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Monastir, Tunisia
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Monastir, also called Mistīr (Arabic: منستير‎‎ Monastīr / Mistīr, from the Greek μοναστήριον "hermit's cell, monastery"), is a city on the central coast of Tunisia, in the Sahel area, some 20 kilometres (12 miles) south of Sousse and 162 kilometres (101 miles) south of Tunis. Traditionally a fishing port, Monastir is now a major tourist resort. Its population is about 93,306. It is the capital of Monastir Governorate.
Monastir
منستير

Monastir from the ribat's tower

Seal

Monastir from space
Monastir
Location in Tunisia
Coordinates: 35°46′10″N 10°49′10″E
Country
 Tunisia
GovernorateMonastir
Population (2014)
 • Total93,306
Time zoneUTC1 (CET)
ZIP code5000
Area code(s)73
Geography
Location
Monastir is a peninsula surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea on three sides and forming, to the south, the Gulf of Monasti of the same name, which extends to Cap of Ras Dimass. It offers diverse landscapes, in particular its sandy and rocky beaches as well as a cliff stretching over nearly six kilometers.
History
The Ribat in Monastir
Monastir was founded on the ruins of the PunicRoman city of Ruspina. The city features a well-preserved Ribat of Monastir that was used to scan the sea for hostile ships and as a defence against the attacks of the Byzantine fleet. Several ulema came to stay in the ribat of this peaceful city for contemplation. The ribat was, in the 1970s, also one of the filming locations for both the miniseries Jesus of Nazareth and Monty Python's Life of Brian. There are panoramic views of the city taken from a French naval intelligence airship in 1924.
Transportation
The city is on the electrified, metre-gauge Sahel Metro line with trains serving Sousse and Mahdia. Other services run to Tunis.
Monastir – Habib Bourguiba International Airport has flights from most Western European countries. It is run by Tepe Akfen Ventures Airport Holding (TAV).
Climate
Monastir enjoys a dry Mediterranean climate with hot summers, extremely mild winters, much sunshine and low rainfall year-round. The city sits in the northeast of Tunisia, on its central coast. It is milder than inland areas of Tunisia, forty percent of which is part of the Sahara. In the summer, while humidity is low, the soaring heat can still be hard to handle. The average high temperature of 29 °C (84 °F) in June skips past the 30 °C (86 °F) mark in the middle of the month and rises to 33 °C (91 °F) in July and August.
Climate data for Monastir, Tunisia (1981–2010, extremes 1968–2017)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)27.0
(80.6)
31.1
(88.0)
37.1
(98.8)
37.5
(99.5)
43.6
(110.5)
47.0
(116.6)
46.9
(116.4)
47.0
(116.6)
43.0
(109.4)
39.5
(103.1)
31.7
(89.1)
29.7
(85.5)
47.0
(116.6)
Average high °C (°F)16.5
(61.7)
17.1
(62.8)
19.1
(66.4)
21.5
(70.7)
25.1
(77.2)
29.1
(84.4)
32.3
(90.1)
32.8
(91.0)
29.7
(85.5)
26.3
(79.3)
21.5
(70.7)
17.8
(64.0)
24.1
(75.3)
Daily mean °C (°F)12.3
(54.1)
12.9
(55.2)
14.7
(58.5)
16.9
(62.4)
20.4
(68.7)
24.2
(75.6)
27.1
(80.8)
27.8
(82.0)
25.4
(77.7)
22.2
(72.0)
17.3
(63.1)
13.6
(56.5)
19.6
(67.2)
Average low °C (°F)8.2
(46.8)
8.7
(47.7)
10.6
(51.1)
12.9
(55.2)
16.3
(61.3)
19.9
(67.8)
22.5
(72.5)
23.6
(74.5)
21.6
(70.9)
18.3
(64.9)
13.2
(55.8)
9.4
(48.9)
15.4
(59.8)
Record low °C (°F)0.2
(32.4)
0.1
(32.2)
1.9
(35.4)
4.5
(40.1)
8.2
(46.8)
12.4
(54.3)
15.1
(59.2)
14.3
(57.7)
13.9
(57.0)
7.3
(45.1)
0.2
(32.4)
−1.9
(28.6)
−1.9
(28.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches)44.6
(1.76)
25.0
(0.98)
30.4
(1.20)
21.1
(0.83)
17.4
(0.69)
4.9
(0.19)
1.6
(0.06)
10.1
(0.40)
46.6
(1.83)
54.6
(2.15)
38.0
(1.50)
45.0
(1.77)
339.3
(13.36)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)5.04.24.14.43.01.30.41.23.74.64.14.340.3
Average relative humidity (%)70697069696765667071707169
Mean monthly sunshine hours167.4179.2207.7228.0275.9303.0337.9303.8240.0210.8189.0164.32,807
Source: Institut National de la Météorologie (precipitation days/humidity/sun 1961–1990)[1][2][3][note 1]
Economy
The industrial sector, tourism and agriculture constituting the main activities of the population : The economy of this region is also based on agriculture. The 86% of land used for agriculture, of which 13,125 ha are public or private irrigated areas. 450 ha are forests against 4,600 ha for rangelands. The livestock production is around 74,500 head (cattle, goats, sheep). Regarding the main agricultural products, the region produces in particular fishery products (23,983 t / year), red meat, poultry, milk, oil and olive. Olive cultivation covers an area of 60,000 ha. Monastir is also making a reputation for the production of vegetable crops (169,702 t / year) and arboriculture (11,297 t). The development of agriculture is favored by the presence of 8 hill lakes and hill dams. The establishment of a dozen aquaculture sites in the lagoon of Monastir also allows the region to engage in the breeding of sea bream and sea bass.
