Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
(Arabic: محمد بن راشد آل مكتوم
; Muḥammad bin Rāshid ʾĀl Maktūm
; born 15 July 1949) is the Vice President and Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates
(UAE), and ruler of the Emirate of Dubai
Since his accession in 2006, after the death of his brother Sheikh Maktoum
, he has undertaken reforms in the UAE's government, starting with the UAE Federal Government Strategy in April 2007.
On October 19, 2020 he led the UAE Council of Ministers that ratified a peace agreement with Israel
, normalizing diplomatic relationships between the two countries.
Al Maktoum rules an authoritarian regime in the UAE.
On 5 March 2020, a British court ruled that on the balance of probabilities
, he had abducted two of his daughters and had threatened his former wife, Princess Haya
His daughters Shamsa and Latifa
have been alleged to be forcibly medicated while held in Dubai under Al Maktoum's orders since 2000 and 2018, respectively.
On 16 February 2021, BBC's Panorama broadcast a critical documentary featuring Princess Latifa's video messages that she made secretly under enforced detention in Dubai on the orders of Sheikh Mohammed.
A keen equestrian, he is the founder of the Maktoum family-owned Godolphin
stable and the owner of Darley
, a thoroughbred breeding operation with operations in six countries. In 2012, he rode the horse Madji Du Pont
160 km to take the FEI
World Endurance Championship.
He is also a Nabati
poet in his native Arabic.
He created the Maktoum Award for World Peace
Sheikh Mohammed at the Dubai Air Show in 2007
On his return from military training to Dubai, Sheikh Mohammed's father appointed him head of the Dubai Police Force
and the Dubai Defence Force, which was later to become part of the Union Defence Force.
Minister of Defence
As a young man, in January 1968, he was present when Sheikh Rashid and Sheikh Zayed first met in the desert between Dubai and Abu Dhabi at Argoub El Sedira
to agree to the formation of a union of emirates following British notification of intent to withdraw from the Trucial States
. When the new nation of the United Arab Emirates
was founded on 2 December 1971, he became its first Minister of Defence.
A period of uncertainty and instability followed the Union of the United Arab Emirates, including skirmishes between tribes over property straddling new borders. On 24 January 1972, the exiled former ruler of the Emirate of Sharjah
, Saqr bin Sultan Al Qasimi
led an insurrectionist coup against the ruler, Khalid bin Mohammed Al Qasimi
Following a spirited firefight between the Union Defence Force
and Saqr's forces - mostly Egyptian mercenaries who had entered the UAE through Ras Al Khaimah
– Sheikh Mohammed accepted Saqr's surrender.
Sheikh Khalid had been killed in the action, leading to the accession of his brother Sultan bin Muhammad Al-Qasimi
as ruler of Sharjah. Mohammed delivered Saqr to Sheikh Zayed, who put him under house arrest in Al Ain.
In 1973, Sheikh Mohammed was involved in protracted negotiations with the hijackers of JAL 404
, led by Japanese Red Army
member Osamu Maruouka, which landed in Dubai after being hijacked as it departed Schiphol. Although unsuccessful in obtaining the release of the hostages (they were finally freed, and the 747 blown up, in Libya), he was more successful in a later negotiation with the three hijackers of KLM 861
, who released the balance of their hostages and handed over the plane in return for safe passage.
Crown Prince of Dubai
Mohammed bin Rashid with then Prime Minister of India Manmohan Singh
in March 2010.
Signalling a zero tolerance policy towards corruption in government, in 2001, Sheikh Mohammed ordered the arrest of Obaid Saqr bin-Busit, the head of Dubai Customs and the chairman of the World Customs Association.
Busit and two aides, as well as three other employees, had been the subject of a two-year investigation for corruption. The high-profile arrests caused widespread shock and were followed by a slew of arrests of public officials later that month; in all, fourteen officials, including six senior officers, were arrested and charged with offences related to corruption. Unusually, the officials were publicly 'named and shamed'.
More recently, the downturn exposed issues related to corruption at government-owned Dubai real estate company Deyaar
. The investigation team was granted "unprecedented powers of scrutiny" by Sheikh Mohammed.
The CEO of the company was found guilty of earning Dhs20 million by misusing his powers and sentenced to a 10-year jail term.
Mohammed has been recorded to make surprise visits to ministerial departments and publicly humiliate
offices in which staff had not been available.
Ruler of Dubai, Vice President, and Prime Minister
In April 2007, Sheikh Mohammed announced a strategic review of the Federation's governance at both the Federal and local government levels. The UAE Federal Government Strategy, a process of strategic reform intended to address a lack of co-ordination and strategic planning in government, as well as policy making issues and deficiencies in the legislative and regulatory framework, would work on improvements in social development, economic development, public sector development, justice and safety, infrastructure, and rural development.
This was followed by the announcement in February 2010 of Vision 2021, a long-term strategy and national agenda.
Typically, foreign residents or 'expatriates' in the United Arab Emirates have renewable visas, valid for two or three years, and tied to their employment.
In 2018, Sheikh Mohammed announced five and ten-year visas for sought-after professionals, academicians and long-term investors.
In May 2019, Sheikh Mohammed announced the 'gold card' or permanent residence visa in the United Arab Emirates.
Subject to additional criteria, investors and professionals in healthcare, engineering, science and art would be eligible for permanent residence visa. The permanent residence visa scheme is expected to generate foreign investment, encourage entrepreneurship, and attract engineers, scientists and students of exceptional caliber.
6800 investors whose total investments exceed Dh100b, comprise the first batch of 'gold card' recipients.
Maktoum at the World Economic Forum Summit on the Global Agenda, 2008
Sheikh Mohammed has been responsible for the creation and growth of a number of businesses and economic assets of Dubai, with a number held by two companies under his ownership, Dubai World
and Dubai Holding
Dubai World was launched on 2 July 2006, as a holding company consolidating a number of assets including logistics company DP World
, property developer Nakheel Properties
, and investment company Istithmar World
. With more than 50,000 employees in over 100 cities around the globe, the group has real estate, logistics and other business investments in the United States, the United Kingdom, and South Africa.
