The New York Daily News
, officially titled the Daily News
, is an American newspaper based in New York City
. It was founded in 1919 by Joseph Medill Patterson
as the Illustrated Daily News
. It was the first U.S. daily printed in tabloid format
. It reached its peak circulation in 1947, at 2.4 million copies a day. As of 2019 it was the eleventh-highest circulated newspaper in the United States. Today's Daily News
is not connected to the earlier New York Daily News
, which shut down in 1906.
The Daily News
is owned by parent company, Tribune Publishing
. This company was acquired by Alden Global Capital
, which operates its media properties through Digital First Media
, in May 2021.
After the Alden acquisition, alone among the newspapers acquired from Tribune Publishing, the Daily News
property was spun off into a separate subsidiary called Daily News Enterprises.
Not to be confused with Illustrated Daily News
, published in Los Angeles as a precursor of Los Angeles Mirror and eventually the Los Angeles Times.
Wife of President-elect Warren G. Harding
on cover of The Daily News
(February 5, 1921 front page)
The Illustrated Daily News
was founded Patterson and his cousin, Robert R. McCormick
. The two were co-publishers of the Chicago Tribune
and grandsons of Tribune Company
founder Joseph Medill.
as an imitation of the successful British newspaper Daily Mirror
. When Patterson and McCormick could not agree on the editorial content of the Chicago paper, the two cousins decided at a meeting in Paris that Patterson would work on the project of launching a Tribune-owned newspaper in New York. On his return, Patterson met with Alfred Harmsworth
, who was the Viscount Northcliffe and publisher of the Daily Mirror
, London's tabloid newspaper. Impressed with the advantages of a tabloid, Patterson launched the Daily News
on June 24, 1919, as Illustrated Daily News
The Daily News
was owned by the Tribune Company until 1993.
The Daily News
was not an immediate success, and by August 1919, the paper's circulation had dropped to 26,625.
Still, New York's many subway
commuters found the tabloid format easier to handle, and readership steadily grew. By the time of the paper's first anniversary in June 1920, circulation had climbed over 100,000 and by 1925, over a million. Circulation reached its peak in 1947, at 2.4 million daily and 4.7 million on Sunday.
The Daily News
carried the slogan "New York's Picture Newspaper" from 1920 to 1991, for its emphasis on photographs. A camera has been part of the newspaper's logo from day one. The paper's later slogan, developed from a 1985 ad campaign, is "New York's Hometown Newspaper", while another has been "The Eyes, the Ears, the Honest Voice of New York". The Daily News
continues to include large and prominent photographs
, for news, entertainment and sports, as well as intense city news coverage, celebrity gossip
, classified ads
, a sports
section, and an opinion section.
News-gathering operations were, for a time, organized by staff using two-way radios operating on 173.3250 MHz (radio station KEA 871), allowing the assignment desk to communicate with its reporters who used a fleet of "radio cars". Excelling in sports coverage, prominent sports cartoonists
have included Bill Gallo
, Bruce Stark
and Ed Murawinski
. Columnists have included Walter Kaner
. Editorial cartoonists have included C. D. Batchelor
In 1948, the News
(Channel 11 in New York City), whose call letters were based on the News'
s nickname of "New York's Picture Newspaper"; and later bought what became WPIX-FM, which is now known as WFAN-FM
. The television station became a Tribune property outright in 1991, and remains in the former Daily News Building. The radio station was purchased by Emmis Communications
, and since 2014 has been owned by CBS Radio
as an FM simulcast of its AM namesake
The paper briefly published a Monday-Friday afternoon counterpart, Daily News Tonight
, between August 19, 1980 and August 28, 1981;
this competed with the New York Post
, which had launched a morning edition to complement its evening newspaper in 1978.
Occasional "P.M. Editions" were published as extras in 1991, during the brief tenure of Robert Maxwell
From August 10, 1978, to November 5, 1978, a multi-union strike shut down the three major New York City newspapers. No editions of the News
were printed during this time.
