Canadian military funerals involve many rituals seen in other parts of the world. The Royal Canadian Horse Artillery
use a 25-pounder
gun and limber
as the funeral vehicle. Muffled drums accompany the graveside processional. The deceased's headdress, insignia and medals are borne on a velvet
cushion into the funeral service. Volleys are fired over the grave when the body is interred. Countries in the Commonwealth
duplicate the British military drill and ceremony. The Canadian funeral described above typifies the funerary service. The bugle
tune Last Post
is played as the body is interred.
When the coffin enters the tomb, a fireteam
executes a salvo
If for a general or flag officer, the 1st Artillery Regiment "Tacna" fires a three-volley gun salute.
procession of President B. J. Habibie
, Jakarta - 12 September 2019. The casket is carried by Paspampres
honor guardsmen and is accompanied by the Military chief of staffs and the INP
, military funerals are generally given only either towards retired personnel of the Indonesian National Armed Forces
who served in domestic operations or in international peacekeeping operations or retired guerrillas and/or soldiers of the National Revolutionary War, especially those holding the "Bintang Gerilya (Star of the Guerrilla)
" order, or to active personnel killed while on active duty service. Exceptional politicians and Ministers have the option for such a funeral, but most opt for a more intimate religious one. During the occasion of a State funeral
, it is obligatory for a military funeral to be conducted, preceded by a final religious service before the funeral march begins. A Three-volley salute
is the norm done by a squad seven soldiers occasionally a mixture of Armed Forces or Police personnel dependent on their career.
The Honour drill team surrounding the burial site is a platoon
-size or company formation and the larger the platoon or company, the more illustrious the departed. Prayers are led by representatives of the person's religious faith. Similar traditions also exist in the Indonesian National Police
During the funeral ceremony, the presiding officer of the ceremony reads a message of remembrance in the name of the government and people of Indonesia, as well as his/her chosen uniformed organization in which he/she served, preceded by a reading of the person's life and achievements, as well as of his/her military/police service record (if any). The text is as follows:
In the name of and on behalf of the people and nation and the (states uniformed organization), I, (states name, rank and billet of appointment), together with (states names of co-presiding officer) hereby presents to you (states name of deceased, with rank, number and last appointment held), born as a son/daughter to (states name of father), and who, on (states date of death) in the (states name of hospital/place of death) passed away in the interests and dignity of the Nation and our people, who today is now being interred in the soils of our Motherland.
May his/her spirit be now led on the journey to Paradise and may on the path of Holy Devotion his/her memory and legacy be to us a guide and inspiration.
(date of funeral and place of burial)
(name of presiding officer, rank and billet of appointment)
, the last fragment of Władysław Tarnowski
's song Śpij, kolego
a portion of the larger composition Jak to na wojence ładnie
(the title has no precise English translation, but it is roughly "how nice it is in war", with a diminutive form conveying a sense of ironic solidarity)
is an integral part of a military funeral, played by a trumpeter. It is also played during state ceremonies. Also part of it is a three volley salute (salwa honorowa
) with the firing party consisting of an armed platoon or company.
, the people eligible for the military funerals are the distinguished veterans honorably discharged from service, servicemen killed in action or otherwise perished during their active service, state dignitaries and some other categories of people who distinguished themselves in state service. The ritual includes the honor guard
, size of which depends on the deceased rank and status and may vary from merely a squad to a full company, which escorts the departed to the hearse and from the hearse to the grave, with a special detachment to carry the deceased's awards. A military marching band
accompanies the funeral procession as well, traditionally playing the "How glorious is our Lord" (an old Royal anthem from XVIII century) as the body is put on the hearse and the National Anthem of Russia
during the salute after the actual burial. On special occasions the garrison commander may authorise the use of a gun carriage (horse or motor drawn at his discretion) instead of a traditional motor hearse (a gun carriage in a Continental style is traditionally used in Russia instead of a caisson
preferred in the Anglosphere). A deceased's portrait is carried before the procession, followed by the funerary wreaths and the awards, with the pallbearers following them. All military personnel presented are required to stand at attention as a flag-wrapped casket passes them. Aside from a flag, a land or air forces veteran is buried with his or her regulation cap on the casket, while naval officers are also entitled to their ceremonial dirk
and its sheath to be crossed on a casket cover. Russian Orthodox clergy say a memorial player for the deceased serviceman or woman. At the burial ground, the eulogy is first read, the flag is lowered and the band plays the funerary march as the casket is lowered into the grave, after which a three-volley salute is fired with blank rounds, followed by the performance of the national anthem by the band. An artillery gun salute may be authorised for a particularly important funeral for a general or flag officer.
