The name originates from the chief city of the governorate, originally known in Sahidic Coptic
and in Bohairic as Thmonē
, meaning “the residence”, in reference to a monastery
formerly in the area. The name may also originate from the city's name in Egyptian Men'at Khufu
The rate of poverty is more than 60% in this governorate, where the total population is nearly 6 million. Recently the government has provided some assistance via social safety networks, specifically, some financial assistance to residents with disabilities, and job opportunities for them and others. The funding has been coordinated by the country's Ministry of Finance
and with assistance from international organizations.
The governorate is divided into municipal divisions
with a total estimated population as of March 2019 of 5,807,919. In the case of Minya governorate, there are a number of aqsam
and a new city. Sometimes a markaz and a kism
share a name.
Cities and towns
As of 2018, 10 cities (or towns) in Minya had a population of over 15,000 inhabitants.
Cities and towns with over 15,000 inhabitants
According to population estimates from 2015 the majority of residents in the governorate live in rural areas, with an urbanization rate of only 18.9%. Out of an estimated 5,566,702 people residing in the governorate, 4,683,284 people live in rural areas as opposed to only 979,418 in urban areas.
Ancient Egyptian period
Today, Minya Governorate has the highest concentration of Coptic Christians
of 50% of the total population.[ambiguous]
There are also a number of active monasteries in the region.
In February 2019, fifty mummy collections wrapped in linen, stone coffins
or wooden sarcophagi
dated back to the Ptolemaic Kingdom
were discovered by Egyptian archaeologists in the Tuna El-Gebel
site. 12 of the graves in four burial chambers 9m (30ft) deep, belonged to children. One of the remains was the partly uncovered skull enclosed in linen.
In May 2020, Egyptian-Spanish archaeological mission headed by Esther Ponce revealed a unique cemetery consist of one room built with glazed limestone dating back to the 26th Dynasty
(so-called the El-Sawi era) at the site of ancient Oxyrhynchus
. Archaeologists also uncovered bronze coins, clay seals, Roman tombstones and small crosses.
Ibrahimiya Canal, Minya
In 1981, the Basic Village Service Program (BVS) of USAID, had several water, and road projects, going on in several markazes in the Minya Governorate.
In 2013, The United Nations Trust Fund for Human Security helped farmers in Minya by doing consultation work with them and taking soil samples.
The national holiday of the Minya governorate is on 18 March. It commemorates those who were executed by the British
at Deir Mawas
on 18 March 1919.
According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:
- Al Matahra, east of the Nile
- Heavy industrial zone - Wadi el Sararyah
- New Minya
Agriculture and industry
Man working in a limestone quarry.
Minya Governorate is an important agricultural and industrial region. Among its principal crops are sugarcane
, vegetables of various sorts, tomatoes
, and grapes
. Among the leading local industries are food processing
(especially sugar and the drying and grinding of onions), spinning
of cotton, perfumes, oils and fats, cement-making
(especially limestone), and brick-making
Monasteries in the Minya Governorate
- Abdel Hakim Amer, military general
- Akhenaten, Pharaoh of the Eighteenth dynasty
- Akram Habib, Biblical scholar and social activist
- Hakim, folkloric singer
- Hoda Shaarawi, female activist
- Khufu, second Pharaoh of the Fourth dynasty
- Louis Awad, writer and intellectual
- Maria al-Qibtiyya, wife of Muhammad
- Sanaa Gamil, actress
- Suzanne Mubarak, the former first lady of Egypt
- Taha Hussein, writer and intellectual
- Mervat Amin, artist
- Ahmed Hassan, leader of Egyptian Football Team
- Alla Mohammed Hassan Limt , Musician
- Total area: 32,279 km².
- Percentage to total area of Egypt: 3.2%.
- Population: around 5.8 million
- Population density: 115 people/km²
- Rural population:
- Percentage to the whole population of Egypt: 5.1%
- Population growth rate:
- Minya Governorate administrative divisions: 9 localities, 57 local administrative units, 346 small villages, and 1,429 tiny villages.
The Egyptian Tourist Authority, - ETA.
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Last edited on 19 January 2021, at 04:24
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