The tourist sector occupies the third occupation of the population with luxury hotels by the sea, golf courses ... the region attracts many foreign tourists. The tourism sector has more than fifty hotel units with a total accommodation capacity of more than 25,440 beds. These hotels provide 9,000 jobs. In addition to the 8th century ribat, the great mosque, the Bourguiba mosque, the museums, the souk, the Kiriates islands, the city also has other assets such as the marina, diving centers, two golf courses. , a racecourse, night clubs etc. Entertainment abounds between fun and sporting activities. For its last 5 decades, it has attracted tourists by the seaside potential of Saknes. It has two hotel units, a museum, a marine district and the marina. There is also the tourist area of Jinène El Oust which has 6 residential units and the Bekalta area which has 6 hotel units and entertainment lots. In addition, the region's transport infrastructure is also one of the determining factors in the growth of this governorate. Indeed, it has an international airport, a train station, and a metro that connects it to Sousse and Mahdia. Buses, taxis, rental vehicles also connect it to these two other governorates.[5]
Nouvelair has its head office in Monastir in the Dkhila Tourist Zone,[6][7] near the Hôtel Sahara Beach.[8]
Education
The city of Monastir has:
Monastir is also a university city, incorporating the University of Monastir which was founded on September 2, 2004[9] and covers the governorates of Monastir and Mahdia. The university of Monastir includes sixteen faculty departments, of which ten are located in Monastir:
The student population of Monastir exceeded 27,000 in 2007–2008, making the city one of the largest in terms of university studies along with Tunis, Sfax and Sousse.
Notable people
Tunisian ex-president Habib Bourguiba was born in Monastir, and his mausoleum is located in the city. Many other famous politicians are also from Monastir:
Among other notable people:
Twin towns – sister cities
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Tunisia
Monastir is twinned with:[10]
Gallery
Neighbouring area
Monastir's northeastern territories lead into a place called Route de la Falaise, through which one can reach its most notable suburb, Skanes, which is 6 miles (9.7 kilometres) from Monastir's town centre.[citation needed] Hugging Tunisia's coastline, Skanes is a holiday resort known mostly for its professional golf courses; white, sandy beaches; clear blue sea; and hotels that fuse Moorish architecture with modern designs. It is frequented throughout the summer by tourists from around the world.[citation needed] They also come for the medina, where it is possible to sample fresh Tunisian cooking and bargain for local goods.[citation needed]
References
  1. ^ "Les normales climatiques en Tunisie entre 1981 2010" (in French). Ministère du Transport. Archived from the original on 19 December 2019. Retrieved 3 January 2020.
  2. ^ "Données normales climatiques 1961-1990" (in French). Ministère du Transport. Archived from the original on 21 December 2019. Retrieved 3 January 2020.
  3. ^ "Les extrêmes climatiques en Tunisie" (in French). Ministère du Transport. Archived from the original on 21 December 2019. Retrieved 3 January 2020.
  4. ^ "Réseau des stations météorologiques synoptiques de la Tunisie" (in French). Ministère du Transport. Retrieved 3 January 2020.
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ "Réclamations, Suggestions." Nouvelair. Retrieved on 1 July 2010. "Nos Coordonnées Adresse : Zone Touristique Dkhila – 5065 – Monastir – Tunisie."
  7. ^ "Après le vol." Nouvelair. Retrieved on 1 July 2010.
  8. ^ Jacobs, Daniel and Peter Morris. The Rough Guide to Tunisia. Rough Guides, 2001. 215. Retrieved from Google Books on 1 July 2010. ISBN 1-85828-748-0, ISBN 978-1-85828-748-5.
  9. ^ "History : university of monastir". www.um.rnu.tn. Archived from the original on 2017-11-09. Retrieved 2018-06-04.
  10. ^ "العلاقات الخارجية و المدن المتوأمة". commune-monastir.gov.tn (in Arabic). Monastir. Retrieved 2021-01-19.
Notes
^ The Station ID for Monastir is 340404111.[4]
External links
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Monastir.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Monastir.
Last edited on 28 May 2021, at 15:03
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