Residential building cluster in Midwood
The name, Midwood, derives from the Middle Dutch
(middle woods; Modern Dutch
: Midwoud), the name the settlers of New Netherland
called the area of dense woodland midway between the towns of Boswyck
(Bushwick) and Breuckelen
(Brooklyn). Jan Snedeker
, Jan Stryker, and Tomys Swartwout
solicited from Director-General Stuyvesant
the right of settling together on a level area of wilderness (vlacke bosch
, the flat bush), adjacent to the outlying farms at Breukelen
and Nieuw Amersfoort
. Through Swartwout's suggestion, the settlement was named the village of Midwout or Midwolde. In April 1655, Stuyvesant and the Council of New Netherland appointed Swartwout a schepen
(magistrate), to serve with Snedeker and Adriaen Hegeman as the Court of Midwout.
Settlement was begun by the Dutch in 1652;
they later gave way to the English, who conquered it in 1664, but the area remained rural and undeveloped for the most part until its annexation to the City of Brooklyn
in the 1890s. It became more developed in the 1920s when large middle class
housing tracts and apartment buildings were built.
Many Midwood residents moved to the suburbs in the 1970s, and the neighborhood and its commercial districts declined. Drawn by its quiet middle-class ambiance, new residents began pouring into Midwood during the 1980s; many of them were recently landed immigrants from all over the world. The largest group were from the Soviet Union
, but substantial numbers also arrived from Jamaica
, Mexico and elsewhere in South America; from Ireland, Italy, Poland, the Baltic countries
(Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania), and elsewhere in eastern Europe; and from Greece, Turkey
, the Persian Gulf states
, India, Bangladesh
, China, and Korea. In a short time, Midwood was transformed, from a predominantly Jewish neighborhood with a smattering of Irish-Americans and German-Americans, to a remarkably polyglot section of the borough of Brooklyn.
Many residents refer to Midwood as "Flatbush," or, erroneously, as being "part of Flatbush
", an older and more established neighborhood and former township, which in the 19th century included modern Midwood. The usage of Flatbush to mean Midwood dates to the period when the neighborhood was first formed, and known as South Greenfield.
Many also consider the nearby neighborhood of Fiske Terrace
/Midwood Gardens to be part of Midwood, but, as in many cities, neighborhood boundaries in Brooklyn are somewhat fluid and poorly defined.
Based on data from the 2010 United States Census
, the population of Midwood was 52,835, a decrease of 2,605 (4.7%) from the 55,440 counted in 2000
. Covering an area of 822.04 acres (332.67 ha), the neighborhood had a population density of 64.3 inhabitants per acre (41,200/sq mi; 15,900/km2
The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 76.6% (40,482) White
, 4.7% (2,508) African American
, 0.1% (46) Native American
, 10.4% (5,517) Asian
, 0.0% (9) Pacific Islander
, 0.3% (140) from other races
, and 1.0% (549) from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 6.8% (3,584) of the population.
The entirety of Community Board 14, which comprises Flatbush and Midwood, had 165,543 inhabitants as of NYC Health
's 2018 Community Health Profile, with an average life expectancy of 82.4 years.:2, 20
This is slightly higher than the median life expectancy of 81.2 for all New York City neighborhoods.:53 (PDF p. 84)
Most inhabitants are middle-aged adults and youth: 25% are between the ages of 0–17, 29% between 25–44, and 24% between 45–64. The ratio of college-aged and elderly residents was lower, at 9% and 13% respectively.:2
As of 2016, the median household income
in Community Board 14 was $56,599.
In 2018, an estimated 22% of Flatbush and Midwood residents lived in poverty, compared to 21% in all of Brooklyn and 20% in all of New York City. One in eleven residents (9%) were unemployed, compared to 9% in the rest of both Brooklyn and New York City. Rent burden, or the percentage of residents who have difficulty paying their rent, is 57% in Flatbush and Midwood, higher than the citywide and boroughwide rates of 52% and 51% respectively. Based on this calculation, as of 2018, Flatbush and Midwood are considered to be high-income relative to the rest of the city and not gentrifying
Visitors to Kings Highway are amused by the colored holiday-style lights that are strung across above the street and feature a lighted gold "Kings Crown" at a few intersections.
