Interactive map of Nassau County, New York
Several alternate names had been considered for the county, including "Bryant," "Matinecock
" (a village within the county currently has that name), "Norfolk" (presumably because of the proximity to Suffolk County), and "Sagamore."
However, "Nassau" had the historical advantage of having at one time been the name of Long Island itself,
and was the name most mentioned after the new county was proposed in 1875.
The area now designated Nassau County was originally the eastern 70% of Queens County
, one of the original 12 counties formed in 1683, and was then contained within two towns: Hempstead
and Oyster Bay
. In 1784, the Town of North Hempstead, was formed through secession by the northern portions of the Town of Hempstead. Nassau County was formed in 1899 by the division of Queens County, after the western portion of Queens had become a borough of New York City in 1898, as the three easternmost towns seceded from the county.
When the first European
settlers arrived, among the Native Americans
to occupy the present area of Nassau County were the Marsapeque, Matinecoc, and Sacatogue
settlers in New Netherland
predominated in the western portion of Long Island, while English settlers from Connecticut occupied the eastern portion. Until 1664, Long Island was split, roughly at the present border between Nassau and Suffolk counties, between the Dutch in the west and Connecticut claiming the east. The Dutch did grant an English settlement in Hempstead (now in western Nassau), but drove settlers from the present-day eastern Nassau hamlet
of Oyster Bay
as part of a boundary dispute. In 1664, all of Long Island became part of the English Province of New York
within the Shire of York
. Present-day Queens and Nassau were then just part of a larger North Riding. In 1683, the colonial territory of Yorkshire
was dissolved, Suffolk County and Queens County were established, and the local seat of government was moved west from Hempstead to Jamaica (now in New York City
By 1700, very little of Long Island had not been purchased from the native Indians by the English colonists, and townships controlled whatever land had not already been distributed.
The courthouse in Jamaica was torn down by the British during the American Revolution
to use the materials to build barracks.
The Long Island Rail Road
reached as far east as Hicksville
in 1837, but did not proceed to Farmingdale
until 1841 due to the Panic of 1837
. The 1850 census was the first in which the population of the three western towns (Flushing, Jamaica, and Newtown) exceeded that of the three eastern towns that are now part of Nassau County. Concerns were raised about the condition of the old courthouse and the inconvenience of travel and accommodations, with the three eastern and three western towns divided on the location for the construction of a new one.
Around 1874, the seat of county government was moved to Long Island City
As early as 1875, representatives of the three eastern towns began advocating the separation of the three eastern towns from Queens, with some proposals also including the towns of Huntington and Babylon (in Suffolk County).
In 1898, the western portion of Queens County became a borough of the City of Greater New York
, leaving the eastern portion a part of Queens County but not part of the Borough of Queens. As part of the city consolidation plan, all town, village, and city (other than NYC) governments within the borough were dissolved, as well as the county government with its seat in Jamaica. The areas excluded from the consolidation included all of the Town of North Hempstead, all of the Town of Oyster Bay, and most of the Town of Hempstead (excluding the Rockaway Peninsula
, which was separated from the Town of Hempstead and became part of the city borough). In 1899, following approval from the New York State Legislature
, the three towns were separated from Queens County, and the new county of Nassau was constituted.
In preparation for the new county, in November 1898, voters had selected Mineola
to become the county seat for the new county
(before Mineola incorporated as a village in 1906 and set its boundaries almost entirely within the Town of North Hempstead), winning out over Hicksville and Hempstead.
The Garden City Company (founded in 1893 by the heirs of Alexander Turney Stewart
donated four acres of land for the county buildings in the Town of Hempstead, just south of the Mineola train station and the present day village of Mineola.
The land and the buildings have a Mineola postal address, but are within the present day Village of Garden City
which did not incorporate, nor set its boundaries, until 1919.
the village of Glen Cove
was granted a city charter, making it independent from the Town of Oyster Bay. In 1918, the village of Long Beach
was incorporated in the Town of Hempstead. In 1922, it became a city, making it independent of the town. These are the only two administrative divisions
in Nassau County identified as cities.
Nassau County, with its extensive flat land, was the site of many aviation
Military aviators for both World Wars were trained on the Hempstead Plains
at installations such as Mitchel Air Force Base
, and a number of successful aircraft companies were established. Charles Lindberg took off for Paris from Roosevelt Field in 1927, completing the first non-stop trans-Atlantic flight from the United States. Grumman
(which in 1986 employed 23,000 people on Long Island
) built many planes for World War II, and later contributed the Apollo Lunar Module
to the Space program.
