) is a coastal city in southeast Kenya
along the Indian Ocean
. The city is known as the white and blue city in Kenya. It is the country's oldest (circa 900 AD) and second-largest city
(after the capital Nairobi
), with a population of about 1,208,333 people according to the 2019 census.
Its metropolitan region is the second-largest in the country, and has a population of 3,528,940 people.
Mombasa is a tourism-based city; it has an extra-large port
and an international airport
, and is an important regional tourism centre. Located on the east coast of Kenya, it also is the home of one of the state houses
, and is considered by some as a second capital in all but name.
In an effort to increase tourism, in June 2018 Mombasa County Governor Hassan Joho issued a directive requiring that all buildings in the Old Town and the Central Business District be painted white with Egyptian blue
trim and banning all signs from their walls or canopies.
"This allows tourists to take photos," explained Transport, Infrastructure and Public Works County Executive Tawfiq Balala. "We want to be the most photographed city in Africa."
The order was challenged by the Commission For Human Rights and Justice, but Judge Erick Ogolla upheld the requirement.
In Mombasa County
and the former Coast Province
, Mombasa's situation on the Indian Ocean made it a historical trading centre,
and it has been controlled by many countries because of its strategic location.
Sultan of Mombasa Before 1593
Ancient and medieval
The founding of Mombasa is associated with two rulers: Mwana Mkisi and Shehe Mvita. According to legend, Mwana Mkisi is the original ancestor of Mombasa's oldest lineages within Thenashara Taifa (or Twelve Nations). Families associated with the Twelve Nations are still considered the original inhabitants of the city. Mwana Mkisi was a queen from the pre-Islamic era, who founded Kongowea, the original urban settlement on Mombasa Island. Importantly, both of these names have linguistic and spiritual connections with Central Africa. "Mkisi" is considered the personification of "ukisi" which means "the holy" in kiKongo
. "Kongowea" can similarly be interpreted as the Swahili locative of "kongo" which denotes the essence of civilizational order in central Africa. These legends can be read as an acknowledgment of the Bantu
-speaking origins of the Swahili people
. Shehe Mvitaff superseded the dynasty of Mwana Mkisi and established the first permanent stone mosque on Mombasa Island. Mombasa's oldest extant stone mosque, Mnara, was built c. 1300. Shehe Mvita is remembered as a Muslim of great learning and so is connected more directly with the present ideals of Swahili culture that people identify with Mombasa. The ancient history associated with Mwana Mkisi and Shehe Mvita and the founding of an urban settlement on Mombasa Island is still linked to present-day peoples living in Mombasa. The Thenashara Taifa (or Twelve Nations) Swahili lineages recount this ancient history today and are the keepers of local Swahili traditions.
The famous Moroccan scholar and traveller Ibn Battuta
visited the area during his travels to the Swahili Coast
and made some mention of the city, although he only stayed one night. He noted that the people of Mombasa were Shafi‘i
Muslims, religious people, trustworthy and righteous. Their mosques are made of wood, expertly built.
The exact founding date of the city is unknown, but it has a long history. Kenyan school history books place the founding of Mombasa as 900 A.D.
It must have been already a prosperous trading town in the 12th century, as the Arab geographer al-Idrisi
mentions it in 1151. The oldest stone mosque in Mombasa, Mnara, was built c.
1300. The Mandhry Mosque, built in 1570, has a minaret that contains a regionally specific ogee arch. This suggests that Swahili architecture was an indigenous African product and disproves assertions that non-African Muslims brought stone architecture to the Swahili Coast.
During the pre-modern period, Mombasa was an important centre for the trade in spices, gold, and ivory
. Its trade links reached as far as India and China and oral historians today can still recall this period of local history. Indian history shows that there were trade links between Mombasa and Cholas
of South India
. Throughout the early modern period, Mombasa was a key node in the complex and far reaching Indian Ocean trading networks, its key exports then were ivory, millet
In the late pre-colonial period (late 19th century), it was the metropolis of a plantation society, which became dependent on slave labour (sources contradict whether the city was ever an important place for exporting slaves
) but ivory caravans remained a major source of economic prosperity. Mombasa became the major port city of pre-colonial Kenya in the Middle Ages and was used to trade with other African port cities, the Persian Empire
, the Arabian Peninsula, India and China.
16th-century Portuguese voyager Duarte Barbosa
claimed, "[Mombasa] is a place of great traffic and has a good harbour in which there are always moored small craft of many kinds and also great ships, both of which are bound from Sofala
and others which come from Cambay
and others which sail to the island of Zanzibar
Mombasa was under Portuguese rule
from 1593 to 1698 and again from 1728 to 1729. Portuguese presence in Kenya lasted from 1498 until 1730.
