), sometimes spelled Mashreq
, is the eastern part of the Arab world
, located in Western Asia
and eastern North Africa
This comprises the Arab states of Bahrain
, Saudi Arabia
, the United Arab Emirates
but excludes the non-Arab states of Somalia
and the Comoros
, which are also members of the Arab League
. Poetically, the "Place of Sunrise", the name is derived from the verb sharaqa
"to shine, illuminate, radiate" and "to rise"), from sh-r-q root (ش-ر-ق), referring to the east, where the sun rises.
Countries and territories
Map depicting the area most conservatively known as the Mashriq
As the word Mashriq
refers to countries bounded between the Mediterranean Sea
, it is the companion term to Maghreb
), the western part of North Africa
. Libya may itself be seen as bifurcated between Mashriq and Maghreb influences, with its eastern part (Cyrenaica
) seen as linked more to Egypt and the Mashriq.
The map of the network
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- ^ "Mashreq". Association of Agricultural Research Institutions in the Near East & North Africa. Archived from the original on 2017-02-24. Retrieved 2016-05-02.
- ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved August 19, 2015.
- ^ "لماذا يستثنى الأردن من التقسيم؟ الوضع الداخلي هو العنصر الحاسم*فهد الخيطان" [Why is Jordan exempted from the division? The internal situation is a critical component * Fahd strings]. rasseen.com (in Arabic). Rasseen. 2014-07-13.
- ^ bank, world. "Economic interrogation in the mashriq" (PDF). siteresources.
- ^ "Mashriq GEOGRAPHICAL REGION, MIDDLE EAST". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
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- ^ Introduction to Migration and the MashreqArchived February 3, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
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- ^ Alvarez, Lourdes María (2009). Abu Al-Ḥasan Al-Shushtarī. Paulist Press. p. 157. ISBN 978-0-8091-0582-3.
- ^ Peek, Philip M.; Yankah, Kwesi (2003-12-12). African Folklore: An Encyclopedia. Routledge. p. 442. ISBN 978-1-135-94873-3.
- ^ Gall, Michel Le; Perkins, Kenneth (2010). The Maghrib in Question: Essays in History and Historiography. University of Texas Press. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-292-78838-1.
- ^ Clancy-Smith, Julia (2013-11-05). North Africa, Islam and the Mediterranean World. Routledge. p. 98. ISBN 978-1-135-31213-8.
- ^ Official estimate of the Population of EgyptArchived May 25, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
- ^ UN estimate for Lebanon
- ^ Official Jordanian population clock Archived January 17, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
- ^ "National Main Statistical Indicators". State of Palestine – Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original on 2016-12-03. Retrieved 2016-05-02.
- ^ UN estimate for Syria
- ^ "Iraq". The World Bank.
Last edited on 19 April 2021, at 23:27
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