Until World War II, most of Nassau County was still farmland, particularly in the eastern portion. Following the war, the county saw an influx of people from the five boroughs of New York City, especially from Brooklyn and Queens, who left their urban dwellings for a more suburban setting. This led to a massive population boom in the county. In 1947, William Levitt
built his first planned community
in Nassau County, in the Island Trees section (later renamed Levittown
; this should not be confused with the county's first planned community, in general, which is Garden City
). While in the 1930s, Robert Moses
had engineered curving parkways
and parks such as Jones Beach State Park
and Bethpage State Park
for the enjoyment of city-dwellers, in the 1950s and 1960s the focus turned to alleviating commuter traffic.
In 1994, Federal Judge Arthur Spatt declared the Nassau County Board of Supervisors unconstitutional and directed that a 19-member legislature be formed.
Republicans won 13 seats in the election and chose Bruce Blakeman
as the first Presiding Officer (Speaker).
Among the first class of Legislators were Peter J. Schmitt
(R-Massapequa), Judith Jacobs
(D-Woodbury), John Ciotti (R-North Valley Stream), Dennis Dunne Sr. (R-Levittown), Francis X. Becker
(R-Lynbrook), Vincent T. Muscarella (R-West Hempstead), Ed Mangano
(R-Bethpage), Michael Fiechter (C-North Bellmore), Roger Corbin (D-Westbury), Salvatore Pontillo (R-Farmingdale), Bruce Nyman (D-Long Beach), Edward Ward (R-Wantagh), Darlene Harris (R-Uniondale), Ed Oppenheimer (D-Rockville Centre), John Canning (R-Sea Cliff), Bruce Blakeman
(R-Woodmere), Lisanne Altmann (D-Great Neck), Richard Nicolello (R-New Hyde Park), Barbara Johnson (D-Port Washington).
According to a Forbes
magazine 2012 survey, residents of Nassau County have the 12th highest median household annual income in the country and the highest in the state.
In the 1990s, however, Nassau County experienced substantial budget problems, forcing the county to near bankruptcy
. Thus, the county government increased taxes to prevent a takeover by the state of New York, leading to the county having high property taxes
. Nevertheless, on January 27, 2011, a New York State oversight board seized control of Nassau County's finances, saying the wealthy and heavily taxed county had failed to balance its $2.6 billion budgets.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau
, the county has a total area of 453.2 square miles (1,174 km2
), of which 284.7 square miles (737 km2
) is land and 168.5 square miles (436 km2
) (37%) is water.
Nassau County occupies a portion of Long Island immediately east of the New York City borough of Queens. It is divided into
two cities and three towns, the latter of which contain 64 villages and numerous hamlets. The county borders Connecticut
across the Long Island Sound
Between the 1990 U.S. census
and the 2000 U.S. census
, the Nassau County exchanged territory with Suffolk County and lost territory to Queens County.
Dozens of CDPs had boundaries changed, and 12 new CDPs were listed.
Nassau County has a climate similar to other coastal areas of the Northeastern United States
; it has warm, humid summers and cool, wet winters. The county is classified as humid subtropical
) by some definitions, particularly closer to Queens and on the south coast (other areas of Nassau have a hot-summer humid continental climate
)). A significant portion of the western area of the county is Cfa
due to being downwind from the urban heat island
effect of New York City. The winters used to be colder with more snowstorms, but have warmed due to climate change
. The Atlantic Ocean helps bring afternoon sea breezes that temper the heat in the warmer months and limit the frequency and severity of thunderstorms. Nassau County has a moderately sunny climate, averaging between 2,400 and 2,800 hours of sunshine
Average monthly temperatures in Mineola range from 31.9 °F in January to 74.9 °F in July. PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State U
The hardiness zones
are 7b and 7a.
Nassau County borders the following counties:
Nassau County also has a public bus network known as NICE bus (Nassau Inter-county express, Formerly MTA Long Island Bus) that operates routes throughout the county into Queens and Suffolk counties. 24 hour service is provided on the n4, n6, and most recently the n40/41 lines.
National protected areas
At the 2019 American Community Survey
, the population of Nassau County stood at 1,356,924, an increase of 17,392 since the 2010 census.