Vasco da Gama
was the first known European to visit Mombasa, receiving a chilly reception in 1498. Two years later, the town was sacked by the Portuguese. In 1502, the sultanate
became independent from Kilwa Kisiwani
and was renamed as Mvita (in Swahili
) or Manbasa (Arabic
In 1585, a joint military expedition between the Somalis
of Ajuran Empire
and the Turks of Ottoman Empire
, led by Emir 'Ali Bey, successfully captured Mombasa, and other coastal cities in Southeast Africa from the Portuguese.
remained loyal to Portugal. The Zimba overcame the towns of Sena and Tete on the Zambezi, and in 1587 they took Kilwa, killing 3,000 people. At Mombasa, the Zimba slaughtered the Muslim inhabitants, but they were halted at Malindi by the Bantu-speaking Segeju and went home. This stimulated the Portuguese to take over Mombasa a third time in 1589, and four years later they built Fort Jesus to administer the region. Between Lake Malawi and the Zambezi mouth, Kalonga Mzura made an alliance with the Portuguese in 1608 and fielded 4,000 warriors to help defeat their rival Zimba, who were led by chief Lundi.
After the building of Fort Jesus
, Mombasa was put by the Portuguese under the rule of members of the ruling family of Malindi. In 1631 Dom Jeronimo the ruler of Mombasa slaughtered the Portuguese garrison in the city and defeated the relief force sent by the Portuguese. In 1632 Dom Jeronimo left Mombasa and became a pirate. That year the Portuguese returned and established direct rule over Mombasa.
Mombasa City Coat of Arms
- 12 December 1698 – December 1698: Imam Sa'if ibn Sultan
- December 1698 – 1728: Nasr ibn Abdallah al-Mazru'i
- 1728–12 March 1728: Shaykh Rumba
Mombasa was briefly returned to Portuguese rule by captain-major Álvaro Caetano de Melo Castro (12 March 1728 – 21 September 1729), then four new Omani Liwali until 1746, when the last of them made it independent again (disputed by Oman), as the first of its recorded Sultans:
- 1746–1755: 'Ali ibn Uthman al-Mazru'i
- 1755–1773: Masud ibn Nasr al-Mazru'i
- 1773–1782: Abdallah ibn Muhammad al-Mazru'i
- 1782–1811: Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Mazru'i (born 17–died 1814)
- 1812–1823: 'Abdallah ibn Ahmad al-Mazru'i (died 1823)
- 1823–1826: Sulayman ibn 'Ali al-Mazru'i
C. 1953 – A newly constructed East African Railways 60 class Garratt locomotive being unloaded at Mombasa, Kenya. The locomotive is seen here fitted with numberplate 5608, but it was renumbered 6002 at about the time it entered service.
Mombasa became the capital of the Kenya Colony Protectorate of Kenya
, sometime between 1887 and around 1906.
The capital was later moved because medical officers warned that the ground was swampy, and urged Sir James Hayes Sadler
, then Commissioner of the East Africa Protectorate, to plead with London to move the town elsewhere to mitigate potential disease. Nairobi
has since been Kenya's capital to date.
Map of Mombasa's extent.
Being a coastal town, Mombasa is characterised by a flat topography. The town of Mombasa is centred on Mombasa Island, but extends to the mainland. The island is separated from the mainland by two creeks
, Port Reitz
in the south and Tudor Creek
in the north.
Mombasa has a tropical wet and dry climate
). The amount of rainfall essentially depends on the season. The rainiest months are April and May, while rainfall is minimal between January and February.
Located near the equator, Mombasa has only a slight seasonal temperature variation, with high temperatures ranging 28.8–33.7 °C (83.8–92.7 °F).
As a seaport, Mombasa is subject to detrimental consequences of a fluctuating climate. In October 2006, Mombasa experienced a large flood that affected 60,000 people.
Like the rest of Kenya
, climate change is already creating challenges for the city: coastal erosion
has become a problem for infrastructure in Mombasa. Due to rising sea levels
, the coastline has been eroding at 2.5–20 cm (0.98–7.87 in) per year. This has increased the number of annual floods.
