is a stratovolcano
, near the city of Granada
. It is 1,344 metres (4,409 ft) high. The Mombacho Volcano Nature Reserve
is one of 78 protected areas of Nicaragua
. Mombacho is an extinct volcano, but the last eruption occurred in 1570. There is no historical knowledge of earlier eruptions.
The highest regions of the volcano are home to a cloud forest
and dwarf forest
, which contain flora and fauna endemic
purely to the volcano. An increasingly popular tourist attraction, the volcano has views of Lake Nicaragua
and the city of Granada. The volcano also has two hiking trails, a moderate one that circles the main crater, and another, more difficult trail (El Puma), which must be led by a guide. The more difficult trail is the only way to see some features such as the dwarf forest. The trail is almost completely 45° inclines and declines for about two miles.