Mafraq - Wikipedia
Mafraq
For the village in Saudi Arabia, see Mafraq, Saudi Arabia.
Mafraq (Arabic: المفرق‎‎ Al-Mafraq, local dialects: Mafrag or Mafra' , "crossroads") is the capital city of Mafraq Governorate in Jordan, located 80 km to the north from the capital Amman in crossroad to Syria to the north and Iraq to the east. It had 56,340 inhabitants in 2004.
Mafraq City
مدينة المَفْرَق
City

Mafraq city center
Mafraq City
Coordinates: 32°20′24″N 36°12′19″E
CountryJordan
ProvinceMafraq Governorate
Founded333 B.C.
Municipality established1945
Government
 • MayorAbdullah arqan
Area
 • City14 km2 (5 sq mi)
 • Metro128 km2 (49 sq mi)
Elevation700 m (2,300 ft)
Population (2017)[1]
 • City580,000
Time zoneGMT +2
 • Summer (DST)+3
Area code(s)+(962)2
Website
www.mafraq.gov.jo
History
A residential neighborhood in Mafraq
A tank on display in the Martyrs Memorial in Mafraq
The historic city of Umm el-Jimal
Mafraq was first settled in the 4th century BC. It is located about 17 km west of the historic Nabataean and Byzantine town of Umm el-Jimal, which was built in the 1st century.
The city was first named "Fudain", which comes from the word for fortress in Arabic. The city gained significant importance after the establishment of the Hejaz Railway connecting Istanbul to Medina. It was renamed to the current name Mafraq by the Ottoman Turks, which means "cross roads". Mafraq was the location of a British military base and airport from the early 20th century. It later became the base for the Arab Legion during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. In 1945, the Municipality of Mafraq was established with Ali Abdeyyah as its first mayor. During the Second World War, the city's military base hosted British troops from India, Australia and other British colonies.
Mafraq is the capital of Mafraq Governorate and the headquarters of the Third Division of the Jordanian Army. King Hussein Air College and an air base of the Royal Jordanian Air Force are also located in the city.
In 2016, 50% of the population of Mafraq were Syrian refugees.[2]
Geography
The city of Mafraq is located in northern Jordan at the boundary between the Hauran plateau and the Syrian Desert, about 80 km north of Amman. It is the capital and largest city of Mafraq Governorate. The city is close to the three major cities in the region, Amman to the south, Irbid to the west, and Damascus to the north.
Climate
Mafraq has a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk). Most rain falls in the winter. The average annual temperature in Mafraq is 16.6 °C (61.9 °F). About 184 mm (7.24 in) of precipitation falls annually.
Climate data for Mafraq
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)12.5
(54.5)
14.4
(57.9)
17.6
(63.7)
22.5
(72.5)
27.7
(81.9)
31.1
(88.0)
32.1
(89.8)
32.3
(90.1)
30.5
(86.9)
26.4
(79.5)
20.3
(68.5)
14.2
(57.6)
23.5
(74.2)
Average low °C (°F)2.2
(36.0)
3.3
(37.9)
5.5
(41.9)
8.9
(48.0)
12.2
(54.0)
14.9
(58.8)
16.3
(61.3)
16.4
(61.5)
14.5
(58.1)
11.7
(53.1)
7.3
(45.1)
3.1
(37.6)
9.7
(49.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches)41
(1.6)
37
(1.5)
31
(1.2)
11
(0.4)
3
(0.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
7
(0.3)
20
(0.8)
34
(1.3)
184
(7.2)
Source: Climate-Data.org,Climate data
Prisoners of war being escorted to the military base in Mafraq in 1948
Transport
The international highway that connects Damascus to Riyadh passes through the city. Mafraq has a station on the 1,050 mm (3 ft 51132 in) national railway system.
The railway station in Mafraq
Education
Al al-Bayt University is the only university in the city. It was established in 1992 and is located in the south-eastern outskirts of Mafraq city.[3]
See also
References
  1. ^ Official city website (Arabic) Archived 2010-02-04 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Increasingly, hungry refugees receive aid not as food, but as cash". The Economist. 1 October 2016. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
  3. ^ "Al al-Bayt University". Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 21 January 2010.
External links
Official website
Last edited on 28 November 2020, at 04:54
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