Renovated Mama Ngina Drive
Moonlight view from Mombasa
Old Town across Mombasa Harbour
Kizingo: Considered the prime residential area of Mombasa. The State House of Mombasa, Provincial Headquarters, The Mombasa Law Courts, and the Municipal Council are located in Kizingo. The Aga Khan Academy, Aga Khan High School, Serani Primary School, Serani High School, Santokben Nursery School, Coast Academy, Jaffery Academy, Mombasa Primary School, Loreto Convent, Mama Ngina Girls' High School and the Government Training Institute (GTI) Mombasa are all in Kizingo as well.
Central Business District: The Mombasa central business district across the TSS building roundabout, Moi Avenue, and Nyerere Avenue is densely populated. Organizations such as the Kenya Revenue Authority (KRA) and businesses such as Banks (ABSA, I&M Ltd, Bank of India Ltd), Insurance Firms (Nomura Insurance Brokers, Masumali Meghji Insurance), and Audit Firms (Anant Bhatt LLP, Pricewaterhouse Coopers LLP, Mazars LLP, Deloitte LLP, and PKF LLP) are located here.
: Part of Old Town with Swahili architecture. Fort Jesus is in Baghani.
Englani: Part of Old town between Kibokoni and Makadara.
Kuze: Part of Old Town with Swahili culture and architecture. Originally flourishing with Swahili people
but currently becoming a more cosmopolitan neighbourhood.
Makadara: Part of Old Town consisting of a high number of descendants of Baluchi
former soldiers who settled within this area before it developed into a town. The name is derived from the Arabic words "Qadru r-Rahman" meaning "Decree of (God) the Merciful".
: Primarily a middle class residential, home of second biggest dry dock of Africa after the one in South Africa.
Seafront of Nyali Beach, north coast (from the Voyager Resort).
, also considered a prime and up-market residential area, it is on the mainland north of the island and is linked by the New Nyali Bridge
. It has numerous beach front hotels in the area known as the "North Coast". Nyali has two distinct sections – the upmarket Old Nyali and the upcoming New Nyali. For many residents, Nyali has now become a self-contained residential area, with two Nakumatts
, a multiplex cinema, shopping malls, banks, schools and post offices. This often eliminates the need for residents to cross the bridge and to go into the congested Mombasa city centre. Nyali is home for the Nyali Cinemax complex, Mamba Village, the Nyali Golf Club, and some of the most prestigious academic institutions of the Coast Province.
Kongowea is a densely populated area with 15 villages, two sub-locations and an estimated population of 106,180 residents.
Kongowea is a cosmopolitan settlement mainly inhabited by people from mainland who migrated into the city in search of employment, mainly in service and manufacturing sector. The area is adjacent to the rich suburb of Nyali which employs a portion of the village residents. They are mainly hired as cheap labour as watchmen, gardeners, masons for up coming houses and house help. The most well known villages inside Kongowea include Kisumu Ndogo, Shauri Yako and Mnazi Mmoja, despite being located in this prime area, many residents live under extreme conditions – poor sanitation, high crime rate and lack of basic essential amenities like schools, hospitals and tap water. Kongowea is also home to one of the largest open-air markets in the African Great Lakes.
is an outlying township (fifteen minutes drive) along the Malindi road. It is home to Bamburi Cement
factory, the largest cement plant in the East African region. Other notable features in the area are the Jomo Kenyatta public beach, commonly known as Pirates, and Haller Park
, a nature trail and wildlife conservatory. Kiembeni Estate, also in the Bamburi area, hosts around 100,000 residents. The estate has its own supermarket, several retail shops, salons and boutiques, and a number of licensed drinking dens. The establishments include The Shilla Bar, Turkey Base, Stars Garden and Sensera pub. Kiembeni is arguably the largest estate in Mombasa, and growing even faster.
Other areas include, Shanzu
, Mkomani, Bombolulu
and, across the Mtwapa creek, the popular area of Mtwapa
which is already located in Kilifi county.
The North Coast has an entertainment industry which attracts locals and tourists.
: is a lower income and lower-middle-class neighbourhood connected to Mombasa Island by ferry. It is south of Mombasa Island and made up of mostly swahili and non-Swahili Bantu tribes. The ferry was the target of the Likoni Riots of 1997.
: a beach resort area situated over the Likoni Ferry on the south coast of Mombasa.
It is located some 36 km (22 miles) south of Mombasa city on the mainland coast and is a prime resort for many local and international tourists. Diani Beach has an airport at Ukunda town to cater for tourists who fly there directly from Nairobi Wilson or any other airports and airfields in the country.
Among the many sellers and vendors along Mombasa's beaches, this man walked up and down all day hoping for tourists looking for camel rides.
