National Transitional Council
On 23 March 2011, amidst the Libyan Civil War
, the National Transitional Council
officially formed a transitional government and Jibril was appointed to head it.
Jibril led meetings and negotiations with French
President Nicolas Sarkozy
, a meeting that resulted in France officially recognizing the National Transitional Council as the sole representative of the Libyan people.
He also met with UK Foreign Secretary William Hague
Ambassador to Libya Gene Cretz
, successfully persuading them to publicly back the NTC.
Following his appointment as the NTC's head of government, Jibril was referred to by foreign officials as both as the interim prime minister
and the chairman of the Executive Board,
the title attributed to him by the NTC official website.
References to Jibril as the prime minister, including by news organisations,
foreign government ministries
and world leaders,
have increased significantly after rebels entered Tripoli
in late August 2011.
In his capacity as the NTC's top diplomat, Jibril was also referred to as the council's foreign minister,
though this may have been a colloquial title. Qatar
-based news organization Al Jazeera
also called him "the NTC's chief of staff" on at least one occasion.
The Executive Board was sacked en masse
by decision of the NTC on 8 August over its sluggish response to the assassination of General Abdul Fatah Younis
's top commander.
Jibril was asked to form a new board subject to the council's approval.
Though Jibril stayed on as the board's chairman, a spokesman for the NTC said he would be required to spend less time out of the country.
On 21 August, amidst the Battle of Tripoli
, Jibril gave a televised speech urging revolutionary fighters against looting, revenge
killing, abusing foreign nationals, and mistreating prisoners of war
He also called for unity and asked that police and army units in Tripoli
disavow Gaddafi but remain at their posts. Jibril declared, "Today, all Libya's people are allowed to participate in the building of the future to build institutions with the aid of a constitution that does not differentiate between a man and a woman, sects or ethnicities. Libya is for everyone and will now be for everyone. Libya has the right to create an example that will be followed in the Arab region."
In September, Jibril "proposed 36 names for a new cabinet, including friends and relatives, and retained the prime minister and foreign minister slots for himself." He later retracted the proposal when NTC members objected, but an anonymous council official said it had "left a bitter taste".
On 3 October 2011, Jibril announced that he would resign from government once the country had been "liberated".
He later specified this meant the capture of Sirte
from loyalist holdouts.
On 20 October 2011, Sirte was captured
and Muammar Gaddafi
was killed. Keeping his promise to leave at the war's end, Jibril resigned three days later. He was succeeded by Abdurrahim El-Keib
on 31 October.
In the National Forces Alliance
In the national elections of 7 September 2012, Jibril described his party as a supporter of democracy
and also as an advocate of Sharia
The NFA won the largest number of seats in these elections
At the time, Jibril ran for a second term as prime minister. Jibril won the first round of voting, with 86 votes, significantly more than the 55 votes obtained by his primary opponent, Mustafa Abushagur
However, in the second round of voting, Abushagur ultimately defeated Jibril.
Jibril suffered from cardiac arrest
and was admitted to the Ganzouri Specialized Hospital in Cairo
, Egypt, on 21 March 2020. Three days later, he tested positive for COVID-19
He died on 5 April 2020 at the age of 67.
el-Warfally, Mahmoud G., Imagery and Ideology in U.S. Policy Toward Libya, 1969–1982
, University of Pittsburgh Press (December 1988), ISBN 978-0-8229-3580-3
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Last edited on 22 March 2021, at 07:19
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