, also spelled Mariamin
) is a village in central Syria
, administratively part of the Homs Governorate
starting from 2008 after being part of the Hama Governorate
located in Homs Gap
southwest of Hama
. Nearby localities include Aqrab
to the north, Kafr Kamrah
and Mashta al-Helu
to the west, Shin
to the south, and Taldou
and Tell Dahab
to the east. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics
, Maryamin had a population of 4,174 in the 2004 census.
Its inhabitants are predominantly Alawites
Late 4th century AD "Mosaic of the Musicians" with organ
, and lyre
from a Byzantine villa in Maryamin, Syria.
Maryamin, or ancient "Mariamme", was mentioned by Pliny the Elder
and in late Roman lists.
The town likely served as the capital of the Mariamnitai tribe,
but very little mention of the Roman town survives.
The Roman Catholic Church still maintains a titular "Bishop of Mariamme
". An important late fourth-century mosaic from the Byzantine
era was discovered in the ruins of a villa in Maryamin in 1960.
The mosaic has an area of 20 square meters and depicts six female musicians playing instruments. The depiction is one of the few artifacts that give an indication on how the organ
instrument was used in the ancient period.
The mosaic is currently displayed at the regional museum of Hama
In 1929 Maryamin and a number of other Alawite villages in the Masyaf
district were transferred to the Alawite State
after negotiations with their landlords. The villages' cultivated lands were distributed among the peasantry that worked them.
In the early 1960s Maryamin had a population of 600 residents. It was a center for growing grape vines and contained a number of springs.
- ^ مريمين"... زهرة الجبل"
- ^ General Census of Population and Housing 2004 Archived 2013-01-13 at archive.today. Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS).
- ^ Smith, in Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, 2nd appendix, p. 180
- ^ What happened in Houla?. Al Jazeera English. 2012-01-16.
- ^ Ring, Trudy (1994), International Dictionary of Historic Places: Middle East and Africa, 4, Taylor & Francis, ISBN 1884964036
- ^ a b Boulanger, 1966, p. 453.
- ^ a b Butcher, 2003, p. 110.
- ^ Butcher, 2003, p. 89.
- ^ a b Braun, 2002, p. 286.
- ^ Ring, 1994, p. 318.
- ^ Le Strange, 1890, p. 503
- ^ Bosworth, 1989, p. 791.
- Bente Kiilerich, 'The Mosaic of the Female Musicians from Mariamin', Acta ad archaeologiam et artium historiam pertinentia XXII, n.s. 8, 2010, 87-107.
- Bente Kiilerich, 'Mariamin Mosaic', in P.C. Finney, ed., The Eerdmans Encyclopedia of Early Christian Art and Archaeology, Grand Rapids, Mi.,2017, vol. II, p. 107.
- Boulanger, Robert (1966). The Middle East, Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Iraq, Iran. Hachette.
- Braun, Joachim (2002). Music in Ancient Israel/Palestine: Archaeological, Written, and Comparative Sources. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. ISBN 0802844774.
- Butcher, Kevin (2003). Roman Syria: And the Near East. Getty Publications. ISBN 9780892367153.
- Clifford Edmund, Bosworth (1989). The Encyclopaedia of Islam: Fascicules 111-112 : Masrah Mawlid, Parts 111-112. BRILL. ISBN 9004092390.
- Le Strange, G. (1890). Palestine Under the Moslems: A Description of Syria and the Holy Land from A.D. 650 to 1500. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Ring, Trudy (1994). International Dictionary of Historic Places: Middle East and Africa. 4. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 1884964036.
- Robinson, E.; Smith, E. (1841). Biblical Researches in Palestine, Mount Sinai and Arabia Petraea: A Journal of Travels in the year 1838. 3. Boston: Crocker & Brewster.
Last edited on 17 February 2021, at 04:42
Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0
unless otherwise noted.