He also holds a controlling interest in property developer, asset and event management, and investment company Meraas Holding
which is currently developing a number of retail, lifestyle and themed developments in Dubai, including Legoland and a Bollywood movie theme park.
Launch of Emirates Airline
Through the 1970s, as well as his role as head of Dubai Defence Force and UAE Minister of Defence, Sheikh Mohammed oversaw Dubai's energy resources and was in charge of Dubai Civil Aviation. It was in this latter role, in March 1985, that he tasked the then head of DNATA, Maurice Flanagan
, with launching a new airline to be called Emirates
after a dispute with Gulf Air over Dubai's 'Open Skies' policy. The launch budget of the airline was $10 million (the amount Flanagan said he needed to launch an airline) and its inaugural flight took place on 25 October 1985.
Sheikh Mohammed made his (younger) uncle, Ahmed bin Saeed
chairman of the new company. A further $75 million in facilities and materials was provided, but Emirates has always maintained it has received no further subsidies throughout the company's meteoric growth to become one of the world's leading airlines.
In 1989, Sheikh Mohammed inaugurated the first Dubai Airshow
: in 2013 the exhibition had grown to over 1,000 exhibiting companies, and was the venue for Emirates' placement of the largest aeroplane order in history, with $99 billion combined orders with Airbus
for its A380
for its 777X
Dubai Ports World
In 1991, Sheikh Mohammed merged the Jebel Ali Port and Free Zone and Port Rashid to form the Dubai Ports Authority. In 1999, he founded Dubai Ports International to explore overseas acquisitions and management contracts which, in 2005, was folded into the Dubai Ports Authority to form DP World
. In 2006, the company acquired P&O
for $7 billion. The acquisition led to the DP World controversy
after a number of US politicians and lobbyists raised concerns regarding the safety of six ports acquired by DP World as part of the acquisition of P&O. DP World subsequently divested the ports in question.
A profitable global enterprise, DP World today is one of the largest marine terminal operators in the world. The company operates more than 77 terminals across six continents, with container handling generating some 80% of its revenue.
Burj Al Arab and Jumeirah
Burj Al Arab and Jumeirah Beach
The Burj Al Arab
was inaugurated in December 1999. The hotel, constructed from a design by WS Atkins
in response to a brief from Sheikh Mohammed to create a truly iconic building, styles itself as "the world's most luxurious hotel". It was constructed on an island offshore from the Jumeirah Beach Hotel
, the first property managed by Jumeirah,
the hotel management company launched by Sheikh Mohammed in 1997 and headed by ex-Trust House Forte executive Gerald Lawless
. In fact, work began on both hotels at the same time, but the island to house the Burj Al Arab required three years to build before construction began above ground. Jumeirah's international expansion, driven after it became part of Dubai Holding
encompasses 22 hotels in ten countries.
Dubai Internet City and TECOM
On 29 October 1999, Sheikh Mohammed announced Dubai Internet City
, a technology hub and free trade zone. Offering companies long leases, full ownership, and fast access to government services, DIC grew from its first tenants in October 2000, to a current zone employing some 15,000 people.
In November 2000, it was joined by Dubai Media City
, a content and media production-free zone which is co-located with DIC. The launch of DIC came with assurances from Sheikh Mohammed regarding media freedoms. In 2007, he issued a decree banning the imprisonment of journalists following an incident in which local journalists were accused of libel and sentenced to jail terms.
Palm Jumeirah seen from space.
Developed by Nakheel Properties, part of Dubai World, the development of the three planned Palm Islands
was halted by the global financial crisis of 2009. The first of the islands, the Palm Jumeirah
, has been completed and developed, while the second, the Palm Jebel Ali
, has completed land reclamation but not been further developed. The third and largest Palm, the Palm Deira, has been scaled back and re-launched as the Deira Islands
On 4 January 2010, Sheikh Mohammed opened Burj Khalifa
, the world's tallest building, with a display of some 10,000 fireworks. It forms the centre of the $20 billion downtown Dubai
development of mixed use towers, buildings, and retail outlets. The development is also home to the world's largest shopping mall by total area in the world, The Dubai Mall
. Originally conceived as a development around an 80-story tower, the project team was sent away to return with "the greatest neighbourhood known to man".
He has said of the tower that it is "a national accomplishment, a historic milestone and a key economic turning point. It is a symbol of pride, not only to the Emirati people but to all Arabs."
Interests, activities and philanthropic work The Mohammed Bin Rashid Global initiatives (MBRGI)
The Mohammed Bin Rashid Global Initiatives
is a charitable foundation which consolidates the work of some 33 charitable foundations, entities and initiatives which together implement more than 1,400 development programs, contributing to the support of more than 130 million people in 116 countries in collaboration with over 280 strategic partners, including governmental institutions, private sector
companies, as well as regional and international organizations.
Mohammed bin Rashid School of Government
The Mohammed bin Rashid School of Government
(previously the Dubai School of Government) is an academic and research institution in the area of public policy and administration focused on the United Arab Emirates and the Arab world. Established in 2005, the School aims to promote and support excellence in governance through enhancing the region's capacity for effective public policy.
Toward this goal, the school maintains ties, and collaborates with, regional and global institutions in its research and training programs, and organizes policy forums and international conferences to facilitate the exchange of ideas and promote critical debate on public policy in the Arab world.
The school supports research and teaching programs including: applied research and master's degree in public policy and management; executive education for senior officials and executives; and knowledge forums for scholars and policy makers.
Aid to Palestine
Sheikh Mohammed has made a number of charitable donations to Palestinian causes
in its struggle against Israel
This includes a grant of 600 houses to Gaza following the 2008-2009 Gaza war
when he cancelled New Year celebrations and the official opening of the Dubai Shopping Festival to mark solidarity with the Palestinians, as well as donations for Palestinian refugees from the 1948 Palestinian exodus
. Reflecting widespread public reaction to the events, and part of a groundswell of donations from prominent Emirati citizens, he also dedicated his victory and prize money from winning a major endurance race in Bahrain on 10 January 2009 to the Palestinian people.
