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Mutiny on Lurongyu 2682
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The mutiny and mass murder on Lurongyu 2682 (渔2682号), a Chinese squid-jigging trawler, occurred in the South Pacific between June and July 2011. A group of men from the ship, led by Liu Guiduo (28) seized control of the ship from their captain. Among the 33 men on board, 16 were killed and 6 jumped overboard (later presumed dead).[1][2]
The captain cooperated with the hijackers in the later stage of the mutiny when they convinced him to sail and to illegally emigrate to Japan.
11 crew members returned to China, including the captain. In 2013, all returned crew were convicted of murder, of which 5 were punished by death sentence - including the captain.[3]
The ship
Lurongyu 2682 is the generic name of the vessel which was a fishing vessel registered in Rongcheng, Shandong. It was owned by Shandong Rongcheng Xinfa Seafood Corporation (Chinese: 山东荣成市鑫发水产公司). It departed from Port Shidao (石島) in December 2010.
The crew
There were 33 crewmen on board at first, split across three social groups. These groups were the sailors from Heilongjiang province, the sailors from the region of Inner Mongolia, and the management team from Dalian city[4].
Sailor: Liu Guiduo (刘贵夺), mastermind of the mutiny and the mass killings.
Captain: Li Chengquan (李承权), who was at first locked up by Liu Guiduo's men but later joined him.
Chief Cook: Xia Qiyong (夏琦勇), chief cook and the first victim.
Chief Mate: Fu Yizhong(付义忠)
Second Mate: Wang Yongbo(王永波)
Chief Engineer: Wen Dou(温斗)
Second Engineer: Wang Yanlong(王延龙)
Other sailors: Jiang Xiaolong (姜晓龙), Liu Chengjian (刘成建), Huang Jinbo (黄金波), Wang Peng (王鹏), Feng Xingyan (冯兴艳), Mei Linsheng (梅林盛), Bo Fujun (薄福军), Cui Yong (崔勇), Xiang Lishan (项立山), Duan Zhifang (段志芳), Wen Mi (温密), Yue Peng (岳朋), Liu Gang (刘刚), Jiang Shutao (姜树涛), Wu Guozhi (吴国志), Chen Guojun (陈国军), Bao De (包德), Shuang Xi (双喜), Dai Fushun (戴福顺), Bao Baocheng (包宝成), Shan Guoxi (单国喜), Qiu Ronghua (邱荣华), Ma Yuchao (马玉超), Gong Xuejun (宫学军), Song Guochun (宋国春) and Ding Yumin(丁玉民).
Full Incident
December 27, 2010, Set Sail
On December 27th, 2010, the Lurongyu 2682 set sail for the Peru sea, from Shidao Port, located in Rongcheng City, Shandong Province, China, for squid jigging. There were 33 crewmen on board. Only some of the crew were licensed seafarers. The working contract between the sailors and the operating company stated that the ship was supposed to return to China after two years. However, the stamp that the company used in the contract was forged, making all of the sailors undocumented employees. Licensed seafarers boarded the ship and passed the customs check normally, while unlicensed seafarers boarded another small boat to avoid the custom check, and transferred to Lurongyu 2682 in the sea.
The ship arrived at the Peru sea in February 2011, and the crewmen began their squid jigging. Beginning in May 2011, discontent and suspicion about the company spread among some crewmen, who had already been complaining about the working environment. They assumed that the company would violate the contract by deducting their salaries. Liu Guiduo was among those who feared the company would violate the contract, so he expressed his concern to Captain Li Chengquan. Liu requested the captain to sail back to China immediately at that time, but the captain refused.
June 16, 2011, First Killing
When the ship was in Chile sea, a group of 11 crewmen led by Liu tried to hijack the ship. They barged into the cabin of the captain and beat him with a stick, forcing him to sail back to China. During the process, Chief Cook Xia Qiyong, friend of Captain Li, heard the incident and realized something was wrong. Xia rushed to the captain cabin with a cooking knife to help, and because of the knife in his hand, Liu’s men became alerted and killed him in a fight.
It was believed that Liu's initial motive was not to kill Xia Qiyong or anybody, but instead only to hijack the ship and sail back to China so that he could sue the company. All men onboard the ship thought there would not be another killing, and they decided to claim that Xia had fallen into the sea by himself, after returning to China and being questioned by police.
Liu’s men kept an eye on Captain Li since, in case he would try to abrupt Liu's plan. and locked all knives, lifeboats and life jackets on the ship, apparently to prevent anyone trying to avenge Xia’s death. At this point, the ship was still sailing back to China.