At the 2010 U.S. census
, there were 1,339,532 people, 448,528 households, and 340,523 families residing in the county. The population of Nassau County was estimated by the U.S. Census Bureau to have increased by 2.2% to 1,369,514 in 2017, representing 6.9% of the census-estimated New York State population of 19,849,399
and 17.4% of the census-estimated Long Island population of 7,869,820.
At the 2000 United States census
, there were 1,334,544 people, 447,387 households, and 347,172 families residing in the county.
In 2010, there were 340,523 family households, out of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.0% were married couples
living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.1% were non-families. 20.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94 and the average family size was 3.38. The population was 23.3% under the age of 18, and 18.7% who were 62 years of age or older. The median age was 41.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.4 males.
In 2019, there were 474,165 housing units and 446,977 family households.
From 2015 to 2019, there was an average of 2.99 persons per household, and 21.4% of the population was under 18 years of age.
At the 2019 American Community Survey, Nassau had a median household income of $116,100 and a per capita income of $51,422. About 5.6% of the population lived at or below the poverty line.
The median income for a household in the county in 2010 was $72,030, and the median income for a family was $81,246 (these figures had risen to $87,658 and $101,661 respectively according to a 2007 estimate.
Males had a median income of $52,340 versus $37,446 for females. The per capita income
for the county was $32,151. About 3.50% of families and 5.20% of the population were below the poverty line
, including 5.80% of those under age 18 and 5.60% of those age 65 or over.
The population density
in 2010 was 4,700 people per square mile (1,815/km2
). In 2000, the population density was 4,655 people per square mile (1,797/km2
). According to the 2010 census, there were 468,346 housing units at an average density of 1,598 per square mile (617/km2
Race and ethnicity
In 2010, the racial makeup of the county was 73.0% White (65.5% non-Hispanic white
), 10.1% African American
, 0.2% Native American
, 7.6% Asian
(3.0% Indian, 1.8% Chinese, 1.0% Korean, 0.7% Filipino, 0.1% Japanese, 0.1% Vietnamese, 0.9% Other Asian), 0.03% Pacific Islander
, 5.6% from other races
, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanics
of any race were 15.6% of the population.
In 2019, Nassau County's racial and ethnic makeup was 58.2% non-Hispanic white, 11.3% Black or African American, 0.2% American Indian or Alaska Native, 10.3% Asian, 0.7% some other race, and 1.9% two or more races. The Hispanic and Latin American population increased to 17.5% of the population.
In 2011, there were about 230,000 Jewish
people in Nassau County,
representing 17.2% of the population, (as compared to 2% of the total U.S. population). Italian Americans
also made up a large portion of Nassau's population. The five most reported ancestries were Italian (23%), Irish
(7%), American Indian
(5%), and Polish
(4%). The county's population was highest at the 1970 U.S. census
. More recently, a Little India
community has emerged in Hicksville
, Nassau County,
spreading eastward from the more established Little India enclaves in Queens. Rapidly growing Chinatowns
have developed in Brooklyn
as did earlier European immigrants, such as the Irish and Italians. As of 2019, the Asian population in Nassau County had grown by 39% since 2010 to an estimated 145,191 individuals, including approximately 50,000 Indian Americans
and 40,000 Chinese Americans
, as Nassau County has become the leading suburban
destination in the U.S. for Chinese immigrants
Likewise, the Long Island Koreatown
originated in Flushing
, Queens, and is expanding eastward along Northern Boulevard
and into Nassau County. The New York Times
cited a 2002 study by the non-profit group ERASE Racism, which determined that Nassau, and its neighboring county, Suffolk, as the most de facto racially segregated
suburbs in the United States.
Religious groups on Long Island compared to state and nation
services are provided by the Nassau County Police Department
. The cities of Glen Cove
and Long Beach
, as well as a number of villages, are not members of the county police district and maintain their own police forces. The following village police departments exist in Nassau County: Centre Island, Floral Park, Freeport, Garden City, Great Neck Estates, Hempstead, Kensington, Kings Point, Lake Success, Lynbrook, Malverne, Muttontown, Old Brookville (Old Brookville P.D. provides police protection for Old Brookville, Brookville, Upper Brookville, Matinecock, Mill Neck and Cove Neck), Old Westbury, Oyster Bay Cove, Rockville Centre and Sands Point. The Port Washington Police Department is not a village department but is authorized by a special district, the only such district in New York State. These smaller forces, however, make use of such specialized county police services as the police academy and the aviation unit. Also, all homicides in the county are investigated by the county police, regardless of whether or not they occur within the police district.
