: Lunds universitet
) is a prestigious university in Sweden
and one of northern Europe's oldest universities. The university is located in the city of Lund
in the province of Scania
, Sweden. It traces its roots back to 1425, when a Franciscan studium generale
was founded in Lund. After Sweden won Scania from Denmark in the 1658 Treaty of Roskilde
, the university was officially founded in 1666 on the location of the old studium generale
next to Lund Cathedral
Two major facilities for materials research are in Lund University: MAX IV
, a synchrotron radiation laboratory – inaugurated in June 2016, and European Spallation Source
(ESS), a new European facility that will provide up to 100 times brighter neutron beams than existing facilities today, to be opened in 2023.
The university centers on the Lundagård
park adjacent to the Lund Cathedral
, with various departments spread in different locations in town, but mostly concentrated in a belt stretching north from the park connecting to the university hospital area and continuing out to the northeastern periphery of the town, where one finds the large campus of the Faculty of Engineering
The university was at its founding granted four faculties: Law
. They were the cornerstones, and for more than 200 years this system was in effect. Towards the end of the 17th century, the number of students hovered around 100. Some notable professors in the early days were Samuel Pufendorf
, a juridical historian; and Canutus Hahn
and Kristian Papke
The Scanian War
in 1676 led to a shut-down, which lasted until 1682. The university was re-opened largely due to regional patriots, but the university was not to enjoy a high status until well into the 19th century. Lecturing rooms were few, and lectures were held in the Lund Cathedral
and its adjacent chapel. The professors were underpaid.
View of the Historical Museum building in the 19th century.
In 1716, Charles XII of Sweden
entered Lund. He stayed in Lund for two years, in between his warlike expeditions. Lund and the university attracted a temporary attention boost. The most notable lecturer during this time was Andreas Rydelius
Peace was finally restored with the death of Charles XII in 1718, and during the first half of the 18th century, the university was granted added funds. The number of students was now well around 500. Despite not being on par with Uppsala University
, it had still built a solid reputation and managed to attract prominent professors.
Around 1760 the university's reputation dropped as the number of students fell below 200, most of whom hailed from around the province. However, by 1780 its reputation was largely restored and continued to rise through the 1820s. This was largely owing to popular and well-educated lecturers particularly in philology; the prominent professor Esaias Tegnér
was a particularly notable character with widespread authority. He, in turn, attracted others towards Lund. One of these was the young theological student C. G. Brunius
, who studied ancient languages under Tegnér and were later to become a professor of Greek. With time he was to devote himself to architecture and he redesigned several of Lund's buildings, as well as churches of the province.
A student called Elsa Collin
was the first woman in the whole of Sweden to take part in a spex
The University Square in the 1910s.
In the early 20th century, the university had a student population as small as one thousand, consisting largely of upper-class pupils training to become civil servants, lawyers and doctors. In the coming decades, it started to grow significantly until it became one of the country's largest. In 1964 the social sciences were split from the Faculty of Humanities. Lund Institute of Technology
was established in 1961 but was merged with Lund University eight years later.
In recent years, Lund University has been very popular among applicants to Swedish higher education institutions, both nationally
For studies starting in autumn 2012, Lund received 11,160 foreign master's applications from 152 countries, which was roughly one third of all international applications to Swedish universities.
Women at the university
The first woman to study in Lund was Hildegard Björck
(spring of 1880) who had previously studied in Uppsala
and had there been the first Swedish woman ever to get an academic degree. Her tenure in Lund was however very brief and the medical student Hedda Andersson
who entered the university later in 1880 (two years before the next woman to do so) is usually mentioned as the first woman at Lund University.
Hilma Borelius was the first woman who finished a doctorate in Lund, in 1910. The first woman to be appointed to a professor's chair was the historian Birgitta Odén
(1965). In 1992 Boel Flodgren
, Professor of Business Law, was appointed rector magnificus
(or, strictly speaking, rectrix magnifica
) of Lund University. As such, she was the first woman to be the head of a European university.
the oldest university building (completed 1584).