He has frequently alluded to the need to pursue a two-state solution and negotiate a settlement to the Palestinian issue before any normalisation of relations with Israel.
Aid to Afghanistan
Having called for US restraint in Afghanistan both in public and in meetings with US officials,
Sheikh Mohammed moved to donate $2m for temporary housing for those displaced by the US bombing campaign of 2001/2002
The move sparked a wave of donations from wealthy and notable Emiratis
as news of widespread dislocation and need by Afghan civilians as a result of the strikes spread and led to the establishment of a village in Kandahar to house displaced families. The following year, some 15,000 refugees were repatriated from the Afghan/Pakistan border where they had been housed in the temporary accommodation.
Aiding mosque construction in the Netherlands
In June 2017, two new initiatives were added to the Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum Global Initiatives, within the "Empowering Communities" sector, namely the International Institute for Tolerance and the Sheikh Mohammed Bin Rashid Award for Tolerance. In this respect, Sheikh Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum issued Law No. (9) of 2017 on the Establishment of the International Institute for Tolerance and Decree No. (23) of 2017 on the Formation of a Board of Trustees and Decree No. (28) of 2017 on the Appointment of a Managing Director for the International Institute for Tolerance. In this respect, Law No. (9) of 2017 includes the launch of the Sheikh Mohammed Bin Rashid Award for Tolerance, administered in accordance with the provisions and statute of said Law. Hence, the establishment of the International Institute for Tolerance aims at instilling a spirit of tolerance across the community, building a cohesive society, strengthening the UAE's standing and position as a model of tolerance, as well as renouncing extremism and all forms of discrimination among people on the basis of religion, sex, race, color or language, in addition to honoring all entities and institutions contributing to the promotion of tolerance and open, interfaith dialogue.
Sheikh Mohammed is a major figure in international thoroughbred horse racing
. He owns Darley Stud
, the biggest horse breeding operation in the world with farms in the United States, Ireland, England, and Australia. In 1985 he bought the Irish
thoroughbred Park Appeal
for an undisclosed sum at the end of her second season. She went on to produce at least nine winners from twelve foals and is the ancestor of many successful horses.
Sheikh Mohammed had raced horses as a child (he would share his breakfast with his horse on the way to school)
but he attended his first formal race at Newmarket in 1967, with his brother Hamdan, watching Royal Palace
win the 2,000 guineas
Becoming an owner in his own right, ten years later he won his first race with Hatta at Brighton. And five years after that, he and Hamdan had three studs and 100 horses under training.
By 1992, Sheikh Mohammed had started 'wintering' his horses in Dubai, frequently against the advice of trainers and pundits in the UK. The results were a string of high-profile wins, and by 1994 he founded Godolphin. In 1995, his hands-on approach to racing resulted in a major split with leading trainer Henry Cecil after a disagreement over racing a horse Mohammed insisted was injured. Cecil took the argument public and Mohammed removed all his horses from Cecil's stable.
Godolphin's first win, Balanchine
taking the Oaks at Epsom Downs, England, in 1994, was to mark the beginning of a winning streak with horses such as: Lammtarra
, Fantastic Light
, Street Cry
, and Ramonti
among them. Dubai Millennium
, said to be Sheikh Mohammed's favourite, won nine of his ten starts before succumbing to injury followed by grass sickness in 2001.
In 1996, the Dubai World Cup was inaugurated as the world's richest horserace, drawing the legendary American dirt track horse Cigar
to race in Dubai. Today, held at the Meydan Racecourse, the race meeting carries a prize of $27 million.
At the age of 63, Sheikh Mohammed won the 2012 World Endurance Championship over a 160 km course.
Both his thoroughbreds and endurance horses have failed drug tests – although his trainers (including Mahmood Al Zarooni
) have accepted the blame. His endurance racing stable has also been involved in other scandals, including both fatal injuries, and ringers.
In 2015, the FEI
suspended the United Arab Emirates following a series of scandals.
Support of the arts
Sheikh Mohammed is a poet in classical Arabic as well as the Bedouin (colloquial) Nabati
and has published some of his poetry in his Nabati as well as in English.
He started writing poetry as a young man, using pseudonyms such as 'Saleet' so his poetry would not be associated with the son of the then Ruler of Dubai. He received encouragement from the poet Fatat Al Arab
, when she composed a reply to one of his earliest poems. He has published poetry in his native Arabic.
His poems inspired the play Al Faris
In 1998, he set up the Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Centre for Cultural Understanding
(SMCCU), a not-for-profit organisation that aims to raise awareness and demystify the local culture, customs, and religion of the United Arab Emirates. Operating under the motto "Open Doors. Open Minds", SMCCU aims to improve cross-cultural understanding and communication between UAE locals and guests visiting or residing in the UAE.
An initiative by Sheikh Mohammed in 2015 saw Dubai's Metro stations turned into art galleries in the period leading up to Art Dubai 2015.
Sheikh Mohammed established the Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Patrons of the Arts Awards in March 2009 to honour individuals and organisations who have contributed towards arts development in Dubai. The award allows artists and projects to benefit from the private sector's support under four categories: Distinguished Patrons of the Arts (AED 15 million), Patrons of the Arts (AED 2–5 million), Supporters of the Arts (AED 500,000), and Friends of the Arts (AED 50,000–500,000). The award aims to grant financial or in kind support to the visual and performing arts, literature, and film sectors, which contribute to enriching the artistic and cultural scene in Dubai.
The Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum Foundation's $1 million Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Knowledge Award was inaugurated on 7 December 2014, the first award being made jointly to the computer scientist and inventor of the World Wide Web, Sir Tim Berners-Lee
and entrepreneur and co-founder of Wikipedia, Jimmy Wales
"In recognition of their efforts and contributions in the field of spreading knowledge throughout the world". The award, which was shared equally,
was presented by Shaikh Ahmed bin Mohammed, chairman of the Mohammed Bin Rashid Foundation
, in the presence of Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, vice-president and prime minister of the United Arab Emirates and Ruler of Dubai.
