Meghan O'Sullivan
Meghan L. O'Sullivan (born September 13, 1969)[1] is a former deputy national security adviser on Iraq and Afghanistan. She is Jeane Kirkpatrick Professor of the Practice of International Affairs at Harvard Kennedy School and a board member of the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at Kennedy School.[2] She is a member of the board of directors of the Council on Foreign Relations,[3] where she was previously an adjunct senior fellow, and the North American chair of the Trilateral Commission.[4]
Meghan L. O'Sullivan
Deputy National Security Advisor for Iraq and Afghanistan
In office
July 12, 2004 – September 15, 2007
PresidentGeorge W. Bush
Preceded byFrank Taylor
Succeeded byDouglas Lute
Personal details
BornSeptember 13, 1969 (age 51)
Lexington, Massachusetts, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Alma materGeorgetown University
Brasenose College, Oxford
Early life and education
O'Sullivan grew up in Lexington, Massachusetts.
She received her bachelor's degree from Georgetown University in 1991. O'Sullivan later received her master's degree in economics and her D.Phil. in politics from the University of Oxford. Her doctoral dissertation was about the Sri Lankan Civil War.[5]
O'Sullivan was an aide to Sen. Daniel Patrick Moynihan, and a fellow at the Brookings Institution under Richard N. Haass.
O'Sullivan has also served in the Office of Policy Planning at the State Department, where she assisted Colin Powell in developing the smart sanctions policy proposal.
Following the 2003 invasion of Iraq, she volunteered for the Office for Reconstruction and Humanitarian Assistance under Jay Garner. Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld told Jay Garner that he could not keep her (or Tom Warrick) on in Iraq, though Rumsfeld later relented.[6][7] She was an assistant to Paul Bremer in the Coalition Provisional Authority. She was Senior Director for Iraq at the United States National Security Council. O'Sullivan's last position at the White House was as the Special Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security Advisor for Iraq and Afghanistan where she frequently communicated via telephone with Fort Leavenworth's General David Petraeus on a new military strategy for Iraq.[8]
During her time in Iraq, O'Sullivan was involved with many key decisions on the political front, including helping to negotiate the early transfer of sovereignty to the Iraqis and assisting the Iraqis in writing their interim constitution. She is remembered for driving herself around Baghdad to meet with Iraqis, and endured some harrowing experiences while in Iraq, including escaping from a terrorist attack by scaling a building ledge ten stories up.[9]
On May 31, 2007, President Bush announced that O'Sullivan was returning to Baghdad:
to serve with Ambassador Crocker, to help the Iraqis – and to help the Embassy help the Iraqis – meet the benchmarks that the Congress and the President expect to get passed.[10]
With Stephen Hadley, she is also credited as being one of the original advocates in the White House of the 2007 "surge" strategy.[11][12] On September 15, 2007, she left the White House and began teaching at Harvard.[13]
She was an advisor to Mitt Romney during his 2012 presidential campaign.[14] In 2013, O'Sullivan was a signatory to an amicus curiae brief submitted to the Supreme Court in support of same-sex marriage during the Hollingsworth v. Perry case.[15] During 2013, she acted as Vice-Chair to Richard Haass at talks between the political parties in Northern Ireland.[16][17]
O'Sullivan is also a One Young World Counsellor, speaking about "Peace & Conflict Resolution to a group of 1,300 young people[18] in Dublin, Ireland in 2013. O'Sullivan is currently the Chairwoman of the North American branch of the Rockefeller Trilateral Commission.
Published works
  1. ^ Ancestry.com. U.S. Public Records Index [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2007.
  2. ^ "Meghan L. O'Sullivan". Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. Retrieved 2019-12-26.
  3. ^ "Meghan O'Sullivan".
  4. ^ "Meghan O'Sullivan".
  5. ^ "A Reporter at Large: The General's Dilemma, David Petraeus, the pressures of politics, and the road out of Iraq. by Steve Coll". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2008-08-31.
  6. ^ Ricks, Thomas E. (2006). Fiasco: The American Military Adventure in Iraq - Thomas E. Ricks - Google Books. ISBN 9781594201035. Retrieved 2013-12-31.
  7. ^ Packer, George (6 May 2014). The Assassins' Gate: America in Iraq - George Packer - Google Books. ISBN 9780374705329. Retrieved 2013-12-31.
  8. ^ Kaplan, Fred. (January 31, 2013). "Book Discussion on "The Insurgents:David Petraeus and the Plot to Change the American Way of War". Louisville Free Public Library. BookTV Series. C-Span. Retrieved 26 February 2015. 17 mins in. http://www.c-span.org/video/?310883-1/book-discussion-insurgents
  9. ^ Baker, Peter (April 3, 2007). "Iraq Adviser Departs Optimistic". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
  10. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-02-18. Retrieved 2013-02-11.
  11. ^ "How Bush Decided on the Surge". The Weekly Standard. 2008-02-04. Retrieved 2013-12-31.
  12. ^ Smith, Dane F. (2010). U.S. Peacefare: Organizing American Peace-building Operations - Dane F. Smith - Google Books. ISBN 9780313382628. Retrieved 2013-12-31.
  13. ^ [1][dead link]
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 31, 2012. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
  15. ^ Avlon, John. "The Pro-Freedom Republicans Are Coming: 131 Sign Gay Marriage Brief". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 2013-12-31.
  16. ^ "Richard Haass says talks 'have real chance to succeed'". BBC News. BBC. 20 September 2013. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  17. ^ "Some Northern Ireland parties hold more Haass talks". BBC News. BBC. 29 December 2013. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  18. ^​http://www.gaelicplayers.com/TabId/86/ArtMID/421/ArticleID/370/Corks-Stephen-McDonnell-reflects-on-his-experiences-at-the-One-Young-World-Conference.aspx
External links
Last edited on 8 May 2021, at 12:49
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