Styles of music
Nicaraguan music is a mixture of different cultures from indigenous tribes, European conquerors, and slaves. Styles of music vary throughout the different regions in the country. In the Caribbean coast music with African and indigenous influence are heard, in the Pacific coast the music is considered to be a mixture of the indigenous and Spanish culture and in the North/Central region of Nicaragua the music has more of a European flavor, this is because of the significant wave of Europeans, mostly Germans, that live in the region. European influenced dances like the polka
are also danced in this region.
coast of Nicaragua is known for its Palo de Mayo
, which is a lively and sensual form of dance music
that is especially loud and celebrated during the Palo de Mayo festival. The Garifuna
community exists in Nicaragua and is known for its popular music called Punta
. Also, Soca
is popular throughout the country.
Rhythms like the trova
became essential to writers in the post-war scenario of the 70s and 80s. Writers used trova to express social injustice, their hope for a better tomorrow, patriotism, and ecological conservation. This, in time, became a rhythm used in artistic Nicaraguan creations, and it therefore also became part of the culture. Well known in this category is Duo Guardabarranco
, formed by the brothers Salvador and Katia Cardenal
Another popular musical genre in Nicaragua is the Chicheros
, often consisting of a trumpet and trombone or other brass instruments, with additional musicians playing various percussions. This is often to be heard in private parties around the country.
of Nicaragua distinguishes itself from the other forms of marimba in Central America by the way it is played. Nicaragua's marimba is played by a sitting performer holding the instrument on his knees. They are usually accompanied by a bass fiddle
(a small guitar similar to a mandolin
). This music is played at social functions as a sort of background music. The marimba is made with hardwood plates, placed over bamboo
or metal tubes of varying lengths. It is played with two or four hammers
Nicaraguans in Music
One of the most prominent composers from Nicaragua is the leonés musician José de la Cruz Mena
(1874-1907). He wrote a variety of romantic waltzes that display sounds inspired by common and daily experiences, or natural scenarios. Among those compositions, we found titles such as "El Nacatamal," "Los Turcos," and "Ruinas." Besides, Mena's pieces are evocative of biblical characters and love relationship; titles like "Amores de Abraham," "Bonita Margarita," "Rosalía" are part of the most representative ones. By the time, Mena gathered popularity and influenced composers from different countries of the Americas; additionally, in the late 1800s, his name reached Asia and Europe particularly Germany and Italy inspiring Giacomo Puccini's opera La Boheme
Another relevant composer is Luis Abraham Delgadillo
, with several symphonies, stage works, orchestral pieces, chamber music, songs, and piano music to his credit, and Camilo Zapata
, creator of the Nicaraguan Sound
. Erwin Krüger, creator of Barrio de Pescadores
(Fisherman's District). Justo Santos creator of La Mora Limpia
(A Clean Coffee Bean), considered Nicaragua's popular anthem.
Other prominent national musicians, groups, and songwriters include Lía Barrios
, Marcio Brenes Mejía from Somoto, Nicaragua, Katia Cardenal
, Salvador Cardenal
, Marina Cárdenas
, Dimension Costeña
, Norma Helena Gadea
, Carlos Mejía Godoy
, Luis Enrique Mejía Godoy
, Luis Enrique Mejía López (known as Luis Enrique
), Los Mokuanes
, Sergio Tapia
, and Hernaldo Zúñiga
Of the younger generation of Nicaraguan singer-songwriters there are a few notable such as Latin Grammy Nominee Ramón Armando Mejía
), Arturo Vaughan
, Moisés Gadea
, Juan Montenegro
, Junior Escobar
, Elsa Basil
, Cecilia Ferrer
, Alejandro Carlos Mejía
, Clara Grun
, Noel Portocarrero
, Duo Guardabarranco
, Juan Solorzano
, and Marcio Brenes JR.
. Also, rock bands such as Necrosis, Grupo Armado
, Crisis, Monroy y Surmenage
, Mano de Vidrio
, Carga Cerrada
and Cecilia & The Argonauts
Also notable instrumentalists such as guitarists Tony Melendez
, Arturo Vaughan
, Roberto Vaughan
, Eduardo Araica
, Omar Suazo
, Arnulfo Oviedo
, Saulo Pérez
, and Andrés Sánchez, marimba player Carlos Luis Mejia
, drummers Jorge Lanzas
, Bikentios Chávez
, Johnny Metralla
, Henry Palacios
, and percussionist José Areas
who was inducted in the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame
with the band Santana
- ^ a b "Discover fascinating Nicaragua Music". Nicaragua.com. Retrieved 2008-12-06.
- ^ El Nuevo Diario - Managua, Nicaragua - Con Todo el Poder de la Información
- ^ a b c "Culture; Music and Dance". ViaNica.com. Retrieved 2008-12-06.
- ^ "Culture; Contemporary Artists". ViaNica.com. Retrieved 2008-12-06.
- ^ "Santana". The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum. Retrieved 2008-12-06.
Last edited on 18 March 2021, at 16:14
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