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National Assembly (Bahrain)
The National Assembly (Arabic: المجلس الوطني البحريني‎‎) is the name of both chambers of the Bahraini[1][2] parliament when sitting in joint session, as laid out in the Constitution of 2002.
National Assembly
المجلس الوطني البحريني
Type
Type
HousesConsultative Council
Council of Representatives
Leadership
Ali Bin Saleh Al-Saleh
since 15 December 2008
Fawzia Zainal
since 12 December 2018
Structure
Seats80
40 in the Consultative Council
40 Representatives
Consultative Council political groups
 Independent (40)
 Independent (37)
 Al Asalah (2)
 Progressive Democratic Tribune (1)
Elections
Appointed by the King
Two-round system
22 November 2018
Meeting place
Manama
Website
www.shura.bh/en/
It has 80 seats formed from the 40 elected members of the Council of Representatives (the lower house) and the 40 royally-appointed members of the Consultative Council (the upper house).
It is chaired by the Speaker of the Council of Representatives, or by the Speaker of the Consultative Council if the former is absent.[3]
Latest election
Main article: 2018 Bahraini general election
National Assembly under the 1973 constitution
Under the 1973 Constitution (Article 43), the National Assembly was a single chamber parliament consisting of forty members elected by "universal suffrage". However, the then Amir, Shaikh Isa ibn Salman Al Khalifah decreed that women would not be considered as "universal suffrage" and were not allowed to vote in the 1973 parliamentary elections.[4]
History of the National Assembly of Bahrain
Main article: Bahraini parliamentary election, 1973
The first ever National Assembly in Bahrain was elected in 1973 under the statutes of the first constitution which was promulgated of that same year. In 1975 the Assembly was dissolved by the then Emir Shaikh Isa ibn Salman al-Khalifa because it refused to pass the government sponsored State Security Law of 1974. The Emir subsequently did not allow the Assembly to meet again or hold elections during his lifetime.
Members of the 1973 National Assembly
  1. Hassan Al Jishi (President of National Assembly)
  2. Khalifa Ahmed Al Bin Ali (Vice-President of National Assembly)
  3. Ali Qasim Rabea
  4. Isa Ahmed Qasim
  5. Abdulhadi Khalaf
  6. Rasool Al-Jishi
  7. Abdullah Ali Al-Moawada
  8. Mohammed Jaber Al-Sabah
  9. Ali Bin Ebrahim Abdul Aal
  10. Jassim Mohamed Murad
  11. Isa Hassan Al-Thawadi
  12. Ibrahim Mohammed Hassan Fakhro
  13. Abdul Amir Al-Jamri
  14. Abdullah Mansoor Isa
  15. Alawi Makki Alharkhat
  16. Khalid Ibrahim Al-Thawadi
  17. Mustafa Mohammed Al-Qassab
  18. Abdullah Al-Shaikh Mohammed Al-Madani
  19. Abbas Mohammed Ali
  20. Yousif Salman Kamal
  21. Abdul Aziz Mansoor Al-Aali
  22. Hassan Ali Al-Mutawaj
  23. Salman Al shaikh Mohammed
  24. Ibrahim bin Salman al Khalifa
  25. Khalifa Al Dhahrani
  26. Mohammed Salman Ahmed Hammad
  27. Mohammed Abdullah Harmas (Al Harmesi Al-Hajeri)
  28. Mohsin Hameed Al-Marhoon
  29. Ali Saleh Al-Saleh
  30. Hamad Abdullah Abel
After the death of Isa ibn Salman al-Khalifa in 1999, his son Shaikh Hamad ibn Isa al-Khalifah, the new ruler of Bahrain promulgated the Constitution of 2002. That same year elections were held for the Council of Representatives and he appointed the members for the Consultative Council, forming the first National Assembly since 1975.
See also
References
  1. ^ Diamond, Larry; Plattner, Marc F. (17 April 2014). Democratization and Authoritarianism in the Arab World - Google Books. ISBN 9781421414171. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  2. ^ McMurray, David A.; Ufheil-Somers, Amanda (2013). The Arab Revolts: Dispatches on Militant Democracy in the Middle East - Google Books. ISBN 978-0253009685. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  3. ^ "Constitute" (PDF). www.constituteproject.org​. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 July 2006. Retrieved 16 July 2006.
External links
Last edited on 19 January 2021, at 10:54
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