Sheikha Latifa and Sheikha Shamsa kidnap allegations
An early 2000s British police investigation of allegations, made by a former riding instructor, about the attempted escape from her family estate in England
, and subsequent kidnapping
on a street in Cambridge of Sheikha Latifa's sister Sheikha Shamsa Al Maktoum
in 2001, was inconclusive.
Sheikh Mohammed's daughter Latifa
escaped Dubai before being captured in the Indian Ocean
On 11 March 2018, a video was released of Sheikha Latifa
, one of Sheikh Mohammed's daughters,
after her failed attempt to flee the UAE and subsequent disappearance,
in which she claimed she was fleeing from her family, made allegations of abuse, and said her father was responsible for a number of murders, including the murder of his deceased older brother's wife. The escape attempt was the focus of a documentary by Australian broadcaster Nine News
as well as BBC Newsnight
In December 2018, former United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Mary Robinson
, after meeting Sheikha Latifa in the presence of other family members, said that the princess was now in the loving care of her family. Her statement was criticised by human rights groups, who said that Robinson would not have been able to tell in the meeting whether Latifa truly had psychological issues.
A spokeswoman for ″The Mary Robinson Foundation – Climate Justice″ confirmed that Robinson was approached by Princess Haya, one of Sheikh Al Maktoum's wives, an old friend of Robinson's, and was requested to go to Dubai by Princess Haya and that Haya paid the fare, less than two weeks after the BBC ran a documentary detailing the princess' failed escape attempt in March.
Ms. Robinson admits she was "horribly tricked" when photographs of the private lunch were made public and that both she and Haya had been told of details of Latifa's bipolar disorder, a condition which she does not have.
Marcus Essabri, Latifa's cousin, reported Latifa's photos with Mary Robinson seems to show Latifa medicated while held in Dubai under Sheikh Maktoum's orders.
She has not been seen in public since.
In February 2021 video footage obtained by the BBC shows Princess Latifa saying she has been "a hostage" for over a year "with no access to medical help" in "solitary confinement" without access to medical or legal help in a "villa jail" with windows and doors barred shut, and guarded by police. The governments of Dubai and UAE have not responded to requests for comment from the BBC, they have always said Latifa is safe in the loving care of her family.
Despite her family's insistence that she has been enjoying time with them at home the past two years, Sheikha Latifa says in the series of videos released by her advocates that she is “a hostage” and fears for her life. “Every day, I’m worried about my safety in my life. I don’t really know if I’m going to survive this situation.” “The police threaten me that they would take me outside and shoot me if I didn’t cooperate with them,” she said. “They also threatened me that I would be in prison my whole life and I’ll never see the sun again.”
Princess Haya departure
In December 2019, a UK family court ruled that—on the balance of probabilities
—Sheikh Mohammed had orchestrated the abductions of Sheikha Latifa and Sheikha Shamsa and that he continued to maintain a regime whereby both were deprived of their liberty. Also on the balance of probabilities, that he had subjected his former wife, Princess Haya, to a campaign of "intimidation"; the findings were published in March 2020.
Child camel jockeys
In 2006, a UNICEF-sponsored program with the UAE government resulted in the repatriation of hundreds of children formerly enslaved as camel jockeys, and provided them with social services and compensation upon return to their home countries of Pakistan, Sudan, Mauritania, and Bangladesh. The UAE government set aside US$2.7 million in initial funding in 2005 with an additional $9 million for the second phase, and to enforce compliance, adopted a law officially banning the practice with penalties of jail time and a $27,200 fine.
UNICEF endorsed the UAE's efforts and expressed the hopes that "the UAE's programme will serve as a model to other countries in the region, as a means of ending all forms of exploitation of children".
In September 2006, Sheikh Mohammed was accused of encouraging the abduction and enslavement of thousands of boys for use as jockeys
in camel races
. A class-action
suit was filed against him in the US state of Florida.
In 2006, American lawyers representing the UAE raised a motion to dismiss the lawsuit on the grounds that none of the involved parties resided in the U.S., arguing that the UN program best served the interests of the children. In July 2007, judge Cecilia Altonaga
accepted the motion and dismissed the suit.
Horse racing drugs scandal
In April 2013, Al Maktoum's Godolphin
stables trainer Mahmood Al Zarooni was disqualified for eight years from thoroughbred horse racing by the British Horseracing Authority for administering steroids
to eleven racehorses. Al Maktoum stated that he was “appalled and angered” by the case and announced that the stable would be locked down while drug tests were carried out on all horses who were under Al Zarooni's care.
In May, Al Maktoum as Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates, issued a decree outlawing and criminalizing the use of anabolic steroids on horses in the United Arab Emirates.
In October 2013, scandal returned to Sheikh Mohammed in the venue of horseracing, with reports of potentially toxic and dangerous steroids, anaesthetics
, and anti-inflammatory drugs
being shipped into UAE, mislabeled as "horse tack". The Telegraph
commented that a "PR campaign is already underway, with Sheikh Mohammed again cast as a victim of employee malpractice".
Mohammed's sixth wife was Princess Haya bint Hussein
, daughter of King Hussein of Jordan
and half-sister of King Abdullah II of Jordan
The couple married on 10 April 2004, and have two children, a daughter, Al-Jalila, born 2 December 2007, and a son, Zayed, born 7 January 2012.
Sheikh Mohammed announced the birth of his son Zayed on Twitter
The first woman to represent her native Jordan in international equestrian sport and a participant in the 2000 Summer Olympics
in show jumping
, she served two terms as President of the International Federation for Equestrian Sports.
Sheikh Mohammed owns the yacht Dubai
, built by the German company Blohm + Voss
and designed by English designer Andrew Winch
, who owns Winch Design. The yacht is 162 metres (531 ft) long, and was the world's third largest yacht as of 2014, with the capacity for up to 115 people including crew.
Another personal yacht of the Sheikh is the 40 metres (130 ft) Alloya
, built by Sanlorenzo in 2013.
The Sheikh's family wealth is estimated to be approximately US$4 billion.