University Central Library
The university's facilities are mainly located in the small city of Lund in Scania, about 15 km away from central Malmö
and 50 km from Copenhagen
. The large student- and staff population makes an impact on the city, effectively making it a university town
. Over a hundred university buildings
scatter around town, most of them in an area covering more than 1 km², stretching towards the north-east from Lundagård park in the very centre of town. Buildings in and around Lundagård include the main building, Kungshuset
, the Historical Museum and the Academic Society's headquarters. The main library building is located in a park 400 meters to the north, followed by the large hospital complex.
Lund University has a satellite campus in nearby Malmö
, Sweden's third-largest city. The Faculty of Fine and Performing Arts' three academies: Malmö Art Academy
, Malmö Academy of Music
and Malmö Theatre Academy
, are all located in Malmö. The city is also the location of Skåne University Hospital, where Lund University performs a considerable amount of research and medical training.
is, as the name suggests, located in the city of Helsingborg
, almost 50 km from Lund. Opened in 2000, it consists of a building in the city center, right next to the central train station and the harbor. Nearly 3,000 students are based on the campus.
The Department of Service Management and the Department of Communication and Media are among those located at the campus in Helsingborg.
Teaching and training at the School of Aviation (LUSA) take place at an airfield next to the town of Ljungbyhed
, about 40 km away from Lund.
Lund University library
was established in 1668 at the same time as the university and is one of Sweden's oldest and largest libraries. Since 1698 it has received legal deposit
copies of everything printed in the country. Today six Swedish libraries receive legal deposit copies, but only Lund and the Royal Library
are required to keep everything for posterity. Swedish imprints make up half of the collections, which amount to 170,000 linear meters of shelving (2006). The library serves 620,000 loans per year, the staff is 200 full-time equivalents, and the 33 branch libraries house 2600 reading room desks.
The current main building at Helgonabacken opened in 1907. It was named Sweden's most beautiful building in 2019.
The old library building was Liberiet
close to the city's cathedral. Liberiet was built as a library in the 15th century but now serves as a cafe.
Education and research in the health sciences
at the university are operated in cooperation with Skåne University Hospital
, located in both Lund and Malmö. Medical education takes place in the Biomedical Centre, next to the hospital in Lund. Nursing
and occupational therapy
are taught in the Health Sciences Centre nearby. The university also operates the Clinical Research Centre in Malmö, featuring many specialized laboratories. There are over 100 faculty.
LU Accommodation offers housing in the cities of Lund
. There are different room types including dormitory rooms, studio flats, one and two-bedroom apartments.
The University Board is the University's highest decision-making body. The Board comprises the Vice-Chancellor, representatives of the teaching staff and students, and representatives of the community and business sector.
Chair of the board is Margot Wallström
. Executive power lies with the Vice-Chancellor and the University Management Group, to which most other administrative bodies are subordinate.
Lund University is divided into nine faculties:
- Faculties of Humanities and Theology
- Faculty of Engineering (LTH)
- Faculty of Fine & Performing Arts
- Faculty of Law
- Faculty of Medicine
- Faculty of Science
- Faculty of Social Sciences
- School of Aviation
- School of Economics and Management
The university is also organised into more than 20 institutes and research centres,
- Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies (LUCSUS)
- Biomedical Centre
- Centre for Biomechanics
- Centre for Chemistry and Chemical Engineering - Kemicentrum
- Centre for East and South-East Asian Studies
- Centre for European Studies
- Centre for Geographical Information Systems (GIS Centrum)
- Centre for Innovation, Research and Competence in the Learning Economy (CIRCLE)
- Center for Middle Eastern Studies at Lund University
- Centre for Molecular Protein Science
- Centre for Risk Analysis and Management (LUCRAM)
- International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics at Lund University (IIIEE)
- Lund Functional Food Science Centre
- Lund University Diabetes Centre (LUDC)
- MAX lab - Accelerator physics, synchrotron radiation and nuclear physics research
- Pufendorf Institute
- Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law
- Swedish South Asian Studies Network
LTH's Design Centre.
