Mrs. Parker and the Vicious Circle
Director Alan Rudolph was fascinated with the Algonquin Round Table as a child when he discovered Gluyas Williams
' illustrations in a collection of Robert Benchley's essays.
Speaking in 1995, he said "the Algonquin Hotel round table, what it symbolised, and the ripple effect that went out from it, was probably up there in the 50 most significant events of the century".
After making The Moderns
, a film about American expatriates in 1920s Paris
, Rudolph wanted to tackle a fact-based drama set in the same era. He began work on a screenplay with novelist and former Washington Star journalist Randy Sue Coburn about legendary writer Dorothy Parker. In 1992, Rudolph attended a Fourth of July party hosted by filmmaker Robert Altman
who introduced him to actress Jennifer Jason Leigh
. Rudolph was surprised by her physical resemblance to Parker and was impressed by her knowledge of the Jazz Age
. Leigh was so committed to doing the film that she agreed to make it for "a tenth of what I normally get for a film".
The screenplay originally focused on the platonic relationship between Parker and Robert Benchley, but this did not appeal to any financial backers.
There still was no interest even when Altman came on board as producer. The emphasis on Parker was the next change to the script, but Rudolph still had no luck finding financing for "a period biography of a literate woman."
Altman used his clout to persuade Fine Line Features
—two studios he was making films for—to team, with the former releasing Mrs. Parker and the Vicious Circle
domestically and the latter handling foreign distribution.
Altman claimed that he forced the film to be made by putting his own money into it and "I put other projects of mine hostage to it. I did a lot of lying".
Rudolph shot the film in Montreal because the building facades in its old city most closely resembled period New York City.
Full financing was not acquired until four weeks into principal photography.
The film's large cast followed Leigh's lead and agreed to work for much lower than their usual salaries. Rudolph invited them to write their own dialogue, which resulted in a chaotic first couple of days of principal photography. Actor Campbell Scott remembered "Everyone hung on to what they knew about their characters and just sort of threw it out there."
Actress Jennifer Beals discussed this in her appearance on the Jon Favreau documentary program Dinner for Five
, where she stated that much dialogue was improvised in the style of the real-life characters actors were playing, but that many of those characters were not integral to the plot. As such, many of the actors had much larger parts that were edited to nearly nothing. The cast trusted their director during the 40-day shoot. They stayed in a run-down hotel dubbed Camp Rudolph and engaged in all-night poker games. Leigh chose not to participate in these activities, preferring to stay in character on and off camera. She did a great amount of research for the role and said "I wanted to be as close to her as I possibly could."
To this end, Leigh stayed for a week at the Algonquin Hotel and read Parker's entire body of work. In addition, the actress listened repeatedly to the two existing audio recordings of Parker in order to perfect the writer's distinctive voice. Leigh found that Parker "had a sensibility that I understand very, very well. A sadness. A depression."
A rough cut of Mrs. Parker and the Vicious Circle
was screened at the 1993 Cannes Film Festival
where it divided film critics. It was rumored afterwards that Leigh re-recorded several scenes that were too difficult to understand because of her accent but she denied that this happened.
The film was an Official Selection at the 1994 Cannes Film Festival
and was nominated for the Palme d'Or
- ^ Mrs. Parker and the Vicious Circle at Box Office Mojo
- ^ a b c d e f g h i Carpenter, Tessa (August 29, 1993). "Back to the Round Table With Dorothy Parker and Pals..." The New York Times. Retrieved May 26, 2010.
- ^ Johnston, Trevor (March 10, 1995). "Living by her wits". The List. Retrieved August 26, 2020.
- ^ Weinraub, Bernard (July 29, 1993). "Robert Altman, Very Much A Player Again". The New York Times. Retrieved May 26, 2010.
- ^ a b Appelo, Tim (December 23, 1994). "Finding Dorothy Parker's Voice". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved May 26, 2010.
- ^ "Festival de Cannes: Mrs. Parker and the Vicious Circle". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved August 30, 2009.
- ^ Mills, Michael (December 30, 1994). "It's a Fact: 'Pulp Fiction' Year's Best". The Palm Beach Post (Final ed.). p. 7.
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- ^ Schuldt, Scott (January 1, 1995). "Oklahoman Movie Critics Rank Their Favorites for the Year Without a Doubt, Blue Ribbon Goes to "Pulp Fiction," Scott Says". The Oklahoman. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
- ^ Zoller Seitz, Matt (January 12, 1995). "Personal best From a year full of startling and memorable movies, here are our favorites". Dallas Observer.
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- ^ Simon, Jeff (January 1, 1995). "Movies: Once More, with Feeling". The Buffalo News. Retrieved July 19, 2020.
- ^ Lovell, Glenn (December 25, 1994). "The Past Picture Show the Good, the Bad and the Ugly -- a Year Worth's of Movie Memories". San Jose Mercury News (Morning Final ed.). p. 3.
- ^ MacCambridge, Michael (December 22, 1994). "it's a LOVE-HATE thing". Austin American-Statesman (Final ed.). p. 38.
Last edited on 11 May 2021, at 00:57
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