Wives and children
Sheikh Mohammed has thirty children between his different wives.
Wives and children
Seven of the Sheikh's daughters have married into royal families in the Middle East:
- Manal bint Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (born 1977), married to Sheikh Mansour bin Zayed Al Nahyan of Abu Dhabi, her second cousin once removed.
- Hessa bint Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (born 1980), married to Sheikh Saeed bin Dalmouk Al Maktoum of Dubai, her first cousin once removed.
- Latifa bint Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (III) (born 1989), married to Sheikh Mohammed bin Hamad bin Mohammed Al Sharqi, Crown Prince of Fujairah and her second cousin.
- Sheikha bint Mohammed bin Rashed Al Maktoum (born 1992), married to Sheikh Nasser bin Hamad Al Khalifa of Bahrain.
- Latifa bint Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (I), Vice President of the Dubai Culture & Arts Authority, married to Sheikh Faisal bin Saud bin Khalid Al Qassimi, from the royal family of the emirate of Ras al-Khaïmah.
- Maryam bint Mohammed bin Rashed Al Maktoum (I), married to Sheikh Suhail Bin Ahmad Bin Juma Al Maktoum.
- Maryam bint Mohammed bin Rashed Al Maktoum (II), married to Sheikh Khaled Bin Mohammed Bin Hamdan Al Nahyan on 19 September 2019.
Notable published works
Ancestors of Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
5. Sheikha Hassa bint Al Marr
1. Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
24. Sheikh Khalifa bin Shakbut Al Nahyan
6. Sheikh Hamdan bin Zayed Al Nahyan
3. Sheikha Latifa bint Hamdan Al Nahyan
14. Sheikh Obaid bin Mejren
7. Sheikha Shamseh bint Obaid bin Mejren
- ^ "Dubai Rulers". Government of Dubai. Archived from the original on 19 October 2016. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
- ^ Pranay Gupte (January 2011). Dubai: The Making of a Megapolis. ISBN 9788184755046.
- ^ "Shaikh Mohammed unveils federal government strategy". Khaleej Times. Galadari Printing and Publishing LLC. 17 April 2007. Retrieved 24 May 2020.
- ^ "UAE Cabinet approves peace deal with Israel". Al Arabiya English. 19 October 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2021.
- ^ "Sheikh Mohammed and the making of Dubai", Mayo, Nohira, Mendhro and Cromwell, Harvard Business School, March 2010 9-410-063, Page 1, 9.
- ^ "Sheikh Mohammed Al Maktoum: Who is Dubai's ruler?". BBC News. 16 February 2021. Retrieved 13 April 2021.
- ^ Analysis, Andrew Hammond- (27 November 2009). ""Dubai model" was the vision of one man". Reuters. Retrieved 13 April 2021.
- ^ Brook, Daniel (27 February 2013). "How Dubai Become Dubai". Next City. Archived from the original on 5 November 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- ^ "Hypocrisy of Dubai's World Tolerance Summit". Human Rights Watch. 14 November 2018. Retrieved 6 April 2021.
- ^ "United Arab Emirates says it will offer citizenship to some". AP NEWS. 30 January 2021. Retrieved 6 April 2021.
- ^ a b "Dubai's Sheikh Mohammed abducted daughters and threatened wife – UK court". BBC News. 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
- ^ a b "WORLD EXCLUSIVE: Dubai royal insider breaks silence on escaped princesses | 60 Minutes Australia" – via www.youtube.com.
- ^ Panorama - The Missing Princess, retrieved 17 February 2021
- ^ Narayan, Satya (25 August 2012). "Mohammed is new world endurance champion". Gulf News. Archived from the original on 5 September 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- ^ Al Haddad, Amna (December 2011). "Sheikh Mohammed Publishes Poetry". The National. Archived from the original on 28 October 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- ^ Moore, Robert (20 August 2013). Why We Build: Power and Desire in Architecture. Harper Collins. p. 24. ISBN 9780062277596. He was, and is, a poet in the Arab dialect of Nabati
- ^ "IPI-MENA Hosts Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Award for World Peace". International Peace Institute. 23 May 2016. Retrieved 30 March 2021.
- ^ "Dubai Ruler launches 'Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum World Peace Award' - News - Government - Emirates24|7". www.emirates247.com. Retrieved 30 March 2021.
- ^ Sheikh Mohammed Al Maktoum of Dubai: six wives, 30 children and a 14-year reign of control, retrieved 8 March 2020
- ^ "Rulers of Dubai (archived version)". www.sheikhmohammed.ae. Archived from the original on 18 October 2007. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
- ^ 1949–, Āl Maktūm, Muḥammad ibn Rāshid. Spirit of the union : lecture on the occasion of the United Arab Emirates' fortieth national day. Dubai (United Arab Emirates). Media Office. Dubai, UAE. p. 34. ISBN 9781860633300. OCLC 957655419.
- ^ "His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum; early Life". His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum. Archived from the original on 16 December 2013. Retrieved 1 September 2014.
- ^ Gupte, Pranay (2010). Dubai: The Making of a Megapolis. Bombay: Viking. p. 128. ISBN 978-0-670-08517-0.
- ^ Gupte, Pranay (2011). Dubai: The Making of a Megapolis. UK: Penguin/Viking. p. 132. ISBN 978-0-670-08517-0.
- ^ a b "H. H. Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum – The Official Portal of the UAE Government". United Arab Emirates. Retrieved 15 April 2021.
- ^ a b Maktoum, Mohammed (2012). Spirit of the Union. Dubai: Motivate. p. 29. ISBN 978-1-86063-330-0.
- ^ "UAE – Profiles – Ministers". APS Review Downstream Trends. 31 May 2004. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
- ^ a b Al Qasimi, Sultan (2011). My Early Life. UK: Bloomsbury. pp. 283–287. ISBN 978-1-4088-1420-8.
- ^ De Butts, Freddie (1995). Now the Dust Has Settled. 231: Tabb House. ISBN 1873951132.