In Spain, the formed troops sing "La muerte no es el final
": Death is not the End
during funeral ceremonies and in all military ceremonies, when the fallen are being honored. The Spanish Legion
has an exception: the regimental hymn Novio de la Muerte
(Bridegroom of Death
) is played in full instead during occasions that the Legion attends.
The British Army carries reversed arms
at military funerals. The Last Post and Rouse or Reveille are sounded at the right moment during the rite.
As of January 1, 2000, Section 578 of Public Law 106-65 of the National Defense Authorization Act
mandates that the United States Armed Forces
shall provide the rendering of honors in a military funeral for any eligible veteran if requested by his or her family. As mandated by federal law, an honor guard
detail for the burial of an eligible veteran shall consist of no fewer than two members of the Armed Forces. One member of the detail shall be a representative of the parent armed service of the deceased veteran. The honor guard detail will, at a minimum, perform a ceremony that includes the folding and presenting of the flag of the United States
to the next of kin
and the playing of "Taps
", which will be played by a lone bugler
, if available, or by audio recording
Today, there are so few buglers available that the United States Armed Forces often cannot provide one.
However, federal law allows Reserve
and National Guard
units to assist with funeral honors duty when necessary. On the day of the burial or interment, the U.S. Flag is lowered to half-staff.
- After the 2006 Lebanon war, Hezbollah draped coffins containing their dead in Hezbollah flags with flowers on top. They were given a funeral according to Shiite Muslim traditions, then buried in their hometowns.
- Irish Republican Army members have been accorded military funerals.
- On occasion, deceased soldiers have been accorded military funerals by their enemies (for example, see Manfred von Richthofen).
The military funeral of U.S. Navy Rear Admiral Henry H. Bell
held in Hiogo, Japan on January 14, 1868.
Commander-in-Chief Hermann Göring
giving a speech at the military funeral of Night fighter ace Lieutenant Colonel Helmut Lent
, winner of the Oak Leaves with Swords and Diamonds to the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, October 1944.
Military funeral procession for World War II soldier and Victoria Cross
recipient Ernest ("Smokey") Smith in Vancouver, Canada on August 13, 2005.
A casket team from the 3rd United States Infantry Regiment "The Old Guard" transports the remains of Retired Chief Warrant Officer Michael J. Novosel
during a ceremonial funeral procession at Arlington National Cemetery where he was laid to rest on April 13, 2006.
A Canadian honor guard carries the remains of Pte. Sebastien Courcy during a sundown ramp ceremony at Kandahar Air Field
, Afghanistan on July 17, 2009.
- ^ Tradiciones Navales. Chilean Navy, n/d (in Spanish). Retrieved 25 April 2017.
- ^ (For example: a Minister of Transportation may have been a career Army/Navy soldier, became a bureaucrat and assisted the national aviation or maritime industry- thus the corresponding service branch would send soldiers as gratitude.)
- ^ "Protocol for State Funerals and National Mourning". Official website of the Italian Government - Department of State Ceremonies.
- ^ "Śpij, kolego (score)" (PDF). Polish Army WEB. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 June 2011. Retrieved 14 December 2009.External link in |publisher= (help)
- ^ "Śpij, kolego (mp3)". Polish Army WEB. Archived from the original on 24 January 2010. Retrieved 14 December 2009. External link in |publisher= (help)
- ^ Polish text "Jak to na wojence ładnie". Retrieved 3 August 2009.
- ^ "Jak to na wojence ładnie mp3". Retrieved 3 August 2009.[permanent dead link]
- ^ "Veterans Funeral Services". Retrieved 2016-01-01.
- ^ "What is Military Funeral Honors?". U.S. Department of Defense.
Images and sounds
Last edited on 12 April 2021, at 13:30
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