A Midwood shopping street at night
Kingsway Theatre circa 1977
In the 1950s through the 1970s, Kings Highway had Dubrow's Cafeteria
, a classic cafeteria where holes would be punched in patrons' printed tickets, which would total the cost of the meal. It was a popular place to eat and socialize. In his run for the White House
presidential candidate John F. Kennedy
held a massive campaign rally just outside Dubrow's Cafeteria
. A huge crowd of people turned out to hear this popular political icon speak, stretching for blocks in all directions. Years later, his brother Senator Robert F. Kennedy
("Bobby") held a similar campaign rally there for his run for President, with a similarly large audience. The community has long been known as a Democratic stronghold.
In the fall of 2008, the NYCDOT planned to implement an experimental congestion parking plan in the Kings Highway Business District, which would have raised parking meter rates from 75 cents to as much as $2.50 an hour. Specific streets were not then designated.
Kings Highway is currently anchored by several chain stores, such as Rite-Aid and TJ Maxx, and multiple ethnic food stores. Unique businesses include the ornate Amazon Caffe (kosher dairy), Kings Games (the largest gaming center in New York City), several high fashion outlets, jewelry stores, and sushi restaurants.
Additionally, "Levine's" was the king of the bar mitzvah
suit trade, and "Jimmy's" catered to high fashion customers.
Kings Highway was home to the now famed Crazy Eddie
Electronics Empire. The first Original Crazy Eddie
store was located on Kings Hwy., then moved to larger quarters just south of Kings Highway on Coney Island Avenue.
Nostrand Avenue was known for fashionable boutiques such as "Edna Nelkin's Jewelry," America's finest children's wear boutique, "Greenstone's" (now located on both Columbus and Madison Avenues in Manhattan), "Burton's", "Shirtland", and "The Shoe Box". As retailers retired, the street changed and became known for its automobile showrooms, including Plaza Honda. A U.S. Postal Service facility (Zip Code 11210) can be found on Nostrand Avenue between Avenues I and J.
Avenue J is a major business street in Midwood, with many kosher
, pizzerias, and butchers.
Avenue M, another one of the major business streets of Midwood, is a central location for kosher food and butchers. While in the past it was home to Cookie's, one of Brooklyn's best known restaurants and hang-outs (also popular with the NBC studio staff), today there are no fewer than 10 kosher restaurants and 3 kosher bakeries. From the 1920s through the 1940s, the "Dorman Square
Restaurant" was popular with the Vitagraph
studios employees, as well as playing a role in a Vitagraph film or two.
Until the 1970s, Avenue M had its own movie theater
. One of Brooklyn's most legendary Italian restaurants, "Restaurant Bonaparte", also catered to the actors and actresses working on Avenue M in the NBC studios at that time. Restaurant Bonaparte was known for its "Three Musketeers". It also had a wishing well fountain in its lobby entrance, filled with customers' coins. The Avenue has an elevated subway station
. Near the end of June each year, the Midwood Development Corporation hosts the popular Midwood Mardi Gras Street Fair along the Avenue, from East 12th Street to Ocean Avenue.
Shoppers can find a municipal muni-meter parking lot on East 17th Street at Chestnut Avenue just north of Avenue M. Many of the retail businesses are closed on the Jewish Sabbath and High Holy Days.
Coney Island Avenue
On Coney Island Avenue in Midwood, primarily between Avenue H and Avenue P, are the U.S. Postal Service Midwood station (Zip Code 11230), "The Kent Triplex Movie Theater
", and other assorted retailers.
Between Avenue O and Quentin Road are Turkish
restaurants and a hookah
At the corner of Avenue L and Coney Island Avenue, what is believed to be the largest all-kosher supermarket in the United States, Pomegranate, opened in August 2008.
Ocean Parkway apartment buildings
is a major tree-lined
, largely featuring apartment houses. It is not a shopping district. Local one-way traffic lanes are separated from the main roadway by bicycle lanes and running paths.
Most avenues continue from one side to the other; Avenue K doesn't. Ryder Avenue and Roder do neither: Though they are really the same one-way road, their names differ by one letter. Ryder begins at McDonald Avenue, reaches Ocean Parkway, disappears on the opposite for one short block, then continues as Roder, ending at Coney Island Avenue.
Midwood had several movie theaters, now mostly closed:
- one, still on Coney Island Ave, near Ave. H, is "The Kent Triplex Movie Theater." It was built in 1939 with a single screen, becoming a triplex in the early 1990s.