- ^ "A Brief History of Hijacking in Dubai". Dubai as it used to be. Archived from the original on 5 December 2014. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
- ^ "Dubai ruler appoints crown prince". UPI. 4 January 1995. Retrieved 15 April 2021.
- ^ "Customs chief on corruption charges". BBC News. 10 February 2001. Archived from the original on 7 November 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- ^ "14 government officials arrested for corruption". Gulf News. 18 February 2001. Archived from the original on 7 November 2014. Retrieved 11 November 2014.
- ^ Youssef, Marten (22 June 2009). "Corruption team makes its case". The National. Archived from the original on 7 November 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- ^ A Amir, Salam (12 November 2014). "Former Deyaar Chief Jailed in Dubai". The National. Archived from the original on 12 November 2014. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
- ^ "Ruler of Dubai: made a surprise visit and found empty offices (trans.) (Article in Hebrew)". Calcalist. Archived from the original on 8 November 2016. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
- ^ Wheeler, Julia (5 January 2006). "Dubai's formidable new ruler". BBC News. Archived from the original on 31 December 2008. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- ^ "The Official Website of the Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates". United Arab Emirates Prime Minister (archived URL). Archived from the original on 25 January 2015. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
- ^ "Shaikh Mohammed unveils federal government strategy". Khaleej Times. 17 April 2007. Archived from the original on 26 October 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- ^ S Laubach, Charles (July 2018). "United Arab Emirates – The Corporate Immigration Review – Edition 8". The Law Reviews. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
- ^ Abbas, Waheed (30 September 2018). "These workers can get 10-year visa in UAE". Khaleej Times. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
- ^ Report, Staff (20 May 2018). "10-year residence visa in UAE for investors, doctors, specialists and top students". Gulf News. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
- ^ Dubai, WAM (21 May 2019). "Sheikh Mohammed announces UAE permanent residency scheme". Khaleej Times. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
- ^ Reynolds, Rory; Talwar Badam, Ramola (21 May 2019). "Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid unveils gold card for permanent-visa residents". The National. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
- ^ Report, Staff (21 May 2019). "Shaikh Mohammad launches permanent residency system in the UAE, benefits 6,800 investors in the first batch". Gulf News. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
- ^ "Emirates International Telecommunications LLC". Emirates International Telecommunications (EIT). Archived from the original on 5 November 2016. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
- ^ Kassem, Mahmoud (9 September 2014). "Meraas Plans IPO of Theme Parks Unit". The National. Archived from the original on 4 November 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- ^ a b "The Emirates Story". Emirates. Archived from the original on 8 October 2014. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
- ^ "Emirates announces largest-ever aircraft order". emirates.com. Archived from the original on 8 October 2016. Retrieved 3 October 2016.
- ^ "About DP World". DP World. Archived from the original on 28 October 2016. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
- ^ "Jumeirah Beach Hotel Fact File (PDF)"(PDF). Jumeirah. Archived from the original(PDF) on 19 October 2014. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
- ^ Oakley, Louise. "Jumeirah's Gerald Lawless". Hotelier Middle East. Archived from the original on 27 October 2014. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
- ^ "Jumeirah Portfolio". Jumeirah. Archived from the original on 29 September 2014. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
- ^ "About DIC". Dubai Internet City. Archived from the original on 19 October 2014. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
- ^ Greenslade, Roy (September 2007). "Press freedom boost as Dubai's Sheikh says journalists won't go to jail". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 5 October 2014. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
- ^ "Nakheel to restart scaled back Palm Deira". Gulf News. 8 October 2013. Archived from the original on 27 October 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- ^ a b Maktoum, Mohammed (2013). Flashes of Thought. UAE: Motivate. p. 33. ISBN 978-1-86063-356-0.
- ^ The Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum Global Initiatives, Year in Review 2016, First Edition.
- ^ "MBRSG". Mohammed bin Rashid School of Government. Archived from the original on 2 November 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- ^ Al Ras, Haya Farouk (2 April 2002). "Mohammed boosts fund for Palestinians". Gulf News. Archived from the original on 7 November 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- ^ "VP donates 600 houses to Palestinians in Gaza". Reliefweb. 10 January 2009. Archived from the original on 7 November 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- ^ "HUMANITARIAN AID THE FOCUS OF PUBLIC EFFORTS ON GAZA". Wikileaks. 11 January 2009. Archived from the original on 7 November 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- ^ "Mohammed warns of 'human catastrophe'". Gulf News. 27 September 2001. Archived from the original on 7 November 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- ^ "Mohammed donates 2mn for refugees". Gulf News. 3 October 2001. Archived from the original on 7 November 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- ^ "Donation pledged for Afghan camp". Gulf News. 2 December 2001. Archived from the original on 7 November 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- ^ "Rotterdam mosque: complete or demolish?". RNW Media. Archived from the original on 29 January 2015. Retrieved 8 July 2017.
- ^ Roose, Eric (2009). The Architectural Representation of Islam: Muslim-commissioned Mosque Design in the Netherlands. Amsterdam University Press. p. 236. ISBN 9789089641335. Retrieved 8 July 2017.
- ^ Mohammed bin Rashid issues law on establishing International Institute for ToleranceArchived 1 August 2017 at the Wayback Machine, Emirates News Agency, Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- ^ Timeform staff (1985). Racehorses of 1984. Timeform. ISBN 0-900599-40-5.
- ^ "Our Founder". Godolphin. Archived from the original on 28 October 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- ^ "The Equestrian". Sheikh Mohammed. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- ^ "Sheikh Mohammed outlines his vision". Brough Scott. Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- ^ Edmonson, Richard (26 March 1996). "Sheikh Speaks Out On Cecil". The Independent. Archived from the original on 5 November 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- ^ Pagones, Rachel (2007). Dubai Millennium: A Vision Realised, A Dream Lost. UK: Highdown. p. 118. ISBN 978-1-905156-32-0.
- ^ "Meet racing's new king". SMH. 2011. Archived from the original on 8 November 2012. Retrieved 6 September 2011.