: is an outlying township 20 minutes driving distance northwest of Mombasa Island, situated on the Nairobi Highway. This fringe community lacks any effective electricity, water or sewer systems, with a general lack of infrastructure. Poverty, lack of sanitation, and unemployment continue to be the greatest issues for the Mikindani Township, which have ensured low health and safety standards for its residents. Poor, lower class housing is widespread, ranging from simple stone, two-storey structures to mud and earth homes fitted with corrugated iron roofs. Much of the community works outside of the township, within Mombasa Island itself as there is a lack of employment and industry. There are number of small health clinics, shops, and a few public primary schools: Nazarene primary is one school, which is known in particular as being staffed by a revolving volunteer teacher base from Western, and predominately English speaking nations. This small town serves as a link between the city and Moi International Airport. Magongo is also home to the Akamba Handicraft Cooperative.
, a suburban area: This is an outlying township on the mainland along the Nairobi Highway. It is built in the heavy industrial sections of Changamwe
and mainly accommodate the working class who either work in the industries, the town centre on the Island and the Port at Kilindini harbour.
: outlying township on the Mombasa Nairobi Highway which is first growing as a suburban area.
: Industrial area which contains the Kipevu power generation projects, the Kenya Oil Refinery Company facility and housing estates such as Chaani and is the gateway to the Moi International Airport. The area has administrative offices of the D.O and the chiefs who serve the administrative division.
Mombasa county sub-divisions
Mombasa is also a county
and divided into six constituencies and thirty wards.
Mombasa city has a population of 1,208,333
per the 2019 census.
Mombasa has a cosmopolitan population, with the Swahili people
predominant. Other communities include the Akamba
as well as a significant population of Luo
peoples from Western Kenya. The major religions practised in the city are Islam, Christianity and Hinduism.
Over the centuries, many immigrants and traders have settled in Mombasa, particularly from the Middle East, Somalia
, and the Indian subcontinent
, who came mainly as traders and skilled craftsmen.
Biashara Street, Mombasa
The Market Hall in Mombasa, Kenya, where especially spices are sold.
Mombasa is an important economic center in Kenya. In addition to the coffee trade, the food and chemical industries, there is a steel mill, an aluminum rolling mill, an oil refinery and a cement plant. The city is home to the most important seaport in East Africa, Kilindini Harbor, which is also used by the neighboring countries Tanzania and Uganda for their imports and exports.
is an old Swahili term meaning "deep". The port is so-called because the channel is naturally very deep. Kilindini Harbour is an example of a natural geographic phenomenon called a ria
, formed at the end of the last glacial period
when the sea level rose and engulfed a river that was flowing from the mainland.
Mombasa is a centre of coastal tourism in Kenya. Mombasa Island itself is not a main attraction, although many people visit the Old Town and Fort Jesus
. The Nyali
, and Shanzu
beaches are located north of the city. The Shelly
, and Diani
beaches are located south of Mombasa. Several luxury hotels exist on these beaches, while the less expensive hotels are located further away.
Mombasa's northern shoreline is renowned for its vibrant 24-hour entertainment offers, including both family entertainment (water parks, cinemas, bowling
, etc.), sports (watersports
, mountain biking
), culinary offers (restaurants offering a wide range of specialties from Kenya, China, Japan, India, Italy, Germany and other countries) and nightlife (bars, pubs, clubs, discothèques, etc.).
Other local industries include an oil refinery
with a capacity of 80,000 barrels (13 ML) a day,
and a cement factory capable of producing over 1.1 million tons per year.
The major intercontinental undersea telecom cables reach shore next to Mombasa, connecting the African Great Lakes
to the rest of the world and supporting a fast-growing call centre
business in the area. The estimated real GDP growth for Kenya in 2016 is 5.7-6.0%. This growth will be in response to the construction of a railway system from Nairobi to Mombasa which will aid in trade and transportation between Kenya's two major cities.
Mombasa will become a Special Economic Zone (SEZ) in which certain industries such as tea, garments, and footwear will be exempt from certain taxes to promote domestic growth. This is in response to the deficiencies in Export Processing Zones (EPZ).
The Kenyan Dock Worker's Union is situated in Mombasa and has roughly 5,000 members.
President Kenyatta has made it a priority to deepen economic ties with Asia at the onset of his presidency. Japan has played a role in financially sponsoring the expansion of the Mombasa port in phase one and two of the expansion project.
At 44%, the rate of youth unemployment in Mombasa is more than double the national average of 21% (2016).