- one was on Ave. M, the Century "Elm" (later an Emigrant Savings Bank branch, now a branch of Apple Bank for Savings).
- four of them were on Kings Highway:
- the "Kingsway"
- the "Jewel"
- the "Avalon" (which closed in 1982)
- and the "Triangle" theatre, which opened in 1936, closed in 1952, subsequently "became a furniture store and by 2019 was a clothing store." It was located across from Sgt. Joyce Kilmer Triangle.
The Avalon Theater (seen here in 1976), formerly the Piccadilly, was designed by Samuel Cohen.
The Avalon Theater
opened on January 25, 1928, and was located on Kings Highway
at the southwest corner of East 18th Street. Originally built by a local Brooklyn company as the Piccadilly, it was sold prior to opening to Loews Theaters
, which changed the name to Avalon. Designed by Samuel Cohen, the combined auditoriums (the main or lobby floor and the upstairs or balcony) seated 2,119 which included on the lobby floor a separate seating for children. It also featured a Robert Morton
theatre pipe organ. Within a year of opening, it became part of the Century Theatres chain.
Former Avalon Theater, East 18th street, Kings Highway Now a Walgreens
The theater closed in 1982 and the building now houses a Walgreens
on the ground floor, and offices on the upper floors.
The area east of Ocean Avenue is also known as "East Midwood" or "Nottingham". The volunteer ambulance service serving Midwood is Flatbush Hatzoloh. The nearest hospitals are New York Presbyterian Community Hospital and Mount Sinai, both on Kings Highway. Both are certified "9-1-1 FDNY-EMS" receiving emergency facilities. Currently many homes within the community are valued at more than 500 thousand dollars, with some over a million dollars. One of Brooklyn's last remaining farms was located on the site of the apartment complex at 1279 East 17th St. (just north of Ave. M) until it was torn down in the mid-1960s. The elm tree
is the community's official tree, and one local street is named Elm Avenue as a homage to that.
Sgt. Joyce Kilmer Triangle
Another park is "Friends Field" at East Second Street and Avenue L. "Friends Field" features Baseball Diamonds and Tennis Courts. Just opposite Friends Field along McDonald Avenue is the Erasmus Hall High School
Football Field (Closed to the public when not in use). The Sprawling Square block-long Midwood High School
Field (East 16th–17th Street at Avenues K-L) features handball courts, tennis courts, a runners track and a field used for football, rugby and soccer. Students from adjacent Edward R. Murrow High School
also use the field during school hours.
I think that I shall never see
A poem lovely as a tree.
A tree whose hungry mouth is prest
Against the earth's sweet flowing breast;
A tree that looks at God all day,
And lifts her leafy arms to pray;
A tree that may in Summer wear
A nest of robins in her hair;
Upon whose bosom snow has lain;
Who intimately lives with rain.
Poems are made by fools like me,
But only God can make a tree.
There are two popular public pedestrian "rest" spots within the community.
- Corporal Wiltshire Square, named in Honor of Corporal Clifford T. Wiltshire, located at the intersection of Ocean Avenue where it merges with Avenue P and Kings Highway. 27 year old Wiltshire, a married man residing at "1022 Avenue P, was killed by a direct hit by a shell in October 1918" while leading his comrades, after their sergeant was killed.
- Sgt. Joyce Kilmer Triangle, located at the crossroads of Kings Highway and Quentin Road (E. 12th–13th Streets), so named in honor of American journalist and poet Sgt. Joyce Kilmer (1866–1918). His is the smallest park in New York City, occupying 0.001 acres (0.00040 ha) of land.
Police and crime
Midwood is patrolled by the 70th Precinct of the NYPD
, located at 154 Lawrence Avenue.
The 70th Precinct ranked 30th safest out of 69 patrol areas for per-capita crime in 2010.
As of 2018, with a non-fatal assault rate of 42 per 100,000 people, Flatbush and Midwood's rate of violent crimes
per capita is less than that of the city as a whole. The incarceration rate of 372 per 100,000 people is lower than that of the city as a whole.:8
The 70th Precinct has a lower crime rate than in the 1990s, with crimes across all categories having decreased by 89.1% between 1990 and 2018. The precinct reported 6 murders, 27 rapes, 162 robberies, 273 felony assaults, 173 burglaries, 527 grand larcenies, and 75 grand larcenies auto in 2018.
