en.m.wikipedia.org
Nabataean alphabet
The Nabataean alphabet is an abjad (consonantal alphabet) that was used by the Nabataeans in the second century BC.[2][3] Important inscriptions are found in Petra (now in Jordan), the Sinai Peninsula (now part of Egypt), and other archaeological sites including Abdah (in Israel) and Mada'in Saleh in Saudi Arabia.
Nabataean
Script type
Time period
2nd century BC to 4th century AD
Directionright-to-left script 
LanguagesNabataean language
Related scripts
Parent systems
Nabataean
Child systems
Arabic alphabet
ISO 15924
ISO 15924Nbat, 159 , ​Nabataean
Unicode
Unicode alias
Nabataean
U+10880–U+108AF
Final Accepted Script Proposal
Example in Nabataean alphabet
Nabataean Kingdom, Aretas IV and Shaqilath, 9 b. C. - 40 a. D., AE18. On the reverse, an example of Nabataean script: names of Aretas IV (1st line) and Shaqilath (2nd and 3rd line).[4][5]
History
The alphabet is descended from the Aramaic alphabet. In turn, a cursive form of Nabataean developed into the Arabic alphabet from the 4th century,[3] which is why Nabataean's letterforms are intermediate between the more northerly Semitic scripts (such as the Aramaic-derived Hebrew) and those of Arabic.
Tablet with the Nabataean alphabet on it.
Comparison with related scripts
As compared to other Aramaic-derived scripts, Nabataean developed more loops and ligatures, likely to increase speed of writing. The ligatures seem to have not been standardized and varied across places and time. There were no spaces between words. Numerals in Nabataean script were built from characters of 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 10, 20, and 100.
NabateanName
Arabic
alphabet
Syriac
alphabet
Hebrew
alphabet
ʾĀlap̄/ʾAlifء اܐא
Beth/Baبـ بܒב
Gamal/Jimجـ جܓג
Dalath/Dalܕד
Hehهـ هܗה
Wawܘו
Zainܙז
Ha/Hethحـ حܚח
Tethܛט
Yodh/Yaيـ يܝי
Kaphكـ كܟכ‎ / ך
Lamadh/Lamلـ لܠל
Mimمـ مܡמ‎ / ם
Nunنـ نܢנ‎ / ן
Simkathܣס
'E/Ainعـ عܥע
Pe/Faفـ فܦפ‎ / ף
Ṣāḏē/Ṣadصـ صܨצ‎ / ץ
Qophقـ ﻕܩק
Resh/Raܪר
Šin/Sinشـ شܫש
Taw/Taتـ ﺕܬת
Unicode
See also: Nabataean (Unicode block)
The Nabataean alphabet (U+10880–U+108AF) was added to the Unicode Standard in June 2014 with the release of version 7.0.
Nabataean[1][2]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
 0123456789ABCDEF
U+1088x𐢀𐢁𐢂𐢃𐢄𐢅𐢆𐢇𐢈𐢉𐢊𐢋𐢌𐢍𐢎𐢏
U+1089x𐢐𐢑𐢒𐢓𐢔𐢕𐢖𐢗𐢘𐢙𐢚𐢛𐢜𐢝𐢞
U+108Ax𐢧𐢨𐢩𐢪𐢫𐢬𐢭𐢮𐢯
Notes
1.^ As of Unicode version 13.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points
See also
References
  1. ^ Himelfarb, Elizabeth J. "First Alphabet Found in Egypt", Archaeology 53, Issue 1 (Jan./Feb. 2000): 21.
  2. ^ Everson, Michael (2010-12-09). "N3969: Proposal for encoding the Nabataean script in the SMP of the UCS" (PDF). Working Group Document, ISO/IEC JTC1/SC2/WG2.
  3. ^ a b Omniglot.
  4. ^ Yaʻaḳov Meshorer, "Nabataean coins", Ahva Co-op Press, 1975; 114.
  5. ^​https://en.numista.com/catalogue/pieces69784.html Numista

This writing system–related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.
Last edited on 25 March 2021, at 23:50
Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted.
Privacy policy
Terms of Use
Desktop
HomeRandomNearbyLog inSettingsDonateAbout WikipediaDisclaimers
LanguageWatchEdit