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Mediterranean Games
The Mediterranean Games is a multi-sport games held usually every four years, between nations around or very close to the Mediterranean Sea, where Europe, Africa, and Asia meet. The games are under the auspices of the International Committee of Mediterranean Games (CIJM).
Mediterranean Games

Flag of the games

Alexandria Mediterranean Games 1951
First event1951, in Alexandria, Egypt
Occur everyFour years
Last event2018, Tarragona,
 Spain
PurposeSports for the Mediterranean
PresidentAmar Addadi (Algeria)
WebsiteInternational Mediterranean Games Committee
History
The idea was proposed at the 1948 Summer Olympics by Muhammed Taher Pasha, chairman of the Egyptian Olympic Committee and vice-president of the International Olympic Committee (I.O.C.), assisted by the Greek member of the I.O.C. Ioannis Ketseas.[1] Separate Mediterranean sports events preceded the games. From 1947 to 1949, the Mediterranean Athletics Championships were contested,[2][3] and the Mediterranean Cup football competition was held in 1949 and 1950.[4] The first official Mediterranean Games were held in Egypt in 1951.
The Games were inaugurated in October 1951, in Alexandria, Egypt, in honour of Muhammed Taher Pasha, with contests being held in 13 sports along with the participation of 734 athletes from 10 countries. In 1955, in Barcelona, during the II Games, the set up was decided of a Supervisory and Controlling Body for the Games, a kind of Executive Committee. The decisions were finally materialized on 16 June 1961, and the said Body was named, upon a Greek notion, ICMG (International Committee for the Mediterranean Games). Twelve countries were hosted for Mediterranean Games - four from Africa: Egypt (1951), Tunisia (1967, 2001), Algeria (1975) and Morocco (1983); six from Europe: Spain (1955, 2005, 2018), Italy (1963, 1997, 2009), Turkey (1971, 2013), Yugoslavia (1979), Greece (1991) and France (1993) and two from Asia: Lebanon (1959) and Syria (1987).
The first 11 games took place always one year preceding the Summer Olympic Games. However, from 1993 on, they were held the year following the Olympic games. This transition meant that the only time the Mediterranean Games were not held four years after the previous Games was in 1993, when Languedoc-Roussillon in France hosted the Games just two years after Athens.
Description
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The Mediterranean Games, in terms of the preparation and composition of the National Delegation, are held under the auspices of the International Olympic Committee and the Hellenic Olympic Committee (HOC). However, their establishment too must be credited to the HOC, for it held a leading part in their being founded despite all difficulties.
Athens is the permanent seat of the ICMG (regardless of who the President might be) and the committee's General Secretary is Greek. This comes as a further tribute to Greece, highlighting its leading role with regard to the function and strengthening of the institution. Except that Greece bailed out of its 2013 Mediterranean Games commitment when the two cities of Volos and Larissa were supposed to host the 2013 edition of the Games. But because of Greece's financial troubles, they had to give that up and the 2013 honors went instead to Turkey, with the city of Mersin rescuing the 2013 edition of the Games instead.
The logo of the games, also referred to as the "Mediterranean Olympics", is composed of three white rings symbolically representing Africa, Asia, and Europe — the three continents that border the Mediterranean Sea. This logo has been used since the Split games in 1979, for which it was devised and afterwards accepted for the whole Games. During the closing ceremony, the flag of the games is transferred to the country of the city chosen for the organization of the next Mediterranean Games.
Participating countries
Participating countries
At present, 26 countries participate in the games:[5]
Kosovo was accepted as a member of the International Committee of Mediterranean Games in October 2015 and participated for the first time in the 2018 Mediterranean Games in Tarragona, Spain.[6]
Of all the National Olympic Committees within the Olympic Movement bordering the Mediterranean Sea, Israel and Palestine have not participated in the games, nor has Great Britain who represents the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar.