- ^ "MASSIVE MEDAL HAUL FOR UAE AT LONGINES FEI WORLD ENDURANCE CHAMPIONSHIPS". FEI. 26 August 2012. Archived from the original on 10 September 2014. Retrieved 1 September 2014.
- ^ "FEI faces backlash after Maktoum 'ringer' inquiry ends with no disciplinary action". The Telegraph. 2015. Archived from the original on 9 July 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
- ^ Cuclson, Pippa (12 March 2015). "FEI Suspend United Arab Emirates from Equestrianism Following Spate of Scandals". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 28 October 2016. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
- ^ "UAE Equestrian Racing Federation". UAE Equafed. 14 December 2006. Archived from the original on 27 March 2012. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- ^ "Latifa does UAE proud as she qualifies for Beijing Olympics, UAE interact". Uae interact. Archived from the original on 3 April 2012. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- ^ "Shaikha Maitha bound for Beijing Olympics". Gulf News. 24 March 2008. Archived from the original on 20 June 2008. Retrieved 15 June 2008.
- ^ "UAE showers riches on victorius Gulf Cup victors". Arab Herald. Archived from the original on 28 July 2013. Retrieved 25 January 2013.
- ^ "Melbourne Cup: 2018 field, form guide and sweep". ABC News. 4 November 2018. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
- ^ "Melbourne Cup 2018: Cross Counter takes out the Melbourne Cup". The Age. 6 November 2018. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
- ^ "The Poet". Sheikh Mohammed. 30 September 2000. Archived from the original on 18 May 2012. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- ^ a b Al Haddad, Amna (December 2011). "Sheikh Mohammed Publishes Poetry". The National. Archived from the original on 28 October 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- ^ "About Us". Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Centre for Cultural Understanding. Archived from the original on 2 November 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- ^ Sambidge, Andy (May 2014). "Dubai metro stations to be transformed into art museums". Arabian Business. Archived from the original on 2 November 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- ^ "Patrons of the Arts". Sheikh Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum Patrons Of The Arts Awards. Archived from the original on 17 December 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- ^ "Mohammed attends opening of first Knowledge Conference". Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum. 7 December 2014. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 14 December 2014.
- ^ Shabandri, Muaz (8 December 2014) "Web inventor, Wiki co-founder share $1m Knowledge Award". khaleejtimes.com. Retrieved 8 December 2014.
- ^ Millar, Stuart; Wilson, Jamie (14 December 2001). "Unruly daughter of wealthy sheikh made a bid for freedom. But what happened next?". Guardian. Retrieved 11 February 2019.
- ^ Yee, Vivian (10 February 2019). "A Princess Vanishes. A Video Offers Alarming Clues". New York Times. Retrieved 11 February 2019.
- ^ Hjelmgaard, Kim. "Princess Sheikha Latifa tried to flee Dubai. She left a video to prove it". USA TODAY. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
- ^ Escape from Dubai (11 March 2018), Latifa Al Maktoum – FULL UNEDITED VIDEO – Escape from Dubai – Hervé Jaubert, retrieved 24 June 2018
- ^ "Ex-spy: Daughter of Dubai ruler missing since escape attempt". AP News. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
- ^ "Where is Princess Latifa?". www.9news.com.au. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
- ^ "Call for clarity on Dubai missing princess". BBC News. 5 May 2018. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
- ^ "Sheikha Latifa: Mary Robinson 'backed Dubai version of events'". BBC News. 27 December 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
- ^ "UAE princess's relative paid for Mary Robinson's flight to see her in Dubai". Middle East Eye. 30 December 2018. Retrieved 11 February 2019.
- ^ Feehan, Conor; McQuinn, Cormac (7 January 2019). "Robinson 'had nothing to do' with press ban on her speech". Independet.ie. Retrieved 11 February 2019.
- ^ Quinn, Ben (27 December 2018). "Mary Robinson labelled a 'willing pawn' over visit with UAE princess". Guardian. Retrieved 11 February 2019.
- ^ Finn, Melanie (16 February 2021). "Mary Robinson says she feels 'horribly tricked' by the family of Dubai's Princess Latifa". Independent Ireland. Retrieved 19 February 2021.
- ^ "Princess Latifa: 'Hostage' ordeal of Dubai ruler's daughter revealed". BBC Panorama. 16 February 2021. Retrieved 19 February 2021.
- ^ "Princess Latifa: 'Hostage' ordeal of Dubai ruler's daughter revealed". BBC Panorama. 16 February 2021. Retrieved 19 February 2021.
- ^ Yee, Vivian (16 February 2021). "In Videos, Dubai Princess Says She Is a 'Hostage'". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 February 2021.
- ^ "Dubai's ruler battles wife in UK court after she fled emirate". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
- ^ Speare-Cole, Rebecca (28 June 2019). "Dubai's Princess Haya 'flees country after leaving Crown Prince husband', reports say". Evening Standard.
- ^ "Reports: Dubai princess left Crown Prince husband, fled UAE". Middle East Monitor. 29 June 2019.
- ^ a b Salem, Ola. "The Fairy Tale Is Over for Dubai's Royal Family".
- ^ "Dubai's ruling family rocked by fresh scandal as Princess Haya seeks refuge in London". France 24. 5 July 2019.
- ^ "Dubai ruler's wife seeks protection order". BBC News Website. 30 July 2019. Retrieved 30 July 2019.
- ^ "UK court sets November hearing for case of Dubai ruler and princess". Reuters. 31 July 2019.
- ^ Siddique, Owen Bowcottand Haroon (5 March 2020). "Dubai ruler organised kidnapping of his children, UK court rules". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
- ^ "Re Al M  EWHC 3415 (Fam)" (PDF).
- ^ "Initiatives to Combat Human Trafficking". UAE Embassy. Archived from the original on 29 December 2008. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- ^ "UAE supports UNICEF in safe return of camel jockeys to home countries". UNICEF. Archived from the original on 10 May 2012. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- ^ Gumbel, Andrew (15 September 2006). "Dubai princes accused of masterminding trade in jockey slaves". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 3 March 2009. Retrieved 13 May 2010.
