"Councillor of state" redirects here. For the differently spelled role it should not be confused for, see Counsellor of State
is a politician
who heads a ministry
making and implementing decisions on policies in conjunction with the other ministers. In some jurisdictions the head of government
is also a minister and is designated the ‘prime minister
’, ‘premier’, ‘chief minister’, ‘chancellor’ or other title.
In Commonwealth realm
jurisdictions which use the Westminster system
of government, ministers are usually required to be members of one of the houses of Parliament
, and are usually from the political party that controls a majority in the lower house of the legislature. In other jurisdictions — such as Belgium
,[note 1] Philippines
— the holder of a cabinet-level post or other government official is not permitted to be a member of the legislature. Depending on the administrative arrangements in each jurisdiction, ministers are usually heads of a government department
and members of the government's ministry, cabinet
and perhaps of a committee of cabinet. Some ministers may be more senior than others, and some may hold the title ’assistant minister
’ or ‘deputy minister
’. Some jurisdictions, with a large number of ministers, may designate ministers to be either in the inner or outer ministry or cabinet.
The term minister comes from Middle English
, deriving from the Old French
, originally minister
, meaning "servant, attendant", which itself was derived from the word 'minus' meaning "less".
Normally the leader of the majority party
becomes the prime minister
, or an office of equivalent function, and selects the other ministers. In the Westminster system, these ministers continue to represent their constituency
in parliament while being part of the government. Often, a person from the outside may be appointed minister, usually in order to bring special skills to the government. Such a person would not have to be part of the parliament while serving as minister, nor would he/she necessarily be a member of the party/parties in government.
In the United Kingdom, a government minister does not have to be a member of either House of Parliament. In practice, however, convention is that ministers must be members of either the House of Commons
or House of Lords
in order to be accountable to Parliament. From time to time, Prime Ministers appoint non-parliamentarians as ministers. In recent years such ministers have been appointed to the House of Lords.
Types of ministers and name
Specific ministers include:
Some ministers may hold multiple portfolios and lead several ministries simultaneously, while multiple ministers with separate portfolios may oversee a single ministry, or may also share both ministerial and deputy-ministerial portfolios in different ministries. A cabinet minister can sometimes be in charge of no ministry at all, and is then known as a "minister without portfolio
Once a minister's position is vacant, the minister can be a member of parliament, in accordance with article 57 section 3 of the Dutch constitution.
- ^ "Minister". Oxford Dictionary. Retrieved 17 June 2018.
- ^ "Minister". Collins Dictionary. Retrieved 17 June 2018.
- ^ "Grondwet". wetten.overheid.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 2021-03-10.
- ^ a b "Real bridge-builder became Finland's first female government minister - thisisFINLAND". thisisFINLAND. 2017-09-29. Retrieved 2017-10-01.
- ^ Korppi-Tommola, Aura (2016), Miina Sillanpää - edelläkävijä, Helsinki: Suomen kirjallisuuden seura, ISBN 978-952-222-724-9
- ^ The word Minister Definition, dictionary.com dictionaries
- ^ Maer, Lucinda (2017-09-04). "Ministers in the House of Lords".
Last edited on 23 April 2021, at 06:09
Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0
unless otherwise noted.