: محمد مزالي
, 23 December 1925 – 23 June 2010) was a Tunisian politician who served as Prime Minister between 1980 and 1986.
Mzali was born in Monastir, Tunisia
on 23 December 1925. He's from a family whose ancestor came from the Ait Mzal
tribe, a Berber
tribe from the Sous
region of Morocco
. This ancestor settled in Tunisia after coming back from the Hajj
in the late 17th century.
Mzali was appointed Prime Minister of Tunisia
by President Habib Bourguiba
on 23 April 1980.
In December 1983, under pressure from the International Monetary Fund
, the government removed subsidies on flour and bread. This triggered the Tunisian bread riots
, which were violently suppressed by the security forces with many deaths.
President Bourguiba announced on 6 January 1984 that the increase in the price of bread and flour had been cancelled.
He gave the impression that Mzali had not been authorized to raise prices.
The clumsy handling of the price rise damaged the position of Mzali, who had been seen as the probable successor to Bourguiba.
Mzali temporarily assumed the post of Minister of the Interior.
In an attempt to recover his popularity Mzali toured the provinces after the riots, promising projects to create new jobs.
Mzali said, "the first lesson to be drawn from the events of January was that it is necessary to reorganise the forces of order so that they can respond adequately to all situations."
Mzali was dismissed in 1986 and fled to France.
He was replaced by Rachid Sfar
. Mzali wrote many books, one of them untitled "Un Premier ministre de Bourguiba témoigne". He served as a member of the International Olympic Committee
from 1965 until his death. Mzali died on 23 June 2010 in Paris, France
Mzali met Fethia Mokhtar
while they were both studying in Paris and they married in 1950. They had six children. She served as Tunisia's Minister for Women from 1983 until 1986.
- ^ "M. Mohamed Mzali est nommé premier ministre". Le Monde (in French). 1980-04-24. Retrieved 2020-09-24.
- ^ a b Walton & Seddon 2008, p. 204–205.
- ^ R, Jonathan C.; al; R, Jonathan C.; al (1987-03-22). "TUNISIAN LEADER CONSOLIDATING POWER". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2017-07-20.
- ^ Hlaoui, Noureddine (23 June 2010). "Tunisie - Décès de Mohamed Mzali". Business News (in French). Retrieved 7 April 2017.
- Associated Press (24 June 2010). "Former Tunisian Premier Mohamed Mzali, International Olympic Committee member, dies at 85". Fox News.
- Entelis, John Pierre (1997). Islam, Democracy, and the State in North Africa. Indiana University Press. p. 98. ISBN 0-253-21131-X. Retrieved 2015-05-13.
- Gana, Nouri (2013). The Making of the Tunisian Revolution: Contexts, Architects, Prospects. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-7486-9103-6. Retrieved 2015-05-13.
- Guay, Jean-Herman (2015). "29 décembre 1983: Déclenchement des émeutes du pain en Tunisie". Perspective Monde. Retrieved 2015-05-12.
- Lief, Louise (10 January 1984). "Tunisia's riots pose troubling questions". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 2015-05-12.
- Mzali, Mohamed Mzali (2004). Un Premier ministre de Bourguiba témoigne. Paris: Jean Picollec.
- Walton, John K.; Seddon, David (2008-09-15). Free Markets and Food Riots: The Politics of Global Adjustment. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0-470-71271-9. Retrieved 2015-05-13.
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Last edited on 4 December 2020, at 19:05
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