July 20, 2011, Nine More Killings
Some crewmen were close to Captain Li and Liu was very aware of it. Liu was always cautious with them. Liu was once told that the ship’s fuel was consumed abnormally faster than before, and a crew named Bo Fujun told Liu that those close to Captain Li, led by Chief Engineer Wen Dou were trying to revolt and regain control of the ship. But Bo also tried to persuade Liu to spare them, making Liu feel Bo was not loyal to him.
On July 20, 2011, when the ship was at the west of Hawaii, Liu ordered his men to kill all crewmen that were trying to revolt, one by one. Under the cover of loud music, and commanded by Liu, Liu's men conducted the massacre on the deck. All eight men that Liu assumed to be involved in the revolt conspiracy were stabbed and thrown into the sea. Liu himself killed at least one of them. According to an interview with Duan Zhifang, a crewmate who lived in the same dorm as Second Mate Wang Yongbo, Liu entered their dorm and walked up to the injured Wang, who was then stabbed several times by Liu's men while lying on the floor. Liu talked to the Second Mate dearly, saying, “Oh dear Second Mate. What happened to you? Why are you lying on the floor? What happened? Talk to me”. Liu was actually stabbing Wang when talking – one sentence, one stab.
Even Bo, the whistle blower of the conspiracy, was not spared because Liu thought he was not loyal enough. After killing the eight men, Liu ordered Mei Linsheng and Wang Peng, the only two men in Liu's hijacking team that had not killed a person at that time, to kill Bo, in order to "have bloods on their hands".
After committing so many murders, Liu decided he no longer wanted to return to China. He told others that those who had blood on their hands would not go back to China. Instead, they would illegally immigrate to Japan, while those who did not kill would go back to China, and thus he did not care at all if they would testify against him.
July 21, 2011, One Missing
Since the day of mass killings, terror had dominated the ship. Even Liu could not sleep peacefully. The next day, July 21, 2011, a crewmate named Ma Yuchao was found missing. Nobody claimed to know his whereabouts, so he was believed to have jumped into the sea, out of fear.
July 24, 2011, Six More Killings
Among Liu's hijacking team, there was a small clique of six who were all from Inner Mongolia and close to each other. They were led by Bao De. Bao assumed that Liu would keep killing crewmates, and only those closest to him would be spared. He was hence planning to revolt against Liu. However, Bao’s plan was leaked by one of Liu’s spies.
Liu talked to Captain Li and persuaded him to join: you’ve seen what happened, and anybody who wants to survive must have blood on his hands. Captain Li, who was already completely occupied by fear, agreed. Liu also told Li that it was Bao who killed Li’s friends, implying Li should have Bao's blood on his hands to join them.
On July 24, 2011, when the ship was at the east of Japan, Liu ordered his men to make some excuses to take Bao to the deck alone, then Captain Li and Cui Yong, a new member of Liu’s gang, killed him. When Bao took the first stab, he shouted to his fellows in the dorm “Come and help me!”, but none of them dared to step out. The very night, Bao’s five men were eliminated by Liu’s men, one by one.
July 25, 2011. One More Missing, Four More Killings, Leaving Only Eleven
The next morning, July 25, they found the ship had a water leakage, and the Second Engineer Wang Yanlong was missing. They assumed that Wang Yanlong was behind the accident to kill all of them, and had jumped into the sea. The ship was believed to be sinking soon, so Liu ordered his men to prepare lifeboats, which were locked after the first killing. Liu sent SOS signals.
When preparing the lifeboats, four of them escaped in a lifeboat apparently out of fear. Liu was very mad seeing the four escaping, but could not do anything.
The SOS signal was received and responded by Chinese Costal Guard, who said a rescue team was expected to reach them in around seven days. The leakage stopped, ending the danger of ship sinking, but the ship could no longer move and had to float. As it was stated in the SOS signal that 15 people were on board, and four escaped, leaving only 11, Liu told the remaining people to blame killings of others on the escaped four when asked by Costal Guard.
Ironically, the lifeboat that the four took to escape floated back beside the ship. Liu ordered his men to throw spears to the lifeboat. The four all got injured and the lifeboat was destroyed. Three of them swam away, while Song Guochun begged Liu to spare and save him. Liu agreed and his men got Song back to the ship. At that moment, only two of them had not yet killed anyone, so Liu order the two to kill Song, to have blood on their hands. The two tied Song with some iron pieces and threw him into the sea.
