National University of Colombia This article needs attention from an expert in Colombia
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The National University of Colombia
: Universidad Nacional de Colombia
) is a public
and national research university
, with general campuses in Bogotá
, and satellite campuses
, San Andrés (island)
and La Paz, Cesar
. It was established in 1867 by an act
of the Congress of Colombia
and it is one of the largest universities in the country, with more than 53,000 students.
It grants many academic degrees
and offers 450 academic programmes, including 95 undergraduate degrees
, 83 academic specializations
, 40 medical specialties
, 167 master's degrees
, and 65 doctorates
. Approximately 44,000 students are enrolled for an undergraduate degree and 8,000 for a postgraduate degree
It is also one of the few universities that employs post-doctorate fellows
in the country.
National University of Colombia
The university is a member of the Association of Colombian Universities
the Iberoamerican Association of Postgraduate Universities
and the Iberoamerican University Network Universia
. Along with Antioquia
universities, it is part of what is known as the Golden Triangle
of higher education in Colombia,
being among the most selective and competitive universities in the country. The SCImago Institutions Rankings Iber by SCImago Research Group found that the National University of Colombia produced the largest number of scientific papers published in peer-refereed publications in the country, and was the 17th
in 2018) most prolific in Latin America
. Furthermore, according to the Latin-American Web Ranking of Universities, the National University of Colombia ranks first place in internet presence in the country. It is also among the first universities in the region.
Among the universities of CIVETS
countries, the National University occupied second place.
The institution offers a wide selection of programmes in both undergraduate and graduate levels, such as medicine
, social sciences
(music, fine arts), languages
, and law
. It was the first university in Colombia to open a computer science
The University City of Bogotá
: Ciudad Universitaria de Bogotá
), also known as the White City (Spanish
: Ciudad Blanca
), is the flagship University campus. It is located in the Teusaquillo
locality, northwest of the historical center. It is also the largest campus in Colombia, with an area of 1,200,000 m2
(300 acres) and a constructed area of 308,541 m2
(76.242 acres), making it an ample campus with several green areas, open spaces, and pedestrian paths. Among its buildings there are 17 which have been declared national monuments and, as a whole, it is a representation of the last 60 years of architecture
Central square, Bogota campus
The campus was designed by German educationalist Fritz Karsen
and architect Leopold Rother
, both refugees from Nazi Germany. Construction began in 1935, under the government of Alfonso López Pumarejo
. It is organized into an ellipse, divided into five parts, each containing one academic division and its respective departments. From an aerial view, the shape of an owl can be seen, emblematic of a deep connection with wisdom and intuitive knowledge. The buildings were constructed as prismatic blocks, and painted white, in order to give an austere and clean look.
The National University of Colombia, Medellín
has two campuses, the Central Campus and Robledo Campus, where 10,447 students study. This site provides approximately 29% of the seats for new students at National. Also this site has 555 faculty professors, of which 38% are doctors, 44% are master's, 8% were specialists and 10% are Professionals. This site offers 26 undergraduate and 73 graduate courses: 15 PhDs, 28 Masters, and 29 specializations.
Its history has given Medellín a peculiar character, since it was formed, as with most universities, from the classical degrees of Law
. The site commenced with engineering programs, which is why Medellín today has the highest number of engineering programs (17) among all National University of Colombia campuses and in Colombia in general.
Central Campus: Located northwest of the city center, between Cerro Ecoparque the Flyer and the Medellín River. Since 1938, it has been the headquarters of the National University of Colombia in Medellin, when the School of Tropical Agriculture (now the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences) joined the University. The Central Campus has an area of 272,982 m², the heart of Rio has an area of 31,758 m² and a portion of Cerro El Flying is around 269,257 m². Several learning centers can be found in at the campus including the Entomological Museum which was founded in 1937, the Museum of Mycology founded in 1987, the Herbarium "Gabriel Gutierrez," the wood collection, the Central Library "Efe Gomez" as an attractive artistic and architectural highlights, the Totem Mythic created by Master Pedro Nel Gomez, Block 41 declared a National Cultural, designed by Engineer Jesús Montoya Mejía which began in 1931, the Block 11 Master designed by Pedro Nel Gómez.
Campus Robledo Robledo, also called core or more colloquially as the School of Mines, is located northwest of the city of Medellin, Robledo neighborhood is composed of three fields separated by Kr 80, which presents a difficult high traffic pedestrian connection between the properties that make up the physical structure of the School of Mines, and Ingeominas, recently integrated into the University. It has an area of 100,978.69 m². In 1886, the School of Mines was created and it was incorporated with the University in 1936, which is called today as the National School of Mines with approximately 3,500 students. It highlights the Museum of Geosciences, Maximum classroom buildings (block M5) and M3 block designed by Master Pedro Nel Gomez School of Mines in 1936. Declared National Monument in 1994 thanks to its architecture and its murals by the same Pedro Nel Gómez. The University in Medellín has 5 faculties of the schools offer 25 careers, nearly half of them are engineering at the School of Mines, also has three museums and other services.