synchrotron radiation laboratory
Nano-science & technology Lab
Bio Medical Center
Approximately 42,000 students (27,000 FTE) study within one of the 276 educational programs, the 100 international master's programs, or the 2,200 independent courses. Around five hundred courses are, or can be, held in English for the benefit of international exchange students. There are several programs allowing foreign students to study abroad at the University. Notable foreign students include United States Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg
, who spent time at Lund University in the 1960s conducting research.
The university offers 6 out of the 10 most popular master's programs in Sweden (2021), in terms of numbers of applications. Five of those programs are offered at the School of Economics and Management (LUSEM).
Students are awarded ECTS credits
for all completed courses. Grading scales vary by program and even course; "Pass/Fail" and "Pass with distinction/Pass/Fail" are most common, but ECTS grades
are increasingly given as well. Engineering students generally receive grades as "5/4/3/Fail".
Lund University is well known as one of Scandinavia's largest research universities.
It ranks among top performers in the European Union
in terms of papers accepted for publication in scientific journals
It is one of Sweden's top receiver of research grants, most of which come from government-funded bodies.
The EU is the university's second largest external research funder and Lund is the 23rd largest receiver of funding within the union's Seventh Framework Programme
The university is active in many internationally important research areas such as nanotechnology
, climate change
and stem cell biology
One of the most famous innovations based on research from Lund University is diagnostic ultrasound
, which is today a routine method of examination in hospitals around the world. Other examples of pioneering innovations are the artificial kidney
, which laid the foundations for the multinational company Gambro
and which makes life easier for dialysis patients worldwide, and Bluetooth technology
, which enables wireless communication over short distances.
Here is a sample selection of discoveries from Lund through the ages.
- 1847: Ice Age theory
- 1887: Rydberg's constant
- 1916: The M series and new methods of measurement
- 1926: The first respirator
- 1944: The Tetrahedron – milk packaging for the modern era
- 1946: The artificial kidney
- 1953: Medical ultrasound
- 1956: Human chromosome number
- 1957: Dopamine
- 1962: The Falk-Hillarp method, Partial differential equations
- 1963: Lactose intolerance
- 1966: Asthma medicine
- 1967: Nicorette
- 1969: New x-ray contrast agent
- 1970: The modern-day medical ventilator
- 1972: The Inkjet printer
- 1987: Inhalator for asthma medicine
- 1991: Laser cancer treatment, Proviva
- 1993: Qlik – data visualization software
- 1994: Bluetooth
- 1997: Precise biometrics – fingerprint reader
- 1999: Digital diagnostic support
- 2004: Facial recognition technology
- 2008: Cancer diagnostics using MR technology
- 2009: Treatment of pre-eclampsia
- 2012: The world's most water-efficient shower
- 2013: A unique new method for simpler and more accurate cancer diagnosis, Open and alternative map service
- 2014: Proteins diagnose cancer
Lund University is among the most renowned institutions of higher learning
in the Nordic countries
and is commonly ranked within the top 100 in the world by the most influential ranking agencies. Lund was ranked 67th in the world in the 2014/15 QS World University Rankings
In the Leiden Ranking for 2017, Lund University was ranked 84th in the world.
It is the most popular university in Sweden for international applicants and was ranked as the 40th most international university in the world by Times Higher in 2021.
The QS World University Rankings by Subject for 2020 places Lund in the top 50 in the following subjects: Development Studies (24th), Geography (24th), Environmental Sciences (39th), Nursing (47th), Finance (47th) and Social Policy and Administration (49th).
Additionally, the Times Higher subject rankings for 2020 places Lund in 50th place in Law.