As of 2018
, preterm births
are more common in Flatbush and Midwood than in other places citywide, though births to teenage mothers are less common. In Flatbush and Midwood, there were 99 preterm births per 1,000 live births (compared to 87 per 1,000 citywide), and 17.1 births to teenage mothers per 1,000 live births (compared to 19.3 per 1,000 citywide).:11
Flatbush and Midwood has a relatively high population of residents who are uninsured
, or who receive healthcare through Medicaid
In 2018, this population of uninsured residents was estimated to be 16%, which is higher than the citywide rate of 12%.:14
The concentration of fine particulate matter
, the deadliest type of air pollutant
, in Flatbush and Midwood is 0.0077 milligrams per cubic metre (7.7×
oz/cu ft), lower than the citywide and boroughwide averages.:9
Ten percent of Flatbush and Midwood residents are smokers
, which is slightly lower than the city average of 14% of residents being smokers.:13
In Flatbush and Midwood, 28% of residents are obese
, 13% are diabetic
, and 31% have high blood pressure
—compared to the citywide averages of 24%, 11%, and 28% respectively.:16
In addition, 21% of children are obese, compared to the citywide average of 20%.:12
Eighty percent of residents eat some fruits and vegetables every day, which is lower than the city's average of 87%. In 2018, 77% of residents described their health as "good," "very good," or "excellent," slightly less than the city's average of 78%.:13
For every supermarket in Flatbush and Midwood, there are 21 bodegas
Post offices and ZIP Codes
- Kingsway Station – 1610 East 19th Street
- Midwood Station – 1288 Coney Island Avenue
- Vanderveer Station – 2319 Nostrand Avenue
Talmud Torah of Flatbush
Midwood is a diverse multi-ethnic and multi-religious neighborhood; however, the neighborhood is predominantly Jewish.
In the 1980s and 1990s, a wave of Orthodox Jews
moved into the area from Borough Park
, attracted by Midwood's large homes and tree-lined streets. Today, in addition to AshkenazicOrthodox Jews
, the area is home to a burgeoning Sephardic
population. Along Kings Highway from Coney Island to McDonald Avenues are many Middle Eastern style restaurants and take-out food shops.
There are several branches of Touro College
there, a college that was started in 1970. Midwood is also home to several large orthodox synagogues, including Congregation Beth Torah
, the Young Israel of Midwood,
Agudas Yisroel Bais Binyomin of Avenue L,
Congregation Talmud Torah of Flatbush,
Beis Medrash Ahavas Dovid Apsha under the leadership of Rabbi Shmuel Dovid Beck Shlita - The Apsha Rav, the minyan factory
known as Landau's Shul
every 15 minutes on an average day
), Rabbi Avraham Schorr
's former synagogue, known as Khal Tiferes Yaakov on East 15th Street and Avenue L, the Bostoner Rebbe
on Avenue J, Steinwurtzels, the Young Israel of Avenue J,
the Agudah of Midwood, and several Syrian Orthodox synagogues.
Synagogues based out of homes, called shtiebelach
, are also common.
There are many yeshivos
in Midwood. These include the Mirrer Yeshiva
, Yeshiva Rabbeinu Chaim Berlin
, Yeshiva Toras Emes Kaminetz
, Mosdos Veretzky
, Yeshiva of Brooklyn, Yeshiva Ohr Naftali, Yeshiva Tiferes Shmuel, Yeshivas Ohr Yisrael, Yeshivas Vyelipol, Yeshiva Ateret Torah, Yeshivat Mikdash Melech, and Yeshivas Beis Yosef Novardok
Flatbush and Midwood generally has a similar ratio of college-educated residents to the rest of the city as of 2018
. Though 43% of residents age 25 and older have a college education or higher, 18% have less than a high school education and 39% are high school graduates or have some college education. By contrast, 40% of Brooklynites and 38% of city residents have a college education or higher.:6
The percentage of Flatbush and Midwood students excelling in math rose from 43 percent in 2000 to 68 percent in 2011, though reading achievement remained steady at 48% during the same time period.