In 1982, and again in the early 1990s during a newspaper strike, the Daily News
almost went out of business. In the 1982 instance, the parent Tribune Company offered the tabloid up for sale. In 1991, millionaire Robert Maxwell offered financial assistance to the News
to help it stay in business. Upon his death later that year, the News
seceded from his publishing empire which soon splintered under questions about whether Maxwell had the financial backing to sustain it. Existing management, led by editor James Willse
, held the News
together in bankruptcy; Willse became interim publisher after buying the paper from the Tribune Company. Mort Zuckerman
bought the paper in 1993.
also maintains local bureaus in the Bronx, Brooklyn, and Queens, at City Hall
, within One Police Plaza
, and at the various state and federal courthouses in the city.
In January 2012, former News of the World
and New York Post
editor Colin Myler
was appointed editor-in-chief of the Daily News
Myler was replaced by his deputy Jim Rich in September 2015.
On September 4, 2017, Tronc (now, Tribune Publishing
), the publishing operations of the former Tribune Company (which had spun out its publishing assets to separate them from its broadcast assets), announced that it had acquired the Daily News
Tronc had bought the Daily News
for $1, assuming "operational and pension liabilities". By the time of purchase, circulation had dropped to 200,000 on weekdays and 260,000 on Sundays.
In July 2018, Tronc fired half of the paper's editorial staff, including the editor-in-chief, Jim Rich. Rich was replaced by Robert York, Publisher and Editor-in-Chief of Tronc-owned The Morning Call
in Allentown, Pennsylvania.
The paper's social media staff were included in the cut; images and memes
that were later deleted were posted on its Twitter
Editorial stance and style
The New York Times
journalist Alan Feuer said the Daily News
focuses heavily on "deep sourcing and doorstep reporting", providing city-centered "crime reportage and hard-hitting coverage of public issues [...] rather than portraying New York through the partisan divide between liberals and conservatives".
According to Feuer, the paper is known for "speaking to and for the city’s working class" and for "its crusades against municipal misconduct".
The New York Times
has described the Daily News'
s editorial stance as "flexibly centrist"
with a "high-minded, if populist, legacy".
For over five decades, the News
was a staunchly Republican newspaper, in line with its sister publication, the Chicago Tribune
, supporting isolationism in the early stages of World War II
. By the mid-1970s however, it began shifting its stance, and during the 1990s, it gained a reputation as a moderately liberal alternative to the right-wing Post
(which until 1980 had been a Democratic bastion).
From its founding, it was based at 25 City Hall Place, just north of City Hall
, and close to Park Row
, the traditional home of the city's newspaper trade. In 1921 it moved to 23 Park Place, which was in the same neighborhood. The cramped conditions demanded a much larger space for the growing newspaper.
In June 2011, the paper moved its operations to two floors at 4 New York Plaza in lower Manhattan.
Sixteen months later, the structure was severely damaged and rendered uninhabitable by flooding from Hurricane Sandy
. In the immediate aftermath, news operations were conducted remotely from several temporary locations, eventually moving to office space at the Jersey City printing plant.
In early 2013, operations moved to rented space at 1290 Avenue of the Americas near Rockefeller Center
—just four blocks north of its rival New York Post.
The staff returned to the permanent 4 New York Plaza location in early November 2013. In August 2020, the Daily News
closed its Manhattan headquarters.
In 2009, the paper spent $150 million on printing presses as part of its change to full-color photographs.
In 2011, the company spent $100 million to buy three new presses, using a $41.7 million Urban Transit Hub Tax Credit from the State of New Jersey
In 2017, the Daily News
was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Public Service
in collaboration with non-profit ProPublica
"for uncovering, primarily through the work of reporter Sarah Ryley
, widespread abuse of eviction rules by the police to oust hundreds of people, most of them poor minorities."
Noteworthy front pages
In 1928, a News
reporter strapped a small camera to his leg, and shot a photo of Ruth Snyder
being executed in the electric chair
The next day's newspaper carried the headline "DEAD!".
On October 29, 1975, President Gerald Ford
gave a speech denying federal assistance to spare New York City from bankruptcy. The front page of the October 30, 1975 Daily News
read: "FORD TO CITY: DROP DEAD".