On June 1, 2011, the Muttontown Police Department commenced operations. The Old Brookville Police had formerly provided police services to the Village of Muttontown.
In 2006, village leaders in the county seat of Mineola
expressed dissatisfaction with the level of police coverage provided by the county force and actively explored seceding from the police district and having the village form its own police force. A referendum on December 5, 2006, however, decisively defeated the proposal.
The Nassau County Police Department posts the mug shots of DWI
offenders as press releases on their website. This practice has come under the scrutiny of residents, media, and those pictured in these press releases. This practice has been criticized as being able to cost potential employees, students, or public figures their positions.
A Nassau County Auxiliary Police car
The Nassau County Auxiliary Police are a unit of the Nassau County Police Department
. These volunteer police officers are assigned to 1 of 38 local community units and perform routine patrols of the neighborhood and provide traffic control for local parades, races and other community events. Auxiliary Police officers are empowered to make arrests for crimes that occur in their presence. Nassau County Auxiliary Police are required to complete a 42-week training course at the Nassau County Police Academy and qualified officers are also offered Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) training. Auxiliary Police officers are certified and registered by the New York Division of Criminal Justice Services as full-time "peace officers". The city of Long Beach
has an independent auxiliary police force
which is part of its municipal police force. These officers are represented by the Auxiliary Police Benevolent Association of Long Island.
Nassau County is currently protected and served by 71 independent volunteer
or combination paid/volunteer fire departments, organized into 9 battalions. The Nassau County Fire Commission
also provides logistical support to all 71 departments.
Law and government
The Nassau County Courthouse
The head of the county's governmental structure is the County Executive, a post created in Nassau County in 1938. The current county executive is Laura Curran
, a Democrat
who was elected in 2017. The Chief Deputy County Executive is Democrat Helena Williams. The District Attorney is Democrat Madeline Singas
, who was elected to replace Kathleen Rice
who was elected to the House of Representatives
. The county comptroller
is Jack Schnirman
, a Democrat who formerly served as the city manager for the City of Long Beach; the county clerk
is Republican Maureen O'Connell
. Former elected offices Chairman of the County Board of Assessors, County Treasurer, and County Sheriff were made appointed and serve at the pleasure of the County Executive (County Assessor in 2008 via referendum changing it from a 6-year term to appointed).
The current Nassau County executive is Laura Curran, a Democrat and the first woman to hold the position.
Nassau County Executives
Chief Deputy County Executive
The Chief Deputy County Executive
is the highest appointed official in the Nassau County government, serving 2nd in command under the auspice of the County Executive. The Chief Deputy is responsible for managing the activities of all departments of the Nassau County government, which provides services to its 1.36 million residents. The Chief Deputy also officially serves as the acting County Executive in the absence of, or disability of the County Executive. The current Chief Deputy County Executive is Helena Williams who was appointed by Executive Laura Curran in 2018.
Chief Deputy County Executives
The comptroller of Nassau County is the chief fiscal officer
and chief auditing officer of the County who presides over the Nassau County Comptroller's Office. The comptroller is elected countywide to a four-year term and has no term limit.
Nassau County Comptrollers (Nassau County Comptroller's Office)
The county legislature
has 19 members. There are eleven Republicans and eight Democrats.
Nassau County Legislature
United States presidential election results for Nassau County, New York
Before, during and for the first four decades after World War II, like neighboring Suffolk County
, Nassau County residents primarily supported the Republican Party in national elections. However, in the 1990s, the tide of voter support began to shift toward the Democratic Party. Democrat Bill Clinton
carried the county in the presidential elections of 1992
. Later Nassau voters gave a large plurality of the vote to Al Gore
(19.4%), while John Kerry
's Nassau margin in 2004
was considerably slimmer (5.6%). In that election, Kerry won the towns of Hempstead and North Hempstead, but lost the Town of Oyster Bay. The County went solidly for Barack Obama in 2008 and 2012, and by a similar margin for Hillary Rodham Clinton in 2016. The County voted for Joseph Biden
in the 2020 general election.