In 2014, the National Secretary of Higher Education, Science, Technology and Innovation, Ecuador (Senescyt), as a parameter for awarding scholarships, created a list of top Universities around the world placing Lund University in Top 1 in "Natural Sciences, Mathematics and Statistics"
and Top 3 in both fields: "Information Technology and Communication"
and "Engineering, Manufacturing and Construction".
In 2018, Lund placed 82nd in the world in the Times Higher Global University Employability Ranking.
the student-run complex at the heart of student life in Lund, May 2002.
Lund student life is based on three central structures: the student nations, the Academic Society (AF) and the student unions. Before July 1, 2010, students were required to enroll in a student union, nation and AF in order to receive grades at the university, but this is no longer compulsory.
Students may still enroll in these organizations if they wish.
in Lund are a central part of the university's history, initially serving as residential colleges
for students, organized by geographic origin. Östgöta Nation
, the oldest nation, was established in 1668, two years after the university was founded. While the nations still offer limited housing, today they are best described as student societies
Today students may enroll in any nation, although the nations still preserve their geographic names. In most cases, it does not matter what nation one enrolls in, but different nations offer different activities for interested students.
Each nation has student housing, but the accommodations in no way meet demand, and they are usually appointed according to a queue system. Each nation has at least one pub evening per week, with a following night club. The solemn peak event in the course of an activity year is the organization of student balls once a year. Most well known of the nation balls (as opposed to balls organized by student unions) is the ball hosted by Göteborgs Nation - called the "Gustaf II Adolf Ball" (also known as the "GA-Ball"). Most nations also host at least one banquet
per week, where a three-course dinner is served. Each nation also has different activities for students interested in sports, arts, or partying. All activities within the nations are voluntary.
The Academic Society
In 1830, Professor Carl Adolph Agardh
formed Akademiska Föreningen
(The Academic Society), commonly referred to as AF, with the goal of "developing and cultivating the academic life" by bringing students and faculty from all departments and student nations together in one organization. Prince Oscar
, then Sweden's Chancellor of Education, donated 2000 Kronor to help found the society. In 1848, construction began on AF-borgen
(the AF Fortress), which is located opposite the Main Building
. To this day, AF is the center of student life in Lund, featuring many theater companies, a prize-winning student radio (Radio AF
), and organizing the enormous Lundakarnevalen
(the Lund Carnival) every four years. "AF Bostäder", an independent foundation with close ties to Akademiska Föreningen, maintains over 5,700 student residences in Lund.
The Delphi residential area, located in the northern part of Lund, is one of the large student housing complexes run by AF Bostäder.
The student unions represent students in various decision-making boards within the university and counsel students regarding their rights, housing and career options. There are nine student unions, one for each faculty and an additional union for doctoral students
. Lund's Doctoral Student Union
is further divided into councils, one for each faculty except for the faculties of engineering and fine and performing arts.
The unions are incorporated into the Association of Lund University Student Unions (LUS). It has two full-time representatives who go to weekly meetings with the vice-chancellor and other organizational university bodies. The student union association runs services such as a loan institute, a day-care center and a website with housing information. It also publishes the monthly Lundagård magazine.
Alumni and faculty of Lund University are associated with, among other things: four Nobel Prizes, a Fields Medal, the creation of the first implantable pacemaker
, the development of echocardiography
, the spread of modern physiotherapy
, the discovery of the role of dopamine
as an independent neurotransmitter, the determination of the number of chromosomes
of man, the establishment of osseointegration
, the development of the Bluetooth technology
, and the development of the modern-day medical ventilator.
The following is a selected list of some notable people who have been affiliated with Lund University as students or academics.
