Burda received his B.A., M.A. and Ph.D. (1987) at Harvard University and is a fluent speaker of German. His research is primarily in macroeconomics, labor economics and issues of European integration.
In 2009, Burda and Charles Wyplosz published the 5th edition of their textbook Macroeconomics: A European Text, Oxford University Press, which has been translated into twelve other languages. Also, he is regularly involved in meetings regarding the financial and monetary system.