Moi International Airport
Moi International Airport
serves the city of Mombasa. It is located in Port Reitz area, also known locally as Chaani area on the mainland metropolitan area. Flights to Nairobi
and other Kenyan, European and Middle Eastern destinations depart from the airport each day. Mombasa is connected to Nairobi
by dozens of scheduled flights.
Mombasa currently has a modern railway station on the Mombasa–Nairobi Standard Gauge Railway
that replaced the century-old station built by the British. Completed in 2017 and located at Miritini
, the Mombasa Terminus
station links Mombasa to Nairobi. The station, situated about 20 kilometers from the city centre, is accessible through the newly built (2018) highway, being the first phase of the larger Dongo Kundu bypass. Kenya Railways
transports passengers and cargo through the Standard Gauge Railway between Nairobi to Mombasa. The journey takes approximately five hours between the two cities.
Driving in Mombasa is straightforward and the majority of the roads are tarmacked. Main roads include Jomo Kenyatta Avenue, Digo Road, Nyerere Road, Nkurumah Road, Moi Avenue, Mama Ngina Drive, Barack Obama Road, Nairobi Highway and Nyali Road.
Within Mombasa, most local people use matatus
(mini-buses) which are extremely common in Kenya, to move around the city and its suburbs. The tuk-tuk
—a motor vehicle with three wheels—is widely used as transport around the city and its suburbs. No more than three passengers may be carried. A boda-boda
is originally a bicycle taxi but have long since been replaced by motorcycles.
Port of Mombasa is the largest in East Africa, with 19 deep water berths
with two additional berths nearing completion and two oil terminals
The port is connected by rail and road to the interior.
there is little or no scheduled passenger service from the port, however, international cruise ships frequent the port. In 2017, The New York Times investigative reporter, Ian Urbina
, visited Mombassa to explore the ongoing investigation of two Greek-owned trawlers that would illegally fish in Somali waters and then offload their catch in Mombassa, Kenya.
The port is part of the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road
that runs from the Chinese coast to the Upper Adriatic region. In connection with the Silk Road Initiative, China has started infrastructure development projects in Kenya and is building roads, railways and public buildings on credit.
There is no bridge between Mombasa Island and south coast, instead the distance is served by ferries
operated by the Kenya Ferry Service from Kilindini and Mtongwe to Likoni
in the south coast of Mombasa. The last major accident occurred in 1994 when a ferry serving Mtongwe route sank killing more than 270 people.
As a result of increases in more luxurious hotels at the South Coast and a lack of a direct bridge linking the South Coast to Mombasa island, visiting tourists have the option of flying directly from Nairobi into the South Coast airstrip at Ukunda.
The Dongo Kundu Bypass Highway
is currently (2018) under construction. With a total of three bridges, it will finally connect the mainland to the south coast easing the burden on the ferry services.
Places of worship
Mombasa has places of worship serving needs of the city's diverse communities. Christian denominations represented in the city include:
There are also many Hindu Hinduism
A large number of Hindus visit Mombasa to pray at a number of naturally formed Lingam
that have formed in the Nyali
beach Gombeshwar Caves. According to local folklore, the cave-temple was found a long time ago when a group of local herders were puzzled after they noticed that one of their cows regularly released all of her milk at a specific yet random spot on the hills. They are then said to have approached some Hindu families living in the area to ask if they had any idea behind the strange behaviour by the cow. The group then teamed up, made their way to the spot and started digging. That is how they ended up stumbling into the cave where they found a 'Shiva Lingam
' – an abstract representation of the Hindu God Lord Shiva, whose vehicle is Nandi (mythology)
. Hindus worship Lord Shiva by offering milk to a Lingam
List of Hindu Temples in Mombasa:
- Hindu Union of Mombasa - Shivalaay (Makadara)
- Hindu Union of Mombasa - Gombeshwar (Nyali)
- Shree Ganesha Temple - Nyali
- Shree Ramdev Pir Temple - Nyali
- Shree Dwarikadham Hare Krishna Temple (ISKON) - Nyali
- Shree BAPS Swaminarayan Temple - Mombasa Mainland
- Shree Gayatri Brahm Samaj Temple - Mombasa Mainland
- Shree Cutch Satsang Swaminarayan Temple - Mombasa Mainland
- Shree Radhe-Krishna Makupa Temple - Mombasa Mainland
- Shree Vishwakarma Temple - Mombasa Mainland
Other temples within Mombasa include the Sikh Shree Guru Gobind Singh Sabha Temple, and the Shree Parshva Vallabh Jain Temple
Askari monument Mombasa
music, which originates from Zanzibar
, has a prominent local presence.
