Example in Nabataean alphabet
The alphabet is descended from the Aramaic alphabet
. In turn, a cursive form of Nabataean developed into the Arabic alphabet
from the 4th century,
which is why Nabataean's letterforms are intermediate between the more northerly Semitic scripts (such as the Aramaic-derived Hebrew
) and those of Arabic.
Tablet with the Nabataean alphabet on it.
Comparison with related scripts
As compared to other Aramaic-derived scripts, Nabataean developed more loops and ligatures
, likely to increase speed of writing. The ligatures seem to have not been standardized and varied across places and time. There were no spaces between words. Numerals in Nabataean script were built from characters of 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 10, 20, and 100.
- Note that the Syriac and Arabic alphabets are always cursive and that some of their letters look different in medial or initial position.
- See Aramaic alphabet § Letters for a more detailed comparison of letterforms.
The Nabataean alphabet (U+10880–U+108AF) was added to the Unicode
Standard in June 2014 with the release of version 7.0.
- ^ Himelfarb, Elizabeth J. "First Alphabet Found in Egypt", Archaeology 53, Issue 1 (Jan./Feb. 2000): 21.
- ^ Everson, Michael (2010-12-09). "N3969: Proposal for encoding the Nabataean script in the SMP of the UCS" (PDF). Working Group Document, ISO/IEC JTC1/SC2/WG2.
- ^ a b Omniglot.
- ^ Yaʻaḳov Meshorer, "Nabataean coins", Ahva Co-op Press, 1975; 114.
- ^https://en.numista.com/catalogue/pieces69784.html Numista
Last edited on 25 March 2021, at 23:50
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