Democratic strength is chiefly concentrated in both the wealthier and lower income sections of the county. Liberal voters dominate many of the wealthy communities of the North Shore, particularly in the Town of North Hempstead
where affluent villages such as Sands Point
, Old Westbury
, East Hills
, Great Neck Plaza
, and Great Neck Estates
as well as the neighboring City of Glen Cove
vote consistently Democratic. Democratic strongholds also include several low income municipalities in the central portion of the county, such as the Village of Hempstead
and New Cassel
, as well as in a few waterfront communities on the South Shore, such as the City of Long Beach
and the Village of Freeport
Republican voters are primarily concentrated in the middle to upper middle class southeastern portion of the county, which developed during the "post-war boom era." Heavily Republican communities such as Massapequa
, Massapequa Park
, and Farmingdale
are the political base of many county GOP officials such as Congressman Peter T. King
and former County Executive Edward P. Mangano
. In the western portion of the county, wealthy Garden City
is solidly Republican, as is the more middle-class community of Floral Park
. Additionally, some of the more rustic areas of the North Shore, particularly in the Town of Oyster Bay
usually vote for the GOP.
Areas of the county containing large numbers of swing voters include East Meadow
, and Rockville Centre
on the South Shore and Mineola
on the North Shore. Several areas have changed in partisan affiliation. Formerly Democratic strongholds such as the Five Towns
have trended to the GOP while previously Republican areas such as Elmont
have become Democratic bastions.
The dean of the Long Island Congressional Delegation, Representative Peter T. King
, is from Nassau County. His 2nd District
includes heavily populated suburban neighborhoods like Massapequa
, and Farmingdale
. However, Nassau County is also home to the popular former district attorney, Democrat Kathleen M. Rice
, whose 4th District
includes Garden City
, Carle Place
, East Meadow
, Valley Stream
, Franklin Square
, West Hempstead
and portions of the Village of Freeport and Rockville Centre
Seven out of Long Island's nine state senators
are Republican at the start of the 2017–2019 legislative term in January 2017, with the exceptions being State Senator John Brooks and Senator Todd Kaminsky.
Nassau County has 56 public school districts
, which like post office districts use the same names as a city, hamlet, or village within them, but each sets the boundaries independently.
The number of districts and communities do not coincide, therefore the boundaries cannot be the same, and residences often have postal addresses that differ from the name of the hamlet and/or school district in which they are located.
Colleges and universities
The United States Merchant Marine Academy
Hofstra University Student Center
The Brooklyn Nets
of the National Basketball Association
, then known as the New York Nets, formerly played their home games in Nassau County at the now-demolished Island Garden
arena in West Hempstead
from 1969 to 1972 and then at the Coliseum from 1972 to 1977, before the franchise moved to New Jersey—its original home for several years before coming to Long Island in the late 1960s – and eventually, to Brooklyn.
Nassau is home to some famous and historic golf
courses. Rockaway Hunting Club
, founded in 1878, is the oldest country club in the country.
The U.S. Open
has been held in Nassau five times, once each at Garden City Golf Club
, Inwood Country Club
, and Fresh Meadow Country Club
, and twice at Bethpage Black Course
, the first ever municipally owned course. Courses consistently ranked in the top 100 in the U.S. such as Bethpage Black, Garden City Golf Club, Piping Rock Club
, and The Creek are located in the county.
The first case of COVID-19
was reported in March 2020.
As of January 12, 2021, there have been 104,078 cases, 3,044 deaths, 2,102,900 tests conducted, and a 4.9% positivity rate.
According to The New York Times'
COVID-19 tracker, Nassau County's average daily case count is 1,567 (116 per capita), with 1 in 13 testing positive (the third-worst of any county in the state) and 1 in 545 dying.
Figures in parentheses are 2019 population estimates from the Census Bureau.