Styles of music native to Mombasa include the smooth and mellow Bango
, fast-paced Chakacha
and traditional Mwanzele
Musicians of note are Mombasa Roots
, Safari Sounds
, Them Mushrooms
, Anwar Juma Bhalo and Princess Farida. Mombasa has been the home or base for former greats like Fundi Konde
, known for his song "Tausi"; Fadhili Williams
and Grand Charo, famous for the song "Malaika"; Sal Davies; Malika Mohammed; Stara Butte; Juma Bhalo. Contemporary hip-hop fusion artistes are Susumila, Majizee, Nyota Ndogo
, Cannibal (musician), Sharama and Ukoo Flani super group which once could boast up to 40 rappers.
Recently, hip hop
and (among the Indian community) bhangra
have become popular, especially amongst the youth. Mombasa is mainly a tourism centre populated by hundreds of entertainment spots of all categories from night clubs, bars, hotels, fancy restaurants and many more. It has the most vibrant night life in Kenya catering to the mainly tourist population.
Currently, Mombasa is represented in the Kenyan Premier League
by Bandari F.C
, which plays at the Mbaraki Sports Grounds. Also, the Congo United FC, Promoted and dropped in 2011, are in the second tier Nationwide Super League with 4 other hometown clubs – Admiral F.C.
; Magongo Rangers; Sparki Youth and Coast United.
Derbies between Mombasa teams have become intriguing affairs recently.
Another team, Coast Stars
, were relegated several years ago from the league. The only Mombasa-based team to win the league is Feisal F.C.
, the 1965 champions. Kiziwi leopards was a popular team in the 1980s as was Mombasa Wanderers decades before. There are several cricket teams in Mombasa; one is Mombasa Sports Club
(MSC), whose ground was given ODI
status in 2006. MSC has also a rugby union
team playing in the Kenya Cup
League, the premier rugby competition in Kenya. Mvita XI men and MSC ladies represent Mombasa in Kenyan field hockey leagues.
Mombasa is represented in the nationwide rugby league by Mombasa RFC. The city is also host to a leg of the national rugby sevens circuit, being one of only six city hosts. The Mombasa leg is referred to as the Driftwood sevens, and the annual tournament is extremely popular, attracting thousands of fans from across the country.
Twin towns – sister cities
- Abdilatif Abdalla, writer, university professor and political protestor
- Karen Blixen, Danish novelist
- Mercedes Iman Diamonds, drag queen and contestant on the eleventh season of RuPaul's Drag Race
- Timothy R. McClanahan, marine ecologist who lived and has worked in Mombasa since 1991
- Swaleh Nguru, Arab businessman, conservationist and philanthropist
- Thomas Risley Odhiambo, entomologist
- Ayub Ogada, musician, singer and composer known for having composed two songs for the movie The Constant Gardener
- Fadhili William, musician, singer, and composer
Mombasa CBD Building
Mombasa beach sunrise
Port of Mombasa
View of the old town
New Dwarikadham Hindu
temple in Nyali
Moi Avenue in Mombasa
In popular culture
Mombasa is the subject of the popular song and music video of the same name, "Mombasa" by Jabali Afrika
feat. Jason Dunford
aka Samaki Mkuu released on July 17, 2020.
In the film Out of Africa
, Mombasa is the train destination as the seaport for voyages to Europe via the Suez Canal
, and Mombasa is indicated as downriver ("This water must go home to Mombasa").
Mombasa is a pivotal setting in the highly popular Halo
video game series. Mombasa appears as a major setting in Halo 2
, and the entirety of Halo 3: ODST
takes place in Mombasa. The science fiction games are set in the year 2552, and the city has been divided into "Old Mombasa" and "New Mombasa" (a prosperous section filled with futuristic skyscrapers and an iconic orbital elevator
). It is the capital of the fictional East Africa Protectorate. The city comes under attack by humanity's alien adversaries, "The Covenant
", who focus their planetary invasion in and around Mombasa in search of a massive, technologically advanced artifact buried nearby.
Mombasa is featured in the 2010 movie, Inception
, where Cobb meets Eames and Yusuf before the job takes place.
In the Indian movie Mr. India
, Mombasa is mentioned in the popular song "Hawa Hawaii".
Most of the events in the 2017 story "Consummation in Mombasa" (by Andrei Gusev
) take place in Mombasa and in the nearest district Mtwapa
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