Flatbush and Midwood's rate of elementary school student absenteeism is about equal to the rest of New York City. In Flatbush and Midwood, 18% of elementary school students missed twenty or more days per school year
, compared to the citywide average of 20% of students.:24 (PDF p. 55):6
Additionally, 75% of high school students in Flatbush and Midwood graduate on time, equal to the citywide average of 75% of students.:6
Schools and higher education
Private schools include:
The Brooklyn Public Library
(BPL) has two branches in Midwood. The Midwood branch is located at 975 East 16th Street near Avenue J. It was founded in 1912 and relocated several times before moving to its current location. The branch was rebuilt in the 1950s and again in 1998, and a public plaza was built in 2013.
The Kings Highway branch is located at 2115 Ocean Avenue near Kings Highway. It was founded in 1910 and initially occupied several storefronts. When the Kings Highway branch moved to its current location in 1954, it became the first BPL branch library to be built by the New York City government. The library was renovated in 2009 and now contains a reading room in the basement and a passport office.
MTA New York City Transit
routes serving the community include the B2
local buses and the B44 SBS
and B82 SBS Select Bus Service
bus. MTA Bus Company
routes include the B100
local buses and the BM2
In popular culture
Midwood has long played a part in both film and television production. The film industry
established itself in the neighborhood in 1907, when the Vitagraph
company occupied studios at 1277 East 14th near Avenue M. Scenes from films like "Hey Pop" and "Buzzin' Around," starring Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle
, were filmed on streets in Midwood. Warner Bros.
purchased the studio in the 1920s, using it for short subjects, and moved the studio operation to Hollywood
A large smokestack bearing the name Vitagraph is still on the property, visible from the BMT Brighton Line
. Many Vitagraph employees resided within the community.
The Brooklyn Historical Society
and the Museum of the Moving Image (Astoria, New York) have collections on The Vitagraph Studios. An old vintage aerial photograph of the Vitagraph complex (and its streets) hangs today on a wall in the offices of the Midwood Development Corporation.
After Warner Bros.
vacated the land (in the late 1960s-early 1970s), Yeshiva University
purchased it for Brooklyn Torah Academy, the Brooklyn branch of their high school. The Shulamith School purchased the property some years later, when it merged BTA into Manhattan Torah Academy. Until 2015 the building was home to the Shulamith Yeshiva
School for Girls,
which moved to Manhattan Beach. Present day, many within the community were unaware that the Shulamith School buildings and property were once a film studio. In 2018, the yeshiva was replaced with an eight-story, 302-unit apartment building.
"The Leading Male" men's attire store, once located at the corner of Kings Highway and East 12th Street, was the source for the disco
attire that John Travolta
and the other male cast members wore in the film Saturday Night Fever
A duplicate of the white suit Travolta wore in the film was at that time displayed in one of the showcase windows.
In 1952, NBC
Television purchased part of the Vitagraph Studios
, which then became known as NBC Brooklyn. Studio 1 along Locust Avenue. A new larger studio known as Color Studio 2 at 1268 East 14th Street, on the northwest corner of its intersection with Avenue M. Many programs were filmed here.
When it was dedicated in 1954, it was said to be the world's largest color TV production studio.
OHEL Children's Home and Family Services
In 2015, OHEL Children's Home and Family Services created offices in the former Studio 1 on Locust Avenue, part of the original Vitagraph Studios. Studio 2, built by NBC, became a self-storage facility.
Famous people who grew up in, formerly lived in, or attended or graduated from a school in Midwood include:
- Woody Allen, writer and director, attended P.S. 99, graduated from Midwood High School, and once resided at both 1402 Avenue K, and 968 East 14th Street.
- Darren Aronofsky, director, attended Edward R. Murrow High School (though he grew up in Manhattan Beach)
- Letty Aronson (born Ellen Letty Konigsberg), film producer and sister of Woody Allen
- Noah Baumbach, writer, director and independent filmmaker
- Didi Conn, actress, graduated Midwood High School
- Lou Ferrigno, actor, bodybuilder, grew up and lived on East 5th Street in West Midwood.
- Patrick Fitzgerald, former US Attorney for the Northern District of Illinois and now a partner at Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom
- Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, attended East Midwood Jewish Center and James Madison High School
- Annie Golden, actress, lead singer of the late 1970s band The Shirts, grew up and lived in Midwood.
