' strike hits eight US cities". The Guardian. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
  19. ^ Schwartz, Karen (October 31, 2018). "What You Need to Know About the Strike Against Marriott Hotels". The New York Times. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
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Last edited on 12 May 2021, at 22:02
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