- Atlantic Beach (1,902)
- Baxter Estates (1,049)
- Bayville (6,732)
- Bellerose (1,162)
- Brookville (3,605)
- Cedarhurst (6,633)
- Centre Island (409)
- Cove Neck (301)
- East Hills (7,233)
- East Rockaway (9,814)
- East Williston (2,550)
- Farmingdale (9,002)
- Floral Park (15,844)
- Flower Hill (4,889)
- Freeport (42,956)
- Garden City (22,454)
- Great Neck (10,209)
- Great Neck Estates (2,879)
- Great Neck Plaza (7,027)
- Hempstead (55,113)
- Hewlett Bay Park (429)
- Hewlett Harbor (1,272)
- Hewlett Neck (472)
- Island Park (4,886)
- Kensington (1,189)
- Kings Point (5,292)
- Lake Success (3,144)
- Lattingtown (1,764)
- Laurel Hollow (2,033)
- Lawrence (6,556)
- Lynbrook (19,448)
- Malverne (8,485)
- Manorhaven (6,627)
- Massapequa Park (17,143)
- Matinecock (833)
- Mill Neck (967)
- Mineola (19,207)
- Munsey Park (2,710)
- Muttontown (3,668)
- New Hyde Park (9,807)
- North Hills (5,969)
- Old Brookville (2,187)
- Old Westbury (4,614)
- Oyster Bay Cove (2,254)
- Plandome (1,466)
- Plandome Heights (1,018)
- Plandome Manor (902)
- Port Washington North (3,199)
- Rockville Centre (24,550)
- Roslyn (2,902)
- Roslyn Estates (1,233)
- Roslyn Harbor (1,108)
- Russell Gardens (946)
- Saddle Rock (988)
- Sands Point (2,905)
- Sea Cliff (5,020)
- South Floral Park (1,760)
- Stewart Manor (1,956)
- Thomaston (2,613)
- Upper Brookville (1,744)
- Valley Stream (37,431)
- Westbury (15,351)
- Williston Park (7,253)
- Woodsburgh (780)
- Matt Cardona – Professional Wrestler, Lived in Nassau County
- Brian Myers – Professional Wrestler, Lived in Nassau County
- Jon Gabrus – Lived in Nassau County, worked at Jones Beach State Park as a lifeguard.
- Bob Keeshan – (Captain Kangaroo) was born in Lynbrook
- Ben Cohen / Jerry Greenfield – (of Ben & Jerry Ice Cream) both grew up in Merrick
- Kevin James – was born in Mineola
- Carmelo Anthony – is said to have a home in Hewlett Harbor
- Marc Anthony – had a home in Brookville, with Jennifer Lopez
- Fred Armisen – grew up in Valley Stream
- The Baldwin brothers-in age order: Alec Baldwin (b. 1958), Daniel Baldwin (b. 1960), William Baldwin (b. 1963), and Stephen Baldwin (b. 1966) – were raised in the Nassau Shores area of Massapequa
- Bruce Blakeman – first Presiding Officer, Port Authority Commissioner, Councilman
- Jim Breuer – grew up in Valley Stream
- Edward Burns – grew up in Valley Stream
- Steve Buscemi – grew up in Valley Stream
- Eddie Cantor – lived in Great Neck
- Anthony Cumia – radio host, owns a home in Roslyn Heights
- Carson Daly – resides in Flower Hill
- Everlast – grew up in Valley Stream
- WC Fields – lived in Great Neck
- Mike Francesa – radio host. Born in Long Beach, lives in Flower Hill
- Bev Francis – IFBB professional Australian female bodybuilder, powerlifter, and national shot put champion; lives in Syosset
- Steve Weinberger – IFBB judge and powerlifter and husband of Bev Francis; lives in Syosset
- William Gaddis – grew up in Massapequa; later lived in East Hampton
- John R. Gambling – radio host; lifelong county resident
- Pamela Geller – blogger, author, political activist, and commentator
- Danny Green – played high school basketball in Manhasset
- Steve Guttenberg – raised in North Massapequa
- Tobias Harris – basketball player for the Philadelphia 76ers, lives in Syosset
- Al Iaquinta – grew up in Valley Stream
- Billy Joel – grew up in Hicksville, and has a home in Centre Island
- Alicia Keys – once had a home in Muttontown
- John Lennon – briefly lived in Laurel Hollow
- Scott Lipsky (born 1981) – tennis player, born in Hempstead
- Lindsay Lohan – her family resides in North Merrick
- Jennifer Lopez – had a home in Brookville, with Marc Anthony
- Susan Lucci – soap opera star grew up and still has a residence in Garden City
- The Marx Brothers – lived in Great Neck
- John McEnroe – lived in Cove Neck
- Kate McKinnon of Saturday Night Live – grew up in Sea Cliff
- Larry Miller – grew up in Valley Stream
- Momina Mustehsan – Pakistani singer, engineer; lives part-time in Nassau County
- Bill O'Reilly – resides in Plandome; grew up in Westbury
- Natalie Portman – actress, grew up in Syosset
- Thomas Pynchon – grew up in Oyster Bay
- pH-1 – singer and rapper, grew up on Long Island
- Theodore Roosevelt, 26th US president, lived on Oyster Bay during his presidency. His estate, Sagamore Hill, is now a US National Historic Site
- Shaggy – lives in Valley Stream
- Jerry Seinfeld – grew up in Massapequa
- Chris Weidman – Mixed martial artist and former middleweight champion in the UFC (honored with 'Chris Weidman Day' on July 17 in Nassau County)
- Levar Stoney – mayor of Richmond, Virginia; was born in Nassau County
- ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts Nassau County, New York". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 21, 2019.