Humanities and economics
Biology and medicine
(1707–1778), began his academic career in Lund by studying medicine and botany for a year before moving to Uppsala
He is known as the father of modern taxonomy
, and is also considered one of the fathers of modern ecology
. Pehr Henrik Ling
(1776–1839) is considered the prime developer of natural gymnastics,
the father of Swedish massage,
and one of the most important contributors to the development and spread of modern physical therapy. Carl Adolph Agardh
(1787–1859) made important contributions to the study of algae
and played an important role as a politician in raising educational standards in Sweden. Elias Magnus Fries
(1794–1878) was a notable botanist who played a prominent role in the creation of the modern taxonomy of mushrooms. Nils Alwall
(1904–1986) was a pioneer in hemodialysis who constructed the first practical dialysis machine, commercialized by The Gambro Company
. Rune Elmqvist
(1906–1996) was a physician and medical engineer who developed the first implantable pacemaker
as well as the first inkjet ECG printer. Lars Leksell
(1907–1986) was a notable neurosurgeon who was the father of radiosurgery and later the inventor of the Gamma Knife. Inge Edler
(1911–2001) developed the medical ultrasonography
in 1953, commonly known as echocardiography, together with Hellmuth Hertz, and was awarded the Lasker Clinical Medical Research Award in 1977. Sune Bergström
(1916–2004) and Bengt Samuelsson
(1934–) were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
in 1982 for "discoveries concerning prostaglandins
and related biologically active substances". Arvid Carlsson
(1923–) was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2000 for "discoveries concerning signal transduction in the nervous system" and is noted for having discovered the role of dopamine
as an independent neurotransmitter.
Mathematics, engineering and physical sciences Per Georg Scheutz
(1785–1873) was a Swedish lawyer, publicist and inventor who created the first working programmable difference engine with a printing unit. Martin Wiberg
(1826–1905) was a prolific inventor who, among many things, created the first difference engine the size of the sewing machine that could calculate and print logarithmic tables. Johannes Rydberg
(1854–1919) was a renowned physicist famous for the Rydberg formula and the Rydberg constant. Carl Charlier
(1862–1934) was an internationally acclaimed astronomer who made important contributions to astronomy
as well as statistics and was awarded the James Craig Watson Medal
in 1924 and the Bruce Medal
in 1933. Manne Siegbahn
(1886–1978), a student of Rydberg, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics
1924 for his discoveries and research in the field of X-ray spectroscopy
. Oskar Klein
(1894–1977) was an internationally renowned theoretical physicist famous for the Klein-Kaluza theory, the Klein-Gordon equation, and the Klein-Nishina formula. Pehr Edman
(1916–1977) was a renowned biochemist who developed a method for sequencing proteins, known as the Edman degradation, and has been called the father of modern biochemistry
. Hellmuth Hertz
(1920–1990) developed the echocardiography
together with Inge Edler (see above), and was also the first to develop the inkjet technology of printing. Lars Hörmander
(1931–2012) is sometimes considered the foremost contributor to the modern theory of linear partial differential equations
and received the Fields Medal
in 1962 for his early work on equations with constant coefficients
. Karl Johan Åström
(1934–) is a notable control theorist, who in 1993 was awarded the IEEE Medal of Honor
for "fundamental contributions to theory and applications of adaptive control technology".Sven Mattisson
(1955–) is an electrical engineer who was one of the developers of the Bluetooth technology.