In the case of Israel, Allen Guttman in The Games Must Go On argued that Israel's exclusion is both antisemitic and politically motivated due to antagonism towards Israel by the participating Arab nations. The IOC's Avery Brundage was not supportive of Israel's desire to compete, saying: "I cannot understand why anyone wants to go where he is not wanted". The International Amateur Athletics Federation pushed the issue at the 1959 Mediterranean Games in Beirut by refusing to grant permission to hold an athletics competition unless Israel were allowed to compete. Lebanese games organizer Gabriel Gemayel conceded to this, but sidestepped the ruling by holding a parallel Lebanese Games comprising athletics events between the present nations alongside the official Mediterranean Games competitions.[7]
There are countries not bordering the Mediterranean Sea which nonetheless participate: Portugal, Andorra, Kosovo, San Marino, Serbia and North Macedonia.
The Hellenic Olympic Committee has suggested that nine more countries that do not satisfy geographic criteria could be allowed to participate, such as Bulgaria, and some Arab countries such as Jordan and Iraq.[citation needed]Portugal competed in the 2018 Mediterranean Games after a decision which approved Portugal as effective National Olympic Committee.[8][9]
Flag
The symbol of the Mediterranean Games consists of three rings representing Asia, Africa and Europe, the three continents involved in this competition.[10] The rings dissolve in a wavy line in their lower part, as if they were immersed in the Mediterranean Sea. During the closing ceremony, the flag is transferred to the country of the city chosen to host the next Mediterranean Games.[10]
Mediterranean Games
No inland city has ever hosted the games. All but one of the host cities to date have been situated on the Mediterranean coast (Casablanca is located on the Atlantic coast).
Cities that have hosted the Games
NoYearHost CityOpened byNationsCompetitorsSportsEventsTop Country On
Medal Table
MenWomenTotal
11951
Alexandria
Farouk I10734---7341491
 Italy
21955
Barcelona
Francisco Franco101135---113520102
 France
31959
Beirut
Fuad Chehab11792---79217106
 France
41963
Naples
Antonio Segni131057---10571793
 Italy
51967
Tunis
Habib Bourguiba1212113812491493
 Italy
61971
İzmir
Cevdet Sunay141235127136218137
 Italy
71975
Algiers
Houari Boumédiène152095349244419160
 Italy
81979SplitJosip Broz Tito142009399240826192 Yugoslavia
91983
Casablanca
Hassan II161845335218020162
 Italy
101987
Latakia
Hafez al-Assad181529467199619162
 Italy
111991
Athens
Konstantinos Karamanlis182176586276224217
 Italy
121993
Languedoc-Roussillon
François Mitterrand201994604259824217
 France
131997
Bari
Oscar Luigi Scalfaro212195804299927234
 Italy
142001
Tunis
Zine El Abidine Ben Ali23[11]20021039304123230
 France
152005
Almería
Juan Carlos I2121341080321427258
 Italy
162009
Pescara
Renato Schifani2321831185336828244
 Italy
172013
Mersin
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan2419941070306427264
 Italy
182018
Tarragona
Felipe VI2626561885454128246
 Italy
192022
Oran
Abdelmadjid Tebboune (expected)26Future Event
202026
Taranto
TBDFuture Event
Notes
Mediterranean Beach Games
Main article: Mediterranean Beach Games
The International Mediterranean Games Committee held a meeting on October 20, 2012 in Mersin, Turkey, and decided to organize the Mediterranean Beach Games every 4 years starting from 2015. The Games consist only water sports and beach sports, which aim at bringing together young athletes of the Mediterranean area, giving them the opportunity to participate in sport events.[12]
Pescara, Italy was awarded the rights to host the first edition of the Mediterranean Beach Games from 28 August to 6 September.[13] The sports included in the program of the 1st Mediterranean Beach Games are the following: Aquathlon, Beach Handball, Beach Soccer, Beach Tennis, Beach Volley, Beach Wrestling, Finswimming, Canoe Ocean Racing, Open Water Swimming, Rowing Beach Sprint, and Water Ski.
