, local dialects: Mafrag
, "crossroads") is the capital city of Mafraq Governorate
, located 80 km to the north from the capital Amman
in crossroad to Syria
to the north and Iraq
to the east. It had 56,340 inhabitants in 2004.
A residential neighborhood in Mafraq
A tank on display in the Martyrs Memorial in Mafraq
Mafraq was first settled in the 4th century BC. It is located about 17 km west of the historic Nabataean
town of Umm el-Jimal
, which was built in the 1st century.
The city was first named "Fudain", which comes from the word for fortress in Arabic
. The city gained significant importance after the establishment of the Hejaz Railway
connecting Istanbul to Medina. It was renamed to the current name Mafraq by the Ottoman
Turks, which means "cross roads". Mafraq was the location of a British military base and airport from the early 20th century. It later became the base for the Arab Legion
during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. In 1945, the Municipality of Mafraq was established with Ali Abdeyyah as its first mayor. During the Second World War, the city's military base hosted British troops from India, Australia and other British colonies.
The city of Mafraq is located in northern Jordan at the boundary between the Hauran
plateau and the Syrian Desert
, about 80 km north of Amman
. It is the capital and largest city of Mafraq Governorate. The city is close to the three major cities in the region, Amman to the south, Irbid
to the west, and Damascus
to the north.
Prisoners of war being escorted to the military base in Mafraq in 1948
The international highway that connects Damascus to Riyadh
passes through the city. Mafraq has a station on the 1,050 mm (3 ft 511
in) national railway system.
The railway station in Mafraq
Al al-Bayt University
is the only university in the city. It was established in 1992 and is located in the south-eastern outskirts of Mafraq city.
- ^ Official city website (Arabic) Archived 2010-02-04 at the Wayback Machine
- ^ "Increasingly, hungry refugees receive aid not as food, but as cash". The Economist. 1 October 2016. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
- ^ "Al al-Bayt University". Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 21 January 2010.
Last edited on 28 November 2020, at 04:54
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