- ^ Nassau County Atlas, 6th Large Scale Edition, Hagstrom Map Company, Inc., 1999
- ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- ^ Toy, Vivian S. (March 30, 2003). "For Sale: Nassau's County Seat". The New York Times. The county's properties all have mailing addresses in Mineola, the official county seat, but are actually within Garden City's boundaries.
- ^ "NCPD: Nassau County Police Department". Nassau County. Archived from the original on August 19, 2014. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
- ^ "Nassau County Fire Commission". Nassau County. Retrieved February 24, 2013.
- ^ "Governmental Structure: Nassau County". Nassau County. Retrieved January 8, 2010.
- ^ a b "America's Most Affluent Neighborhoods". Forbes.com. February 13, 2012. Retrieved October 25, 2012.
- ^ "Student Science a Resource of Society for Science & the Public". Society for Science & the Public. Retrieved July 18, 2017.
- ^ Encyclopaedia Britannica
- ^ "About Nassau County". Retrieved November 11, 2012.
- ^ "Last will and testament of Thomas Powell Sen late of Bethpage now of Westbury in the limits of Hempstead in Queens County on Nassau Island in the Colony of New York". 1719. Retrieved November 11, 2012.
- ^ a b "Long Island" (PDF). New York Times. April 12, 1875. Retrieved November 11, 2012.
- ^ a b "Long Island" (PDF). New York Times. April 9, 1876. Retrieved November 11, 2012.
- ^ a b "Proposed Division of Queens County"(PDF). New York Times. December 21, 1876. Retrieved November 11, 2012.
- ^ "Early Five Borough's History". Archived from the original on October 21, 2010. Retrieved December 30, 2007. When Queens County was created the courts were transferred from Hempstead to Jamaica Village and a County Court was erected. When the building became too small for its purposes and the stone meeting house had been erected, the courts were held for some years in that edifice. Later a new courthouse was erected and used until the seat of justice was removed to North Hempstead.
- ^ "Old Bethpage Village Restoration". Retrieved April 22, 2012.
- ^ "bklyn-genealogy-info.com". www.bklyn-genealogy-info.com.
*"Historical Essay: A Thumbnail View". Official History Page of the Queens Borough President's Office. Archived from the original on December 18, 2007. Retrieved December 29, 2007. From the final withdrawal of the British in November, 1783, until the 1830s, Queens continued as an essentially Long Island area of farms and villages. The location of the county government in Mineola (in present-day Nassau County) underscores the island orientation of that era. Population grew hardly at all, increasing only from 5,791 in 1800 to 7,806 in 1830, suggesting that many younger sons moved away, seeking fortunes where land was not yet so fully taken up for farming.
- Jon A. Peterson and Vincent Seyfried, ed. (1983). A Research Guide to the History of the Borough of Queens and Its Neighborhood.
- Peterson, Jon A., ed. (1987). A Research Guide to the History of the Borough of Queens, New York City. New York: Queens College, City University of New York.
- "New York – Queens County – History". Retrieved December 29, 2007.
- "New York State History". Genealogy Inc. 1999. Archived from the original on January 8, 2008. Retrieved December 28, 2007. Under the Reorganization Act of March 7, 1788, New York was divided into 120 towns (not townships), many of which were already in existence.
- "State of New York; Local Government Handbook; 5th Edition" (PDF). January 2000. pp. Ch 4, p 13, Ch 5 p 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 15, 2010. The 1777 New York State Constitution, Article XXXVI, confirmed land grants and municipal charters granted by the English Crown prior to October 14, 1775. Chapter 64 of the Laws of 1788 organized the state into towns and cities...The basic composition of the counties was set in 1788 when the State Legislature divided all of the counties then existing into towns. Towns, of course, were of earlier origin, but in that year they acquired a new legal status as components of the counties.