NoYearHost CountryHost CityNationsAthletesSportsTop Country On Medal Table
12015
 Italy
Pescara2490011
 Italy
22019
 Greece
Patras2670011
 Greece
32023
 Italy
Pesaro
Medal tables
All-time medal table 1951–2018 Mediterranean Games
RankTeamGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1
 Italy
8767406872303[14]
2
 France
6315765331740[14]
3
 Turkey
339243278860[14]
4
 Spain
3294495441322[14]
5 Yugoslavia*199177182558[14]
6
 Greece
192247339778[14]
7
 Egypt
142194231567[14]
8
 Tunisia
8393146322[14]
9
 Morocco
697799245[14]
10
 Algeria
6659115240[14]
11 Croatia516269182[14]
12 Slovenia495690195[14]
13
 Serbia*
495375177[14]
14
 Syria
283976143[14]
15
 United Arab Republic
23213074[14]
16
 Cyprus
14191851[14]
17
 Lebanon
10234275[14]
18
 Albania
9181744[14]
19 Bosnia and Herzegovina481931[14]
20
 San Marino
39517[14]
21
 Portugal
381324[14]
22 Montenegro35816[14]
23
 Kosovo
3104[14]
24 North Macedonia22711[14]
25 Libya211316[14]
26
 Malta
1348[14]
27
 Monaco
0314[14]
Total2686268630238395
All-time medal table 2015–2019 Mediterranean Beach Games
RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1
 Italy
483625109
2
 France
26122159
3
 Greece
24232067
4
 Spain
69823
5
 Algeria
24410
6
 Turkey
2259
7
 Tunisia
18918
8
 Egypt
16411
9
 Portugal
1506
10
 Syria
1124
11
 Serbia
1102
12
 Albania
1012
13 Croatia0347
14
 Cyprus
0213
15 Slovenia0134
16
 San Marino
0033
17
 Monaco
0022
18 Libya0011
Totals (18 nations)114113113340
Competitions
Throughout the history of the Mediterranean Games, 33 different sports have been presented.
SportYears
Archery
Since 1971
Athletics
Since 1951
Badminton
Since 2013
Basketball
Since 1951
Beach volleyball
Since 2005
Bocce
Since 1997
Boxing
Since 1951
Canoeing
Since 1979
Cycling
Since 1955
Diving
Since 1951
Equestrian
Since 1955
SportYears
Fencing
Since 1951
Field hockey
Since 1955
Football
Since 1951
Golf
Since 1983
Gymnastics
Since 1951
Handball
Since 1967
Judo
Since 1971
Karate
Since 1993
Roller hockey
Since 1955
Rowing
Since 1951
Rugby union
Since 1955
SportYears
Sailing
Since 1955
Shooting
Since 1951
Swimming
Since 1951
Table tennis
Since 1971
Taekwondo
Since 2013
Tennis
Since 1963
Volleyball
Since 1959
Water polo
Since 1951
Waterskiing
Since 2009
Weightlifting
Since 1951
Wrestling
Since 1951
See also
References
  1. ^ "History of the Mediterranean Games". International Committee of Mediterranean Games. CIJM. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  2. ^ εφ. "Αθλητική Ημέρα", Μάιος 1935.
  3. ^ "Mediterranean Games". gbrathletics.com. Retrieved 21 December 2012. The Mediterranean Games were first held in 1951, although an unofficial Games was previously held in 1949.
  4. ^ Mediterranean Cup and Games. RSSSF. Retrieved 2019-08-16.
  5. ^ "Participating countries". pescara2009.it. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  6. ^ Kosovo accepted as member of International Committee of the Mediterranean Games.
  7. ^ The games must go on: Avery Brundage and the Olympic movement, Allen Guttmann, page 225.
  8. ^ "Participation of Portugal in the MG Tarragona 2017". cijm.org.gr. Retrieved 20 August 2016.
  9. ^ "Portugal new member of the ICMG". cijm.org.gr. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
  10. ^ a b "Mediterranean Games History". Mediterranean Games Site. 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-02.
  11. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-07-28. Retrieved 2013-06-15.
  12. ^ a b "International Committee of the Mediterranean Games".
  13. ^ "Pescara 2015 - Italia". www.pescara2015.it. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa"Medals table per country and per Games".
External links
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mediterranean Games.
Last edited on 7 May 2021, at 14:15
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