The Martyrs' Square
: ميدان الشهداء
); known as Green Square
) under the Gaddafi government
; Independence Square
) during the monarchy
; and originally (during Italian colonial rule
) known as Piazza Italia
("Italy Square") is a downtown landmark at the bay in the city of Tripoli, Libya
. The main commercial center of the city surrounds the square.
The Square is also a main tourist attraction in Tripoli.It has a large legendary fountain done by an Italian architect at the centre of the square. The square is the meeting point of many different avenues. Omar Mukhtar Avenue is one of the longest in North Africa, it was built by Italians in the colonial time, and Libyans during the era of King Idris I
. Independence Street branches from the square too, and it leads to the Palace of King Idris I. 24 December Avenue is also an Italian built avenue. Mizran Street is the last street that branches from the Martyrs' Square.
1935 postcard of Tripoli's Conte Volpi Corniche, the entrance to Piazza Italia visible on the right, with the Teatro Miramare behind. The old shoreline and seawall is on the left, before moving by landfill expansions.
Looking from Green Square
north towards the sea. On the left is the Red Castle Museum
The square was originally constructed by the Italian colonial
rulers on the site of the old bread market (sūq al-khubs
), and it was expanded on several occasions during the 1930s.
During the Italian colonial period, it was called Piazza Italia
("Italy Square"). After Libyan independence in 1951, it was known as "Independence Square" during the Libyan monarchy
(1951–1969). After the 1969 revolution by Gaddafi, the square was renamed again to "Green Square" to mark his political philosophy
in his Green Book
2011 Libyan civil war
On the night of 21–22 August, Libyan rebel groups took control of the area during the 2011 Battle of Tripoli
and started referring to it as Martyrs' Square
to dissociate the square from the Gaddafi government
and to commemorate those who died in the fight against his government.
On Eid ul-Fitr
(31 August) and again on 2 September, tens of thousands of Tripoli residents, including many women and children, gathered on Martyrs' Square to celebrate the end of Gaddafi's rule.
Algerian para-commandos during a military parade
on the square in September 2009.
It features the Red Castle Museum
), which hosts Libya's Antiquities Department and the National Museum with a collection of Phoenician, Greek and Roman artefacts. The museum also exhibits a statue of Venus from the Hadrianic
Baths at Leptis
, a complete Libyan-Roman tomb from the Ghirza region, and a colourful Volkswagen Beetle
used by Colonel Gaddafi leading up to the revolution.
On the other side, a wide avenue leading towards the seafront with two tall pillars. On top of the pillars are an iron-cast, miniature wooden ship; the other one features a horseback rider.
The Royal Miramare Theatre
used to be located across from the Red Castle Museum, but it was demolished by Gaddafi's government after the 1960s to create space for large demonstrations.
- ^ The Independent, 31 August 2011. Gaddafi Son Offers to Surrender "..in Martyrs Square, the plaza formerly known as Green Square.." 
- ^  Jalil's speech in Martyrs Square, The Guardian, 13 September 2011
- ^ "Libya Tripoly from Libyaonline.com". Libyaonline.com. Archived from the original on 6 March 2011.
- ^ Staff (28 August 2011). "Sky Correspondent On 'Amazing' Tripoli Scenes". Sky News. Retrieved 31 August 2011.
- ^ Garcia-Navarro, Lourdes (24 August 2011). "Libyan Rebels Struggle To Impose Order on Tripoli". NPR. Retrieved 31 August 2011.
- ^ Joyful crowds pack Martyrs’ Square in Tripoli Euronews, 31 August 2011
- ^ Tripoli celebrates first post-Gaddafi Eid, Al Jazeera, 31 August 2011.
- ^ Chris Bradley (9 March 2006). "Gateway to ancient wonders". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 September 2017.
Last edited on 4 February 2021, at 07:53
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