- "History Mysteries: Shelter Island Ferry/Mineola Building". Archived from the original on July 6, 2008. Retrieved April 1, 2008. The building shown below "is one of the most important buildings in the history of Mineola," wrote Jack Hehman, president of the Mineola Historical Society. Built in 1787 and known as the "old brig," it was the first Queens County courthouse and later a home for the mentally ill. The building was at Jericho Turnpike and Herricks Road until 1910, when it burned to the ground.
"The Mineola Asylum; Witnesses who testified that it is and has been a model institution"
. New York Times
. August 29, 1882. Retrieved April 1, 2008. The investigation of the charges made against the Superintendent and keepers of the Mineola Asylum for the Insane, which was begun last Tuesday, was continued yesterday by the standing Committee on Insane Asylums of the Queens County Board of Supervisors-- Messrs. Whitney, Brinckerhoff, and Powell. The committee were shown through the asylum, which is the old building of the Queens County Court-house over 100 years old
*David Roberts. "Nassau County Post Offices 1794–1879". Archived from the original on July 25, 2008. Retrieved April 1, 2008.
- John L. Kay & Chester M. Smith, Jr. (1982). New York Postal History: The Post Offices & First Postmasters from 1775 to 1980. American Philatelic Society. There was only one post office established in present Nassau County when the Long Island post road to Sag Harbor was established September 25, 1794. It appears that the mail from New York went to Jamaica. This was the only post office in the present day Boroughs of Queens or Brooklyn before 1803. From Jamaica the mail went east along the Jericho Turnpike/Middle Country Road route and ended at Sag Harbor. The only post office on this route between Jamaica and Suffolk County was QUEENS established the same date as the others on this route 9/25/1794. This post office was officially Queens, but I have seen the area called "Queens Court House" and was located approximately in the Mineola-Westbury area. The courthouse was used until the 1870s when the county court was moved to Long Island City. Later it served as the Queens County Insane Asylum and still later as an early courthouse for the new Nassau County, during construction of the present "old" Nassau County Courthouse in Mineola. It was demolished shortly after 1900 ... after about 120 years of service of one type or the other.
- "The Queens County Court-House Question A New Building to be Erected at Mineola". The New York Times. February 25, 1872. Retrieved April 1, 2008. For forty years the Supervisors of Queens County have been quarreling over a site for a Court-house. The incommodious building used
- "1873 map of North Hempstead". Archived from the original on June 10, 2007. Retrieved December 31, 2007. bottom right by spur road off Jericho Tpk – location is now known as Garden City Park. Clowesville was the name of the nearest station on the LIRR, approximately at the location of the present Merillon Avenue station. The courthouse (photo at Newsday.com ) was north of the station.
- ^ Weidman, Bette S.; Martin, Linda B. (1981). Nassau County, Long Island, in early photographs, 1869–1940. Courier Dover. p. 55. ISBN 9780486241364. Retrieved December 2, 2010.
- ^ The former county courthouse was located northeast of the intersection of Jericho Turnpike (NY Route 25) and the aptly named County Courthouse Road in an unincorporated area of the Town of North Hempstead, variously referred to in the present day as Garden City Park or New Hyde Park. The site is now a shopping center anchored by a supermarket and is located in the New Hyde Park 11040 ZIP Code. A stone marker located on the north side of Jericho Turnpike (NY Route 25), between Marcus Avenue and Herricks Road, identifies the site.
- ^ a b Rhoda Amon. "Mineola: First Farmers, Then Lawyers". Newsday. Archived from the original on October 15, 2008. Retrieved November 11, 2012. That was the year when the "Old Brig" courthouse was vacated after 90 years of housing lawbreakers. The county court moved from Mineola to Long Island City.
*"Queen's County Court House" (PDF). New York Times. February 14, 1870. Retrieved November 11, 2012.
*"A Queens Timeline". The Queens Tribune. Archived from the original on November 9, 2007. Retrieved December 23, 2007. 1874 – Queens County Courthouse and seat of county government moved from Mineola (in present-day Nassau County) to Long Island City.
- ^ Geoffrey Mohan (2007). "Nassau's Difficult Birth; Eastern factions of Queens win the fight to separate after six decades of wrangling". Newsday. Archived from the original on October 16, 2008. Retrieved November 11, 2012. North Hempstead, Oyster Bay and the rest of Hempstead were excluded from the vote.
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Last edited on 9 May 2021, at 02:14
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