Ministry (government department)
These types of organizations are usually led by a politician who is a member of a cabinet
—a body of high-ranking government officials—who may use a title such as minister
, or commissioner, and are typically staffed with members of a non-political civil service
, who manage its operations; they may also oversee other government agencies
and organizations as part of a political portfolio.
Governments may have differing numbers and types of ministries and departments. In some countries, these terms may be used with specific meanings: for example, an office may be a subdivision of a department or ministry.
, first-level subdivisions are known as provinces and territories
. Five of the ten provincial
governments use the term ministry
to describe their departments (Ontario
, British Columbia
, and Alberta
) but the other five, as well as the three territorial governments, use the term department
. Despite the difference in nomenclature, both the provincial and federal governments use the term "minister" to describe the head of a ministry or department. The specific task assigned to a minister is referred to as his or her "portfolio".
Some countries, such as Switzerland
, the Philippines
and the United States
, do not use or no longer use the term "ministry" and instead call their main government bodies "departments". However, in other countries such as Luxembourg a department is a subdivision of a ministry, usually led by a government member called a secretary of state who is subordinate to the minister.
at the federal level, and also at the state level, the term Ministry
refers to the ministerial office held by a member of Cabinet
, the executive, which is then responsible for one or more departments
, the top division of the public service. The collection of departments responsible to a ministerial office and hence the minister, is referred to as the minister's "portfolio".
's state agencies include many ministries and a smaller number of departments. Increasingly, state agencies are styled neither as ministries nor as departments. All New Zealand agencies are under the direction of one or more ministers or associate ministers, whether they are styled ministries
or not. Each body also has an apolitical chief executive, and in ministries and departments these chief executives often have the title of Secretary.
In Hong Kong
, the term bureau
is used, and departments are subordinate to the bureaus.
, ministries are referred to as secretariats
In 1999, the ministries of the federal government of Belgium
became known as federal public service
, the exception being the Ministry of Defense which kept the original designation.
, the organization adopted by the XXI (2015-2019)
and the XXII (since 2019) governments
ceased to expressly foresee the existence of ministries, with the portfolios of the ministers being referred as "governative areas". While some governative areas inherited the previously established ministerial organizations and continued to structured as traditional ministries (Finance
, National Defense
, Foreign Affairs
, etc.), the other governative areas received a more flexible organization.
each ministry is led by a minister who is not a member of the Nigerian legislature
(due to the separation of powers) and is responsible to the popularly elected president
, there are 21 ministries. Each ministry is led by a minister, and the Prime Minister is the 22nd minister of the Lebanese government.
In popular culture
The term ministry has also been widely used in fiction, notably in satires and parodies.
Books and films
- The Ministry of Magic is the governing body of the wizarding world of the United Kingdom and Ireland in the Harry Potter series (not a department of the British Government responsible for magical affairs). It is led by a Minister for Magic.
- In the Nineteen Eighty-Four novel there are four Ministries in charge of Airstrip One (formerly the United Kingdom), : the Ministry of Truth (education, culture and propaganda), the Ministry of Love (the interior), the Ministry of Plenty (economic affairs) and the Ministry of Peace (war and foreign affairs) .
- The Ministry of Information Retrieval features in the film Brazil.
- The Ministry of Social Coherence appears in an Estonian comedy Riigimehed (Statesmen).
- In Yes Minister the Department of Administrative Affairs (DAA) is responsible for the administration of other government departments and the British Civil Service. This ministry had a number of other responsibilities, including National Health Service administration, local government, organising state visits by foreign leaders, enforcing European regulations, the arts and telecommunications.
- The Thick of It is set at the fictional Department of Social Affairs, later called the Department of Social Affairs and Citizenship, or "DoSAC" for short.
- The Ministry of Silly Walks is the subject of a sketch in Monty Python's Flying Circus.
- The Spanish television show El ministerio del tiempo follows the exploits of an investigative team in the fictional Ministry of Time, which deals with incidents caused by time travel that can cause changes to the present day
- ^ " Энциклопедический словарь Брокгауза и Ефрона", т. XIX (1896): Мекенен — Мифу-Баня, "Министерства", с. 351—357 s:ru:ЭСБЕ/Министерства
- ^ a b Canada, Employment and Social Development (2020-02-21). "Dear Minister: A letter to an old friend on being a successful Minister". aem. Retrieved 2021-04-01.
- ^ a b Office, Privy Council (2017-12-13). "Guide Book for Heads of Agencies: Operations, Structures and Responsibilities in the Federal Government". aem. Retrieved 2021-04-01.
Last edited on 21 May 2021, at 14:24
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