Mohamed Refaat El-Saeed
Mohammed Refaat El-Saeed (Arabic: محمد رفعت السعيد‎‎ Muhammad Rifaʻatu s-Saʻīd, 11 October 1932 – 17 August 2017) was an Egyptian politician, scholar and writer.[1][2] He served as the general secretary of the National Progressive Unionist Party (Tagammu).[1][3] El-Saeed held two doctorates in history, and was a part-time lecturer at the American University in Cairo.[1] El-Saeed was a frequent contributor to al-Ahali, the Tagammu party organ.[1][4]
During the 1940s and 1950s, El-Saeed was active in the Democratic Movement for National Liberation (Haditu) and was seen as close to the leader of the movement, Henri Curiel.[1] He was arrested in the 1958 crackdown on communist activities, and would spend four years in jail.[2]
When the Tagammu party was founded, El-Saeed served as its organizational secretary.[1] Within Tagammu, El-Saeed was identified with the tendency that he was willing to enter into compromises with the regime of Hosni Mubarak.[1] Notably, under his leadership Tagammu was the sole opposition party not to boycott the 1990 election.[5] In early 1995 Tagammu accepted the presidential nomination of El-Saeed to the Shura Council, the upper house of parliament.[6]
For El-Saeed, the tactical alliance with Mubarak stemmed from a desire to block the Muslim Brotherhood to advance its influence in Egyptian politics.[5] El-Saeed's consistent fierce opposition to the Muslim Brotherhood constitutes a key component of his political discourse and authorship.[4] He dedicated many of his written works to this subject (such as Contre L'Integrisme Islamiste in French).[1][4] In response to his line on political Islam, he was placed in prominent positions on the death lists of militant groups.[1]
Within Tagammu, El-Saeed remained a controversial figure due to his links to Mubarak.[1][2][7] Some sectors of the party disagreed with his hardline stance against the Muslim Brotherhood.[4] Dissent in the party erupted again following the 2011 Egyptian Revolution, as 73 Central Committee members of the party resigned in protest of El-Saeed's leadership. In particular the participation of Tagammu in the 2010 elections was a bone of contention.[7]
El-Saeed died on 17 August 2017 at the age of 84.[8]
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Al-Ahram. The organiserArchived 2012-09-21 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b c Jadaliyya. National Progressive Unionist (Tagammu) Party
  3. ^ Africa research bulletin: Political, social, and cultural series, Vol. 32. Blackwell, 1995. p. 1879
  4. ^ a b c d Zahid, Mohammed. The Muslim Brotherhood and Egypt's Succession Crisis: The Politics of Liberalisation and Reform in the Middle East. London: I.B. Tauris, 2012. p. 172
  5. ^ a b Bernard-Maugiron, Nathalie, and Nicholas S. Hopkins. Political and social protest in Egypt. Cairo: American University in Cairo Press, 2009. p. 170
  6. ^ Kassem, May. In the Guise of Democracy: Governance in Contemporary Egypt. Reading: Ithaca Press, 1999. p. 107
  7. ^ a b Rosa Luxemburg Stiftung. The Left in post-Jan 25-Egypt
  8. ^ اليوم السابع. وفاة الدكتور رفعت السعيد الرئيس السابق لحزب التجمع (in Arabic)
Last edited on 20 February 2021, at 17:40
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