In many parts of the world, local elections
take place to select office-holders in local government
, such as mayors
. Elections to positions within a city or town are often known as "municipal elections". Their form and conduct vary widely across jurisdictions
Local elections by area
Adopted by the Congress of the Council of Europe
, The European Charter of Local Self-Government
aims to establish basic European rules in order to measure and safeguard the rights of local authorities. The Charter commits the parties to applying basic rules guaranteeing the political, administrative and financial independence of local authorities. The Congress conducts two main activities so as to evaluate the Charter's implementation: local and regional election monitoring
and observation. The Congress regularly observes local and/or regional elections in member and applicant countries, which allows the Council to monitor the state of local and regional democracy in the countries concerned. With regards to its monitoring mission, the Congress prepares monitoring reports.
In Saudi Arabia
, local elections have proven to be easier to achieve than larger scale ones that affect the national or federal government. By giving voice to people on the smaller scales of government, over such issues as water supply, power, and sewer systems, confidence is thought to be built to eventually reform higher levels of government.
In more mature developed nations
there is always an effort to get more information about candidates and options to people, and to keep the influence of larger national bodies like a political party
to a minimum, as its ideological agenda is not typically that of any locality:
In the United Kingdom
the term local elections refers to county, unitary authority
, borough, district, city, town and parish elections. These take place on the first Thursday of May every year. Councillors generally sit for four years. The number of independent (non-party) Councillors has declined over the past forty years - nowadays the overwhelming majority of local Councillors belong to one of the major parties.
Last edited on 8 May 2021, at 05:30
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