In this Spanish name
, the first or paternal surname
and the second or maternal family name is Debayle
Luis Anastasio Somoza Debayle
(18 November 1922 – 13 April 1967) was the 26th President
from 21 September 1956 to 1 May 1963,
but was effectively dictator
of the country from 1956 until his death.
Following the assassination
of his father, Anastasio Somoza García
, Luis was tapped as acting president, and was elected president in his own right later that year. His rule was somewhat milder than that of his father. However, civil liberties remained restricted, and corruption remained widespread.
His brother, Anastasio Somoza Debayle
, headed the National Guard
and was the second most powerful man in the country during his older brother's rule. Although Luis declined to run for reelection in 1963, he and Anastasio saw to it that the presidency was held from 1963 onward by politicians loyal to the Somozas. As a result, Luis remained the real power in Nicaragua until his death in 1967, when he suffered a massive heart attack
at the age of 44.
He is entombed at Cementerio Occidental with his father, in the National Guard Mausoleum in Managua, Nicaragua. His wife Isabel moved to Houston
, Texas in the early 1990s, and died there in 2014.
- ^ "Gobernantes de Nicaragua". Ministerio de Educación. 9 December 2012. Archived from the original on 9 October 2012.
- ^ Horgan, James J. (1990). Pioneer College: The Centennial History of Saint Leo College, Saint Leo Abbey, and Holy Name Priory. Saint Leo College Press. p 464
- ^ "Capitulo Eterno". fisigmaalfa.org. Archived from the original on 15 April 2008. Retrieved 12 February 2008.
- ^ "Nicaraguan President Educated in the U.S."The Paducah Sun. UPI. 3 June 1959. p. 17. Retrieved 21 January 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
- ^ "She's Mrs. Santa to the whole city". St. Louis Globe-Democrat. Managua. 25 December 1959. p. 43. Retrieved 21 January 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
- ^ "(DELEGASE EN EL PODER EJECUTIVO LAS FUNCIONES DE LEGISLAR MIENTRAS EL PODER LEGISLATIVO NO ESTÈ REUNIDO)". legislacion.asamblea.gob.ni.
- ^ "(CRÉASE UN NUEVO JUZGADO PARA EL DISTRITO JUDICIAL DE MASAYA)". legislacion.asamblea.gob.ni.
- ^ "INSTALACIÓN DEL CONGRESO NACIONAL Y DE LAS CÁMARAS DE DIPUTADOS Y DEL SENADO". legislacion.asamblea.gob.ni.
- ^ Gillespie, Laura (4 September 2014). "Family remembers Nicaraguan first lady". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 21 January 2020.
Last edited on 9 December 2020, at 10:25
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