Ford later said the headline had played a role in his losing the 1976 presidential election
In the year leading up to the 2016 presidential election
, the paper's headlines became more provocative, helping to rejuvenate it, and with more opinionated editorials with the aforementioned headlines, once again in an effort to demonstrate its place in the city's media.
Following the 2015 San Bernardino shooting
, in which 14 people were killed, the paper's front page displayed "GOD ISN'T FIXING THIS" along with tweets from Republican
politicians offering thoughts and prayers
The paper advocated for tighter gun laws
, condemning what it described as "empty platitudes and angry rhetoric" rather than action "in response to the ongoing plague of gun violence in our country."
The provocative headline
received both praise and criticism.
In January 2016, after Republican senator and presidential candidate Ted Cruz
disparaged "New York values" in a Republican primary debate, the News
responded with a cover page headline reading "DROP DEAD, TED" and showing the Statue of Liberty
giving the middle finger
The Daily News
supported the Iraq War
On March 14, 2003, six days before the 2003 invasion of Iraq
, the Daily News
reported "President Bush is targeting an aggressive, dangerous, psychotic dictator who has stockpiled weapons of mass destruction and would use them without compunction. ... With Saddam in power, there can be no peace. One argument you hear raised against war is fear of retaliation: America mustn't upset the terrorists. After 9/11, does this even need to be rebutted? Terrorists have killed thousands of Americans already and thirst for more. Fighting back is a necessity, unless people want the peace of the grave."
- ^ Mahler (April 1, 2005). "What Rupert Wrought". New York Magazine. Retrieved May 1, 2018. It has stolen from the Daily News the mantle of New York's populist paper [...].
- ^ "America's Biggest Newspaper 70 Years Ago Sounded a Lot Like Trump Today". Indeed, the paper's current left-wing politics [...].
- ^ Roeder, David (May 26, 2021). "Chicago Tribune staff gets buyout offers as Alden takes over". Chicago Sun Times. Retrieved June 2, 2021.
- ^ Folkenflik, David (May 21, 2021). "'Vulture' Fund Alden Global, Known For Slashing Newsrooms, Buys Tribune Papers". NPR. Retrieved May 21, 2021.
- ^ Chicago Tribune Staff (April 19, 2021). "Tribune Publishing ends discussions with Maryland hotel executive, moving forward with hedge fund Alden's bid for newspaper chain". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved April 20, 2021.
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- ^ a b c Current Biography 1942, pp. 648–51: "Patterson, Joseph Medill"
- ^ a b McShane, Larry. "Mortimer B. Zuckerman rescued New York Daily News from demise by buying the tabloid". nydailynews.com. New York Daily News. Retrieved January 19, 2020.
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- ^ "New York Daily News". Company-Histories.com. Retrieved March 20, 2018.
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- ^ "Daily News publishes last Tonight edition". The New York Times. August 29, 1981. Archived from the original on January 26, 2019. Retrieved January 26, 2019.
- ^ "Pressmen Reach Tentative Pact In 84-Day N.Y. Newspaper Strike".
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- ^ "Top 10 US Daily Newspapers". Cision.
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- ^ Ember, Sydney; Sorkin, Andrew Ross (September 4, 2017). "The Daily News, a Distinctive Voice in New York, Is Sold". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 5, 2017.
- ^ Kogan, Rick; Channick, Robert (September 5, 2017). "Tronc acquires New York Daily News". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on June 17, 2018. Retrieved September 5, 2017.
- ^ Folkenflik, David (July 23, 2018). "Tronc Slashes 'New York Daily News' Staff By Half".
- ^ "New York Daily News". Twitter. July 23, 2018. Archived from the original on July 23, 2018. Retrieved July 23, 2018.
- ^ "New York Daily News cuts half of its newsroom staff". The Guardian. Associated Press. July 24, 2018.
- ^ a b c Feuer, Alan (September 27, 2015). "The Daily News Layoffs and Digital Shift May Signal the Tabloid Era's End". The New York Times. Unlike The New York Post, which has veered from left to right, the politics of The Daily News are flexibly centrist..
- ^ Mahler, Jonathan (January 29, 2016). "Drop Dead? Not the Newly Relevant Daily News". The New York Times.