At that moment, there were eleven people alive on board, each of whom had committed murder. When waiting for the Costal Guard, Liu told others to tell police that it was Bao and his fellows that killed all the people and escaped with a lifeboat.
No murder happened after that, and the ship was towed back to China by the Costal Guard after a few days.
Legal Proceedings
All eleven crewmates that returned to China alive were arrested immediately. At first, all of them followed Liu Guiduo's instructions, denied any killing and blamed the deaths on Bao De and his friends. Later, all except Liu Guiduo confessed. Liu Guiduo denied all accusations until the end.
On March 19, 2013, a court in Weihai City, Shandong Province announced the sentence of the eleven convicted, as follows:
Liu Guiduo, Jiang Xiaolong, Liu Chengjian and Huang Jinbo were found guilty of murder and ship hijacking and sentenced to death;
Li Chengquan was found guilty of murder and sentenced to death;
Wang Peng was found guilty of murder and sentenced to death, with 2 years probation, and guilty of ship hijacking and sentenced to 12 years in prison, with 2 years probation. Combined sentence was death, with 2 years probation.
Feng Xingyan was found guilty of murder and sentenced to life;
Mei Linsheng and Cui Yong were found guilty of murder and sentenced to 15 years in prison;
Xiang Lishan was found guilty of murder and sentenced to 4 years in prison, and guilty of theft and sentenced to 1.5 years in prison. Combined sentence was 5 years in prison, along with 10,000 RMB penalty;
Duan Zhifang was found guilty of murder and sentenced to 4 years in prison.
On March 23, 2017, Supreme Court of China authorized the death penalty of Liu Guiduo, Jiang Xiaolong, Liu Chengjian, Huang Jinbo, Li Chengquan and Wang Peng.[citation needed]
Reaction
One anonymous crewmate, once released, was interviewed by a reporter named Du Qiang. His account of the mutiny was published as a 17,000 character story in January 2016, and was later translated into English by Nicky Harman and Emily Jones.[4] It became an Internet hit that attracted 30 million views and 100,000 comments on Sina Weibo.[5] A monograph, based on a separate interview with the released crewman, was written by a legal journalist and published in August 2016.[6]
On 25 October 2018, the events were loosely adapted into a visual novel titled One-Way Ticket and released on Steam by the Chinese indie game company Zodiac Interactive.[7] For marketing purposes, the plot and the characters were designed to be Japanese, causing a reaction in Japan.[8]
References
  1. ^ MacLeod, Calum (5 September 2013). "Horror on high seas: Deadly tale told at China trial". USA Today. Archived from the original on 3 September 2014.
  2. ^ MacLeod, Calum (7 September 2013). "Mutiny and mass murder on China's fishing fleet". The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013.
  3. ^ "Five sentenced to death for murder". China Daily. Xinhua News Agency. 20 July 2013. Retrieved 13 October 2020.
  4. ^ a b Du, Qiang (December 2019). "Massacre in the Pacific: A Personal Account". Words Without Borders. Translated by Harman, Nicky; Jones, Emily. The original source is Du, Qiang (14 January 2016). "太平洋大逃杀亲历者自述"​. Esquire (in Chinese) (China ed.). Archived from the original on 14 August 2017.
  5. ^ Wang, Xiao (2016). "特稿《太平洋大逃杀亲历者自述》的创作特色分析"​. 新闻知识 [News Research] (6): 86–88. ISSN 1003-3629.
  6. ^ Guo, Guosong (2016). 太平洋大劫杀 [The Great Hijack and Murder in the Pacific]. The People's Publishing House Oriental Publishing.
  7. ^ 短笛酱, ed. (25 October 2018). "国产AVG《单程票》Steam正式发售 带你体验真实的海上大逃杀"​. GamerSky.com (in Chinese). Retrieved 12 January 2019.
  8. ^ Watanabe, Senshū (4 November 2018). "中華ゲーム見聞録:実際の中国漁船虐殺事件が題材のADV『One-Way Ticket / 単程票』登場人物は全員日本人?"​. Game*Spark (in Japanese). Retrieved 13 October 2020.
Bibliography
Monograph
Guo, Guosong (2016). 太平洋大劫杀 [The Great Hijack and Murder in the Pacific]. The People's Publishing House Oriental Publishing. (The author is a legal journalist, the former senior reporter of Southern Weekly and former executive chief editor of Legal Weekly.)
Last edited on 7 May 2021, at 10:25
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