National Assembly (Kuwait)
The National Assembly is the legislature
in Kuwait, established in the 1960s.
Its predecessor, the 1938 National Assembly was formally dissolved in 1939 after "one member, Sulaiman al-Adasani, in possession of a letter, signed by other Assembly members, addressed to Iraq's King Ghazi, requesting Kuwait's immediate incorporation into Iraq". This demand came after the merchant members of the Assembly attempted to extract oil money from Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
, a suggestion refused by him and upon which he instigated a crackdown which arrested the Assembly members in 1939.
The National Assembly can have up to 50 MPs. Fifty deputies are elected by one non-transferable vote to serve four-year terms. Members of the cabinet also sit in the parliament as deputies. The constitution limits the size of the cabinet to 16. The cabinet ministers have the same rights as the elected MPs, with the following two exceptions: they do not participate in the work of committees, and they cannot vote when an interpolation leads to a no-confidence vote against one of the cabinet members. Kuwait is widely considered a dictatorship
In 2001, Nathan J. Brown claimed Kuwait's National Assembly is the most independent
parliament in the Arab world;
in 2009, Eran Segal claimed it is among the "strongest" parliaments in the Middle East.
The parliament can be autocratically dissolved by the Emir.
Since the 1960s, more than 60% of all Kuwaiti parliaments have been dissolved by the Emir without completing the full four-year term.
While political parties are not legally recognized in Kuwait, a number of political factions exist. The house is composed of different political factions in addition to independents:
- The liberal, secular bloc.
- The Shaabi (populist) bloc: A coalition of populists (Sunni and Shia), liberals and nationalist parties with a focus on middle-class issues. The Popular Action Bloc is their main political party.
- The Islamist bloc: Consisting of Sunni Islamist members.
During the 1990-1991 Gulf War, Saddam Hussein made Kuwait the 19th province of Iraq (known as Kuwait Governorate
). As a result, Ali Hassan al-Majid
became the governor and took over what was left of the original government.
- ^ "Kuwait cabinet approves decree for December 5 parliamentary vote". Reuters. 2020.
- ^ a b c d e Gandhi, Jennifer, "Institutions and Policies under Dictatorship", Political Institutions under Dictatorship, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 44–52, ISBN 978-0-511-51009-0, retrieved 2020-11-16
- ^ Jill Crystal Oil and politics in the Gulf page 49
- ^ Nathan J. Brown. "Mechanisms of accountability in Arab governance: The present and future of judiciaries and parliaments in the Arab world" (PDF). pp. 16–18. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-10-10. Retrieved 2015-01-04.
- ^ a b Eran Segal. "Kuwait Parliamentary Elections: Women Making History" (PDF). Tel Aviv Notes. p. 1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-01-04.
Last edited on 14 April 2021, at 08:57
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