- Elliot Goldenthal, contemporary Classical Music Composer, attended I.S. 240-Andres Hudde Junior High School.
- Yosef Goldman, author
- Gil Hodges, baseball player and manager. Was a parishioner of Our Lady Help of Christians Church located at E. 28 St. & Avenue M.
He has several Brooklyn namesakes. In 1978, the Marine Parkway Bridge was renamed the Marine Parkway–Gil Hodges Memorial Bridge. Public School 193 in Midwood and a bowling alley in Mill Basin are named after Hodges, and on April 4, 2001, a portion of Bedford Avenue from Avenues L to N, near his home was renamed Gil Hodges Way.
- Lainie Kazan, singer, actress ('My Big Fat Greek Wedding'), (1940–)
- Ivan Leshinsky (born 1947), American-Israeli basketball player
- Barry Manilow, award-winning pop singer and songwriter
- Arthur Miller, playwright, Death of a Salesman.
- Isaac Mizrahi (born 1961), fashion designer, TV presenter and Chief Designer of the Isaac Mizrahi brand
- Joel Moses, Israeli-American computer scientist and MIT professor, attended Midwood High School
- David Peel, (1942–2017), underground rock musician
- Bernie Sanders, American politician, 2016 presidential candidate, and U.S. senator from Vermont, grew up on East 26th Street and attended James Madison High School.
- Jack Sarfatti, theoretical physicist
- Chuck Schumer (born 1950), U.S. senator from New York.
- Erich Segal, Classics professor and novelist, graduated from Midwood High School
- Josh Silver, keyboardist and producer for the Gothic Metal band Type O Negative
- Tony Sirico, actor, "Paulie Walnuts" of HBO's "The Sopranos", was born in Midwood.
- Peter Steele, lead singer, bassist, and composer for the Gothic Metal band Type O Negative. He graduated from Murrow High School.
- Chris Stein, of the pop band Blondie, attended P.S. 99 in the 1960s.
- Tomys Swartwout, founding member of Midwout (Midwood). In April 1655, Director-General Stuyvesant and the Council of New Netherland appointed Swartwout a schepen (magistrate) to the Court of Midwout. One of 19 signers of the "Humble Remonstrance and Petition of the Colonies and Villages of this New Netherland Province" (December 11, 1653), one of the first campaigns for democratic rights in America.
- Sy Syms (born Seymour Merinsky), philanthropist, founder and Chairman of the discount men's clothing retailer SYMS, graduated from Midwood High School.
- Marisa Tomei, actress, attended and graduated from Edward R. Murrow High School.
- Michelle Trachtenberg, actress, attended P.S. 99
- Bruce Wasserstein, investment banker, businessman, and writer, born and raised in Midwood
- Adam Yauch, rapper and founding member of the Beastie Boys
- ^ a b "NYC Planning | Community Profiles". communityprofiles.planning.nyc.gov. New York City Department of City Planning. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
- ^ a b Table PL-P5 NTA: Total Population and Persons Per Acre - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, February 2012. Accessed June 16, 2016.
- ^ a b Table PL-P3A NTA: Total Population by Mutually Exclusive Race and Hispanic Origin - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, March 29, 2011. Accessed June 14, 2016.
- ^ a b Leimbach, Dulcie. "If You're Thinking of Living In/Midwood; Bustling Area With a Touch of Country", The New York Times, June 29, 2003. Accessed October 30, 2007.
- ^ a b "NYPD – 70th Precinct". www.nyc.gov. New York City Police Department. Retrieved October 3, 2016.
- ^ Current City Council Districts for Kings County, New York City. Accessed May 5, 2017.