The National University of Colombia has 20 schools distributed among Bogotá, Medellín, Manizales and Palmira:
Departments in Bogotá:
- Institute of Biotechnology
- Institute of Science and Food Technology - ICTA
- Institute of Environmental Studies - IDEA-
- Institute of Studies in Communication - IECO-
- International institute of Political Studies and Relations - IEPRI-
- Genetics Institute
Museums in Bogotá Campus:
- Casa Museo Jorge Eliécer Gaitán (Jorge Eliecer Gaitan Museum)
- Museo de Arte Universidad Nacional de Colombia (National University's Art Museum)
- Museo de Arquitectura Leopoldo Rother (Leopoldo Rother Museum of Architecture)
- Museo de Historia Natural (Museum of Natural History)
- Museo de la Ciencia y el Juego (Museum of Science and Games)
- Museo Centro de Historia de la Medicina (Museum Centre of the History of Medicine)
- Museo Entomológico (Entomological Museum)
- Observatorio Astronómico Nacional (National Astronomical Observatory)
High school (for children of professors, students, and employees):
"Arturo Ramírez Montúfar" Pedagogical Institute - IPARM-
Departments in Medellín:
- Agricultural Sciences
- Economics and Humans Sciences
Museums in Medellín Campus:
- Earth Sciences Museum
- Entomological Museum
- Mycology museum
- "Gabriel Gutiérrez" Herbarium
- Centre for Research in Extractive Metallurgy - CIMEX
- Energy Institute
- Institute for Systems and Decision Sciences
- System Institute
- Institute of Materials
- Water Institute
- Fuel Centre
- Institute of Environmental Studies - IDEA
- News agency (Agencia de Noticias UN)
- Internal newspaper (Carta Universitaria)
- Radio station (UN Radio)
- Academic newspaper (UN Periódico, with articles ranging from international issues to research within the colleges)
- UN Televisión (TV production company)
- Prisma TV (internet television)
- 1949-1950, Jaime Jaramillo Arango
- 1964-1965, José Félix Patiño Restrepo
- 1965, Rafael Casas Morales
- 1966-1967, Guillermo Rueda Montaña
- 1967-1969, Jorge Méndez Munevar
- 1969, Luis Forero Nogares
- 1969-1970, Enrique Carvajal Arjona
- 1970-1971, Mario Latorre Rueda
- 1971, Diego López Arango
- 1971, Miguel Hernández Cárdenas
- 1971-1972, Santiago Fonseca Martínez
- 1972, Jorge Arias De Greiff
- 1972-1974, Luis Duque Gómez
- 1974, Eduardo Cortéz Mendoza
- 1974-1975, Luis Pérez Velasco
- 1975-1976, Luis Mesa Velásquez
- 1977, Osmar Correal Cabral
- 1977-1978, Emilio Aljure Nasser
- 1978-1980, Ramsés Hakim Murad
- 1980-1982, Eduardo Brieva Bustillo
- 1982, Francisco Varela Aunjell
- 1982-1984, Fernando Sánchez Torres
- 1984-1988, Marco Palacios Rozo
- 1988-1990, Ricardo Mosquera Mesa
- 1990-1991, Darío Valencia Restrepo
- 1991-1993, Antanas Mockus Sivickas
- 1994-1997, Guillermo Páramo Rocha
- 1997-2003, Víctor Manuel Moncayo Cruz
- 2003-2005, Marco Antonio Palacios Rozo
- 2005-2006, Ramón Fayad Nafah
- 2006-2012, Moisés Wasserman Lérner
- 2012-2018, Ignacio Mantilla Prada
- 2018-2021, Dolly Montoya Castaño
Famous personalities among its alumni include:
School of Economics
College of Medicine
Agustín Codazzi Geographic Institute
Ernesto Guhl Library
Alfonso López Pumarejo Stadium
School of Engineering
School of Agronomy
Library of Science and Technology
(“Biblioteca Gabriel García Márquez”)
Central Library (lobby view)
"La Perola" Central Dinning Court, classrooms and office of the registrar
León de Greiff Auditorium
- ^ "Professors". estadisticaun.github.io.
- ^ "Administrative staff". estadisticaun.github.io.
- ^ "Students". estadisticaun.github.io.
- ^ "Students by formation level". estadisticaun.github.io.
- ^ "Universidad Nacional de Colombia - Reseña histórica" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2008-01-13.
- ^ "Ranking - Las universidades con más estudiantes matriculados en Colombia 2017". aulapro.co (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-04-11.
- ^ "Postgraduates and undergraduates". estadisticaun.github.io. Retrieved 2020-06-19.
- ^ "Universidades Afiliadas". Archived from the original on November 22, 2008. Retrieved 2009-02-22.
- ^ "Instituciones Asociadas a la AUIP". Archived from the original on 2009-10-02. Retrieved 2009-02-22.
- ^ Ordóñez Burbano, Luis A. (2007). Universidad del Valle 60 años 1945-2005: Atando cabos en clave de memoria. Cali, Valle del Cauca, Colombia: Universidad del Valle. p. 58. ISBN 978958-44-1844-9.
- ^ "SIR Iber 2015 Rank: Output" (PDF). scimagoir.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 February 2016. Retrieved 6 August 2016.
- ^ De-Moya-Anegón, Félix; Herrán-Páez, Estefanía; Bustos-González, Atilio; Corera-Álvarez, Elena; Tibaná-Herrera, Gerardo (2018). Ranking Iberoamericano de instituciones de educación superior. SIR Iber2018. Barcelona, España: Ediciones Profesionales de la Información SL. ISBN 978 84 09 03911 1https://doi.org/10.3145/sir-iber-2018
- ^ "Latinamerican Ranking Web". webometrics (in Spanish). Retrieved 2012-11-25.
- ^ "QS World University Rankings® 2016/17". topuniversities.com. Retrieved 6 August 2016.
- ^ "Institutos y Centros de la UN". Unal.edu.co. Archived from the original on 2003-10-10. Retrieved 2012-06-04.
Last edited on 3 March 2021, at 00:06
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