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March 14 Alliance
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The March 14 Alliance (Arabic: تحالف 14 آذار‎‎, romanizedtaḥāluf 14 adhār), named after the date of the Cedar Revolution, is a coalition of political parties and independents in Lebanon formed in 2005 that are united by their anti-Syrian[1][2][3] stance and by their opposition to the March 8 Alliance. It is led by Saad Hariri, second son of Rafic Hariri, as well as other prominent figures.
March 14 Alliance
تحالف ١٤ آذار
LeaderSaad Hariri, Samy Gemayel, Samir Geagea
General SecretaryFares Souhaid
Founded2005; 16 years ago
HeadquartersBeirut
IdeologyAnti-Syrian government
Nonsectarianism
Lebanese nationalism
Political positionBig tent
Colors  Red, White
Parliament of Lebanon59 / 128
Cabinet of Lebanon9 / 16
Website
14march.org
Parties that left the alliance
The Free Patriotic Movement of General Michel Aoun left the informal grouping before the 2005 general election, before March 14 was an established alliance, due to major disagreements. After the 2005 elections, The Free Patriotic Movement was the sole political opposition, but was joined one year later by the pro-Syrian government March 8 Alliance in November 2006.[citation needed]
The National Liberal Party left the 14 March movement the 22 December 2016.
2006 Lebanon War
On 12 July 2006, the 2006 Lebanon War between Israel and Hezbollah started. During the war, the 14 of March Coalition took a stance against Hezbollah accusing the armed party of causing the war on Lebanon. However, Hezbollah claimed that Israel preplanned such a war, supposed to be waged on September during the annual rally Hezbollah holds on the International Qods (Jerusalem) Day.
The 14th of March coalition, amidst the war, urged Hezbollah to hand over their weapons, accusing the party of causing the war on Lebanon.
During the first few days of the war, former US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice visited Beirut and held a meeting with the 14th of March coalition and declared afterwards that a new Middle East will be born after this war, saying: "It's time for a new Middle East". Rice and Fouad Siniora met during her visit to Lebanon.
Claims
The principal political claims of the March 14 Alliance are:
Member parties
PartyIdeologyDemographic baseParty seats
Represented parties
Future MovementConservative liberalismSunni Muslims20 / 128
Lebanese ForcesLebanese nationalism, ConservatismMaronite Christians15 / 128
Kataeb PartyLebanese nationalism, Christian democracyMaronite Christians3 / 128
Independence MovementLebanese nationalismNonsectarian (official)
Maronite Christians (majority)
1 / 128
Unrepresented parties
National BlocSocial liberalism, Lebanese nationalism
Historical:
Liberal conservatism
Nonsectarian (official)
Maronite Christians (majority)
0 / 128
National Liberal PartyNational liberalismNonsectarian (official)
Christians (majority)
0 / 128
Democratic Left MovementSocial democracyNonsectarian (official)0 / 128
Democratic RenewalSocial liberalismNonsectarian (official)0 / 128
Hunchakian PartySocial democracy, Democratic socialism,
Armenian interests
Armenians0 / 128
Armenian Democratic Liberal PartyClassical liberalism, Armenian interestsArmenians0 / 128
Islamic GroupIslamic democracy, Pan-IslamismSunni Muslims0 / 128
Free Shia MovementIslamic democracyShia Muslims0 / 128
Syriac Union PartyAssyrian self-determinationAssyrians (Nonsectarian)0 / 128
Shuraya PartyAssyrian self-determinationAssyrians (Christians)0 / 128
2018 legislative elections
The alliance gathered 47 seats out of 128 (37%), in the 2018 legislative elections.
NamePartyDistrictReligion
Saad Hariri Future MovementBeirut IISunni
Nohad Machnouk Future MovementBeirut IISunni
Rola Tabsh Jaroudi Future MovementBeirut IISunni
Tamam Salam Future MovementBeirut IISunni
Nazih Najem Future MovementBeirut IIGreek Orthodox
Walid Baarini Future MovementAkkarSunni
Tarek El Merhebi Future MovementAkkarSunni
Mohamed Sleiman Future MovementAkkarSunni
Hadi Hobeich Future MovementAkkarMaronite
Sami Fatfat Future MovementDinniyehSunni
Othman Alameddine Future MovementMinyehSunni
Samir Jisr Future MovementTripoliSunni
Mohamed Kabara Future MovementTripoliSunni
Dima Jamali Future MovementTripoliSunni
Mohamed Hajjar Future MovementChoufSunni
Bahia Hariri Future MovementSaidaSunni
Mohamed Karaawi Future MovementWest BekaaRashayaSunni
Bakr Hujeiri Future MovementBaalbeckHermelSunni
Assem Araji Future MovementZahleSunni
Henri Chedid IndependentWest BekaaRashayaMaronite
Michel Moawad Independence MovementZghartaMaronite
Imad Wakim Lebanese ForcesBeirut IGreek Orthodox
Wehbe Katicha Lebanese ForcesAkkarGreek Orthodox
Fady Saad Lebanese ForcesBatrounMaronite
Sethrida Tawk Lebanese ForcesBsharriMaronite
Joseph Ishac Lebanese ForcesBsharriMaronite
Ziad Hawat Lebanese ForcesByblosMaronite
Chawki Daccache Lebanese ForcesKeserwanMaronite
Eddy Abillama Lebanese ForcesMetnMaronite
Pierre Bou Assi Lebanese ForcesBaabdaMaronite
Anis Nassar Lebanese ForcesAleyGreek Orthodox
Georges Adwan Lebanese ForcesChoufMaronite
Georges Okeis Lebanese ForcesZahleGreek Catholic
Antoine Habchi Lebanese ForcesBaalbeckHermelMaronite
Jean Talouzian IndependentBeirut IArmenian Catholic
Cesar Maalouf IndependentZahleGreek Orthodox
Nadim Gemayel KataebBeirut IMaronite
Samy Gemayel KataebMetnMaronite
Elias Hankash KataebMetnMaronite
See also
List of attacks in Lebanon
References
  1. ^ "March 14 Alliance" (PDF). Reut Institute. 12 December 2006.
  2. ^ Jacob, C. (21 March 2019). "As U.S. Secretary Of State Pompeo Prepares To Visit Lebanon, Hizbullah Is In Complete Control Of Lebanese Government – And The March 14 Camp, Saudi Arabia, And U.S. Have Cooperated With It And Come To Terms With The Situation". Middle East Media Research Institute.
  3. ^ Moubayed, Sami (6 May 2018). "After 9 years, Lebanon goes to the polls". Gulf News.
External links

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Last edited on 24 April 2021, at 22:14
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