- ^ "Dubai's ruler accused of slavery". BBC News. 14 September 2006. Archived from the original on 2 December 2010. Retrieved 13 May 2010.
- ^ "A Dubai Leader Faces Charges of Enslavement". The New York Sun. 14 September 2007. Archived from the original on 13 October 2012. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- ^ "Dubai ruler accused of slavery". SBS. 31 July 2007. Archived from the original on 11 November 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- ^ "Trainer Al Zarooni gets eight-year ban for doping horses". Reuters. 25 April 2013.
- ^ "Sheikh Mohammed to criminalise use of anabolic steroids in UAE". BBC. 23 May 2013.
- ^ Hayward, Paul (1 October 2014). "Sheikh Mohammed's equine operations must not be above the law after recent drug scandals". Telegraph. Archived from the original on 27 December 2014.
- ^ Princess Haya: Dubai ruler's wife in UK 'in fear of her life', Frank Gardner, BBC, 2 July 2019
- ^ Princess Haya, Wife of Dubai’s Ruler, Seeks Refuge in London, The New York Times, 2 July 2019
- ^ "The Royal News". Nettyroyal. 10 April 2004. Archived from the original on 7 June 2004. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- ^ Shaikh Mohammad and Princess Haya blessed with a baby girl Archived 3 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine Gulf News (2 December 2007). Retrieved 2 December 2013.
- ^ Sheikh Mohammed announces arrival of new son Zayed on Twitter Archived 9 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine The National (8 January 2012).
- ^ Staff. "FEI PRESIDENT HRH PRINCESS HAYA". International Federation for Equestrian Sport (FEI). Archived from the original on 14 October 2014. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
- ^ "Luxury on the Sea: Most Expensive Yachts on Earth". 27 September 2016.
- ^ "The Sanlorenzo 40 Alloy in Dubai – SuperYacht Times". Archived from the original on 20 April 2016. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
- ^ "Sanlorenzo's Alloya superyacht in Dubai – SuperYacht Times". Archived from the original on 21 April 2016. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
- ^ "The World's Richest Royals". Forbes.com. Archived from the original on 6 October 2011. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
- ^ "10000376 – Rashid Bin Mohd AL MAKTOUM (UAE)". Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
- ^ "Dubai Ruler's Son Dies of Heart Attack". DT News. Dubai. 19 September 2015. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 9 November 2015.
- ^ "Dubai's Crown Prince Sheikh Hamdan Just Got Married". Harper's Bazaar Arabia. 16 May 2019.
- ^ a b "UAE celebrates Hamdan, Maktoum, Ahmad weddings". Gulf News. 6 June 2019.
- ^ "10045216 – Sheikha Latifa Mohd Bin Rashid AL MAKTOUM (UAE)". Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
- ^ "The Ruling Family". Fujairah Observer. Archived from the original on 29 July 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
- ^ "10045072 – Sheikha Shaikha Mohd Bin Rashid AL MAKTOUM (UAE)". Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
- ^ "10045073 – Sheikha Futaim Mohd Bin Rashid AL MAKTOUM (UAE)". Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
- ^ a b "Biography". Official Website of Princess Haya bint Hussein. Archived from the original on 4 October 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
- ^ "Randa al-Banna interview: 'Our baby is now in her forties. The emir still won't let me near'". Retrieved 9 March 2020.
- ^ Callaghan, Louise. "Sheikh Mohammed Al Maktoum of Dubai: six wives, 30 children and a 14-year reign of control". Retrieved 9 March 2020.
- ^ "LES FILLES DE SON ALTESSE L'EMIR DE DUBAI SHEIKH MOHAMMED BIN RASHID BIN SAEED AL MAKTOUM". Site de maguy tran – pinterville.
- ^ "Sheikh Mohammed meets his newborn grandson". Khaleej Times. 22 March 2017. Archived from the original on 19 May 2017. Retrieved 20 June 2017.
- ^ "10014773 – Majid Bin Mohd AL MAKTOUM (UAE)". Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
- ^ "10072756 – Sheikha Mahra Mohd Bin Rashid AL MAKTOUM (UAE)". Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
- ^ "U.A.E mourning Sheikh Rashid, son of Dubai's ruler, dead at 33". english.alarabiya.net.
- ^ Basit, Abdul (1 November 2010). "Best performing firms honoured". Khaleej Times. Retrieved 23 November 2010.
- ^ "Maktoum bin Mohammed honors winners of Arab Journalism Award". Emirates 24/7. 3 May 2017. Retrieved 15 April 2021.
- ^ "Sheikh Mohammed: A timeline of achievements". Gulf News. 5 January 2019. Retrieved 15 April 2021.
- ^ "The Ruling Family | Fujairah City | Fujairah Observer". www.fujairahobserver.ae. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
- ^ "Sheikh Mohammed welcomes a royal grandson". Retrieved 23 May 2018.
- ^ Kapadia, Curated by Yousuf Saifuddin. "Photos: Shaikh Mohammed's daughter Shaikha Latifa, husband visit Dubai's Etihad Museum". www.khaleejtimes.com. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
- ^ Kapadia, Yousuf Saifuddin. "Pics: Inside Shaikh Mohammed's daughter's royal wedding". www.khaleejtimes.com. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
- ^ "Watch: A glimpse into a grand wedding of a Dubai shaikha". gulfnews.com.
- ^ "Ruling Family in Dubai". sheikhmohammed.ae. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
- Maktoum, Mohammed (2012). My Vision: Challenges in the Race for Excellence. UAE: Motivate. ISBN 978-1-86063-344-7. Vision for governance.
- Maktoum, Mohammed (2012). Spirit of the Union. UAE: Motivate. ISBN 978-1-86063-330-0. Talks about UAE independence & union.
- Maktoum, Mohammed (2013). Flashes of Thought. UAE: Motivate. ISBN 978-1-86063-356-0. A number of insights into policy, attitude & approach to leadership.
- Dubai The Maktoum Story by John M. Smith; in English; a book which criticizes the governance of Sheikh Mohammed
Last edited on 29 April 2021, at 18:04
Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0
unless otherwise noted.