) is a governorate
. It is located 173 kilometers to the northeast of Yemen's capital, Sana'a
. The population of Marib Governorate comprises 1.2% of the country's total population. The city of Marib
is the capital of the governorate, and was established after the discovery of oil
deposits in 1984.
The governorate's climate varies based on elevation. The mountainous and elevated regions, which make up the western half of the governorate, are dominated by a moderate climate with hot summers and relatively cold winters. In the low-lying and plain regions, the climate is hot in the summers and moderate in the winters. The desert regions are characterized by a dry climate: hot in the summers, and cold and dry in the winters.
Summer rains fall on most parts of the governorate, but the amount of rainfall is usually small, especially in the eastern parts. Most parts of Ma'rib Governorate suffer from drought, given the sparse rainfall.
Agriculture and economy
The area is home to the largest gas-fired power plant in Yemen, the Maʼrib Gas Plant, whose electricity towers have been sabotaged continuously since the beginning of 2011. These sabotage operations did not stop until 2014, due to the inability of the Basindawa
government to deter the saboteurs.
Agriculture is the main livelihood for the governorate's residents. Maʼrib Governorate ranks third in Yemen behind Al Hudaydah Governorate
and Sana'a Governorate
in terms of agricultural production, making up 7.6% of the country's total agricultural production. Its most important agricultural products are fruits
, and vegetables
. Many types of livestock
are found in the governorate, including cattle
, and poultry
. There are also quite a number of beehives. According to statistics for the time period 2007-11, the governorate was home to approximately 1,943,564 sheep, approximately 1,669,370 goats, roughly 42,000 cattle, and about 112,782 camels, which make up 3.80% of Yemen's total livestock.
Flora and fauna
Many types of wild animals
are present in the governorate, and are plentiful in the western areas, including hyenas
, wild rabbits
, and hyraxes
, and owls
. The birds are numerous in areas dense with trees
, as well as near wadis
, especially those with water
The presence of the nimr
) was reported in the Sarawat Mountains
The total number of residents living in the governorate was 238,522 according to the 2004 census, and the rate of growth was 2.72%.
There are fourteen districts in Marib.
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Last edited on 28 April 2021, at 07:39
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