- ^ "NY 'Daily News' Endorses Obama — Had Backed Bush in 2004 —and So Does 'Detroit Free Press']". Editor & Publisher. October 18, 2008.
- ^ "Daily News endorses Obama for President: He has the promise to renew America at home and abroad". Daily News. October 19, 2008.
- ^ "Our choice for America's future: The Daily News endorses Mitt Romney for president". Daily News (New York). November 4, 2012. Retrieved July 31, 2016.
- ^ "Daily News Editorial Board says Vote Hillary Clinton: She's the best choice for President, while Donald Trump represents a clear and present danger to the republic". Daily News. July 28, 2016.
- ^ Daily News Editorial Board (November 1, 2020). "Why Joe: Vote proudly for Joe Biden when you vote against Donald Trump". New York Daily News.
- ^ a b "Daily News Building" (PDF). New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. July 28, 1981. Retrieved May 24, 2020.
- ^ Deichler, Andrew. "Daily News Relocating HQ to 4 New York Plaza".
- ^ Myler, Colin (November 5, 2012). "How the Daily News bested Superstorm Sandy: The Daily Planet would be proud". Daily News. Retrieved July 25, 2013.
- ^ García-Hodges, Ahiza. "Tribune Publishing closes Daily News newsroom in Manhattan".
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- ^ "Fire damages Daily News printing plant in Jersey City". The Jersey Journal. January 5, 2008. Retrieved December 16, 2011.
- ^ Pérez-Peña, Richard (November 17, 2009). "With New Presses, Daily News Is Betting on World of Print". The New York Times.
- ^ Carlson, Erin (November 17, 2009). "The Daily News Spends $150 Million On New Printing Presses". Business Insider. Archived from the original on February 21, 2013. Retrieved November 8, 2012.
- ^ O'Dea, Coleen (December 12, 2011). "Can Urban Transit Hubs Help Revitalize New Jersey's Cities?". Jersey City Independent. Retrieved December 16, 2011. ... state expects to award the first $41.7 million in credits soon to the Daily News, which is spending $100 million on three new presses at its site in Jersey City.
- ^ Slattery, Denis (April 10, 2017). "Daily News, ProPublica win Pulitzer Prize". New York Daily News. Archived from the original on May 17, 2018. Retrieved July 23, 2018.
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- ^ "Public Service". Pulitzer.org.
- ^ "HistoryWired: A Few of Our Favorite Things". SI.edu. Retrieved January 4, 2017.
- ^ Infamous 'Drop Dead' Was Never Said by Ford, The New York Times, December 28, 2006.
- ^ Peiser, Jaclyn (July 23, 2018). "Daily News Newsroom Cut in Half by Tronc as Top Editor Is Ousted". New York Times. Retrieved July 31, 2018.
- ^ "Drop Dead? Not the Newly Relevant Daily News". New York Times.
- ^ a b c Chris Cillizza, The New York Daily News’s very provocative front page on the San Bernardino shooting, Washington Post (December 2, 2015).
- ^ a b Jessica Durando, Daily News' provokes with cover on Calif. shooting: 'God isn't fixing this', USA Today (December 3, 2015).
- ^ Ginger Adams Otis, Daily News cover calling out pols' empty rhetoric after San Bernardino shooting prompts strong responses, New York Daily News (December 3, 2015).
- ^ David Wright, New York Daily News to Cruz: 'Drop Dead, Ted', CNN (January 16, 2016).
- ^ "Surprise! Ten Years Ago Many Top Newspapers Did Oppose the US War Against Iraq". The Nation. March 13, 2013.
- ^ "Peaceniks couldn't be more wrong". New York Daily News. March 14, 2003. Archived from the original on July 18, 2018. Retrieved July 23, 2018.
- ^ Kuntzman, Gersh (December 20, 2016). "Assassination of Russian Ambassador Andrei Karlov was not terrorism, but retribution for Vladimir Putin's war crimes". New York Daily News. Archived from the original on July 18, 2018. Retrieved July 23, 2018.
Last edited on 13 June 2021, at 23:04
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