Mesopotamian shrub desert
The Mesopotamian shrub desert is a transitional region between the semi-arid steppes of the northern Mesopotamia and Levant to the north, and the Arabian Desert
to the south.
The western portion of the ecoregion consists of rocky or sandy plateaus, including the Syrian Desert
in southern Syria and northern Jordan, and a portion of the Harrat al-Sham
desert in eastern Jordan. The eastern portion of the ecoregion includes central Mesopotamia, and the Tigris
rivers run through it.
The ecoregion has an arid subtropical climate. Rainfall averages 120 mm per year, concentrated in the winter months. Daytime temperatures often exceed 40° C in the summer months. Winters are cooler, and temperatures can fall below freezing on winter nights.
Poplar trees (Populus euphratica
), reeds, and bulrushes are found in the seasonal and permanent wetlands along the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
The Syrian wild ass
(Equus hemionus hemippus
) once ranged across the ecoregion, but was hunted to extinction by the early 20th century.
- ^ "Mesopotamian shrub desert". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund.
- ^ a b "Mesopotamian shrub desert". Digital Observatory for Protected Areas Explorer 4. Accessed 29 October 2020.
- ^ a b c d e f "Mesopotamian Shrub Desert". One Earth, UNEP-WCMC Author Team. Accessed 29 October 2020. 
Last edited on 31 October 2020, at 05:58
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