Consisting of roughly half of Egypt's area, this spacious governorate is the country's largest and most sparsely populated, and one of the biggest subnational divisions
on the African continent, as well as the world. At 440,098 square kilometers
in area, New Valley Governorate is just slightly larger than the country of Iraq
. The capital is at the Kharga Oasis
. New Valley Governate is named after the New Valley Project
, which aims to irrigate parts of the Western Desert.
The governorate is divided into municipal divisions
with a total estimated population as of July 2017 of 242,300. In the case of New Valley governorate, there is one kism with urban and rural parts, and four marakiz
In an effort to decentralize the administration of Kharga, it was divided into four sections effective 19 June, 2018.
According to population estimates, in 2015 the majority of residents in the governorate lived in rural areas, with an urbanization rate of only 48.0%. Out of an estimated 225,416 people residing in the governorate, 117,180 people lived in rural areas and only 108,236 lived in urban areas.
According to population estimates, in 2018 the population was 245,000, with an urbanization rate of 46.7%.
Cities and towns with over 15,000 inhabitants
According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:
- Al Kharga
- Heavy industrial zone - El Dakhla
- Heavy industrial zone - Wadi Waer West
New Valley also contains some farming areas created by the New Valley project, like Sharq El Owainat
2011 Egyptian revolution
Violent clashes were reported in the New Valley Governorate on February 8–9, 2011 as part of the 2011 Egyptian revolution
. Protesters set fire to police stations and the National Democratic Party
building. Multiple deaths were reported in addition to hundreds of injuries amid claims that the police opened fire on protesters in Kharga Oasis with live ammunition.
- Manufacturing of palm dates
- Tourism and safaris
- Agricultural activities (around oases)
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- ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-23. Retrieved 2011-02-09.
- ^ Fahim, Kareem. "Protesters in Egypt Regain Initiative as Workers Strike." The New York Times. 2/9/2011. Accessed 2/9/2011. https://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/10/world/middleeast/10egypt.html?_r=1&hp Archived 2018-06-12 at the Wayback Machine
Last edited on 29 March 2021, at 14:01
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