Politics and law
Literature and culture
(1759–1808) was a notable Swedish writer, poet, and philosopher who, among many things, was an early proponent of gender equality
. Esaias Tegnér
(1782–1846) was an influential writer, poet, bishop and professor of the Greek language
, perhaps most famous for his work Frithiofs Saga
. Viktor Rydberg
(1828–1895) was a notable journalist, writer and researcher, most famous for his works Tomten
and regarded as one of Sweden's most important authors of the 19th century. Frans G Bengtsson
(1894–1954) was a Swedish writer and poet famous for his novels The Long Ships
(Röde Orm) which have been translated to at least 23 languages. Fritiof Nilsson Piraten
(1895–1972) was a Swedish lawyer and popular author, known for his works Bombi Bitt och Jag and Bock i Örtagård. Hjalmar Gullberg
(1898–1961) was a notable writer and poet who was also the head of the Swedish Radio Theatre 1936–1950. Ivar Harrie
(1899–1973) was one of the founders of the newspaper Expressen
, as well as its editor in chief 1944–1960. Elisabet Wentz-Janacek
(1923 – 2014) was a composer and musicologist who mapped 20,000 different melody variants for Swedish hymns and helped create the Swedish Choral Registrar. Hans Alfredsson
(1931–2017) was a Swedish comedian, author and actor, sometimes regarded as the foremost representative of the so-called Lundahumorn (the humor from Lund). Agnes von Rosen
was a bullfighter and stunt performer who spent most of her later years in Mexico. Axwell
(Born as Axel Christofer Hedfors, 1977–) is a world-renowned DJ
, perhaps best known as a member of the trio the Swedish House Maffia
. Elisabet Wentz-Janacek
was a musicologist, organist, and major contributor to the Swedish Choral Registrar.
Business and entrepreneurship
(1926–2019) was the managing director of Tetra Pak
1954–1985, the company's chairman 1985–1993, and has been ranked as the third richest man in Sweden. Pehr G. Gyllenhammar
(1935–) is a businessman who was the CEO and chairman of Volvo
1971–1983 and 1983–1993 respectively, the chairman of Procordia 1990–1992, Aviva 1998–2005, Investment AB Kinnevik
2004–2007, and is the current vice chairman of Rothschild Europe. Bertil Hult
(1941–) founded EF Education
from his dormitory in Lund 
and was the company's CEO until 2002 and chairman until 2008. Olof Stenhammar
(1941–) is a Swedish financier and businessman who founded Optionsmäklarna, OM, which later changed its name to OMX and today is a part of the NASDAQ OMX Group
. Michael Treschow
(1943–) is the current chairman of Unilever
and was the CEO of Atlas Copco
1991–1998 and 1998–2002 respectively, as well as the chairman of Ericsson
2002–2011. Stefan Persson
(1947–) was the CEO of H&M
1982–1997 and has been the company's chairman since 1998 and has been ranked among the top ten richest men in the world. Dan Olofsson
(1950–) is a Swedish entrepreneur and philanthropist who founded the company Sigma and the foundation Star for Life
and is a large shareholder in the company ÅF
. Anders Dahlvig
(1957–) was the CEO and President of the IKEA
group between 1999 and 2009, during which IKEA experienced an average growth of 11 percent,
and is the current chairman of the New Wave Group. Charlotta Falvin
(1966–) is a Swedish businesswoman who is the chairman of the companies Teknopol, Barista, Multi-Q and Ideon AB and the previous CEO of TAT and Decuma. Ann-Sofie Johansson
is the Creative Advisor and former Head of Design for fashion retailer H&M.Cristina Stenbeck
(1977–) is a Swedish businesswoman who is the current chairman of Investment AB Kinnevik.
Lund University cooperates with universities on all continents, both in areas of research and student exchange
. Apart from being a member of the prestigious LERU
and Universitas 21
networks, the university participates in the European Erasmus
programs. It also coordinates several intercontinental projects, mostly through the Erasmus Mundus
Prepared for both the book and the sword – to study and to defend the country in times of war. The lion in Lund University's seal holds a book in one hand, and a sword in the other.
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- Lunds universitets historia : utgiven av universitetet till dess 300-årsjubileum. 4 volumes. Lund: Lunds universitet 1968-1983. (The standard work on the history of the university.)
- Magnus Laurentius Ståhl, Biographiske underrättelser om professorer vid Kongl. universitetet i Lund, ifrån dess inrättning till närvarande tid. ("Biographical notes on professors at the Royal University of Lund from its foundation until the current time") Christianstad: L. Littorin, 1834. (public domain book available on Google Print,)
Last edited on 30 April 2021, at 19:01
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