- ^ a bhttp://memory.loc.gov/master/gdc/scdser01/200401/books_on_film_project/loc06/nov13batchofPDFs/20060523002sw.pdf
- ^ a b BROOKLYN NEIGHBORHOODS.. Present & Past, accessed December 21, 2006
- ^ "FISKE TERRACE-MIDWOOD PARK HISTORIC DISTRICT." Historic Districts Council. Accessed March 21, 2015
- ^ Matus, Irvin Leigh (2000). "When the Dream Was Made". Urbanography. Retrieved September 3, 2013. [On the studio lot in Brooklyn, located adjacent to the Brighton railroad, in what is now Midwood, called South Greenfield at the time]: William Shea, among the first actors in the Big V's stock company, recalled the Brighton's role after filming began in 1905:After the building of the Flatbush studio, interior scenes were taken at the Nassau Street address and exterior scenes at Flatbush. In a picture that had both interior and exterior scenes it was a case of collecting all necessary wardrobe and props and moving to Flatbush. It must have been a sight to see fifteen or twenty people get off a train, some carrying bundles and boxes with a sword or spear sticking out, a little bit of a fellow struggling along with a suit of armor, and various other bulky properties distributed among members of the party, but it was part of the game. Very few of the actors kicked and the populace became used to seeing us doing all kinds of stunts.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Flatbush and Midwood (Including Ditmas Park, Flatbush, Manhattan Terrace, Midwood, Ocean Parkway and Prospect Park South)" (PDF). nyc.gov. NYC Health. 2018. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
- ^ a b "2016-2018 Community Health Assessment and Community Health Improvement Plan: Take Care New York 2020" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. 2016. Retrieved September 8, 2017.
- ^ "New Yorkers are living longer, happier and healthier lives". New York Post. June 4, 2017. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
- ^ "NYC-Brooklyn Community District 14--Flatbush & Midwood PUMA, NY". Census Reporter. Retrieved July 17, 2018.
- ^ "City to Test Peak Rates for Parking Meters". William Neuman. July 10, 2008. Retrieved April 23, 2015.
- ^ US's largest kosher store opens in NY, Jerusalem Post, August 21, 2008. Retrieved March 30, 2018.
- ^ Kareem Fahim (October 11, 2008). "A Tree-Lined Brooklyn Boulevard That's Also a Park and a ..." The New York Times.
- ^ "NYC DOT - Bicycle Maps" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Department of Transportation. 2019. Retrieved May 14, 2019.
- ^ Kevin Walsh (May 28, 2002). "MIDWOOD (SOUTH GREENFIELD), Brooklyn". Retrieved January 4, 2021.
- ^ Article has a clear photo of the entrance. Kaya Laterman (March 21, 2017). "Double Feature at Brooklyn's Kent Theater: Cheap Seats and Fresh Popcorn". The New York Times.
- ^ Terry Pristin (June 13, 2001). "Loews Seeks to Sublease One Theater and Sell Three Others". The New York Times.
- ^ "Triangle Theatre". Retrieved January 4, 2021. 1209 Quentin Road
- ^ Cinema Treasures Avalon Theater
- ^ Kolbert Park, accessed December 21, 2006
- ^ Kilmer, Joyce. L "Trees" in Monroe, Harriet (editor), Poetry: A Magazine of Verse. (Chicago: Modern Poetry Association, August 1913), 2:160.
- ^ Kilmer, Joyce. Trees and Other Poems. (New York: Doubleday Doran and Co., 1914), 18.
- ^ Kilmer, Joyce. "Trees" in The Poems of Joyce Kilmer (1918), reproduced at ELCore.net
- ^ "Corporal Wiltshire Square". New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Retrieved August 3, 2017.
- ^ "Cprl Clifford d 1918 WW1 b Bkl".
- ^ Francis Patrick Duffy (1919). Father Duffy's Story: A Tale of Humor and Heroism. ISBN 978-1-4326-1638-0. Among those killed were Corporal Clifford Wiltshire, a nice quiet boy who was married to
- ^ "Clipping from Times-Union". Brooklyn Times-Union.
- ^ "New York Today: Striving for Success". The New York Times. April 7, 2015. (2015) There is a tie for the honor of smallest park: Sgt. Joyce Kilmer Triangle in Midwood, Brooklyn, and Luke J. Lang Square in Maspeth, Queens
- ^ (2017)"Sgt. Joyce Kilmer Triangle". New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Retrieved August 3, 2017.
- ^ Schlossberg, Tatiana (April 7, 2015). "New York Today: Striving for Success". City Room. Retrieved August 3, 2017.
- ^ Dailey, Jessica (September 22, 2016). "New York City's 20 tiniest parks, mapped". Curbed NY. Retrieved August 3, 2017.
- ^ "Midwood, Ditmas Park & Prospect Park South – DNAinfo.com Crime and Safety Report". www.dnainfo.com. Archived from the original on April 15, 2017. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
- ^ "70th Precinct CompStat Report" (PDF). www.nyc.gov. New York City Police Department. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
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